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March 29, 1927 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1927-03-29

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Sir hjau





Fraternities Assume Politcal Aspect
Striving To Prepare jtudents
For Miploiiatie Service
"Politically and economically mon-
archy is obsolete in Germany, but the
bureaucratic principle of government
remains practically unchanged," Pro-
fessor Melchior Palyi of the Univer-
sity of Berlin said last night in an
address before the members of the
Economics club at the Union.
Professor Palyi maintained that the.
principle of bureaucracy has taken a
firm hold upon German government
and although he believes the old mon-
archy has little chance of coining
back, he stated that there is still a
military group who, because of love
for the military and monarchistic sys-
tems, strongly favor the return of the
old system under' which they held
great power.
Material for the rational ranks of
the bureacrats is obtained almost
wholly from the fraternities in the
German universities. These fraterni-
ties take on a political aspect and
strive to prepare men for political
service. Upon graduation from the
universities a large number of these
men in the fraternities immediately'
enter the diplomatic service and be-
come a strong part of the bureau-
cracy 'controlling Germany and its
policies. Professor Palyi stated that
the German people have had the sys-
tem of this bureaucracy so firmly
placed in their ideas that any attempt
to change the present system would
be 'met by great protest, on the part
of the majority of German people.
In continuing his discussion of the
German situation at the present time
Professor Palyi took up the party
system of Germany. He stated that
Germany has not a two or three party
system, but on the contrary has a
multi-party system. Under the Ger-
man system minority representation I
becomes possible. The parliamentary
government resulting from such a
system is inevitably inefficient, in his
opinion. Whenever a great crisis
comes in German affairs, it is almost
impossible to effect a settlement
which will be satisfactory to a suf-
ficient number of strong parties to
accomplish the proper means of set-
tlement. "Only a weak government
can result from such a situation," ac-
cording to Professor Palyi. "Thus bu-
reaucracy appears as the only solu-
tion," he continued.'
The abolition of social distinctions
among the German people as a result
of the war was of tremendous Im-
portance, Professor Palyi believes.
Such social distinctions meant a great
deal to all the middle class people in
Germany. They were proud when
they could attain a rank which would
give them a title, no matter how sig-
nificant the title was in reality. The
pride of this large middle class group
has been hurt and they are opposed
to the Republicanists who were re-
sponsible for the change. Professor
Palyi stated that many men of impor-
tance in Germany have come to realize
that a mistake was made in the aboli-
tion of those titles and that no pro-
gress can be made 'while the great
middle class is dissatisfied.

Tickets for the Comedy Club play,
"The Trumpet Shall Sound," which
will open tomorrow night are now on
sale at the box office of the Mimes
theater, according to an announce-
ment made by officers of the Club.
The play will be given for four per-
formances, tomorrow, Thursday, Fri-
day, and Saturday nights; and all
seats are priced at 75 cents. Thorn-
ton Wilder, a product of Professor
Baker's playwriting class at Harvard
is the author and this is the first
time the play has been presented
outside of New York city, where it
opened last fall in the Laboratory
theater and is still playing.
Special permission has been grant-
ed by the author for the performance
here, which is under the direction of
Paul Stevenson, director of the Ypsi-
lanti M'ayers. The version which the
Comedy Club will give is different in
sm e respects, also, from the one pre-
sented in New York.
CALIFORNIA-Students celebrated



One sensational incident of the ses-
(BY Associated Press) .sion was a protest by Count Berns-
GENEVA, March 28.-The delegates dorff, Germany, that while other coun-
dvocating limitation of army reserve tries possessed reservage, Germany is
ost a gallant fight on that point at disarmed by the Treaty of Versailles C
oday's session of the League of Na- and allowed no effective military or-
dis- ganization. He insisted training of re-
an preparatory commissin on dafta serves constitutes one of the mos! "OVIS POLI AND
eneral plan for world disarmament. important phases of the modern army. WILL BE
Viscount Cecil, England, led the of- Still another interesting point LEC
eenses for limitations of reserve and brought up was the question raised by
vas supported by the delegates of the Italian delegate of whether limit IS HARVAR
ermany,Holland and Sweden. But of reserve would apply to the Fascist
hey met united opposition from coun- military in Italy. He was assured
tries practicing conscription, includ- that it was intended to apply only to INv UP1Ocnd
ng France. Italy nd Japan with the troops with colors. Naiv' UnderR

ssist Int Secretary Of
4arding and Held
Three Years
evelt, Jr., explorer
ant secretary of the
tonight in Hill audi-
nnual Oratorical as-
e series. President
Little , will introduce
ose subject will be
e Red Gods," an ac-'
to Asia.
as been here several

,ls l~l:fI'ay al tra, - I L.
result that Lord Cecil admitted defeat
and moved acceptance of the first
reading of the French proposal that
limitation of troops shouln be re-
stricted to those who are mobilized{
and can be employed immediately.
Final decision went over until tomor-



Yost vFor
Theodore Roos
and former assist
navy, will speakt
torium on the ai
sociation lecture
Clarence Cook L
the speaker, wh
"Ovis Poli and th
count of his tript
The speaker ha

Michigan Aiummus Has rlad Experi-
ence lit Research ork In Army
Air Service

President Clarence Cook Little flakes
Appointments To Group Managing
Second Annual Affair
Prof. Everett S. Brown of the po-
litical science department was ap-
pointed chairman of the committee
which will arrange and manage the
second annual Intercollegiate Cur-
rent Events contest at Michigan, by
President Clarence Cook Little yester-
Other members of the committee
are: Prof. Preston W. Slosson of the
history department, Robert T. Lans-
dale of . the sociology department,
Prof. John L. Brumm of the journal-
ismn department, Waldo Abbot of the
rhetoricdepartment, and Prof. John
V. Van Sickle of the economics de-
partment. Prof. Joseph R. Hayden
of the political science department,
who was chairman of the committee
last year, was unable to devote the
necessary time to the contest this

President Clarehceook Little
expressed himself as being
heartily in favor of the Inter-
collegiate Current Events con-
test being conducted by The New
York Times, yesterday.
"The students, often talk of
ways of bettering themselves,"
he said, "and this contest gives
them a splendid, opportunity of
proving their ability. Last year
Michigan did poorly in-cbmpari-
son with other schools and we
should certainly strive to do bet-

"Aeronautics as a Means of World
Transportation," is the subject of a
lecture to be given by Dr. W. F. Ger-
hardt, '17E, under the auspices of
Sigma Xi, honorary research society,
at 4:15 o'clock today in Natural
Science auditorium.
Dr. Gerhardt has had an extensive
experience in aeronautical work and
is well qualified, having been engaged
in research work in the Army Air
service since his graduation here, ac-
cording to Prof. Felix Pavlowski,
head of 'the aeronautical department.
Before taking office in his present
capacity as vice-president and re- I
search director of the AeronauticalI
Research corporation of Detroit, Dr.
Gerhardt was stationed at McCook
field, Dayton, Ohio, wherehe was in
charge of the engineering division of
the research department. He was
also chief of the free flight section
Dr. Gerhardt Is considered as one
of the foremost authorities on per-
formance analysis and free flight
tests, having written numerous papers
and books on aerodynamical problems,
many of which are now used as text-
books. He is also the author of the
flight manuals which are used in the
primary instruction courses of thel
Army Air service.
Discussionof the new possibilities in
real estate development growing out
of the construction of new aircraft!
terminal facilities will be brought out
in the lecture this -afternoon, being
one of the subjects in which Dr. Ger-
hardt is vitally interested. "I hope
to show," said Dr. .Gerhardt, "that in
America, we have the opportunity to
guide the development of new commu-
nities in accordance with real scien-
tific dictates, and that this is a prob-
lem not so much for the aeronautical
engineer as for the architect, the eco-.
nomist, and the sociologist."
Dealing with the military aspectsof
aeronautics, Dr. Gerhardt hopes toj
show that aeronautics not only provide
the most economic means of defense,
but for the present, and in America at
least, it is a system which is techni-
cally and thporctically a defense mea-
sure only.
In his address, Dr. Gerhardt will
also point out some of the work done
by the aeronautical staff at the Uni-
versity and by Michigan graduates,
which has gained considerable notice.j
Alfred Watson, '28A, of Coldwater,
was elected captain of next season's
wrestling team, following a banquet
yesterday, given in his honor by thej
Exchange club of Ann Arbor.
Watson has been one of the stars
of this year's wrestling team, winning
the conference championship in the
135 pound class, and in the recent
contest at Ames, Iowa, winning hon- I
ors as runner-up for the National A.
A. U. championship in his class. 'Wat-
son was the only Michigan wrestler
to place in the finals of the national.


Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.





This contest, which is given by The
New York Times at the leading uni-
versities in the north-east section of
the United States, will be somewhat
different than that of 'Mast year. The
new elan for the final examination
to be given at all schools to the local
winners on May, 14, includes a list of
factual questions and three, one hour
essays to be selected from topics on
the examination sheets.
A tentative date for the local con-
test has been set for Saturday, April
23. This date is set so as to give the
winner time to prepare for the final
contest. All those who are interested
in the contest and wish to compete
are requested to see any of the mem-
bers of the committee, who will give
them full information and advise.
Laurence D. Kitchell, well known
American traveler, will deliver a lec-
ture entitled "Mountainering witht
the Pikuni in Glacier National Park"
at 7:30 o'clock Friday in Natural
Science auditorium under the auspices
of the Forestry club. The lecture will
be illustrated with slides and motion
pictures and the public is invited to

times before on the Oratorical asso-
ciation series. He is a graduate of
Harvard in the class of 1908 and re-
ceived an honorary degree there in
1919. He has been director of the Sin-
clair Oil and Refining company, the
White Manufacturing company, the
Broadway Improvement company, and
the White Motor company.
Elected To Legislature
In 1919 he was elected to the state I
legislature of New York and upon
taking public office resigned his di-
rectorships in all of the companies.
In March, 1921, when Harding be-
came president, the speaker was ap-
pointed assistant secretary of the navy
under Edwin Denby, and he held this
post for three years. In the fall ofI
1924, when he became Republican can-
didate for the governorship of New
York, he resigned his assistant's post
in the cabinet.
He was defeated by Alfred Smith,
in the ejection that followed, and a
year later went with the Simpson-
Roosevelt-Field museum expeditioin to
During the World war Mr. Roosevelt
served as commanding major and later
lieut.-colonel in the 26th Infantry. le
arrived in France in June, 1917, and
served with the First Division
through the battles of Cantigny,.Sois-
sons, the Meuse Argonne, and through
the St. Mihiel offensive.
At the latter battle he was wounded
and awarded the Distinguished Service
Cross by the United States, the Cross
of the Legion of Honor and the Croix
de Guerre by France, the Grand Cor-r
don of Prince Danilo I, and the War
Cross by Montenegro.{
lie assisted in the organization of+
the American Legion in 1919, is al
member of the national executive
committee of the Boy Scouts of Ameri-
ca, is a trustee of the American Mu-
seum of Natural History and wrote a
book, "Average Americans," which wasj
published in 1919.'
This will be the last speaker on thej
annual Oratorical association series4
with the exception of Sen. Pat Harri-
son, Democrat, Mississippi, who has
not yet announced his date. Senator
Harrison is at present occupied with
committee work in Washington. Hold-I
ers of season tickets are requested to
use number eight for the Roosevelt
While in town Mr. Roosevelt will be
the guest of President Little.
Favorable chance for recovery is

Announcement has been made of
the examination schedule for this se-
mester in the literary college, SchoolI
of Education, Graduate school, and
School of Business Administration.I
The final examinations will begin on
Saturday, June 4, and will continue
for 10 days until June 14, providing a
few days recess until Commencement
on June 20.
As is customary, the time of the
examination is determined by the hour1
of the first meeting of the class during
the week. The complete schedule for
these schools follows.
All classes meeting for the first
time in the week on Monday will have
their final examination on the follow-,
ing dates: 8 o'clock, on Wednesday,
June 8, Irom 9 to 12 o'clock; 9 o'clock,
on Monday, June 6, from 9 to 12 ;
o'clock; 10 o'clock, on Friday, June 1
10, during the morning session; 11
o'clock, on Saturday, June 4, from 9
to 12 o'clock; 1 o'clock, on Thursday,
June 9, from 2 to 5o'clock; 2 o'clock,
on Tuesday, June 14, from 9 to 12
o'clock; 3 o'clock, on Saturday, June
11, from 2 to 5 o'clock.
Classes which meet for the first time
on Tuesday will have their final ex-
amination on the following dates: 8
o'clock, on Saturday, June 11, from 9
to 12 o'clock; 9 o'clock, on Monday,
June 13, from 2 to 5 o'eock; 10,
o'clock, on Tuesday, June 7, during
the morning period; 11 o'clock, on
Tuesday, June 7, in the afternoon ses-
sion; 1 o'clock, on Saturday, June 11,
from 9 to 12 o'clock; 2 o'clock, on
Prof. Adler Of Pedagogical Institute
Will Present University Lecture
On Thursday
Dr. Alfred Adler, professor in the
Pedagogical Institute of Vienna, will
give a University lecture on the sub-
ject "Individual Psychology and Edu-
cation" at 4:15 o'clock Thursday, in
Natural Science auditorium. The lec-
ture, arranged by and given under the
auspices of the School of Education,
will deal with a field of science in
which Dr. Adler has reached a posi-
tion of considerable prominence, in-
dividual psychology.
Dr. Adler has given lectures in
many of the leading cities and univer-
sities in Germany, Holland, Switzer-
land, and England, and has come to
America to compare and exchange ex-
periences on his subject. Dr. Adler
emphasized the importance of the in-
feriority complex in psychology, and
it was the development of this field
that first brought him recognition.
Following his graduation from the
medical school of Vienna university,
Dr. Adler occupied himself with
studies in pathology, and in 1907
wrote his first book, "Inferiority of
Organs." Study of psychiatry and
neurology, and their relation to psy-
chology with Fred and his pupils, led
to Dr. Adler's theory of inferiority
Many of the scientist's books have
been translated into English, French
and German. His "The Nervous
Character," published in 1912, is one
of his first works, and he later wrote
"Theory and Practice of Individual
Psychology," which was translated
into English and French. The journal
of his school, "International Journal
of Individual Psychology," is now in
its fifth year and contains articles in
German, English and French. His
latest work, published last year is
"The Textbook of Individual Psycho-
I logy."
A lecture for students of the medical
school will be announced later.

Robert Frost, poet, and formers
holder of the University Fellowship in
R Creative Arts for the year 1925-1926
began yesterday the interviewing of
advanced students in composition and
literature in connection with the Uni-
versity program in this field. Dean1
Ernest de Selincourt, authority onj
early nineteenth century English lit-
erature, is making his visit to Ann
Arbor for similar work.
Mr. Frost has lectured at the Uni-
versity an number of times previous-
ly besides residing here while hold-,
ing the University fellowship. On
Thursday or Friday of this week Mr.
Frost is expected to give a reading
although this is not definite. Mr.
I Frost will probably be in Ann Arbor

Friday, June 10, from 2 to 5 o'clock;
3 o'clock, on Tuesday, June 14, during
the afternoon period.
Departmental examinations will be
given on the following dates: rhetoric
2 and psychology 31 on Saturday,
June 4, from 2 to 5 o'clock; business
administration 206, and economics
51, 52, on Monday, June 6, in the after-
noon session; mathematics 1, 2, 3, 4,
5, 51, and 52 on Wednesday, June 8,
from 2 to 5 o'clock; French 1, 2, 31,
and 32 and Spanish1, 2, 31, and 32 on
Thursday, June 9, from 9 to 12 o'clock.'
Irregular classes which cannot be
examined as scheduled without caus-
ing conflict, must be examined at one
of the following periods, on June 4,
from 2 to 5 o'clock; on June 6, fromI
2 to 5 o'clock; on June 8, during the
afternoon session; and on June 9,
from 8 to 12 o'clock.
Cabinet Decides To Take Firm Stand
In China; Awaiting End Of
Anarchical Conditions
(BY Associated Press)
LO'N'DON, March 28-TIe Brtisl
Cabinet decided today to take a firm
stand in China and to make no fur-
ther concessions there until the pres-
ent "anarchical" conditions have end-
ed and the Chinese authorities have -
proved themselves capable of estab-
lishing order.
Leaving a two-hour meeting of the
cabinet ministers in Downing street
former foreign secretary Chamberlain
crossed to the Commons and there
assured the members that there would
be no further surrender of British
rights in China until the Chinese
coul preserve order wherever their
authority exists.
In the close of his address, Sir
Austin declared that he, had not the
least doubt that the action of the
two American bluejackets who sig-
nalled the British and American war-
ships to open fire on Cantonese loot-
ers at Nanking last Thursday and the
resulting fire had saved the, lives of
the foreign refugees on Socony Hill.
(The signallers were Henry o. War-
ren of Olin, N. C., and Denny D. Tay-
lor of Lincoln, Cal., both attached to
the destroyer William B. Preston).
The secretary said that the shell-
fire from the American destroyers
Noa and William B. Preston and the
British cruiser Emerald, took effect
around the Socony compound in an
area uninhabited by any civilian pop-
Members of the House pressed tle
foreign secretary for further details
of the British policy with regard to
the future of Shanghai. They sought
inforniatiomn as to reat Britain's re-I
lation to tie entire Chinese situation,
asserting that the foreign community
in Shanghai was anxiously waiting
reassurances fron the home govern-
ment as to their fate.
Sir Austin explained that there was
no British concession at Shanghai, as
at Hankow, but that British interests
centered in the international settle-
ment, the future of which could be
determined only in consultation with
I the other interested powers.
"No negotiations are progressing at
present," he said, "nor is it possible
to negotiate profitably under the
present anarchical conditions."
William B. Stout, one of the most
prominent figures in the airplane in-
dustry today, will address a special
meeting of the Students' Press club
called for tomorrow night in the ed-

itorial rooms of the journalism de-!
partment at 7:30 o'clock. His subject
will be "The Relation of the News-
paper to Industry."
Mr. Stout, a former newspaperman,
is at present general manager of the1
I airplane division of the Ford Motor
company, and president of the Stout
Air service, the first strictly passenger
air line in the United States, running
between Detroit and Grand Rapids.
The speaker has been technical ed-
itor of the Chicago Tribune and the
Motor Age, and was the founder and
first editor of the Aerial Age. He was
also chief engineer for the Scripps-
Booth Motor Car company and chief
engineer of the aircraft division of
the Packard Motor company.
IDuring the war Mr. Stout was the
technical advisor of the Aircraft-board
i Washimgton. He has published
several books on aircraftsand another
will be published shortly.

Moderate Leaders Among Nationalists
Appear In Control Of Chinese
Agitators And Soldiers
(By Associated Press)
LONDON, March 28.-The Can.
tonese at Nanking have nmou nted
heavy guns on Lion's 1i11 over-
looking the Yangtse river and
have trained them on the Amen.
can and British warships and
mnerehantumen in the river says a
Shanghal despatcl to the Daily
Mail from Sir Percival Phillips,
its correspondent there.
The Cantonese also were stated
to have manned the river forts
between Chinkiang and the mouth
of the Yangtse and to have fired
on all passing vessels, the steamner
"oos"g being set aire by a
WASHINGTON, March 28- Hope
that a general out-break of anti-for-
eign violence will be averted revived
in official Washington tonight after
examination of Navy and State De-
partment advices.
All messages showed a relaxation
on the high tension in Shanghai which
prompted Admiral William's hurry
call for reenforcements, already on
their way, or being mobilized to sail.
Danger to Americans to the treaty
port and the Yangtze valley is far
from over, and international military
and naval forces at Shanghai, are
taking precautionis to guard against
all attacks on the international set-
tlement at the instigation of Chinese
agitators. For the moment, at least,
moderate leaders among the National-
ists appear in control.
Warnings Heeded
In the meantime, Americans con-
tinued to pour out of the danger zone
under the urging of Minister MacMur-
ry. at Peking to whom instructions to
issue renewed warnings to leave
were sent. Two consulates in the far
upriver regions are to be closed, and
Americans even at Canton have been
warned to evacuate.
Aside from the lessening tension at
Shanghai reported officially by Con-
sul General Gauss and reflected in
Admiral William's orders withdraw-
ing part of his' bluejacket landing
force to the ship, failure of the gen-
eral labor union ultimatum demand-
ing removal of the barriers and de-
fenses around the settlement to be
followed by mob action or the threat-
ened general strike was regarded as
evidence that Cantonese military
forces were endeavoring to hold agi-
tation in check.
Word of this developmnt from
Gauss was supplemented by his state-
ment that Cantonese troops were
guarding the native side of the bar;-
rier at the French concession to pre-
vent violence.
The latest dispatches said Chang
Hai-Shek, Cantonese commander-in-
chief, had attended the mass meeting
in a native city which aroused appre-
mension. The meeting adopted resolu-
tions against imperialism, demanding
retrocession of the foreign settlement,
but urged theCantonese government
to negotiate with the foreign powers
to that end.
Cantonese Give Regrets
From Hankow, Consul-General
Lockhart cabled in a delayed message

that Eugene Climi, Cantonese foreign
minister, had asked him to convey to
Washington sincere regret of the loss
of an American life at Nanking, "re-
gardless of whether these acts were
committed by Northern or Nationalist
Chan. has stated that he will issue
a statement as soon .as the facts of
the incident are definitely establish-
ed, the message added.
Advices from both Hankow and
Hangehow where Americans have
been evacuated safely were to the ef-
feet that there is radical agitation
within the Nationalist part itself
against the moderate group. Part of
the attack is directed specifically
against Chang because of his moder-
I ate views.
I Gausg at Shanghai reported that
the Japanese Consul-General had en-
deavored to see Chang by appointment
at the nationalist headquarters but
was denied admittance by National-
ist soldiers.
He had intended. the message said,


Articles of Dean Mortimer E. Coo-
ley of the engineering department,
Capt. L. M. Bricker of the R. O. T. C.,
and Prof. Beni. F. Bailey, head of the
electrical engineering department,
feature the March issue of the Mich-
igan Technic, which has just been
placed on sale.
"Self-Analysis," by Dean Cooley, is
the suhtane of an address which he

to pursue.
Captain Bricker explains the plans
of the War department to organize
the industries of the nation for na- I
tional defense in time of crisis in
another interesting story. He deals
particularly with the requirements of
the Ordnance department of the Unit
ed States army, showing the appor-!
tinnmnt nf gmnnhiiro rmnnp' mPver21 I

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