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TV LVS ORMAN MAIER EX
'Its' 4H0 W INSii
OP A NVWA1P
USES RATS FOR~
Fiormuer Belief C'ontends-
Anini l Problems W1,
Of Trial And E:
Norman fR. Maier,1
aDiychology, is experiir
rats ' to' determine the in
imals. His work tends
the 'theory advanced. b;
that the animaal's soluti
lemns was a matter of tri
rather than of intelligen<
In his tests Maier use.
rats, three of which he
mented with inr German;
.studied last year.' To. pi
tention that rats have ins
a definite "set-up" which
consists of a cage with fi
set upon a, table. The of
the rats can reach the
runway which' leads fro
to an open side of the cag
Before the actual test
rats' are allowed to wai
the room in order to fami
selves with the situationI
contact with the various
their sight is too poor to
thing other than the bi
jects from a., very short
After learning the surro
DANA TO ATTEND PAPER
TUHflDV Pean Samuel T. Dana of the School.
IIILlIIof Forestry, andI Conservatidn will
leave for Montreal, Canada, next week
to attend a cciivent iofl!1f tin? Wood-
PER.IMENTS lands section of the Canadian Pulp;
~HI'land Paper associationi which mneets in
that city, Janti. 2:) and 26i. Demi Dana
p will deliv'er an addr ess on ''Recent
~ RIALSDevelopmntns of Forestry in the
IUnite'd States'' liefoi the (delega tes.
as Matter J placed on the talble in view of the
rrorI food, which they will attempt to ob-
tain by the shortest route. When
instructor in they' discover that the cage prevents
ienting with them from reaching it they will pro-
isihtof n-coed directly to the runway on which
they practiced andl get to the food.
to disprove Each time Maier tries, the experi-
iy Thorndike i merit he varies either the room, the
;ions of :prob- location of the runway, or the methodl
al and error of approach so that no two tests are
ce.,l exactly alike and 5o that no doubt
s nine white whether previous, le-rning imight de-
has experi- itermine the rats act Jon will arise.
iy, where hie Proper precautions are also taken so
ove his con- that the semse of smell does riot guidle
sight, he has the actions.
She uses. It According to the previous theory,
'ood which isI the rats, when (iscovreing that they
fly way that were unable to reach the food, would
food is by a try to find it by trial and error, that
m. the floor is, they would run aroundl till they
ge. chanced upon the' runway. In these
is given, the testy they went directly to the start-
nfder around ing point of one of the paths although
iiarize them- they had not learned to go from the
by coming in point placed in the test to the' start-
betobjects, as ing point of the runway. Thus in the
observe any- test they were able to apply exper-j
'rightest oh- ience from a situation and use it in-
distance. t elligently. They usedl the right ex-
)undings, the perience to fill in and selected the
oiftenei' used than any othier. Inte-
higence (let ermined t he response rathI-
iter than frequency as5 Thorito animd
! Theio (itiism toa the popular trial
and (errortnIie,)rvis tht iiniii ouer ito
u e inisigh1,,or int elI igen c ill anly
1situnat ion theure lOsi he ana oppor-
tuniry to1( bx cthis isigiht. lieom
pares the sit cation with a manl inla
fauliliar ci! whVlo is shown b luilding
and then taken ito amilt et'part of
'hc> town, It'lie is t (Acl to ia-aite tOb
buildi-, he can oiiy snc(r(-'byiitrial
anid crror it'iihe (loos ntot knoto ,bere-
I ationhilp bet wecu In1arts5 of the cityv.
1If, howiever, hip hkno ws all tI Ic relat ion-
s i s h ,c n s l c thot.To sel ect the propm' mro ute is a n ini-
Itelligent lospomise and nomt a niatter of
chance tri1aland error.
_ The:=aoe sit tiomi is 1freefor rat'.
Maier 1usu1alIly has ODOe groutp m t h-' e-
pcincut that is nt shown thPe run-
way. When fliey ta il to recheltIie food;
by a (direct route they will wvander
.around in t ill they chance uiplon a run-
NIJA 1, JAJ.N U1-i~Z~ I ~h, .L~
wayte the 'a amanwaldwe ;asane an foait inwwoul"odltlwho1#l1learned andi111lllllifrom11111itslil1knowledge11111111iofN
is looking for someathing but doesn't the room knows how to nget there.
know where it is. 'This is not trial and error or a matter At
HIis general coinclusion is that wihen of chancee association.
zrtis givern atiopplorttuinity to use ± The rats did not start onut blindlyTh Po d r uf
its insight it w ill re slondl to a situa- btxetafter something definite. - Beautymbne th epeieneohe
ikon sensibly and int elliaentiy. "W~hen had learned in going to the food, lvrI1 S EAA r o
it strikes out, to get ther food in a with their knowledge of the room, and ~~aig i u p cat
r'ound( 0bolt niethiod, it starts otut to applied the essentials to the new situ-j
mind the st arting pointof0 the part' ation as to bring the (desired resultsI-Fn eha ig s- utSp c lt
. I =
F./r/4friKi LiVK K4i. i.VlaV a
Co~o TN A
the pioneer portable
Nearly a million In: use
0. D. MORRILL
:17 Nickels Arcadep. 1Hioun 6615,
Authorized Dealer: L. (7. Smith &c Corona Typewriters, Inc.; also
Remington andl Underwood portables.
Renting and repairing of all m~akcs a specil.
Shamipoo and Finger Wave
Shampoo and" Water Wave=
Shampoo and Marcel
'One Flight Up Over Grahamn's
Subscribe For thze Weekly
7IT'S CLARA'S FUNNIEST, FRISKIEST,
ERENCHIEST FARCE COMEDY, BAR NONE'
Slhh! Shh b! Slb!
rats are allowed to travel up the run- right, relation between the objects in
way three times. After this they are the room althoughi this relation was no
to Get Her
Lafayette at Shelby
Lkf SURT I
4th anid LAST WEEK
BEGINNING SUNDAY, JTAN. 1" id-Maut. ThimrsAty anid Satimrday
For the W"orld's Greatest Show!
r'HfJILL5, -YSTERY, MAGIC and MANY LAU.GHS
PAi~es: Evenings, ,50c to $2.50. Popular Mat. Thurs. 50e to $1.50
Saturday Matinee, 50c to $2.00 (Plus Tax)
J p .
_ __ _ . ,. _.:...__: i
5th BIG WEEK
Beg. Sunday, Jan. 22nd
Lafayette at Wayne-Cadllanc 110). Matinees, Wedniesday and Saturday
LAURENCE SCHWAB & FRANK MANJ)EL IIRING lYOU
The Red Hot Collegiate Mu'ical' Comedy
Presented by an All-American Team of Players
FORTY FLAPPER FRESHIES AND
with Charles Rogers
And-Clara's the girl who can do it! All she has
to do is to flash those big, bright baby eyes of hers
and mister, mister-it's the beginning of the end!
The screen's flapper queen outcfoes "Hula" and
"mantrap" in this peppery tale of a peppy Yankee
girl's adventures in Paris!
A Slogan for Miss 1928-'
To-All Ann Arbor's
MISSES, RISTERS AND 1MRS. ALSO
We are not as big and new ats the 3 0ligan
but we are cozy and comfortable and [)IRN ElD
IMPORTANT in tihe reali of enteri1In cuet
for yon. Starting today and continuous there-
aftfr we will offer' the screen's greatest faro-
d uction s. lPresentmitonus identical with thtos e
femir Cosmepolitan ce'zijters, All will: be
offered you at our regular prices. Comning
s oon-"V1'N )E RWVOLI)"-GRE'TA GARB A and
~J 011t G ILBERT in. "LOVE;"_ "TlTII E ('11WfC~T5"
C~tILUE CIAiPLIN-l)OUGLAS 1FAIRBA NKS
PT C, E It'.
h1EFT YOU'R EYE ON THlE MAJ
tint. ta "" 1 -
sS i ;i~y ' i
s .:: 4 06: ,l r ti
AND HIS ORCHESTRA
PRTCES: Nghlt"s, i0'l0 to $3.50. Matinees, $1.00 to $2.50, pilns tax
li i.t" ____... .rrrr rr"rrr..ii.irir..t.i....rr.....".........i...rti.r...rr.".r.rr..s.r."s.s..ir..r ............... I.....................;
trit" "ri "r iri "rirr
W'eek Woodwaird, at Eliot N I GiHlT S I7 iti 5,M
n te le mats. 'De.
MI11I)AY , _!'i Thur. and Sat.,
JAN. 23 PLAYHOUSE 5c,7?ac
A NEW -RELEASE
Th'e Belmont Theatre Success
"Trlake my avice and by all hicaits see this cver
coiied3 ."-Evecning Journal.
APPOI NTM ENTS
.. . . s. .
Always Brings a
Flock of Laughs
The'- Eyes of the
A Van Bibber
LU D'E ESiEN
II I ii