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March 23, 1927 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1927-03-23

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Over 3000 Shantungese Break Line
And Are Forced To Surrender
To internationals
SHANCAMAI, March 23-A de-
tachnent of 40 United States ma-
rines this morning was hurried
out to reenforce the British troops
holding the Mfarkhani road bridge
on the border between the interna-
tional settlement and. the native
distrlet of Chapel..
(By Associated Press)
SHANGHAI, March 22.-A merciful
lull tonight succeeded one of the
bloodiest periods in Shanghai's his-
With the arrival of Cantonese reg-
ulars in the Chinese district tonight,
comparative quiet ,descended, upon
portions of the native city in which
terror, death and destruction had
reigned for 36 hours during the con-
flict between the retreating Shantun-
gese of the northern army and Kou-
mintang guerillas.
Troops Take Refuge
The Cantonese arrival impelled the
remaining Northern troops to attempt
to break through the British cordon
to take refuge in the international set-
tlement, resulting in the first real
clash between Chinese and foreign
troops since the occupation of Shang-
A majority of the Shantungese
eventually were disarmed and intern-
ed within the settlement, but in sev-
eral places they tutlned rifles and ma-
chine guns against detachments of the
Durham batallion of the British de-
fense forces. The Durhams replied in
kind killing approxinately 24 Shan-
tungese and wounding more. Two
Durhams were wounded in the ex-
Italian Forces Active
An Italian force on the British
rights also met a similar situation
and in the exchange of fire there were
16 Chinese casualties.
Altogether 3000 Northerners sur-
rendered to the British, Italian, and
Japanese guards. This is believed to
account for all the Northern troops
that remain in Shanghai today.
But the blood spilled in the Sino-,
foreign clashes was insignificant com-
pared to the flow in the district of
Chapei, a comparatively small section
populated mostly by Chinese, to the
north of the city, where guerilla war-
fare raged until the Cantonese reg-
ulars arrived.
There was still some firing in the
Chapel district tonight, but it was un-
(lerstood that this w'as being carried
on by the Cantonese against looters.
A terrific explosion also was believed
to have taken place in a northern
ammunition dump, but this could not
be verified because of the stringent
martial regulation in the native dis-
trict by the Nationalists. Chapei,
however, was comparatively quiet.
Chapel Dead Unknown 't
It was impossible to ascertain the
total number of dead in Chapel, but
undoubtedly scores of innocent Chin-
ese met death, some by the knives of
executioners, and others by wanton
machine girn fire by soldiers protect-
ing looting companions.
A series of fires, caused by explod-
ing shells, Increased the horror of the
day and made thousands homeless.
All day long native refugees streamed
in scores of thousands through the

international barrier seeking a haven
in the foreign-ruled areas which are
crowded to the limit.
The British have already had cong-
tact with the Cantonese, Nationalist
forces passing by train this afternoon
through the Jessfield station where
there were British pickets on both
sides of the railway. The Tommies
and Cantonese eyed each other at a
range of a few feet with natural
curiosity and commented jocolsely.
Britishers Narrowly Escape
Three Britishers, Viscount Gort,
Lieut-qoi. Ileywood and Consul Gen-
eral Barton, narrowly escaped cap-

Editor's Note: Tau Beta Pi, engineer-
ing honor society, is working through the
medium of So chapters to complete a sur-
vey of the Honor System situation in so
of the principal engineering colleges of the
country. Prof. A. I). Moore t of the En-
gineering college, University of Michigan,
who, as president of Tau Beta Pi, is con-
ducting the survey, is the author of this
series (of articles.
Second Installment:
There are some who will read thesej
lines who-, have forMed prejudices
against the Honor system. Those who
have this attitude will do well to ask
themselves, what constitutes a real
Honor system, and have I ever had
experience with one? As will be
brought out, there are good Honor
systems, and there may be distinctlyI
bad ones. Perhaps the majority of
those who sincerely object to the in-
troduction of the Honor system are
E badly misinformed on their subject;
they have had contact with some de-
fective situation, or they have heard
about it-and bad news travels fast.f
A few objectors are found in a classl
by themselves: they are the ones who
believe that the average student can-
not be trusted. Fortunatedly there
are not many such.
The primary purpose of this story
is to clear up misconceptions and mis-
information, and to educate.
Purpose Of The Honor System,
The principal objective of the Honor,
system is not to prevent dishonesty.
Thosedwho entertain any such idea are
in sad need of a greater breadth of


Foreign Minister Announces Stand On
World Affairs In Reichstag
To Quiet Public
(By Associated Press)
BERLIN, March 22.-Apparently
aiming to help calm wild opinion re-
garding the Italo-Jugo Slav tension
and Anglo-Russian differences, For-
eign Minister Streseman appeared in
the Reichstag and formally formulat-
ed Germany's position on the inter-
national situation.
Germany, according to Herr Strese-
man, does not expect the Balkan dis-
pute to became acute and trusts to the
general desire of all Europe for peace
to condemn severely any breach of
peace. He added, however, "Even
when one views the situation in the
calmest possible manner, one cannot
overlook the fact that we still are
Sfar removedfrom final consolidation,
of the general international situation."
Referring to discords between Eng-
land and Russia, the foreign minister
reiterated that Germany desires to be.
friendly with both nations, and op-
poses the idea of dividing Europe into
two camps as was the case before the
Germany has nothing to gain from
difficulties between other nations and
will decline to take sides with either.
She will strictly adhere to the for-
eign political course undertaken
through the signature of the Locarno
treaties, her entry into the League
of Nations, and the treaty recently
concluded With Russia. ,
Turning to the question of the with-
drawal of allied occupational troops
from the Rhineland which was the
subject of a compromise agreement at
a recent session of the council of the
League, of Nations, Herr Streseman
admitted the solution of the problem
appeared farther removed now than
several months ago. He remarked that
this was due to circumstances outside
of Germany and !asked1 Germans to
be patient until other nations alsoj
realize that Germany's demand for'
withdrawal of troops means not mere-
ly amelioration for Germany- but the
natural consequence of political de-
velopment in which the interests of
other nations also are concerned. #
Editor Takes Blamel
In Ford Libel Cases
(By Associated Press)
DETROIT, March 22.-The Sapiro-
Ford $1,000,000 libel suit early hit
I two high spots today and then drop-'

view. The great principle ui.derlying
the Honor system idea is the develop-
nment of character through the placing
of trust, the fostering of an atmos-
phere of honest conduct, the encour-I
aging of a growth of respect for in-
tegr;ity, and the parallel encourage-c
ment of a growth of contempt for
petty dishonesty.
The survey has shown that too mIny
college people believe that the pur-
pose of fhe f Honor system is to prevent
(ishonesty. Thisis ind icatedlby thuls
kind of statement which is made: ' We
found that students would not agree t I
report each other, and so voted not to
adopt the Honor system." An Iol-
system, the main object of which is1
catch cheaters, misses the point en-
1 )rely.
(Continued on Page Seven) {
English Dean Who Is Conducting Sem-
Mar To Speak In Natural Selencej
A iid itoiiii
Prof. Ernest de Selincourt, Dean ofj
the Faculty of Arts, and Professor of
English language and literarture at
the University of Birmingham, who is
now conducting a seminar in English
literature at the University, will dis-
cuss "Shelley" at 4:15 o'clock this
afternoon, in Natural Science audito-
rium. This lecture, which is the
second of a series of four University
lectures which Professor de Selincourt
is presenting, will bring out the 4artis-
tic side of Shelley and his extraordi-
nary power of the poetic resources of
As an authority upon the romantic
writers of English ,literature, Words-.
worth, Shelle, Keats and their con-
temporaries, Professor de Selincourt
has made an extensive study of this,
period of literature, and is the author
of several books dealing with the ro-
manticists, notably a critical work of
Wordsworth's "The Prelude,"' recently
As lecturer in English literature in
Oxford university and later in the Uni-
versity of Birmingham, Professor de
Selincoure has been accustomed in his
treatment of the romanticists to give
a course consisting of a series of 10
lectures on Shelley, and has done
much research on the work of the poet,
whom he considers to be one of Eng-
land's most distinguished poetic art-
ists, to the extent that he is now
popular in England, nearly a century
after his death.
One of the remarkable things about
the popularity of Shelley, declared
Professor de Selincourt, is that his
poetry holds its place with the best
sellers of today in the reading of theI
modern English college student. In
England, Shelley is more widely read
today than any of his contemporariesj
of the romantic period.


Adelphi House of Representatives' --
went on record last night, in a debate nese Nationalist
on the Gargoyle advertisement for the T i i
Junior Girls' play, as opposed to the is phel d In Speechi
action taken by the University author-
The question that was discussed read
as follows: Resolved, That this house;
condemns the University officials for
placing on probation the girls concern-
ed with Junior Girls' play publicity.
The arguments as presented "concluded
that the drawing in the first place was
not obscene, and that the University
authorities were too drastic in their
action. The opposition brought up th
point that a bad precedent would be!
Etstablished if this type of advertising

IOVIS 1'()1,1



Ex-Assistant Secretary of Navy
Describe Trip To Roof
Tree Of Asia


Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., explorerf
and former assistant secretary of the
Navy, will speak next Tuesday in Hill
auditorium on the annual Oratorical

yes terday.

series, it was announced
Mr-. Roosevelt will talk

f would be permitted to, run in tha{
newspapers and magazines.
At the next weekly meeting on Tues-
day evening in the society's rooms on,
the fourth floor of Angell hall a dis-
cussion will take place concerning the
worthiness of the Student Christian
association. Members of the associa-
tion will be asked to be present at
the meeting in order to uphold their I
view point.
Plans are being made for the 70th'
anniversary celebration of Adelphi's
existence under the name of Adelphi.
The organization, however, has existed
for 85 years.

ri * -..........


Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.
on "Ovis Poli and the Red Gods,"
will include a description of his

1'icretary Believes Non-Inter entior
Of Foreign Powers Will Aid
Satisfactory Outcome


to the roof tree of Asia.
The speaker has been here several
times before under the auspices of
the Oratorical association. He grad-
uated from Harvard in 1908, and re-
ceived his honorary degree there in
1919. Formerly he was director of the
Sinclair Oil and Refining company,'
the White Manufacturing company,
the Broadway Improvement company,
and the White Motor company. In
1919, upon his election to public office
as a member of the state legislature
of New York resigned all of his
Has Exicting Career
In March, 1921, when Harding be-
came president, he was appointed as-
sistant secretary of the Navy, and
held the post for three years. In the
fall of 1924 he resigned this post and
was nominated for governor of New
York by the Republican party. He!
was defeated for this office by Alfred
Smith, and a year later went with the
Simpson-Roosevelt-Field Museum ex-
During the World war Mr. Roose-
velt served as commanding-major of
the 26th Infantry and later lieuten-3
ant-colonel. He arrived in France in
June, 1917, and served with the, first
Division of the A. E. F. through the
battles of Cantigny, Soissons, Argon-
ne-Meuse, and St. Mihiel. At the lat-
ter battle he was wounded and award-
ed the D. S. C. by the United States,
the Legion of Honor and Croix de
Guerre with three palms by France,
and the Grand Cordon of Prince

Dr. Little Discusses Modification Of
Student Government, And Less
Improvement and modification of
student government, possible means
of establishing further student-faculty
contact, and the absence of paternal-
ism in University administration,
were topics dealt with by President
Clarence Cook Little in speaking be-'
fore Phi Eta Sigma, honorary fresh-1
man fraternity for men at the annual
banquet held last night at the Union.1
President Little suggested that stu-,
dent government in which a morel
or less legislative body would control'
campus matters would bear serious
consideration s being a possible de-
velopment in the future. He dealt 1
with the matter of paternalism, main-
taining it did not exist, and that if it
did in exceptional cases, it was in no
wise characteristic.
- Dean John R. Effinger of the liter-'
ary college also spoke ,urging sincer-
ity and honesty in cultural develop-.
ment, and pointing out the absurdity
of hasty "culture developers." J. A.
Bursley, dean of students, acted as
toatsmaster of the banquet.
Forty-three initiates were taken in-
to membership from the classes of the
literary, engineering, pharmacy, and
architectural colleges of the Univer-
sity. In September those men of the,
first year class who did not secure the
required average for the first semes-
ter but for the entire year will be
More than 60 charter members and
initiates atteilded the meeting.

"Due to the fact that the Chinese
Speople of today understand and desire
democracy, the present situation is the
most hopeful in all China's history,"
Paul C. Meng, executive secretary of
the National Chinese Students Chris-
tian association, said yesterday after-
i noon. His Iecture was given ill Natural
f1Science auditorium under the auspices
of the Student Christian association.
I i~Developmnents 111 1910
When a democracy was first estab-
lished in China in 1911, the people
had no idea what it meant to them and
Sln Yet-Sent for this reason they had much trouble
Founder of Nationalist party was retaining that system of government.
praised yesterday in a lecture given Since then China has progressed great-
by Paul C. Meng because of the sane ly and if the foreign powers will keep
policies which the organization ois their hands off and allow the revoli-
pursuing. tion to be fought out, their long sought
independence and democracy will be
gained, Mr. Meng believes.
Mr. Meng opened his talk with a his-
L[GIS TUH[ ' ; D 4T1S ory of China's development tip to the
present day. In 1842 at Nanking the
M [TASIUp[ I IOI first of a long series of unequaltrea-
' a ' t ies was signed by Great Britain and
China after her defeat at the hands of
- ; Great Britain. The clauses of import-
Representa1ie Upjohn Brans .Effort ance in this treaty demanded a re-
At Diversion Of Appropriationi striction of the tariff on British im-
As Legislative Girab j ported goods to 2 per cent, that Hong-
kong be given to the British, and
BRUCEES CONFER that no missionariestor other people
UEESE who were connected with Great Brit-
ain should come under Chinese law.
(By Associated Press) Theso conditions have placed an eco
LANSING, March 22-Lines were nomic burden onhthe country under
tightened in the lower branch of the which it has not been able to attain
legislature today for what promised an industrial development of its own.
The industries could not be protected
to be a finish fight on the issue of I by a tariff as in the United States
whether the state tuberculosis sani- ! after her revolution and the result
tarium at Howell shall have the ben- I was an almost total lack of develop-
efit of $500,000 appropriated by the ment. Up to the end of the nineteenth
last legislature for a new sanitarium, century, China remained unprepared
or whether the money'shall be extend- 'for war and without any system of
ed for a new institution. competitive industry.
Speaker Lynn C. Gardner was at the Sendhig Students Abroad
head of a group which insisted that It was at the beginning of the twen-
the $500,000 be diverted to rebuilding tieth century that China first began
the Howell institution. , to send students to foreign univer-
Rep. James P. Upjohn, of Kalamazoo,' sities. They saw the.high state of de-
a member of the legislative commis- , velopment of the industries, the strong
sion which represented a new estab- national spirit of every country which
lishment at Ann Arbor, led the op- surpassed their religious feeling, aid
posing faction which contends the ef- their military power. Returning to
fort to divert the half million dollars China, Mr. Meng said, they were na-
appropriation to howell amounts to. a turally outraged at the economic han-
legislative grab. Idieap under which their country was
The money was apropriated for a suffering.
new institution, Representative Upjohn It was under the leadership of these
believes. Any attempt at effort to di- men that the deomcracy was finally
vert it would be nothing more than set up, but the first president tried
an effort to take away an appropria- to make himself an emperor in 1915.
tion already made for purposes other I Since then the republic has had a hard
than improving the Howell sanitarium. time struggling internally against the
Speaker Gardner, Representative I domination of war lords who ruled
Upjohn, Doctors James B. Bruce and over ignorant people and against for-
Harley Haines of Ann Arbor, confer- eign domination of industry external=
red with Governor Green in an ef- ' ly. A spirit of nationalism and the feel-
fort to reach a compromise but fail-- in gof patriotism were gradually being
ed. built up during this time until today
Representative Upjohn proposed it is felt througout the nation as well
splitting the $500,000 appropriation be- as in the eight millions who are liv-
tween Howell and the new institution, ing outside of China, Mr. Meng de-
both establishments to receive some clared.
additional money from regular chant- Aims Of Nationalists
nels. The suggestion was vetoed by The present nationalist party is en-
Speaker Gardner. Another conference 1 deavoring to achieve a government
was held before the ways and means founded on modern principles and is



(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, March 22.-Nego- i
tiations for settlement of the dispute s
between Canada and the United States i
over radio broadcasting have broken
As the Canadian delegations which


Prominent students, faculty, Uni-




va-,terctav renewed conferences wim

ye~b"e '''"'" . o I dWthe W Cross byaMan
American radio aulhorities prepared Danilo I and the War Cross by Mon-
to return to Canada tonight, Alex tenegro.
Johnston, Canadian deputy minister of Aids In LegiontWork
marine said that the negotiation had i He assisted in the organization of
been without result and that the sit- the American Legion in 1919, is a
uation remained as it was before con- member of the national executive
ferences were begun here two weeks committee of the Boy Scouts of Amer-
ago. ica, is a trustee of the American Mu-
No statement was issued by either seum of Natural History, and wrote
side but it is understood the United a book, "Average Americans" in 1919.1
States representative did not meet the This will be the last sepaker on the
demands of the Canadians for a mini- j annual Oratorical association series,
mum of 12 exclusive wave' lengths. , with the exception of one in the fu-
ture by Sen. Pat Harrison, Democrat,I
FRENCH INSIST ON of Mississippi.f

versity officials, and townspeople, re- committee where Dr. Bruce suggested following the original ideas of the
ceived invitations yesterday for the ( a northern location might be better founder of the party, Sun Yat Sen. Al-
fifth annual Gridiron Knight's ban- than Ann Arbor. though there is a small number of
quet to take place April 5 in the communists in the nationalist party
Union. The last of the invitations Th p j there is hardly any chance of that
were sent out early yesterday accord- 1 9h ee Papers xe au government, if it is finally established,
ing to Gene Gutekunst, '27, invitations, A . ' being modelled on Soviet lines. The
chairman. ' At botanical Club chief reason for the Russian interest
It was requested yesterday by Wil- in China is due to the fact that Rus-
ton Simpson, '27, general chairman of sia was the first of the seven nations
the affair, that the acceptances be At a meeting of the Botanical Journ- who held extensive interests in China
mailed in as soon as possible. The al club last night in Natural Science. who gave up some of the rights which
' tendance will be strictly limited to 250, building, Mr. S. 1. Emerson, who has they had held by unequal treaties for
it was stated yesterday by officers of I recently returned from a leave of ab- many years, Mr. Meng said.
(Sigma Delta Chi, national professional sence, read a paper on: "Some Spel- Natural mob violence that goes
journalistic fraternity, sponsoring the toid Mutations in Wheat". Miss Elva 'along with any revolution and is pres-
banquet. Lawton read a paper entitled: "Some i ent in the United States today is the
Characters in Ferns Subjeetto Mende- only thing that endangers foreign peo-
' PRESS Ian Inheritance", and the final paper ple and their interests in China. Mr.
STUDE INT PRESS by Miss Swan Kuiper dealt with "The Meng believed that the action of the
CLUB WILL HEAR Vegetation of a Coastal Mountain United States in sending warships
ADVERTISING TALK Range". and gunboats to protect their interests
would be similar to an action which
S CIOLWGIST WILL China might have taken in sending
Verne Burnett, '17, secretary of the t A gunboats up the Mis'sissippi to Herrin,
advertising committee of the General ,DISCUSS F A ILIES Ill., in order to protect the Chinese in
Motors corporation, Detroit, will ad- ____ t!that city where mob violence recently
dress the Student's Press club in the took place.
editorial rooms of the journalism de- Favors Present Fighting
partmnt, t 7:0 o'locktoniht. , sociology at the UJniversity of Chicago I aosPeen ihtn
partment, at 7:30 lok tonight. and writer of several sociology books Mr. Meng asked in' conclusion that
While a student at Michigan, Mr. will give a lecture at 4:15 today i'M the Chinese be allowed to fight it out
Burnett was editor of the Wolveri room C of the Law school on the sub-Mutual confidence is the best solution

ture by Cantonese in the native city ped into thedoodrums.
while undertaking diplomatic missions William J. Cameron, editor of the
this evening, but returned safely to Ford-owned Dearborn Independent,I
the settlement. shouldered complete responsibility for
A Nationalist division also advanc- all articles published in the weekly
ed along the railway inspecting the and for its editorial policy, to the en-
foreign settlement ,and 3000 National- tire exclusion of the motor manufac-
isis occupied Chapei and the Shang- turer.

GENEVA, March 22.-The French
draft of a general treaty for the limi-
tation of armaments, made public to-
night, shows a continuation of the
French insistence for a system of
total naval tonnage in any allotment of
naval strength, instead of the splitting
up of tonnage by categories of war-
ships as advocated by the United

Contestants for the final contest in
the Thomas E. H. Black New Testa-
ment orations were chosen yesterday
afternoon by Earl E. Flieschman of
the public speaking department, who
is in charge of the contest. The final-
ists selected in the preliminary con-
test are as follows: Miriam Mitchell,
28, Elizabeth Lucas, '28, Ledlie De

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