NIIPIINO 1 .11 1 1 1 1-
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
VOL. XLI. No. 130 EIGHT PAGES
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCH 31, 1931
WIL BEI TODA
Senior Literary Students Will be
Offered Greatly Reduced
WILL LAST THREE DAYS
HOOVER, RESTED A
President Leaves Farm Board to
Define Its Own Policies;
Names Three Judges.
WASHINGTON, Mar. 30.-(A)-
Invigorated by his Caribbean vaca-
tion, President Hoover today plung-
ed into the task of disposing of
problems that accumulated during
The chief executive gave recess
appointments to three f e d c r a
judges and the White House let
Literary Section of Honor Group to defne
Will Receive Payments f and defend its own policies.
at Four Places. President Hoover will discuss re-
cent developments with Republican
Collection of senior literary class Leader Watson of the Senate, at. a
dues and a sale of subscriptions to breakfast conference tomorrow. The
the "Alumnus" wily begin today for farm board situation, the perspec-
the first of a three-day drive. Mem- tive $700,000,000 treasury deficit and
bers of the recently appointed lit- -- - -
erary section of the senior Honor
Group will receive payment for
dues and subscriptions from 8:30 '
o'clock until 3:15 daily at four stra-
tegic points on the campus.
The places where collection will
be made are the lobby of Angell a °
Hall, the Engineering arch, the
center and the northwest corner President's Decree Gives Nation
of the diagonal.
Offer Dues, Alumnus For $3.50 First Week-End Free From
Dues and a year's subscription Rioting in Months.
to the Alumnus will be offered to-
gether for $3.50. Although the B E Ra I N, Mar . 30.-(/1P)-Gcr-
"Alumnus" usually sells for $4, the many, whose week-ends for months
Alumni association have agreed to have been occasions for political
reduce the price of the magazines meetings and clashes usually end-
to $2.50 providing this sum is ac- ing in violence, passed a remarkably
companied by an additional dollar quiet Saturday and Sunday with
for the class dues. This is being political agitation stifled by the
done not only in an effort to ex- drastic presidential decree of Sat-
tend the circulation of the "Alum- urday.
ndus" among Michigan graduates, Although considerable opposition
thus enabling them to keep in touch has developed to the president's
with University affairs, but also to use of the emergency powers con-
assist the senior classes in solving ferred by article 48 of the Weimar
the problem of collecting dues. 1 constitution to suppress the rights
Charge Reapportioned. of assembly and free speech, it
Because of the high charge of Ihas gained approbation from many
dues in former years, the brunt of who were tired of the old riotous
paying for the expenses connected order.
with class activities was borne by Strangely enough both Commu-
a minority of the graduating stu- nists and Fascists, chief offenders
dents. With the dues this year set in the clashes of the past, general,
at a dollar, the burden will be dis- ly professed to be pleased-the
trbuted equally on all. By previd- Communists that the Fascists at
ing that no senior may have his last were throttled and the Fascists
name in the class announcement that undesirable Communist ele-
and also that he will be unable ments would be forced to leave the
to secure either announcements or peace-loving National Socialists a-
invitations to the commeneement lone..
exercises, it is hoped that all liter- ;
ary seniors will be reached by the I
In addition to defraying all c s L I U LL
expense from now until June, the
money collected from the dues will
be used to take care of the exp n- :UI
ses of the permanent class officers.,
and to start a permanent fund fo-
a suitable class memorial, which Educator Says Pension Tends to
will be purchased at a later date. Steady Both Depression,
Unemployment insurance must
tend to lessen both depression and
(By Associated Press) boom cycles in industry, said Dr.
Monday, March 30, 1931 Theodor F. S. Plaut, professor in
-_ Hamburg university, speaking here
FTER CARIBBEAN ;
S OF NEW PROBLEMS
party politics are expected to be
The White House announcement
concerning the farm board resulted
from attacks made on the board as
a result of its decision not to en- N R STWG
*gage in stabilization operations on
- the 1931 wheat crop. Combine Sued for Violation ofI
Senator Reed, of Pennsylvania, a Sherman Anti-Trust
st r o n g administrative supporter,
has advocated abolition of the Regulation.
board while other administration
* senators have defended the deci- 50 COMPANIES NAMED
In the face of opposition from Complaint Mentions InfluenceI
Senator Schall, Republican, Min- Over Farms Not Members
nesota, th e president appointed
Gunnar H. Nordbye to be judge of of Combination.
the United States district court for N
that state. Schall announced he NEW YORK, Mar. 30.-(/P)-The
would oppose confirmation. c h federal government today started1
A wohl samoseonimat. H over suit to dissolve the Sugar Institute,c
I At the same time Mr. Hoover ap- charging it has violated the Sher-t
pointed James A. See to be United man anti-trust law by maintaining1
States judge for Oregon and John r a comprehensive scheme to enforcec
Knight to be judge of the western oppressive and uniform prices.
district of New York. Members of the institute, which
Meanwhile, Secretary Hurley, who includes the leading sugar produ-.
accompanied President Hoover on cers, manufacture 85 per cent of
his Caribbean trip, lost little time the products used in this country,i
in removing himself from the cen- obtained their raw material "at7
ter of vice-presidential boom which normally low prices," the govern-v
sprung up during his absence. He ment charges, from Porto Rico,t
announced soon after reaching his Hawaii, Cuba, and the Philippines.
office that he would support Vice- Profits Are Large.
president Curtis for re-nomination The American Sugar Refining
and re-election if Curtis ran. Co., and the National Sugar Refin-
ing Co., of New Jersey, together
produce about 46 per cent of the
ugar made in the United States,
plain and their profits have beenr
IE FThe government charges Ameri-
can Refining profits have increasedY
from $3,070,851.57 in 1927 to $8,016,
Naval Celebrity Will Talk About 436.72 in 1928 and the National Re-
Cruse fining jumped from $292,486 in 1927x
1My Buccaneering Cruise to $3,372,986 in 1928. '
in Hill Auditorium. Individuals Charged.C
About 50 companies and individ-
Count Luckner, German explorer, uals are named in the complaint.
naval officer and sailor, will appear Their activities have been undert
at 8 o'clock Thursday night in Hill investigation by the federal trade1
auditorium under the auspices of commission and the department ofc
the Oratorical association. He will commerce for two years.
talk on "My Buccaneering Cruise." That part of the sugar used in
Luckner was originally scheduled the United States and not made byx
to lecture here on Ma ch 3, but due institute members comes from beet
to an accident, his talk was post- sugar refiners, the complaint says,
poned, and Dr. Daniel Davenport and the institute is charged with
'was substituted, h .kg* enced these refiners tot
Von Luckner was a son of titled restrict their competitive activities.
parents, a grandson of Marshall --I
Luckner, to whom the Marseillaise Ii
was dedicated. For years he sailedi
before the mast under an assumed
name as a common sailor. He latert
became a mate, then an officer inC
the Imperial German navy, and C
was soon the favorite of the ex-
Kaiser, William II. During thet
World war, he was sent out by the Bomb Ruins Living Quarters of
admiralty to raid the Allied ship- Buiding; No Political t
ping in an old wind-jammer. In Motives Seen.
his ship, "The Seeadler," he ran theM
British blockade and sank m o r e
f than $25,000,000 worth of shipping. H A.V , Mar. 30. --(/l--One of
The count wears 27 decorations ebargte bourseye te plodresenit
rom his own and other countries, campaign of ati-government ter-
and is an honorary member of more a nt vr re t
than 50 American civic orgenizaor1rorists, Sunday night destroyed thecon-
tions. He appeared on the Oratori- l qu ar eranon-
cal lecture series two years ago, and nsul Cuenca r
this year he will tell the complete trn ueca
story of the months of raiding from Windows of the consulate and
IclndtsFj.tnivdaltckt adjoining buildings were shattered.
Iceland to Fiji. Individual pickets The consul's [wdroom ws wreck'
may still be obtained at 3211, An-T cnsuls bedrowo was wek
gel! hall in the offices of the speech E d and his bed blown to bits. No
department. lone was injured since he and his
.family had not yet returned from
(a Sunday evening social call.
The supervisor 'of municipal po-
TElvilice, Senor Betancourt, hurried to
NE ~JiD IIME V I the scene with a detail of officers
and conducted a thorough investi-.
WESTERBN R~ EG ION gation, but no arrests followed.I
Passersby recalled having seen two
suspicious characters, their identi-
States Digging Out After Recent ty unknown, in the vicinity of the
consulate prior to the explosion.
Snowfall Find Efforts The bomb shook the entire city
Balked; 16 Dead. land caused considerable excitement
and apprehension among residents.
KANSAS CITY, Mar. 30.-(/P)- Police said it was an attempt a-
The middle west, digging out from I gainst the life of the consul rather
a snowstorm which took a known than a mere political demonstra-
toll of 16 lives last week, found its tion.
efforts mocked by a fresh fall to-1
day. 1'SPRING' GARGOYLE SALE
Snow began falling in the Rocky POSTPONED TO THURSDAY
mountain states of Colorado, Wyo- Gargoyle's spring number, an-
ming and Montana Sunday and nounced to appear on the cam-
late Sunday night was falling in pus on Wednesday, will not ap-
Nebraska, Kansas and western Mis- pear until Thursday, it was an-
souri. Temperatures were moder- nounced yesterday. Enforced de-
atehowverandther wa nolay in the obtaining of the cuts
ate, however, and there was no . t a
i-is the cause.
PACT WITH IRWIN
Delegates Unanimously Approve
Leader's Truce Despite
SPEECH CARRIES VOTE
Breaks Silence of Day to Talk
GANDHI'S T RUCE
_________ L;BR UCKER AGREES
F~~~!I TOCONIDE TA
in Favor of Action; SeeWD
Stp sAdvace IWould Exempt Dealers
Step as Avance. k
With Gross Sales
KARACHI, India, Mar. 30-P)- Below $25,000.
Despite fierce opposition from theB$
extremist wing, Mahatma Gandhi's LANSING, Mar. 30.-(P- A
truce with Viceroy Irwin was ap- sales estimated to
proved today by unanimOus vote of gid bet $100 ad
delegates to the all-India congress. yie etween ,0, ,00 and'
After series of fieryp$15,000,000 annually, will be stu-
Gandhi himself took the stand to died carefully by Governor Wil-
support passage of the resolution Mahatma Gandhi, ber M. Brucker as a possible ave-
and when he finished the gather- Indian nationalist leader, whose nue of relief for real property
ing broke into resounding cheers. truce with Lord Irwin, English vice- owners, he said.
There was not a dissenting vote roy, was confirmed unanimously by A large delegation, claiming to
when President Vallabhai Patel put the National Congress, meeting yes- represent the independent merch-
the question. terday at Karachi. Gandhi did not ants, farmers, wholesalers and a
speak until the end of the confer- good many other groups, met with
40,000 Gather. ence, but his force of character had the governor and urged him to give
KARACHI, India, Mar. 30.-(P)- already carried the day for him. his support to the McBride-Dykstra
A silent, wordless Gandhi, squatting bill pending in the house.
sphinxlike in the center of 40,000 lWould Regulate Profit.
souls, downed active opposition to .AIt proposes a sales tax of one-
his creed by sheer force of person- talf mill on gross sales up to $400,-
ality Sunday night, and put the an- 000 and a graduated scale up to one
nual meeting of the All-Indian Na- +Iper cent on sales of $1,000,000 or
tional congress on record as favor- ImL nore. Frankly designed to "level
ing most of the things for which he off the competition between chain
has fought. sores and independent merchants"
At Gp.m. tonight, when the burn- Swedish Artist to Offer Recital it provides that corporations or
ing desert sands which surround in Mendelssohn Theatre r anizations under a centralized
Karachi have cooled somewhat, the Saturday Night. ontrol must group their aggregate
congress will indorse most of thels regadess o the number of
remaining principles of his policy, Ronny Johansson, Swedish dan- tle C. V.ienner, scre-
and give its sanction to the recent cr, will appear in Ann Arbor at ry of the Home Defense League,
truce with Viceroy Lord Irwin at :30 o'clock Saturday night in the or the Great Atlan-
New Delhi which ended the civil F3:0oclc aura ihti h tic & Pacific Tea Co, would pay
disobedience campaign.0 Lydia Mendelssohn theatre, giving ,000 a year, while other chains
Begins Silence Early. a dance recital, it was announced vould pay proportionate amounts.
In order to be able to spe ak to- yesterday. Her appearance at the 'ach retail merchant or chain
night in defense of the truce, if it theatre concludes the series of re- would file an annual report of sales
should be necessary, Gandhi began citals by noted dancers for this sea- .nd would remit the proper tax. It
his usual weekly day of silence six son. 1-was cliaimed the merchants; rather
hours earlyk, at 6 p. . Sunday Miss Johansson made her debut in lia the public, would absorb the
Others spoke for him, particularly Vienna, and first, came to America levy.
Oths spkefr h, particla as guest artist with the Adolphe T o Even School Tax
president of the congress, reiterated Bolm ballets in Chicago. Since then T 1 bill, in its present form, pro-
Indian Nationalism's demand for she has appeared in New York, Chi- vids that revenue shall be used to
unqualified self-determination and cago, and Detroit, having given re- -uaire school taxes. It would
independence. citals at Columbia university and Dempt merchants whose annual
Among resolutions passed by the -the University of North Carolina.! ross sales are less than $25,000.
body were those condemning the Ruth St. Denis, of the Denishawn l;overnor Brucker questioned mem-
liquor traffic and advocating full dancers, who appeared in Ann Ar- hers of the delegation relative to
woman suffrage. bor early this year, says of Miss the exemption clause, wondering
Countless thousands passed by Johansson: whether such a provision would be
Gandhi in an eloquent mass obeis- "The reason that Ronny Johans- constitutional. Fenner and others
ance to their leader. Women rushed I son is my pick of the dancers is said they would waive the exemp-
to kiss his feet. because she actually has evolved a Lion provision if that would help
personal vocabulary of gesture. She enactment. The governor also said
has an elusive and most individual that while school cost equalization
CANE SALE TO CONTINUE sense of humor and poetry, and be- is needed, there also should be
UNTIL SPRING VACATION I cause she is truly a creative artist.I some reduction in the general state
Continua . on of the sale of She has achieved the expression of tax, indicating that if the legisla-
canes for senior literary students a unique personality in a unique tre adopts a sales tax he would
until the Friday preceeding the style...She has actually added new favor a portion of the yield going
Spring vacation, was announced gestures to the slowly growing dic- -nto the general fund.
yesterday by Frank E. Cooper, tionary of the dance."....
chairman of the pipes and canes Miss Johansson is at present as-
committee. sociated with John Martin and Elsa
Orders for canes may be placed !Findley in their New York school. H 6 r U 4
with Wagner and company.-- I
SRoertson to Speed
I Patent Applicatfin ___ 01NG0 0M41N01
WASHINGTON, Mar. 30.--(P- Unfair Practices in Importing
An early end to delay in action on Asbestos Charged; Atorg
1Patentapplications was predicted Head Ordered to Leave.
today by T. E. Roberston, patent
Indignant Workers Protest Pay commissioner. In a radio speech, WASHINGTON, Mar. 30-(IP)-An
Cut b DelaingService IRoberston said new employes rapid- investigation of alleged unfair prac-
y D ng ly were being trained in their work vices in the importation and sale of
Goods Spoil in Yards. and that applications, piling up RIu sian asbestos in the U n i t e d
steadily since the World war, had ;Mates was ordered today by the
LONDON, Mar. 30--(/P)-The met- been reduced 22,000 in the last 12 a if commission. At the same time
ropolitan district was threatened months. He termed America's pat- the labor department announced
today with a serious dislocation of ent laws the most liberal in the tha Feodor M. Zyavkin, general
railroad traffic as a consequence of world. manager of the Amtorg Tradingl
inauguration of a "go slow" or "obey -- _ ___ - Corporation, must leave the country
the rules" movement among work- Wheat R s sl voluntarily or be subject to deposr-
ens in the freight yards. hatResumes Place tation. The Amtorg company is the
The movement is i n t e n d e d, as Leader of Market official Russian trade agency.
through meticulous observance of ---- A tariff commission set a hearing
a large set of intricate and unwield- CHICAGO, Mar. 30.-(-1')-King for May 19 at which testimony will
ly rules, to delay the service great- Corn is dead! Long live King h presented. The action resulted
ly in protest against acceptance of Wheat! from complaints by the Bear Can-
wage reductions by the National Deposed by the native maize yon Asbestos Co. of Ambler, Pa.,
Union of Railwaymen. nearly three months ago, wheat was and the Regal Asbestos Mines, Inc.,
The men in some of the yards Shoved back into the cereal throne of New York City, which owns as-
began the movement Sunday night today in the Chicago Board of b stos mines ii Arizona. They said
and today it seemed to be spread- Trade, they had been compelled to close
ing. The federal farm board's decision sync of their mines.
___ __- to keep "hands off" after the 1931 4W
' wheat crop is marketed ended I Adeiphi Will Discuss
AVORS MEASURE corn's brief dynasty and oncemoreI Lare College Merss
?NIT Y TAX EVASION I placed wheat trading in the big pitr C e M_
the burden of taxes, This' burden,II Comparative opportunities f o r
he added, would rest on the re- Sargent Will Discuss obtaining a liberal education in
mainder of taxable property, thus forJobless large and small colleges will be de-
increasing local taxes. I nuace o~ bated by members of Adelphi in the
inr'ig oa ae. regular mueting at 7:30 tonight in
Mayor Staebler pointed out that Noel Sargent, manager of the in- the society's room on the fourth
LANSING--Rep. John T. Espie, of
Eagle, tonight introduced a bill in
the house which would prohibit the
sale of milk in ac s wnicn hive
not been officially pronounc-d f-cee
of bovine tuberculosis.
ADRIAN Detroit, Toledo, and
New Yoxk capitalists have pecfe ed
an organization and Ii ave laid plans
for the operation of the continental
isugar company's ptn" at Blissfield
DETROIT -- The D c t r oi t and
Cleveland Navigation company will
open the passenger steamship serv-
ice this year, when their first boat
leaves the' dock here at 11 a.m. to-
MONROE---Mike Sovich, 43, cm-
ployee of the Newton Steel company
was struck and instantly killeai by
an ash conveyor this morning. The,
conveyor, which is said not to have
been in operation, broke Sovich's
neck and left foot.
PONTIAC -Leroy Eisenhart, 36,
is in Pontiac general hospital suf-
fering probably fatal injuries re-
ceived when the car he was driving
was struck by a gas-electric car of
the .Michigan air line division of
the Grand Trunk railway, on Tele-
IONIA-The Pere Marquette rail-
road announced today that its Ionia
shop would resume operation April
6. The resumption of activities will
c11 hack to work 72 men. ;
yesterday on "Unemployment In-!
.irance and Its Effects on the Eco-
_ Inc Position of Germany."
The insurance method reducesj
coniumption in time of flourishing
trade, Dr. Plaut explained, and puts
money back into circulation during
dpt ssion periods, keeping up con-
~umplion and aiding quick return
General increases in wage levels
are also accomplished by unem-
ployment insurance, according to
Dr. Plaut. Since it cuts down the
army of laborers, he said, it reduces1
competition in labor.I
'Killer' Burke Read y
to Fight Murder CaseI
ST. JOSEPH, Mich., Mar. 30.-(A')
j 'Fred Burke, termed the nation's
most desperate killer, set out today
to fight "a tight case."
That was his description of the
Michigan murder charge which
brought the "most dangerous man
alive" back from Missouri.
He took the first step by refusing
to waive preliminary examination.
Justice of the Peace Joseph Collier
bound him over to April 8, when he
must show why the state should
not hold him for the slaying of
Traffic Policeman Charles Skelly.
The Board in Control of Stu-
dent Publications, at its meeting
yesterday, took the following ac-
tion regarding s c h ola r s h i p
tation in Oklahoma and northern
Meanwhile, the sections which
felt the fury of last week's bliz-
zard, accompanied by zero temper-
atures, took stock of the loss in
lives and damage to early crops
The known death list reached 16
Sunday when the body of Boyd Ed-
VA Y'OR STAEBLER F
TO BLOCK FRA TEA
Says Elimination From Tax Rolls
Would Increase General
Burden of Taxes.
mv_ --_1IT4-- l- 4