EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
VOL. XLI. No. 121 EIGHT PAGES ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MARCH 20, 1931
PRICE FIVE CENTS
TH [E4UTH~ RTII~VE T ER ANS' LOAN
TO SPEAK TONIGHT'
Murphy, M'Broom, Dexter Will
Talk at Mass Meeting in
GOORICH IS CHAIRMAN
Conference to be Sponsored by
Ann Arbor Ministerial
Attention of both students and
members of the community will be
focused on the national problem of
unemployment through addresses
by three leaders in as many differ-
ent fields at a mass meeting to be
held at 7:30 o'clock tonight in Hill
auditorium under the auspices of
the Ann Arbor Ministerial associa-
The gathering, which has as its
general theme, "What Shall Be
Done About Unemployment?" will
be addressed by Mayor Frank Mur-
phy of Detroit, Dr. Robert Dexter
of Boston, and F. M. McBroom, di-
rector of the Lansing community
fund. Murphy will descibe "What
the Community Can Do," while Mc-
Broom will tell "What Industry Is
Doing," describing some of the
means of unemployment insurance'
that have been inaugurated by
Boston Man to Speak.
Dr. Dexter, whose topic is "Some-
thing Must Be Done," will bring
to the discussion the attitude of all I
organized religion. He was a dele-
gate to a non-sectarian conferencef
on unemployment, which was held
in Washington in January, and
which was attended by protestantas,
Jews, and Catholics alike. Prof.
Carter Goodrich of the economies
department will act as chairman
at the meeting.
The mass meeting grew out of I
two recommendations made to the i
Ann Arbor Ministerial association1
at their February meeting by a
special committee of six ministers,t
which had been previously appoint-
ed by the association to consider7
Lewis Directs Study.
The committee suggested first(
that an unemployment survey be
made of the outlying districts ofl
Ann Arbor, a work which has sub -
sequently been put under the gen-
eral supervision of Rev. Henry Lew-
is, rector of St. Andrew's Episcopal
church, and secondly that a public1
meeting be called for the purpose
of educating the public on unem-
ployment. Rev. H. P. Marley, pas-
tor of the Unitarian church was
placed in general charge of plan-
ning the gathering, assisted by Rev.t
Allison Ray Heaps, pastor of the
Congregational c h u r c h, and by
Rabbi Bernard Heller, director of
the Hillel foundation.
A supper for members of the
ministerial committee, the speakers,
and prominent Ann Arbor smcial
workers will be held preceding te
meeting at the League.
Discussing the meeting yesterday,]
Rev. Marley pointed out that
"though Ann Arbor, not being an
industrial town, is inclined to be
rather smug on the unemployment
crisis, she must soon begin to think
about it, for it will eventually af-
fect even the University.
(By Associated Press)
Thursday, March 19, 1931 1
LANSING - Governor Wilber M.
Brucker, G. C. Dillman, state high-j
way commissioner, and other state
officials, were speakers at a ban-
quet held here tonight by the Mich-
igan Road Builders association.
William M. Connelly, president,
acted as toastmaster. The subjects
dealt with the county unit system1
of road maintenance and'improve-;
ment, state Eighway building, high-1
way finance and allied matters.
JACKSON-The Michigan state
prison here was inspected today by
Alexander Paterson, superintendent
of prisons in England and Wales.
The inspection was part of a tour.
Mr. Paterson is making of all im-
portant American penal institu-
WISCONSIN IN BIG
bTEIN MATCH HERE.
Affirmative Trio Wins at Home;
Negative Squad Victorious
SCOTT GIVES DECISION
Team Contends Present Amateur
Rule Prohibits Practices
Michigan's Varsity debating teams
gained two victories last night in
the second semester conference de-
bates, the affirmative squad defeat-
ing Wisconsin at home, and the
negative team conquering North-
western at Evanston. This makes
a total of three wins against one
loss in the conference debates for
the. year, as Ohio was defeated by
the affirmative team, while the
negative was losing to Indiana last
Basing their case on the conten-
tions that the present athletic sit-
uation leads to a hypocritical atti-
tude, that it prohibits practices not
inherently undesirable, and that
the abolition of distinctions would
result in a better situation in inter-
collegiate athletics, the affirmative
team gained the decision of the
single critic judge, Prof. Preston
Scott, of the College of the City of
The University affirmative team
included John W. Lederle, '33, Leon-
ard L. Kimball, '33, and Howard
Simon, '32L. Wisconsin was rep-
resented by Theophil C. Kamm-
fholz, Otto S. Zerwick, and Aaron
Levine. Prof. Louis Eich, of the
speech department, presided.
Arthur H. Vandenberg,
Senator from Michigan, who, in a
statement yesterday, defended the
Veterans' Loan Bill from the im-
plication that it has helped to in-
crease the treasury deficit.
INCOME :TAX FAILS5
Increase of Receipts Over Same
Period Last Year Still
WASHINGTON, Mar. 19.-(P)-
The treasury pendulum swung still
farther into the debit side of the,
are today despite the tugging of
the increased tax receipts.
Income tax receipts for last Tues,
BAICHEN TO LEAD0
Noted Aviator, Explorer to Fly
Large Amphibian Plane
Over White Bay.
CONDUCTS TEST FLIGHT
Installation of Gasoline Tanks,
Adverse Weather May
BOSTON Mar. 19.-(P')-Grease-
smeared mechanics labored tonight
preparing a relief plane to go to
the aid of the Viking disaster's sur-
Bernt Balchen, hero of the Byrd
Antarctic and the trans-Atlantic
flights, who had been chosen as
its pilot, inspected the large am-
phibian, took it for a test flight,
and predicted the expedition would
be prepared to hop off before 2
o'clock tomorrow morning. He had
spent the day sleeping at a local
hotel, conserving his strength for
the hazardous 1,000-mile flight.
Plane Is "O. K."
Balchen found the big plane was
"0. K." to use his own expression1
when, after a 20-minute test flight,
he brought the craft to earth. The
gas tanks, which still remained to
be installed, were worrying him, he
admitted, and so were adverse I
weather reports fromthenorth.
When asked if the weather might
not make the flight tonight "doubt-
ful" he said, "Yes." No changes in
plans were made, however.
Meanwhile, Merion Cooper, who
was organizing the expedition, con-
ferred with Army and Navy offi-
cials and with representatives of
the local chapter of the Red Cross
arranging for the delivery of sup-
plies to be brought into the frozen
wastes of northern Newfoundland.
It was hoped that the plane might
thus be able to render succor to
whoever among the survivors might
yet be lying among the ice floes of
White Bay since the sealing ship
Viking was blasted from under
them last Sunday night.
Cooper Is Explorer.
The expedition was being organ-
ized huriedly by Cooper at the re-
quest of Dr. Lewis Frissell, of New
York, father of Varick Frissell, who
was a member of a motion picture
group, was aboard the Viking and
who has been missing since the
explosion. Cooper is a noted ex-
plorer and moving picture photo-'
Late today it had not been de-
cided definitely who would com-
prise the party, but it was believed
that, in addition to Balchen, it
would include Cooper and eithr
Roy Gates, New York, or Randy
Enslow, of New York, regarded as
one of the most experienced night
pilots in the country, or both.
Food Landed on Horse
Island for Survivors
ST. JOHNS, N. F., Mar. 19.-(I)-
Food and medical assistance today
were landed on Horse Island, where
more than 100 survivors of the
wrecked sealing steamer V i k i n g
were sheltered, radio advices re-
ceived here reported.
The landing was effected by the
united efforts of the crews of seven
sealing ships, which for many hours
had been pounding the ice in an
effort to make way for the rescue
WILL LECTURE I
Princeton Biologist Points
Theories of Fitness,
day, the latest date reported, were E (Special o The Daihe
$16,00,00 reaer hanforthe EVANSTON, Mar. 19.-The West-
$16,000,000 greater than for the ern Conference debate between
corresponding collection day last Michigan and Northwestern here
year. This kindled no spark of'tonight was won by the former. The
hope, however, that total receipts decision was given by Prof. R. F.
for 1930 would be larger than the Mitchell, of Lawrence college.
previous year. I Michigan's negative team was
At the same time the daily treas- comrprised of Lawrence Hartwig,
At he ametim th daly rea- ,1 Victor Rabinowitz, '31, and
ury statement showed the govern-'1atoreyab hnowithwesten
ment deficit on Tuesday was $735,- Nathan Levy, '31. The Northwestern
138,522, a gain of more than $300,- teamkincluded J. F. Conner, J. A.
000,000 over the previous day, due Blackmore, and Richard Peterson.
to placing $326,000,000 in the public
debt retirement fund. .
Meanwhile, Senator Vandenberg, IIIIII'I
Republican, Mich., issued a state-
ment saying there was no basis for, nr
any implication that loans to world
war veterans were responsible forU
or contributing toward the pros-I
pective treasury deficit. Head of Joliet Prison Believes
"Everybody knows by this time," Legislature Will Find His
he added, "that the two things are
unrelated. Every veterans loan is a Conduct justified.
self-contained operation which in-
volves no net addition to the public JOLIET, Ill., Mar. 19.-()-War-
debt and not a penny of increased I den Henry C. Hill, white-haired
taxation." arbiter of Illinois' revolt-racked
[_________ twin penitentiaries, tonight await-
ed the outcome of a legislative
II F probe into his administration "with
VKA wNOEN B L R C IdE complete confidence."
Still ailing and weaKened by a'
IBL protracted illness which kept him
in bed for weeks, he looked back
over a week of disorder and ex-
pressed confidence that his iron-
Rational Attitude in Business hand tactics in quelling mutiny
Requested by Senator in would be upheld by the legislators.
Grand Rapids Talk. "I believe my every act and those'
G d R d T of my subordinates have been what
the situation demanded," he said.
GRAND RAPIDS, Mar. 19.(JP- "I am ready for the legislative com-
A plea for "rational liberalism in mittee." That body arrived late to-
politics and business" was made day.
here tonight by Senator Arthur H. Looking from his office window
Vandenberg in an address at a din- into the old state prison, Hill can
ner given in honor of a new auto- see augmented guards on duty to
mobile factory opening in Grand I keep the sullen convicts in order,
Prof. Leroy Waterman,
Leader of the University of Mich-
igan-Toledo Museum expedition in
Iraq, who is to speak tomorrow be-
fore the assembled delegates of the
Michigan Academy of Science at
its thirty-sixth annual meeting
here. Professor Waterman is a
member of Semetics department
Illinois Farmer, President of
American Farm Federation,
Named for Farm Board. I
WASHINGTON, Mar. 19.-(P)-,
Sam H. Thompson, who owns a
500-acre farm in Illinois, today was
appointed a member of the farm
board to fill the vacancy created by
the resignation of Alexander Legge.
The appointment was announced
by the White House upon receipt
of a telegram of acceptance.
Thompson's commission was signed
by President Hoover before he left
on his Caribbean cruise.
Thompson has been an active
farmer for years and has been
identified with organizations seek-
ing agricultural legislation.
At the time of his appointment
he was serving his third two-year
term as president of the American
Farm Bureau Federation. The di-
rectors of that organization, meet-
ing today in Chicago, accepted his
resignation to permit him to take
the new post and elected Edward
O'Neal of Montgomery, Ala., to I
finish his unexpired term.
For the last six years, ThompsonI
has been one of the most active
proponents of national farm legis-
lation. He supported the old Mc-
Nary-Haugen equalization fee bill.
In the 1928 campaign he urged the
election of President Hoover.
Expresses Profound Confidence
in Basis of Psychic
"No scientist believes in the su-
pernatural creation of all species
or their fitnesses," stated Prof. Ed-
win G. Conklin, of the biology de-
partment of Princeton university,
in a lecture before the Michigan
Academy of Sciences yesterday on
"Fitness, the Great Problem of Bi-
"There are three theories as to
the causes of fitness or adaptation,"
he stated. "The first is the super-
natural. The second, the vitalistic
theories, go back to philosophy and
border on pure mysticism. But I
have profound belief in the founda-
tion of psychic processes. They are
processes of trial and error, or or-
ganic memory; they are organized
seekings, seekings of organisms. By
the process of trial and error, we
have got to the point ofcomfort
by means of organized seeking. In
plants, animals, everywhere, we
find this condition.
"The amoeba acts just as we do;
it is seeking satisfaction and com-
fort. The something furnishing the
impetus or stimulus might be term-
ed as vitalistic. Differential sensi-
tivity and capacity to move and
change until satisfaction is obtain-
ed have not yet been explained.
"The logic of Darwinism is irre-
sistible," Professor Conklin contin-
ued. "But it must be extended be-
yond the range conceived by Dar-
win, because, though it can explain
inherited adaptation or fitness, it
cannot explain acquired fitness. L
we think Darwinism cares for the
elimination of unfit movements, wE
have an extension of the ides from
the person to the reaction, and thi
would account for acquired fitness
"Directed thinking," he conclud-
ed, "is hard work, eliminating the
things that do not fit. That is th
process of Darwinism-elimination,
of the unfit. Organism is needed
to judge the fit or the unfit."
KILLED BY CRASH
Umberto Maddalena Drowns a
Plane Falls Into Sea.
PISA, Italy, Mar. 19. --)-Col
Umberto Maddalena, famous Italiar
flier and finder of the dirigible
Italia survivors, Lieut. Fausto Cec-
coni and Mechanic-Sergt. Damonte
were killed today when their sea.
plane fell into the sea.
Maddalena discovered Gen. Um-
berto Nobile and a group of othei
survivors of the Italia in 1928 neai
Spitzbergen and droppednmedicine
and supplies to them on the ic
after the Italian airship had beer
wrecked on its North Pole flight.
He and Lieut. Cecconi formerly
held world air records for distanc
and duration flights and both ha
recently returned from the Latin-
American flight of Air Minister
Italo Balbo, on which Maddalena
Mimes Will Present
"The Perfect Alibi," by A. A
Milne, will be presented by Mimes
in the Laboratory theatre the week
of April 20, following spring vaca-
tion, it was announced yesterday by
James Yant, '31M, president of the
organization. The production will
be directed by Karl Litzenberg, of
the English department.
I Tryouts for all those interested
in taking parts in the play will be
held from 4 until 6 o'clock this
afternoon in room 308 of the Union.
Sales of Senior Canes
Continue at Wagner'sl
Orders for senior canes are still
being taken at Wagner and com-
CONKLIN DENIES SUPERNATURAL
AT ACADEMY MEETING TONIGHT
General Lecture Will Feature
Second Day's Program
PLAN ANNUAL DINNER
Discussions Will be Presented
by Scientists From Entire
A general lecture, and meeting of
all sections of the Michigan Acad-
emy of Sciences will feature the
second day's program of the thirty-
sixth annual meeting of the organ-
ization. Prof. Leroy Waterman, of
the Semetics department, leader of
the University of Michigan-Toledo
Museum expedition in Iraq, will
talk at 4:15 o'clock in the Natural
Science auditorium on "The Fourth
Season at Selucia on Tigris," in the
second general lecture of the ses-
At 6:30 o'clock, the annual din-
ner will be held in the League
building, and will be followed by
the presidential address,- "Folklore
Heirlooms," by Prof. Eugene S. Mc-
Carthy, of the Graduate school,
president of the Academy.
Open To Public.
In' the various section meetings,
158 papers will be given by scientists
from all over the state. These meet-
ings are open to the "general public.
Among some of the scheduled ad-
dresses in the anthropology sec-
Lion are: "Recent Excavations in
Palestine," by Frederic S. Goodrich,
and "The Mentality of Primates,"
by Prof. Leslie A. White.
Gladys F. West, of the botany
epartment. will give an .illustrated
Lecture on "A Buried Forest in
Michigan," in the meeting of the
ootany section. In the meetings of
she section of economics and sociol-
>gy, Prof. Carter Goodrich will talk
)n "An Analysis of American Plans
:or State Unemployment Measures,"
Prof. William Haber, of Michigan
State college will speak on "Sonic
economic and Sociological Aspects
A the Unemployment Situation in
Detroit," and Prof. John B. Cond-
life will deliver an address on "In-
Jernational Trade under Falling
?rices." Professor Condliffe is visit-
.ng professor in economics, and has
>een appointed a member of the
)ermanent secretariat of the League
Hobbs To Give Paper.'
Other papers include "Explora-
ion in Greenland, actual and pro-
ected," by Prof. William H. Hobbs;
*The Gem Stones of Isle Royale,"
y F. Dustin, and an illustrated talk
m "Relation of Airplane Mapping
o Geology," by Harold Underhill
n the geology section; "County
. overnment in Michigan," by Prof.
\rthur Bromage, in the political
science section; and "The Diction-
iry Projects at the University of
Vichigan," by Prof. C. C. Fries, in
,he language and literature section.
ON HUNGER STRIKE
Tara, Jailed for Contempt of
Court, Goes Without Food
for 32 Hours.
DETROIT, Mar. 19. -(IP)- Sent-
mced to jail indefinitely yesterday
because he would not .submit to
cross-examination in the Gerald
E. Buckley murder trial, Fred Tara,
star state witness, was on a hunger
strike tonight in the county jail.
At 8 p. m. he had taken no food
for 32 hours, although tempting
dishes had been set before him.
"They'll have to carry me out of
this cell feet first," he told jailors
and visitors, and added that he
could be "just as stubborn as the
judge." He was sentenced by Re-
corders Judge Edward J. Jeffries,
presiding at the trial of Ted Piz-
zino, Angelo Livecchi, and Joe
Bommarito for the murder of the
crusading radio announcer in the
LaSalle hotel on July 23.
Eleven Jaianese Hurt
Hospital Director Replies
Allegations of Holbeck,
Author of Bill.
Senator Vandenberg said it would
be far better for business to set its
own house in order than for the
government to be forced to do the
Technological u n e m p 1 o y m e nt
which has permanently displaced
2,000,000 workmen with machines
was cited by the senator as one
of the causes of over-production
and under-consumption. He said
the five-day week might be an as-
set to this problem, but he urged
that more voluntary experiments in
industrial stabilization and in un-
employment insurance be under-
taken. He endorsed Senator Wag-
ner's suggestion that such experi-
ments should be encouraged by fed-
eral tax-exemptions on any indus-
trial reserve set aside for these pur-
I"The answer to irrational radi-
LOCAL TAXICAB PROPRIETOR TAKESI
STAND IN FAVOR OF METER RATES
Harry McCain Believes Present!
Cab Legislation to be
Taking a decisive stand in favor
of the enforced use of taximeters
on all taxicabs in Ann Arbor in
an interview yesterday, Harry A.
McCain, proprietor of the Buick
taxi service, stated that throughout
the past three years he has made
every effort to secure the passage
of local legislation to insure equal-
ized cab rates under the meter sys-
"Under the present system it is
impossible for the cab operators to
keep the good will of the passen-
"A taximeter costs $160. We can-
not afford to undertake this addi-
tional expense if other companies
are operating free from it. I feel
sure that the meter would have
been made universal in Ann Arbor
long ago had it not been for the
opposition of Shirley Smith, vice-
president and secretary of the Uni-
versity, on the supposition that it
would entail additional exoense for
Regarding the right to charge
more than 35 cents for single fares
and the use of speedometers to de-
termine the length of trips, McCain
"I feel confident that we could
Contentions of RepresentativeI
Fred C. Holbeck, of Long Lake, who,
yesterday introduced in the legisla-
ture a measure designed to limit
University hospital charges for in-
digent patients, were refuted last
night by Dr. Harley A. Haynes, di-
rector of the hospital.
Denying Holbeck's statement that
charges at University hospital are
"at least 20 per cent higher than
at other institutions," Dr. Haynes
countered by saying that "the ques-
tion is one of the amount of service
"The service is
on a par with,
that of any hos-
pital in the coun-
try," he said.
Holbeck's bill sets
the limit at $3.50'
a day as a charge
for any adult in-
with the excep-
tion of tubercu-
lars, who arepro-
vided for in an-
other statute. Haynes
"The present rates," Dr. Haynes
expained, "are lower than Mr. Hol-
beck specifies. The ward charge
for indigent natients is $~3.25 a day.