EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
VOL. XLI., No. 145.
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN,
SUNDAY, APRIL 26, 1931
PRICE FIVE CENTS
FCULTTMEMI~aDE MANDS H IG H E R
TAX ON CAPITAL RTRPV
TO SPEAK ON CITYI PROPOSES HcIoHE RIVIERA9VICTORY
CHURCH PROGRAMS6 L ONWEALTHY INCENSES BUTLER
DONOHUE, BIGBY APPROVE PROPOSED
REVISION OF STUDENT GOVERNMENT
troblem of Nationality, Modern
Art, Psychology to ' be
MRS. FISHER FEATURED
Michigan Incumbent Says 1931
Deficit Can be Met With
HOOVER IS OPTIMISTIC
President Says Tax Increases
Will Not be Needed If
Haitian Minister's Statement to
Newspaper Doubting Fort's
Existence Is Cause.
Sigrid Johnson of India to TellX
Experiences in Orient at'
First Baptist Church.
Ann Arbor's church services will
include today in addition to the .;yf**
regular morning program, four ad-
dresses by members of the Univer-
Among the speeches will be a
discussion of "The Problem of Na-
tionality," by Preston W. Slosson,
of the history department, who
will speak tonight at the meeting
of the Liberal Student's Union. He
is expected to take up some of the - '
more recent developments in this_
Prof. Bennett Weaver, of the Eng- Senator Couzens,
lish department, will speak a tthe United States senator from Mich-l
evening meeting of the Wesleyan E igan, who advocated yesterday the
Guild while Prof. Theophile Rap- raising of thevtaxes of the wealthy
hael, professor of clinical psychia- class to help meet the mounting
try, will lead an open forum tonight government expenses which can not
on "Certain Psychological Prob- be met because of the decrease in
lemns," at the Hillel foundation. ,income tax receipts.
Fowler to Talk. ~r
Prof. Herbert A. Fowler, of the
architectural school, will speak atG
6:30 o'clock tonight at St. Paul's
Lutheran church. His topic will be
At the morning service today at U
the First Presbyterian qhurch, Rev. , -
Merle H. Anderson will preach on French Educator, Authority on
"Men of Today for the Man of Gali- International Law, Will
lee." Rabbi Bernard Heller, of the Talk Here Tomorrow.
Hillel foundation, will speak at the
student's meeting in the evening. Prof. Gilbert C. Gidel, of the Uni-
Dr. Frederick B. Fisher, of the versity of Paris, will lecturelat 4:15
First Methodist Episcopal church, o'clock tomorrow afternoon in the
has for his.subject at the morning N a t u r a 1 Science auditorium on
service, "Comradeship." At 7:30 "Peace Agencies Since 1919." The
o'clock, Mrs. Fisher will speak on ilecture is being sponsored by. the
"Madame Gandhi and Modern In- political science department.
dia." Professor Gidel is professor of in-
FKnows Problems. :tternational law at the .University of.
While much has been written lParis and at the Ecole Libre of po-
about Mahatma Gandhi, the great litical sciences. He is alsso a Cheva-
I e a d e r of India's independence lier of the Legion of Honor, and
movement, little is known about wears the Croix de Guerre. He was
Madame G'andhi. Mrs. Fisher has formerly secretary of the Associa-
lived in India during the last ten tion of Law of the courts of Paris.
years of the campaignato free In- He is also a member of the faculty
dia from British rule and is inti- of the Law school at Rennes.
mately acquainted with the prob- Professor Gidel has written sev-
lems. eral authoritative works in the field
"The Tragedy of Getting Used to of international law. Among them
Things," will be the subject of the ! are a text on the subject, "The Ef-
address by Rev. Allison Ray Heaps, feet of Annexation on Concession,"
of the First Congregational church, "A Collection of Decisions of Mixed
at his service this ;norning. In the Arbitral Tribunals," and "The Trea-
evening, Dr. Fisher will speak on ty of Peace With Germany and the
"Building a Personality." Private Interests." He has also
-Miss Sigrid Johnson, superintend- ! written many articles for journals
ent of nurses at the Ongole Memor- in his field.
ial hospital in India will speak at While in Ann Arbor, Professor
6:30 o'clock tonight at the First Gidel will be the guest of Prof.
Baptist church. She will tell of Jesse Reeves, of the political sci-
some of her experiences at the Ori- ence department. They will arrive
ent. At the morning service,Rev. today from Washington, wherenthey
Howard R. Chapman, minister of hav been attending a meeting of
students, will preach on "The Hint the Academy of Political Science.
Regular services will be held at
St. Andrew's Episcopal church while Cause
Milford Stern, of Detroit, will speak Mishap Causes Snore
at the regular morning servic of
the Hillel foundation on "All ged SAN FRANCISCO, April 25.-
Substitutes for Religion." (IP)-Mrs. Ruby O'Connor admits
h he'nore sandb hecaus she does
There Is No
Budget Is Watched. Riviera.'
WASHINGTON, Apr. 25. - (P) - WASHINGTON, Apr. 25. - (P)
Higher taxes on the rich were ad- Major General Smedley D. Butler
vocated today by Senator Couzens, became involved again today in at
to help meet government expenses. diplomatic tangle and presented
The Michigan Republican, a the state department with a prob-
wealthy man himself, also proposed lem for which it could find no pre-
revival of the levy on transfers of cedent.
property and money before death, The fiery marine protested re-
known as the gift tax, and relief marks attributed to minister Belle-
from community property laws in varde of Haiti, that Fort Riviere in
several states under which hus- that country, for the capture of
bands and wives are permitted to which Butler was awarded a Con-
file separate income tax returns. gressional medal of honor, did not
At the same time, Chairman exist.
Wood of the House appropriations This pi otest was based;' Butler
committee urged the elimination of added, on an interview with Minis-
all extraordinary federal expendi- !ter Dantes Bellegarde of Haiti
tures to prevent a tax increase. The which appeared in the Washington
government faces a prospective a Herald April 13.
$700,000,000 deficit at the end of the Quotes Butler.
fiscal year on June 30. Commenting I."Monsieur Butler was quoted. The
on President Hoover's estimate yes- interview said he read this as a
terday that expenditures in the statement from Butler:
next fiscal year would drop $315,- "Some of the rebels escaped our
000,000 below this year's estimate, dragnet and beat it across the river
Wood said: "It is up to very indi- and gathered there in Fort Riviera,
vidual Congressman to hold down on top of the mountain. This fort
expenditures." was the last stand. It had been
Eliminates Proposal. built by the French, and had been a
Under Couzens' plan, the fourth fine fortification in its days. It nev-
advanced for tax increases in recent er had been taken by an attacking
weeks by regular and independent force and nobody thought it could1
Republicans, as the normal tax be taken. The old brick and stone
rates, or those affecting the small building was 4,400 feet above sea
taxpayer, would be left alone. level."
President Hoover has said higher; The protested interview said Min-
taxes could be avoided if the next ister Bellegarde then addled:
Congress adhered to budget recoin- "Well, the general goes on and
mendations of the administration. tells how he took 20 men, climbed
Like Couzens, Senators Borah, up the wall, crawled through a
Idaho; and Norris, Nebraska, Re- I drain pipe and took the fort.
publican independents, have sug- 'Haitians Wondered.
gested higher rates on the larger |We in Haiti have always won-
incomes. On the other hand, Sena- I dered about that. For there is no
tor Bingham, Republican, Connec- Fort Riviera. There never was. We
ticut, has proposed, if governmental have looked all over our island and
"extravagance" is to be checked, a there is no such thing.
raising of rates all along the line, I "However, for taking Fort Ri-
with a big increase in the number viera he got the Congressional Med-
of taxpayers by lowering existing al of Honor the second time. He is
exemptions. the only man in the United States
Union President Foresees End
to Politics on Canpus
Enthusiastic :approval of the pro-
posed revision of student govern-
ment was voiced yesterday by Al-
bert F. Donohue,'31, presidentEof
the Union, and Paul S. Bigby, '31E,G
president of the
ing class. The
plan of reorgan-
ization will be
submitted for a
ca m p u s v o t e
clared that in-
creased a n d
representa t i o n
on Senate Com-
Donohue mittee on Stu-
dent Affairs would give the student
body the effective voice in student
government which heretofore they
have not enjoyed. "I do not believe
that equal student representation
on the Senate Committee would in
any way cause the decisions of that
body to be detrimental to the best
interests of the University. There
has been discussion for many years
with regard to student government,
but I seriously question that the
IUNION B O ORD 0EAR
Council Defeats Motion to Pay
Student Officers; Will
Members of the Union executive
council yesterday read reports of
the year's activities before the board
of irectors at a luncheon in room
133 at 12:30 o'clock.
Important among the matters
discussed was a proposal to pay the
president and the recording-secre-
tary -ofthe Union. The measure was
discussed and defeated 7 to 5 after
a prolonged debate. The proposal
to pay the two student executives
was closely argued by both faculty
and studentmembers of the Board.
Plans for the Spring Homecoming
program were discussed and reportsl
pwere made by chairmen of the Stu-
dent activities carried out during
the year. Announcement was made
that the portraits of Michigan's
presidents have been hung on the
north wall of the main hall in the
Union, and that work on the revis-
ed house rules had been completed
and copies of the revisiondistri-
buted throughout the building.
The Union booklet, to be issued
soon, will be distributed to more
than 10,000rpersons, the committee
told the group yesterday. The con-
tents of the booklet includes history
of the Union, the constitution, and
the new house rules. It will be ready
for distribution within a few weeks.
Copies of the pamphlet will be given
freshmen next fall.
students have ever unwisely decid-
ed a matter of great moment in
connection with their activities."
"It is extremely significant that
the p oposed revision of student
government was initiated by mem-
bers of the Student council them-
selves. The organization of the
present council has continued es-
sentially the same since its estab-
lishment in 1905. A change which
will bring about a greater oppor-
tunity to sharing in the control of
student activities and, at the same
time, provide for advancement based
on ability, should be favorably re-
ceived by all. It would seem that
the knell for campus politics might
well be sounded," Donohue said.
SP[IT OVER LAND0h
M'Donald Says He Will
Fight to Finish on
LORDS SEEK CURB
Land Seizure Would be
Aii hnrized c1byA m-
Sanator Couzens said the next
Congress could not avoid consider-
ation of an increase in taxation "if
the government is conducted in a
"Three-quarters of a billion dol-
lars, was appropriated last sessionj
at the request of industry, yet they I
now say we must not raise taxes,"'
he added. "Where do they expect
us to get the money? It's alright to
spend it. Nobody came to Congress
to protest the expenditures. Now weJ
have the bills to pay and nobody
wants to pay them."
Scabbard and Blade
Will Initiate Today
Initiation to Scabbard and Blade,
national honorary military frater-
nity, will be held at 7 o'clock this
Those who will be inducted into
membership are: B. F. Bailey, '32E;
H. R. Bremiser, '32E; F. K. Brunton,
1132E; H. E. Cheseborough, '32E; P.
to get it twice!-Fighting marine!"
In his protest. Gen. Butler asked
Secretary Adams what steps the'
navy would take if it found the in-'
terview quoted Minister Bellegrade
correctly. He said he felt the min-
ister's statement was a reflection
upon the marine corps as well as
J * '
Demonstrations Against Belgians!
Quieted by Mussolini;
Police Hold Two.I
ROME, April 25. -()P)- Premierj
Mussolini, appearing personally be-
fore a great crowd of students dem-
onstrating at the Venezia palaceI
this noon, quieted their protests
VARSITY TAKES of Commons.
THREE RELAYS LONDON, Apr. 25.-()-The
House of Lords has thrown down
Michigan's 880-yard, one mile the ogauntlet i latest, most bitter
and two mile relay teams won crisis of the age-old feud between
the annual Drake championships the two houses of parliament and
at Des Moines, Ia., yesterday Prime Minister Ramsay Mac-
breaking the meet record for the Donald has accepted the chal-
former in 1:27. Eddie Tolan, lenge eagerly, saying it will be a
Michigan's sprinting ace, was fight to the finish.
beaten in one of the upsets of During the past weeks the
the meet when Peyton Glass, 19- Lords have been working over-
year old Oklahoma sprinter, timed hblunting the sharp edge of
nosed him out in a driving finish, the govenmnt ladutilization
The time was :09.7. Other Mich- .bill, which many Lords consider to
igan men to place were Cox, be a socialistic measure designed to
Pottle, and Ejggleston' separate land owners from their
BASEBALL vast estates.
Iowa bowed to the varsity The bill would authorize a $5,-
baseball team at Ferry field yes- 1 000,000 federal farm corporation
terday afternoon by a score of and empower the minister of agri-
12 to 5 when Compton let the culture to acquire land without per-
visitors down with 9 hits while mission of the owners for allotment
his mates pounded two hurlers to the unemployed.
for 12 safeties, all of which were Passed by Commons.
good for runs. The game was the It slid easily through the House
first home encounter on the 1931 of Commons, but when it came to
season. the upper house the Lords went to
(COMPLETE SPORTS ON PAGES 6 & 7) work on it. They labored for hours
(COPLET__ PORTONPAGE 6 7)-- and when they were through, the
bill was only a. ghost of its original
iform-a ghost unable to send the
slightest tremor of fear down the
Hpine of the land owners.
the bill had 20 clauses, and 21 of
B these were attacked in amend-
ments, the most important being
milled. Thus, the government was
as left with the principle but no means
Kilpatrick Claims Dry Leader s f putting it into action.
Statement Leaves Him Open The Labor press raised a protest,
to Contempt Charges. intimating that the Lords acted in
this manner because they feared
DETROIT, April 25.-()-Rev. I their hereditary playgrounds, shoot-
Roland N. Holsaple, superintendent ing preserves and fox-hunting land
of the Michigan Anti-Saloon league, J would be snatched away and turn-
faced the possibility of contempt ed into little farms.
proceedings today because he told Feel Bill Unwise.
a 1 e a g u e convention audience The opponents of the measure
Thursday that "marvelous organi- asserted this reasoning was faulty
zations have been built in the courts 'and said the upper house disap-
to keep blind pig operators out off proved of the bill merely because it
jail." thought it was an unwise form of
Judge Arthur W. Kilpatrick, pre- legislation. This argument was met
siding in recorder's court, said Fri- by the statement that a tiny min-
day that "if Rev. Holsaple is cor- ority of gentry owned hundreds of
rectly quoted, I am not sure but thousands of acres in a little crowd-
what he is in contempt of court. ed country where 2,500,000 persons
My opinion is that he is. He has are unemployed and other millions
attacked the integrity of the entire live in direct poverty.
court and as presiding judge I feel' It is a foregone conclusion that
it my duty to bring it before the unless the Lords relent the Com-
members of this bench. Similar ut- mons will invoke a parliamentary
terancesuhave been held to be con- act to pass the bill over their heads.
temptuous by the supreme court 'That constitutes a slow process,
and courts of other states." lingering over the next two sessions.
Judge Kilpatrick made public a
letter he said he had sent to the;
him to appear before the judges R
and explain his statement.
In the letter he said he has "no H TI
particular fault to find" with an--CmG VVAGL E
other of Mr. Holsaple's quoted
statements, that "the average blind
pigger is safer in the average court Labor Officials Cite Increase
that he is under the eyes of the av- in Employment of Men
erage policeman." for Full Time.
W MES' WASHINGTON, April 25,-(P)-
Larger payrolls to more men shone
OnLT forth as a promise for the future
today as reports of the commerce
ArLLJOS FORB department indicated wage levels
Only "isolated cases" of pay re-
Rebels Retreat Before Advance Iductions affecting 39,000 men in
of Federal Troops Going February were found by officials in
Into Mountains. statements reaching the labor de-
partment's bureau of labor statis-
TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras, Apr. tics.
25. - (P) - Communists moving in As an offset, labor officials said
from Cuba were blamed today for Friday indications were that more
rebellion in Honduras by Congress- men were being given full time
man Lunoz. work. They cited an increase of
"Responsibility for this rebel- $13,500,000 in the March aggregrate
lion," he said, "rests neither with weekly payroll of 13,000 plants, as
Gen. Ferrera (the rebel leader) compared with January, and 152,-
foreign economic interests, nor the 000 more persons receiving salaries.
Nationalists. Bolshevists from Hav- A desire of employers to support
ana are at the bottom of it, and existing levels was seen by com-
they may be in leag uewith Sanding merce secretary Lamont. He said
(By Associated Press)
Saturday, April 25, 1931
DETROIT-Better times, at least
as far as Detroit's relief expendi-
tures are concerned, were seen to-,
day by Thomas E. Dolan, superin-
tendent of the department of public
welfare. Mr. Dolan said that a de-
crease of more than $300,000 under
March expenditures was indicated
in reports received thus far this
m1nh h frnmh th 1hrnh r - n offiC
all I 011VIcZ "LIU uc .aru:ac allli uvca
cha emorl 1-lia miinirinnl ezfraafi
snie suuj uean uniipl a± e '
car line today for $10,192. F. Clement, '32E; E. 0. D'Anna, '31; Ic is t demonstra-.I~'-
G. T. Dannaffel,'32;R. D. Goodrich, tions inBrussels
Mrs. O'Connor charged that a '32E; C. L. Davis, '32E; Q. D. H. with a pledge of;
nasal injury which caused her Gurnee, '32E; C. J. Holcomb, '32; Fascist alertness
to snore was the result of a street C. E. Larsen, D. C. McDougal, '32E: against its ene-
car accident last fall. IF. W. Marshall, '34; W. Neilson, mies.
She never snored before that, '32E; R. G. Otstot, '32E; H. J. Paine, Il Duce, holding
she said. - '32; H. A. Townsend, '32; A. R. his hand aloft for
Decker, '32; M. F. Meuller, '32E. silence, shouted
to the c r o w d,
EXPLORER MAINTAINS BEARS KILLED vhich had moved
frrom thme univer-
ANDREE PARTY BY SUDDEN ATTACK sity to the palace,.
intending later to
go to the Beligian jk em $Mv5'QL 4
Baldwin Cites Own Experiences; Baldwin, a member of several Bembassy.
Takes Issue With Other earlier Arctic expeditions, missed "The Italy of the students is al
joining the ill-fated balloon party
Death Theories, justi48 thours, arrivn ar y ways on its toes to defend the rev
by just 48 hours, arriving at Danes olutionary regime and Fascism
WASHINGTONAril 25-()- island only to find Andree had against the stupid calumnies o
WASINTON, prl b5a-sPwA taken advantage of favorable winds anti-Fascists," he said.
sudden attack by polar bears was and left two days before. We rme usin a o
advanced today by Capt. Evelyn B. When Premier Mussolini had con
Baldwin; retired explorer, as the "From the condition and posi- cluded his brief appearance before
probable cause of the deaths of two tions of the bodies when found, the throng, most of them disperse
members of the Andree Arctic bal- Capt. Baldwin said, "I am convinced but a number with flags marche
loon expedition 33 years ago. that the death of at least two of toward the Belgian embassy.
Drawing from his own experi- them was sudden, and not the re- They were slopped by soldier
ences, he took issue with theories sult of the cold, lack of supplies or and police who were stationed a
that Solomon August Andree, Swed- monoxide poisoning." every corner within a quarter mi
ish scientist, and his two compan- -He recalled that the body of radius of the embassy. They at
,.COURT SAYS MOORE
Property Distribution Withheld
by Judge; Trust Company
Made to Testify.
PITTSBURGH, April 25.-(AP)-
Distribution of the estate of Alex-
ander P. Moore, former ambassador
to Spain, was withheld and the es-
tate of his wife, Lillian Russell, was
reopened today by order of Orph-
ans Court Judge Thomas P. Trim-
ble, who ruled that Moore fraudu-
lently acquired and appropriated to
his own use certain properties of
Miss Russell. '
The orders of the court were de-
signed to enable the Union Trust
Co. of Pittsburgh, executor of the
Moore estate and co-executor with
Moore of Miss Russell's estate, to
I account for all properties belonging
to Miss Russell, Judge Trimble said.
Moore bequeathed the Queen of
Spain $100,000 for charitable pur-
poses and $25,000 to the widow of
Enrico Caruso, the noted tenor, in
his will filed for probate here last
Turks Elect Pasha's
mn01U roU~lM e a 10 ei~lllU1t
of the department.
BAY CITY - One of the most
magnificent trophies ever offered in
outboard motor boat competition
will be presented to the eastern
Michigan water carnival by Adam
E. Cornelius, chairman of the board
of the American Steamship com-
pany, Buffalo, N. Y. It will be heav-
ily plated with silver 21 inches in
CENTERVILLE - Arrangements