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October 09, 1926 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1926-10-09

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i

ESTABLISHED
1890

Y

Ir

aIut

MEMBER
ASSOCIATED
PRESS

VOL. XXXVII. No. 11 EIGHT PAGES ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1926 EIGHT PAGES

PRICE FIVE CENTE

THOUSANDS DIEHIAS
SARVAION H ITS
BESEISED CHINESE
RESCUERS UNABLE TO ENTER
BARRED BUILDINGS WHERE
CHINESE SUCCUMBED
WUGHANG ISDESOLATE
Oct. 10 Set As Date For Bombardment
Or Surrender; Expect
Settlement
(By Associated Press)
HANKOW, China, Oct. 8.-Ten
thousand persons have died, most of
them of starvation, in the horror city
of Wuchang since the Cantonese Red
army began its seige at the end of
August. The figures are those of
Chinese officials. No white man could
penetrate the barred buildings within
which thousands succumbed in secret
misery.
Five hunder coffins have been ship-
ped to Wuchang to bury those tram-
pled to death or drowned in the fran-
tic efforts to board boats to take them I
across =the Yangtse to Hankow in
safety.
Buildings DestroyedI
An Associated Press correspondent
who walked today through the streets
of Wuchang, found them deserted ex-
cept for neglected dead lying in the
roadways. The city, which with Han-
kow and Hanyang, formed the com-
mercial center of middle China, was
desolate. Many of its fine buildings'
have been destroyed by flame or shell
fire. The numerous mission struc-
tures were deserted. Barred shopsi
and dwellings hid from view the tra-
gedy of death in the city of a half mil-
lion population wrought by the be-
seiging Cantonese outside its walls.
Failing in their efforts to carry Wu-
chang by direct attack, defeated in
hand-to-hand fighting in the city's
streets with its northern army defen-
derst the Cantonese at a safe distance
maintain a war of attrition-starva-
tion their weapon.
It is rumored that the Cantonese
will grant the proposal of the defen-
ders to yield the city if permitted to
serve in the army that has held and
starved them. The date for surrender
is said to be October 10th, a national
holiday celebrating the founding of
the chaotic Chinese republic.
This date, however, is also that set
by Cantonese ultimatum for the b-
ginning of a general bombardment of
the emaciated beings who crawl about
the foodless city.
Red Cross Aids
Refugees ceased today their desper-
ate struggles to board rescue boats for
Hankow, two miles distant across the
Yangtse. This is believed to reflect
their belief that Wuchang is to be de-
livered to the southern forces and that
they will be allowed to remain undis-
turbed in their homes. The humble
Chinese civilians have no part in thi',
struggle of military chieftains for
wealth or aggrandizement, the prize
being the central provinces which the
Cantonese seek to wrest from the con-

THREE BANDS WILL PARTICIPATE
IN CEREMONIES AT STATE GAME,

JLFAE WORKERS
CLOSE THREE DAYi

Further Reduction
Of Army To Cause
Trouble-Pershing

WOLVERINE ELEVEN WILL CLASH
WITH MICHIGAN STATE TODAY IN
ANNUAL GAME AT FERRY FIELD

CONI
FRANCIS
NATURI
PR
DEAN1
Judge Fran
dent;

IENTION HR
It. HILLER EXPLAINS
E AND WORK OF THE
OBATION COURTS
BATES PRESIDES,
ik L. Covert Chosen Presi-
Ruth Bowen Vice-
President

The United States Marine Band (upper) will parade with the Michigan
State (center) and the Varsity -(lower) organizations at the State game
on Ferry Field this afternoon. "The President's Band" will give the first
performance on the, Extra Concert series at 8 o'clock tonight in Hill audi-
torium.
BURSLEYADORESSES BANKERHS SUOPPORT
FRESHMAN BANQUET RAILROAD UNION

Dean. Of Students Lands Forumalion
Of Discussion Groups
By S. C. A.
WILL ASSEMBLE WEEKLY
"Discussion groups sponsored by
the Student Christian association offer
the freshman an excellent opportunity
to become acquainted with each other,
and to consider with their own class-
mates the questions which naturally
arise when they find themselves in
an entirely new environment", said
Joseph A. Bursley, dein of students,
speaking to a group of freshmen who
met at a banquet at lane Hall last
night to consider the organization of
freshman discussion groups.
"In the first few weeks of school",
continoued Dean Bursley, "you will
meet with situations which you your-
self cannot solve. You will hear and
take part in many discussions on cur-
rent topics relative to the university.
Much will be said about coeducation,
the restrictions on automobiles, pro-
hibition and various other things.
These discussion groups under the di-
rection of instructors in the Univer-
sity or upperclassmen will aid you to
organize in your own mind many ofd
the questions you hear on the campus

trol of Marshal Wu-Pi-Fu. and will be a great assistance to you
Fifty thousand Wuchang refugees in accostuming yourself to your new
are receiving the ministrations of the environmept."
Red Cross of Hankow, an organization Jack Appleford, '30, presided at the
co-operating in the work of relief and dinner and introduced the speaker.
charity. Luther Carpenter, '28, spoke to the
freshmen explaining the organization
W elth Of NiL 'j(' of the groups and urged them to avail
ea h f ateri themselves of the chance to meet with
11S l F r e leaders at Lane hall each week. lle,
first meetings will be held next week
at times chosen by thed
With _the total number of students groups. All freshmen are invited to
who have applied for parts in this lienroll at Lane hail and take part in
year's Union opera placed at more the meetings.

Railroads Should Resiuuie Processest
Of Logical Eughirgement, Says f
Recent Reportt
TRAFFIC BIG FACTOR
LOS ANGELES, Oct. 8.-This is an
era of "justifiable consolidation" of
railroads, a special committee of
bankers declared in a detailed report'
on "Railroad Consolidation" submit-
ted to the American Bankers' associa-
ion convention.
'Now comes the time," the report
says, "when the railroads must re-
sume their processes of logical en-
largement that the nation may keep
step with its heritage of progress. Leti
us call it the era of justifiable con-
solidation, or the adaption to our coin-
mon carriers of America's effective
principle of trussedl prodluction, or
more correctly transportation is in
evolution toward massed distribution
to care for the tremenlous production
developedt by the unified industrial
growth of this still young nation."
Consolidation, the report says
should be based on natural traffic and
should not be compulsory.
"It is doubtful whether sufficient
economies will result from consolida-
tion to warrant any general reduction
in freight or passenger rates," the re-
port states, "but natural alliances, if
wholesome competition is preserved,
will be beneficial to the country in
providing a more adequate service,
which is generally regarded mre im-
portant to its welfare than rates."
Warning that in the process of rail
unification no one of the country
should be permitted to gain an ad-
vantage over another, the report con-
tinues:
"Mature and her products seems to
be the real key to the situation; af-
filiation of routes endowed with a.
balanced proportion of raw materials
and manufactured products, or any
balanced exchange that supplies both--
ways traffic; the coordination of lines
of reciprocal rather than identical
needs, minimizing, through a diversity
of traffic, the hazards of sectional or
crop blights.
Tfi fic as Big Factort
"Consolidation, then, should be con-
sidered from the standpoint of the
natural flow of traffic, because no one
railroad, nor any single railroad sys-
tem in existence at this time, can
prosper on the traffic which bothl
originates and ends on the rails of
that system. Each system should be
made strong and self-reliant as to bej
iable to withstand the vicissitudes re-
I sulting from all forms of depression.

Delegates of the Michigan State
conference of social workers closedf
their three day annual convention at
the Union yesterday. More than 750,
social workers from.Michigan and the!
neighboring states attended the meet-t
ings and discussion groups.
Dean Henry M. Bates, of the LawI
school presided at the final meetingt
of the conference in the assembly hall
yesterday afternoon. ,He introduced
Francis H. Hiller, field secretary ofE
the National probation association, I
who spoke of probation in Michigan.c
Mr. Hiller described the structure and
work of both juvenile end adult pro-
bation courts in Michigan counties.
"It is our aim to guide and discipline
juvenile delinquents," he said, "but
we are greatly handicapped in our
work by the lack ol; facilities to segre-
gate different groups of children, by
the lack of medical examination, and
the lack of supervision in detention
homes. It is essential that the state
aid the counties in this work as it
aids education."
Outlines Legal Reforms
In continuing the discussion of state
probation courts and their work Sen.
Sherman Collander, of Detroit, chair-
man of the Michigan State commis-
sion of inquiry into criminal proced-!
ure, outlined the immediate program
of the commission. "Our first step,"
said Sen. Collander, "is to prepare at
code of court procedure which will
speed up the action of criminal law
and help in the disposition of crim-
inal matters. Our state laws must be1
revised and the "dead letter" statutes.
weeded out. In this connection the
commission will propose as one rem-
edy that the presiding judge in crim-
inal cases will be permitted to com-
ment directly upon testimony and so
eliminate a waste of time in its pres-
entation."
At a luncheon of the Michigan j
Chapter of American Association of
Social Workers, the Inter-City con- I
ference and the Michigan Probation
association, John S. Bradway, secre-{
tary of National Association of Legal
Aid organizations, said, "We have
three defects in our administration of
the law, court costs, delay of court pro-
cedure and expense of counsel." He
then suggested remedies for existing
conditions and urged that a commit-
tee be established to study the matter I
and. take further steps in aiding and
developing local legal societies.
Covert Elected
Two discussion groups occupied the
morning session. One considered the
urban aspects of social work, and at
the other workable programs in rural
social work were presented.
The conference elected officers for
the coming year. Judge Frank L.
Covert, of the sixth judicial circuit of
Michigan was chosen president, and
Miss Ruth Bowen, secretary of the
social service bureau at Lansing, made
vice-president. Robert T. Lansdale,
instructor in the sociology department
of the University of Michigan, was
re-elected secretary and Miss Char-
lotte C. Donnell, social welfare asso-
cial ion of Grand Rapids will continue
as treasnrer. The next convention
of the conference will be held In Grand
Rapids.

(By Associated Press)
PITILADELPIl IA, Oct. 8.-Gen.
John J. Pershing broke the silence he
has maintained for over a year to
publicly sound warnings tonight that
the army has been reduced to a point
"below which we cannot go without
most serious results."
Speaking before the Military Order
of the World War, the commander of
the American Expeditionary Force
told his one-time soldiers that the
world "is not yet free from jealousy
and covetuousness" and that the "sit-
uation at home now and in the future
demands the maintenance of a highly
developed nucleau for national de-
fence."j
Only a "vociferous minority" is op-
posed to such a program, he asserted,
adding:
"There can be no earthly justifica-
tion for saving a few million dollars
a year on the army during peace, If,
as a consequence, we must spend
many billions in an emergency in an
attempt to make up defi-iencies.
"The difference between an adequate
and inadequate system is not suffici-
ent to warrant the risk. There is a
point below which we cannot go with-
out most serious results and we have
reached that point."

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FLOO0 CITY SURNS'
OFFERS OF RELEF
New Rise In Illinois River Srikes a
Beardstown, But People Veto
Red Cross Proposals T
COMMERCE IS HALTED t
- - - d
(By Associated Press)n
BEARDSTOWN, Ill., Oct. 8.-A new p
rise in the Illinois river deepened to- ,
night the waters which have made t
Beardstown a bedraggled Venice, but c
the citizens spurned aid of relief agen- ti
cies and told the world, from a city
hall surrounded by the flood, that e
they themselves would pay the costs T
of rehabilitation.e
The river, which receded yesterdayd
after making an island of the city, wasp
up again to 25% feet, only four inchesT
short of Thursday's high mark. I
Representatives of the city, meeting 1
with Red Cross and Salvation Army I
emissaries, vetoed proposals for anp
appeal for aid which the Rel Cross p
offered to sponsor and voted to raise p
within the city of Beardstown ample2
funds to care for the homeless andg
the hungry.v
City relief workers recalled that in
1922, when Beardstown was a victimc
of floods, an appeal for aid injured
the standing of the community and
reduced land values in its wake. So, 1
today Mayor Mert Harris sponsored D
a move to decline outside help, and
took responsibility for seeing that the
needy are cared for with local means.r
Oldfield Deniese
butler's Claim
Of Cotton Ruina
(By Associated Press)f
WASHINGTON, Oct. 8.-Chairman
Oldfield of the Democratic congres-
sional campaign committee, in a state-
ment tonight, said: "The claim of
Chairman William M. Butler of the
Republican national committee, that
the cotton industry is being ruined be-
cause the rates of the Fordney tariff
are too low and his demand for a'
higher tariff, which is his chief re-
liance in his senatorial campaign, are
both knocked into a cocked hat by thet
Carded Woolen Manufacturers asso-
ciation of Boston."
Citing figures compiled by the asso-
ciation at his request, showing un-
ports and exports of cotton goods
based upon domnetic production for
1923, the last available year of census
statistics on production, he said the
percentage of imports of woven cotton
goods over twelve inches wide, "the
kind manufactured in Chairman But-
ler's own mills," as related to domes-
tic production, was only one and ,
eight-tenths per cent, while the per-
centage of exports of the same kind I
was five and three-tenths per cent.
Athens Professor
Discovers Village
(By Associated Press)
ATHENS, Oct. 8.-Prof. G. A.
Sopiriadis of the University of Athens
has just returned here with a descrip-
tion of ruins of the ancient village of
Marathon, which he has discovered at

UNION CHAIRMEN
ARE ANNOUNCED
Appointment of chairmen of de-
partments of the Michigan Union was
announced yesterday by Lester F.
Johnson, '27L, president of the Union.
The four departments which are ap-
pointive are the reception department,
he house department, the underclass
department, and the publicity depart-
nent. Jack P. Hedrick, '28, was ap-
pointed chairman of the reception de-
partment, under which come commit-
ees on athletic reception, general re-
ception, rooming, and alumni rela-
ions.
James U. Hughey, '28, was appoint-
ed chairman of the house department.
The billiard, bowling, swimming pool,
entertainment cafeteria, library, and
dance committees are under the su-
pervision of the house department.
The underclass department, which
has charge of freshman activities, is to
be beaded by William V. Jeffries, '27.
Herbert E. Vedder, '28, has been ap-
pointed as assistant underclass de-
partment chai'man. Under this de-
partment, in which between 100 and
200 men will be working eventually, a
group organization is being planned
whereby the freshmen will be divided
into smaller groups making possible
closer acquaintanceships, and facili-
tating a better class spirit.
Thomas C. Winter, '28, has been ap-
pointed chairman of the publicity de-
partment.
Walter A. Kuenzel, '27E, is record-
ing secretary, and the two assistant
recording secretaries are Henry M.
Kline, '28, and Robert Halstead, '28E.
Clarence W. Little was appointed
chairman of the Union life member-
ship drive.
Any men who are interested in
working on Union committees or in
any Union activities are urged to see
Lester Johnson in the president's of-
fice on the third floor, any afternoon
between one and five o'clock.
Dutch Society Will
Award Essay Prize
"The Netherlands Abroad", a Dutch
society which has its headquarters in
Amsterdam, has just announced a con-
test for a prize of $200 for the best
essay on modern Dutch history writ-
ten by a student either from Columbia
university or the University of Michi-
gan. Dr. Albert Hyma of the history
department will have charge of the
contest here.
Trhe contest was limited to Colum-
bia and Michigan because of the in-
terest taken in Dutch history at these
two schools. The essay will be of
about 10,000 words in length and will
be upon one of three subjects: Hol-
land's relation to Belgium in the
twentieth century, "Holland's colonial
administration in the twentieth cen-
tury," or Holland's economic develop
ment in the twentieth century.
MORE .............. ..-...
Hundreds In Dange
Of Oklahoma Flood
(By Associated Press)
TULSA, Okla., Oct. 8.-Warned tha
the main Rogers county fevee alon
the Verdigris river ,was crumbling
hundreds of persons fled fromth

CHEERING SECTION WILL
MEET AT 2:15 O'CLOCK
All students who are enrolled
in the new cheering section are
requested to report at Yost Field
house this afternoon at 2:15
o'clock, a half hour before game
time. Uniforms will be worn af-
ter students are seated in the
section, and no one will be ad-
mitted to the stands without
his outfit.
Approximately 40 seats remain
in the cheering section for the
remaining home games. Appli-
cations for these are still being
received at the Union.
Today's game will mark the
inauguration of the permanent
cheering section which is ex-
pected to elevate the general
standard of Michigan cheering
to a higher degree than ever
before.

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MILLER TO ASSUME PUNTING
DUTIES AT HALFBACK; RIC
WILL START
EXPECT RECORD CROWD
BaerNs Return To Lineup After Injury
Adds To Defensive Strength
Of Michigan Line
Coach Yost's Wolverines, profiting
greatly by the experience gained in
the opening game against the Okla-
homa "Aggies last week, and strength-
ened by the addition of Ray Baer to
the line, anxiously await the invasion
of the Michigan State eleven in the
traditional State football game to be
played at 3 o'clock (city time) this
afternoon at Ferry field.
The largest crowd in the history of
the relationship between the two
schools is expected to view the annual
game this afternoon. Advanced tic-
ket sales indicated that a crowd of
more than 35,000 would be seated in
the stands. Students wearing the
Green and White will journey to Ann
Arbor in every available conveyance
to support the State team in today's
battle.
Michigan State holds two victories
over its opponents this season and is
primed to the highest pitch for the
Michigan game. Last year Coach
Yost's team overwhelmed the Green
and White by a 39 to 0 score, but the
State supiporters are in hopes of dup-
licating the 1924 game in which the
Lansing eleven forced Michigan to her
utmost to win by a .narrow margin,
7-0.
Michigan is generally, considered
the favorite in today's game, but the
Michigan coaches have worked assidu-
ously'during the past week to perfect
a defense in preparation for State's
running attack. In the opening game
Michigan showed decided weaknesses
in defense, but Coach Yost is confi-
dent that his team will make a more
favorable impression as a result of
the strenuous week's work.
Despite the numerous bear stories
which have been sent from Lansing
concerning the condition of the Michi-
gan State team, the Lansing team is
expected to give the Wolverines a
strong fight. $mith, star half back of
Coach Young's team, is a triple threat
man and will bear constant watching.
In the two games, which State has
played, Smith was the outstanding
star. He is a punter of exceptional
ability, being able to average 50 yards
from the line of scrimmage.
Coach Young is reported to be
starting a team composed almost en-
tirely of .green material. According
to early reports, Deacon, star halfback,
Fouts, regular quarterback, and Drew,
veteran end, will not face the Wol-
verines because of injuries. Michigan
State will undoubtedly use its strong-
est lineup, and is not unlikely that
the stars will play if their injuries are
not too serious.
Coach Yost will undoubtedly resort
to his usual passing game, with Fried-
man and Rich in the backfield. Mil-
ler has been given the preference over
Babcock and Greenwald at left half
back because of his kicking ability. It
is expected that Michigan will feel
keenly the loss of Gilbert, star kicker
with Smith doing the punting for-
Michigan State today.
There will be two changes in the
line from the team which faced the
Oklahoma Aggies. Ray Baer, regular
tackle, who was kept on the sidelines
last week with an injured shoulder,
is ready to resume his place at left
tackle. Squier made such a brilliant
showing In the practices this week
that he has been chosen to replace
Dewey at guard.
Yost will undoutedly make frequent
substitutions in order to test his re-
f serve strength. Greenwald and Bab-
cock are certain to get into the lineup
during some period of the game. Wal-
ter Webber, a letter man from last
year's team, will probably replace
Molenda at fullback, if the Wolverine
- gain a big margin in the scoring: Rose,
given a test in the line, and there

Nyland, and Pommerening will be
is a slight possibility that Paul Cook,
star half back of the reserves last
r year, will be used in the backfield.
Ii The probable starting lineup for
this afternoon's game follows:
Michigan Michigan State
Oosterbaan ...... LE.... Christensen
tCBaer.............LT......... Garver
t Palmeroli .......LG........... Ross
I Truskowski,......C......... Barratt
Squler ..........RG....... Hitchings
Gabel ...........RT........ Moeller

t
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Y

than 900, an increase of 100 over any-
previous year, a wealth of material is New Bid Submitted
available for the annual operatic pro- I
duction sponsored by Mimes and the }For Muscles Shoals
Union, E. Mortimer Shuter, director,
declared yesterday. The addition of T A 8Anwbd
new tryouts to fill vacancies in the WASHINGTON, Oct. .-A new bid
practically been completed, and daily to be knmownm as the "Farmers Feder-
rehearsals are now in progress on the ated Fertilizer Corporation Offer," for
choruses will take place within the leasing the power properties at
dance routines. Muscle Shoals, is expected by C. Bas-
Final selection of men for both com Slemp of Virginia, to he sub-
choruses will take place within the mitted to Congress this winter.
next ten days, according to Mr. Shuter. The new offer, Mr. Slemp said to-
Tryouts for cast parts will be asked I day, will be for a 50-year lease and
to report some time next week, the j will be put forth by a group of New
exact date to be announced later. j York engineers and financiers, under
Men able to play the piano are asked an arrangement for public participa-
to see Ward Tollizien, '27, manager, tion, a feature entirely new in pro-
any afternoon at the Mimes theater. posals thus far received for the Ala-
bama property.
DUBLIN.-The National Council of Mr. Slemp, who said he was being
the Women of Ireland has sent to the consulted in an advisory capacity,
Irish Free State delegates to the com- without pay, added that the plan,
ing imperial conference a memoran- which has been submitted to various
dum claiming for women the right to farm organizations for study and sug-
retain their nationality on marriage gestions, would be more favorable toI
with foreigners. the government than any of those now
pending, especially from the stand-
BOBAY-Forest research experts in point of the guarantee on nitrate pro-
India have discovered how to use bam- duction. Surplus electric power de-

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DAUGHERTY CASE
GOESTO JURY
(By Associated Press)
NEW YORK, Oct. 8.-The Daugh-
erty-Miller conspiracy trial, went to
the jury at 9:43 o'clock tonight.
Judge Mack completed the actual
charge by 9 o'clock, two hours after
he started, but the remaining time
efore the jury filed out was taken
up by suggestions of counsel, some of
which the judge added to his charge
and some of which he refused.
The charge in main was a straight-
forward statement of the difference
Ibetween bribery as a crime by itself,
46th which the defendants were not
charged, antd conspiracy with bribery
as an inducement, which was the
charge against them.
The judge said after the jury had
been shut behind the doors of the
jury room that he would stay in court

Von Carmen T o TalkI
Here On Aeronautics
Prof. Theodor Von Karman, head of
the aerodymanical labratories of Asch-,
en, Germany, will visit Ann Arbor
from Nov. 10 to Nov. 17 to inspect the

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