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March 17, 1927 - Image 1

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1 890




VOL. XXXVII. No. 120






N LVEN BYRON BILLETIN portant railroad town of Cheng Chow
after a desperate battle in a snowUL~U 111
Sa e d r b eaw(By Associated Press) storm . This capture, Chang's head- {
SIIANGI, March 1,6-TerrorI quarters stated, completed the first
S VICTORIAN J1s stalkng t the teemg native phase of his offensive againsttheN LECT
:ity of Shangahi as a result of a Cantonese.
DE SETLNCOVHT ATTRIBUTES ? myslcrious series of murders and Telegraphic communication be-)
DOWNFALL OF POET TO the corresponding spread of a tween Nanking and Pengtu, in Anh- DET R I Tt WHO ESTABLISHED
INIERITEDI NATT'URE story that a group of Cantonese I wei rovince, has been interrupted, 1W RECORD IS SIEARER
agitator is carrying on strong- but doubt is expressed here as to 0TRE SEIES
PRAISES USE OF EPIC i-n at- taioii in preparaton for whether Pengtu has been captured V O $ 0
ii general strike when the Na. by the Nationalists as was claimed in VENTURE COST 000
sIlonalisis become ready to take the Kouninitang province in Peking. -
Buekinghaxn Professor (Mlaims Position ovr the Shanghai ailministra. That Nanking is seriously menaced, x1i-ion Of Evans-Wells Beat Time
Of Writer Was Produced By at. however, is believed. I.pdtolO vas1 lsBa in
Attitude Of Society .Ab.awle s fireporte under way t 'r n 1913 By More
(By Associated Press) along the western shore of Lake Tai- Than Seven Days
Depicting Byron as having apower- SHANGHAI, March 16-While heavy hu, near Ihing. Chang Tsung Chang
fil Influence o the thought and so- fighting was reported west and north- was reported concentrating his Shang- Speaking under the auspices of the
ciety of his time, not only his na-i west of Shanghai with ankincreasing tungese at Foochow and Chang Chow geology department. Edward S. Evans
five country, but throughout all E+ u- menace to the city of Nanking, re-Ito prevent cutting of the railway of Detroit will give an illustrated lec-
rope,ports were received from Tokio indi- line. ture at 8:15 o'clock tonight in Natural
the faculty of arts and professor of icating that the breach between the -_Science auditorium on his recent rec-
English literature and language in adherents of Chang Tso-Lin, the Man- LONDON, March 16-American ma- ord trip around the world in 28 and
the University of Buckingham, told churian war lord, and the Soviet, rines quickly recovered two Standard one-half days. Moving pictures taken
the story of this advocate of freedom was widening. Oil steamers seized this morning by during the trip will be shown.
yesterday in Natural Science auditor- The Tokio report suggested that Chinese at Shanghai, says a dispatch The new record set by Evans and
ium. southern Manchuria was threatened from that city to the Westminster i Linton O. Wells last summer was theI
Reckless daring, contempt for the with an armed invasion. If this pos- Gazette. first successful attempt to lower the
conventions of society, and an ardent sibility should become serious it is The dispatch adds that the Shan- previous time of 35 days made by
love for the freedom of man, inherit- felt that Chang Tso-Lin, who now is tung troops of Chang Tsung Chang, John Henry Mears of New York cityI
ed from a generation of nobility noted a moving factor between the allied defender of Shanghai, have been bus- in 1913, at a cost of $836.41. The
for their adventurous lives, combined northern armies in their drive on the ily engaged in commandeering scores! Evans-Wells venture cost approxi-
with neglect of childhood training, Cantonese, might" be deterred from of junks, cargo boats, and rivercraft mately $25,000 including the planning
produced ,a nature in Byron which venturing far from his Manchurian of all kinds on the Whantoo river, and preliminary work of arrangement.
caused his downfall at the height of stronghold. which is taken to indicate an import- In spite of the care taken in the ar-
his career, Professor de Selincourt From Honan province, Chang Tso- ant new move in the vicinity of rangement of the schedule for the ex-
declared. Taunted for his lameness, a I Lin claims the capture of the im- Shanghai. pedition, Mr. Evans estimates thatI
shy nature roughly abused, and dis- I



View Is Set Forth1
'Of Princeton
Answer To

In Let ir To Head
University In

(By Associatcd Press)
opening of foreign debt sett

16-A re-
lement, in


appointment in his first love affpir
created in Byron a bitter outlook to-
wards life. A dissipated life at Cam-
bridge was followed by reckless liv-
ing in society, terminating when his
first marriage caused a scandal which
forced him to retire from England.
Poet Retires To Italy
Retiring to Italy, Byron gave him-
self to reflection and his genius now
appeared, Professor de Selincourt
continued. Cast off by society which
had caused his downfall, the roman-
ticist set himself to th task of ex-
posing the aristocratic group that had
rejected him. Declaring himself to be
just what society had taught him to
be, Byron showed that his life was
a reflection of theirs. The man whom
Sir Walter Scott had declared of
"goodness of heart, and the kindest
and best of feelings, cast off by so-
ciety" sought to break down the mask
of his former associates.
"Don Juan" England's great comic
epic, was the result of Byron's reflec-
tion on his injustice. Here is the idea
form for Byron, Professor de Selin-
court stated, showing his personality
in all its shifting moods. Called a
savage satire, Byron declared it the
truth, the story of the society of .
his time, by one whom society had
once claimed. This work, as the
greater part of his writings, reflected
the failure and sorrow of his time,
the speaker stated.
Was Supporter Of Italy
Byron's love for freedom led him
to support the cause of Italy in its
war against Austria. Money and lit-
crature were given for the support
of his fellow men. It was this desire
for liberty that took his life, fight-i
ing for Greece. He turned to nature1
for relief from the insincerity of the
world, and rebelled against the inade-
quacy of the orthodox religion of his
time which could not for him explain
the chaos of life. "Prometheus" de-
clares his defiance of the conception
of providence according to orthodox.
Of great influence during his life,
Byron achieved success throughout
the continent, something unknown by
his contemporaries. Goethe declared
that he "lived the genius of England
on a tour through Europe." The ques-
tion has been raised as to the rea-
son for Byron's lack of popularity at
the present time, compared with his
influence a hundred years ago. Many
have declared it due to his careless
style, a lack of the magical power
of words, found in his romantic con-
temporaries Shelley, Keats and Word-
sworth. In the Victorian age lyrical
poetry was dominant, and Byron never
succeeded in the lyric, which is an
expression of personality, according
to Professor de Selincourt.
Explains Byron's Unpopularity
Vigor and color dominated Byron's
works, but there was not the sense of
remoteness necessary for perfection,
as he rather sounded a familiar tune.
Work like that was often clumsy, and
without a sense of style that would
have kept it alive, may account for
his decrease in popularity. However,
declared Professor de Selincourt, the
judgment of today is not the final one,
and not necessarily correct; it is to
the efect Byron had on the Victorian
age from which we must draw our
A man whose death at the age of
33 caused Tennyson, then a youth, to
declare that he felt the world darken
for him at the news of it, and who,
rejected by his native land, fought
for the frcedom which he foresaw .and

Several Points Are Still Undeveloped'
By Gallagher As Court Adjourns
For Day
(By Associated Press)
DETROIT, March 16.-A varicolored
picture, painted by Henry Ford's
Dearborn Independent, of the Jewish i
combination reaching its tentacles
into the pockets of the farmers and
world affairs was daubed today by
William Henry Gallagher, counsel for
Aaron Sapiro who is suing the auto-
mobile manufacturer for $1,000,000 on
charges of libel.!
One by one he took up the charges
which his client claims injured his
reputation as an organizer of co-
Soperative marketing organizations, I
but when court adjourned had still
several points to bring out in his
opening statement.
If a world-wide conspiracy of Jews
existed, Aaron Sapiro knew nothing
about it, Gallagher declared. Neither
was he a member of a ring spreading
communism or bolshevism throughout
the country, instilling the ideas of
"Red" Russia in the minds of the chil-
dren. Sapiro had never been con-
cerned with organization, of farm boy
and girl clubs, having confined his
activities to co-operative marketing
organizations, he said.
"As to the charges contained in the
Independent regarding a so-called
Kahn -Baruch-Lasker - Rosenwald-Sa-
piro program to turn over to an or-
ganized international interest the en-
tire agricultural industry of the coun-
try," said Mr. Gallagher, "they are en-
tirely unfounded, as evidence will
"Otto Kahn, it is true, made a few
contributions to farm organizations,
as did other high-minded citizens,
such as Robert H. Bingham, of the
Louisville Courier-Journal, and Wil-
liam Randolph Hearst. Bernard Ba-
ruch, I believe, made a, few loans,
but no contributions, while F. B.
Lasker, as head of an advertising con-
cern, handled some publicity for a co-'
operative concern. Julius Rosenwald
had nothing to do with them.
"We will show that this whole idea
of organized Jewry to take advantage
of the American farmer is a product
of the mind, and that Sapiro was
backed by a Jewish combination in
his organization work is entirely with-
out foundation."
Judging by the time taken by Mr.
Gallagher, who began his opening
plea yesterday morning to outline
what the plaintiffs intend to prove, at-
torneys for both sides agreed that the
trial would probably last 60 days. His
[declaration contains 141 points on
which evidence will be introduced.
Attorney Gallagher told the jury
that Ford and the business manager
of the Independent had been inform-
ed by a committee of the intentions
and workings of the co-operative
marketing organizations formed by
Sapiro. Publication of a series of al-
leged libelous articles then ceased for
a while, he said, but were soon re-

VWJ Will Broadcast $peial Michigan
Night Program Commemorating
University's 90th Year
As part of the general observance
of the 90th anniversary of the Univer-
sity, which is being celebrated by the
alumni bodies throughout the states,
a special Michigan Night radio pro-
gram has been arranged to be broad-
cast at 7 o'clock tomorrow from sta-
tion WWJ, the Detroit News, it is an-
nounced by Waldo Abbot of the rhe-
toric department, who is program
manager and will act as announcer
for the evening.
To make the program available for
the alumni throughout the whole
country, station WGY, the General
Electric company of Schenectady, N.
Y., and station KWOM of Pasadena,
Calif., will relay it. Some of the
speeches will also be used by the At-
lantic Broadcasting company of New
York, station WABC, when they broad-
cast a midnight program, which will
also include talks and musical selec-
tions by alumni residing in New York.
The program from the University
will be prefaced by a five minute
hook-up with the banquet hall of the
Detroit Alumni association in the
ballroom of the Hotel Statler. The
program here will be opened by the
Varsity band playing the "Victors,"
the second chorus being sung by the
glee club, and followed by an ad-
dress of welcome given by James E.
Ottaway,' of Port Huron, president of
the Alumni association.
The remainder of the program will
consist of a series of two minute talks
by: Dean Mortimer E. Cooley, of the
Colleges of Engineering and Archi-
tecture; Mrs. Myra B. Jordan, former
dean of women; Dr. Frank E. Rob-
bins, assistant to the President, read-
ing the speech prepared by President
Clarence Cook Little; Prof. Victor H.
Lane, of the Law school; and Ralph
W. Aigler, of the Law school. The
band and glee club will also give a
number of musical selections, playing
and singing songs written by Mich-
igan men.
(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, March 16-Harry F.
Sinclair, oil operator, was found guil-
ty tonight of having been in contempt
of the Senate when he refused to
answer questions of the oil committee
during the investigation of the Tea-
pot Dome naval oil reserve.
Justice Hitz will fix the sentence-
not less than one nor more than
twelve months in jail, and a fine of
not less than $100 and not more than
Sinclair unquestionably will appeal
the case and will fight his way
through the highest court.

about two-thirds of their plans mis-
carried. In some cases, however,
emergency facilities that were better
than the original plans were used and
little time was lost. The route, as
planned, covered 18,700 miles, but the
distance actually traversed was 21,000
miles, at an average speed of 700
miles a day, or nearly 30 miles ans
hour for the entire trip. A fairly con-
stant adherence to schedule was
maintained until they began the last
lap of the trip across the United
States by airplane, during which
much time was lost in making proper
While the Evans-Wells schedule
points out the importance of the air-
plane as a dominant factor in future
attempts of the race against time, itl
is shown still to be behind the steam-!
ship in the relative distances covered
by each means of transportation.
Their mileage records show that ap-!
proximately 4,100 miles were coveredj
by rail and automobile, 6,300 miles by
airplane, and 8,000 miles by steam-
Took Magellan Three Years
A brief historical summary of pre-
vious attempts at circling the globe
shows the progress in methods, speed,
and other conditions of development
in world travel since early days.
More than 400 years ago Magellan
made his first journey around the
world in 12 days short of three years,
Fifty years later Sir Francis Drake,
covered the same distance in two
years and ten months. In 1889 Nellie
Bly established a new record of 72
days, which lasted until 1903 when1
Henry Frederick cut the time to 54I
days. Sixteen years ago this mark
was lowered to 39 days by Andre
Jaeger-Schmidt. The next attempt
was made in 1913 by John Henry.
Mears who bettered the record of
Schmidt by four days. It was this
record of Mears' which Evans and
Wells recently broke by seven days.
Magellan avoided the land conti-
nents as his route was entirely by
sea. Nellie Bly traveled by both
steamship and railway. Evans and
Wells made use of all three methodsi
of transportation; land, sea, and air.
Magellan was completely out of com-
munication with his home port all
during his journey. Nellie Bly used
the telegraph when on land ,but was
as isolated as Magellan when on board
ship. Evans and Wells either were, I
or could have been, in constant wire-
less communication whether they
were on land, sea, or in the air. It
took Magellan 98 days to cross the'
Pacific ocean, and Nellie Bly 22 days,
while Evans and Wells made it in 9
Distances Lessened
In some cases the shortening of the
time from Magellan's three years to
the 28 days of Evans and Wells has
heen dat to an increase in speed but

Michigan's negative debating te am, which debates Illinois at Chain-
paign, composed of Stephen E. Jo nes, '27, Gerald 0. Dykstra, '27, and
John 0. Yeasting, '27 BAd.
('Newly Formned Club Nears Prof. A.ion Ncgative And Affirmiative Teams 11ill
Discuss United Blanes' Attltude Meet In 1Trhinguar Uontests
In Latin-American Affairs j Tomorrow Night
"There are two sots of misunder- Final arguments were completed in
standings regarding the Monroe doc- an inter-team debate last night for
trine," declared Prof. Arthur S. Aitontfiig-Nrs
of the history department lat nig the final preparation for the Mid-West
addressing thenewly-formed is- ,debates, which will be held tomorrow
panic-American club at the Union. night in Hill auditorium and at Chain-
The first, Professor Aiton pointed out, paign, Ill. Prof. G. E. Densmore, of
is the Latin-American belief that the the public seaking department, who
Monroe doctrine is a free gift of pro- jh be coaing tetamniewhe
tection by the United States to the s
1 South American republics; while the' beginning of the semester, has con-
second, or American interpretation, eluded work on the cases of both
is that the doctrine gives the United teams. The negative team will leave
States certain rights and privileges;fo IlimsTh lat ta
in respect to intervention and econ- It
omic affairs in Latin America. This is the 12th annual series of the
After giving a brief resume of the Mid-West debating league, which is a
world situations and causes leading triangular league including Michigan,
up to the issuing of the doctrine by I Illinois and Wisconsin. The question
President Monroe, Professor AtonI
expressed the opinion that the docu- that will be discussed is as follows:
ment was not an altruistic thing, but 1 Resolved, that the exercise of legisla-
primarily a selfish declaration of na- tive authority in the control of the
tional policy and only secondarily a specific content of courses offered in
greeting of friendship and interest in educational institutions is contrary to
the new countries. the public welfare. In the discussion
The United States became a world of this question it has been granted
power overnight following the Span- that the exercise of legislative author-
ish-American war, Professor Aiton' ity means legislative prescription, dis-
continued, adding that America had approval, or prohibition, and the spe-
lbecome a sort of policeman in the cific content means specific doctrines,
Caribbean sea, and at the same time theories, or data.
was involved in a dilemma between Michigan will be represented to-
imperialism and Pan-Americanism. morrow night by six members of
As a remedy, Professor Aiton sug-, Delta Sigma Rho, national honorary
gested a re-examination and amplifi- I forensic fraternity. This is the first
cation of the Monroe doctrine, making Itime in a number of years that the
it a principle in which all Hispanic- University will be represented by
America as well as the United States teams composed entirely by members
could participate, and let it remain as of that organization. Each speaker
at present "the sole foreign policy of will be given.12 minutes for his con-
the American government." structive speech, and five minutes for I
In addition, the speaker asserted rebuttal.
that the two Americas ,with their John 0. Yeasting, '27Ad, is the first
widely divergent civilizations and speaker on the negative and will open
customs, should meet in congresses Michigan's arguments. le has had
from time to time. "Intervention one year of Varsity experience, hav-
should be made jointly among all the l ing debated in the Central Debating
American nations to restore order so league.
that no one country be blamed for , Gerald 0. Dykstra, '27, is the sec-
selfishness or imperialism," he de- ond speaker. In his freshman year
clared. Education of the two races at Michigan he became a member of
respecting each other, Professor Aiton [ Adelphi House of Representatives, and
believes, would be a great factor in took part in the annual freshman de-
bringing about good will and cordial bate between that society and Alpha
relations. Nu. He won the first semester ex-
temporaneous contest several years
OF LIQUOR LAWSStephen E. Jones, '27, is the third
and final speaker for Michigan. He
I-will conclude his team's arguments in
ALBANY, N. Y. March 16-Consti- i both the constructive and rebuttal
tutionality of the prohibition amend- speeches. Last semester he was a
ment was assailed by a petitioner in member of the Central Debating
the legislature today on the basis of league team which debated Ohio State
a 123 year old letter contained in a! university in ill auditorium.
musty volume publicbed 95 years ago. William J. Weinman, '28, is the
Had this volume, little known, and ' negative team's alternate, and will
apparently never before discovered by accompany the group to Champaign.
the opponents of prohibition, been in

Secretary Mellon's opinion, would be
a step backward "calculated to pro-
duce discord and confusion rather
than contribute to the economic sta-
bility and orderly government of
world prosperity."
His view was set forth in a letter
to President Hibben of Princeton uni-
versity, made public today at the
Treasury department without com-
ment. It was in reply to the sugges-
tion of meumbers of the Princeton and
Columbia university faculties for a
revision of the American debt settle-
ment, and was considered at the
I Treasury as settling definitely the
question of the administration's at-
titude toward any deviation from its
debt funding policy.
Asserting that a nation is hardly
likely to deserve and retain the re-
spect of other nations by sacrificing
its own just claims, Mr. Mellon de-
clared that cancellation of the debts
owed the United States would not of
itself change the dislike with which
the educators declared Europeans
look upon this country.
Considers French Debt
With reference to the unratified
French debt settlement, the Secretary
said that "it would not have been
amiss for you and your associates to
have taken into consideration that the
inevitable effect of such a pronounce-
ment would be to encourage and
strengthen the opposition in foreign
countries to such ratification."
Such encouragement, he added,
would be entirely unwarranted in
view of the approval of the Mellon-
Berenger debt funding accord by the
House of Representatives, which de-
bate "indicated that an over-whelm-
ing majority of the representatives
were opposed,to more lenient terms."
Declaring that the advances to for-
Seigncountries were,beyond dispute,
loans and not contributions to allies,
Mr. Mellon said that what the United
States government had done in effect
during the war was to enable its as-
sociates to borrow money in the
American investment market with
government endorsement, liberty
bonds being sold to provide money for
the loans. The situation, he contend-
ed, would have been no different if
the foreign countries had sold their
own bonds in the American market.
Recognizes Opposite View
"I recognize that there is merit in
the contention that the associated
governments might well have joined
in pooling their resources in a com-
mon cause," the Secretary told Dr.
Hibben, "and that even now an argu-
ment can be made in favor of writing
off debts incurred after our entry into
the war to the extent that they were
incurred for contributions to a com-
mon cause, but, and this is an all-im-
portant reservation, there is merit to
such an argument only if the propos-
ed adjustment is to be a mutual one
and is applied to all on a strictly
equal basis. The factor, however, is
one that seems to have been com-
pletely overlooked by the faculties of
Columbia and Princeton universities
and by other advocates of debt can-
cellation urging the common cause
contribution argument."
(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, March 16-Bearing
lthe names of 11,385 persons, a peti
tion asking the administration to sub-
mit its disnute with the Calles gov-
ernment of Iexico to arbitration was
presented to Secretary Frank B. Kel-
logg, of the State department today
by a committee headed by George
LaMonte, of New York.
In commemoration of the
90th anniversary of the Uni-
versity, The Daily will publish
an extra section of eight pages
with the regular edition to-
morrow, which will deal with

the history 'of Michigan and the
I£clohration anl, l 1 , i

the time records have been greatly the hands of the United States S-u
lowered by lessening the actual dis- preme court when that body upheld
tance traveled in circling the globe. the eighteenth amendment, the peti-
Therefore, Mr. Evans has pointed out, tioner asserted tha ;court probably

it is essentially incorrect to refer to
these previous record breaking jour-
neys as "around the world." A strict-
ly around the world journey would
have to follow the equator or a route
lying due south over the South Pole
and a return journey by way of the
North Pole. What world travelers
have been doing is shifting their cir-
cles or lines of travel further north
thus lessening the distance traveled.
Mr. Eva~ns himself has ialready pro-I

would have ruil dagainst he amend-
mentrand prohibition would have died
at birth.
i rtl g 1 "a~r'T V-11® U r " iI TOnr

(By Associated Press)
SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Re-
public, March 16-Moved by a desire
to avoid any untoward incident in a
friendly country, Senator William H.I

I U VIMEET VUK ELE I I(lNS I!King of Utah announced today that
he will not attempt to enter the Re-
Members of the senior literary public of Haiti, whose government
class will meet at 4 o'clock today: in has denied his admission because of
Natural Science auditorium for the his criticism of the policy of the
purpose of electing the class histor- 'United States there and the adminis-

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