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March 11, 1926 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1926-03-11

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Social Worker Conies Under Auspices
Of School Of Religion As Sequel
To Hutchinson Lecture
Modern tendencies in Japanese civi-
lization will be outlinedby Dr. Galen
M. Fisher of New York city, well1
known orientalist and social worker,
in a lecture to be given at 4:15 o'clock
today in Room C, Law building. Doc-
tor Fisher has devoted the past 23
years of his life to religious and edt-
cational work in Japan. The lecture
today will be given under the aus-
pices of the Michigan School of Re-
ligion, in connection with Prof.
Charles T. Paul's seminar in the moral
issues of modern life, and is designed
as a sequel to the recent discussion by
Dr. Paul Hutchinson, on China.
Doctor Fisher first went to Japan
as secretary for the Young Men's
Christian association in 1897, follow-
ing graduation from the University of
California. Making Tokyo his head-
quarters, he has directed the estab-
lishment of association branches in
13 Japanese and Korean cities, and at
25 student centers, includingthe lead-
ing universities. Ile also established
a camp and conference center for
young men and christian workers, at
the foot of the sacred Mount Fuji, an
institution comparable to the Ameri-
can Lake Geneva.
As chairman of the board of trus-
tees, he took a leading part in devel-
oping the Tokyo-American school for
the children of English speaking resi-
dents. He was an organizer ot the
National Christian Literature commit-
tee, and of the publication department
of the Y. M. C. A. and has written
a series of papers on the transactions
of the Asiatic society of Japan, and
several studies dealing with social and
moral conditions in modern Japan.
The speaker comes to Ann Arbor
on the invitation of Professor Paul,
who characterized him as "An ex-
perienced and eminent authority on
Japan, particularly competent to dis-
cuss the moral problems arising from
the modern development of Japanese
nationalism, and from the important
place the Empire holds in interna-
tional relations, especially with Amer-
ica. A keen student of the immigra-
tion question, he will doubtless deal
with the effects of the Exclusion Act.
"His recent book, 'Creative Forces
in Japan.'" Professor Paul continued,
"is one of the fairest works published
in this country on th'at topic. For the
past four or five years Doctor Fisher
has been executive secretary of the in-
stitute of Religious and Social sur-
veys which has published a number of
authoritative documents on religious
and social work.
"He has been in Japan during years
of change, of expansion. From a
country largely given over to. agri-
culture, with an overwhelming rural
Iopulation, he has seen men and wo-
men flock to the cities until today
Tokyo is the world's fourth largest
city. He has seen machinery take the
place of hand labor, and grat steam-
ers replace slow junks, bringing in
their wake all the evils of high-power
industrialism and the feverish strug-
gle for world trade."
During his early furloughs from
work in the Far East, Doctor Fisher
won the degree of Master of Arts at
Harvard, and later did special work
in sociology at Columbia
The talk today is the second of the
current series arranged by the School
of Religion. The material revealed

by Doctor Fisher in his lecture will1
be later discussed by the members of
Professor Paul's seminar. The public!
is invited to attend the lecture this
LISBON. - The Diario Noticos
says Great Britain has offered Portu-
gal four warships for 50,000 pounds
WASHIINGTON.-Without debate or
a record vote, the Senate today passed
the Kendrick bill.
Every little want has a place

Gargoyle Adopts Parody Form In
Current Issue Available Today'

"They called her the Jazz Baby of3
Granger's"-and her "true" story will
be found in the "Campus Confessions"
number of Gargoyle, campus humor
magazine, which will be offered for
sale today. The issue, from cover to
cover, is a parody on the modern sen-
sational monthly.
Th-e edition was expected to be
ready for release yesterday, but due
to unforeseen developments, could not
be placed on sale until today. How-
ever, it will appear exactly as origin-
ally printed.,
Departing entirely from its usual,
material, Gargoyle devotes it pages
to startling disclosures of the cam-
pus, accompanied by photographs, in-
stead of the usual cartoons. In addi-
tion to the story of the "Jazz Baby
of Granger's," which iscadvertised on
the cover, the edition contains "The

Truth About Fraternities," the story
of the girl who forgot her parents'
instructions, "The Love Potion"-the
terrible effects of a limeade, and
"Confessions of a Dean of Women."
T h e advertisements, including
"Campus Confessions" own reward
for each letter received telling which!
story was disliked most, take in
everything from physical culture to!
tight-rope walking, and are also il-
lustrated by photographs from life. A
special page is devoted to glimpses
of the home life of Beatrice Bertie,
the famous moving picture actress.
The editorial page is devoted to a
discussion on "What is Life?", writtenj
by Beernear McGullet, and exhorts
the reader to live, not to exist. "Be
more than the Amoeba," says Gar-
goyle. "Stop and think. You will
never regret it."

Eutire Proceeds Will Be Turned Over
To campanile Fund; Lecturer
Donating Services


Engineers Convene To Observe 50th John D." Rockefeller, Jr., Annouinces1
Anniversary Of Telephone's Starting Of Canvass For Funds {
Practical Use To Restore Scholarship
Relating the trials experienced in (By Associated Press)
the early development of the tele- PROVIDENCE, R. I., March 10-'
phone, Judge Franz Kuhn, president John D. Rockefeller, Jr., in an ad-I
Sof the Michigan Bell Telephone corn-dress tonight before Phi Beta Kappa 1
pany, addressed the general convoca- members, announced the launching of
tion held by the Engineering college a nation-wide movement by the IPii
yesterday afternoon to commemorate Beta Kappa, national honorary scho-
the fiftieth anniversary of the tele- lastic society, to raise a sesquicen-
tennial fund of $1,000,000 to aid in'
On behalf of his organization, Judge "restoring scholarship and teaching
Kuhn presented the electrical engi- to their rightful place."«
Deering department with a replica of The campaign, Mr. Rockefeller said,
the instrument devised by Alexander would be divided into two phases, ac
Grham Bnseldsd by hoenwrds canvass for special or large gifts in I
.Graam ellby hichspoen wrdsalmost a score of leading cities of the
first were transmitted through an elec- almotd a n o leainiie of th
tric circuit. In accepting the gift for Unite amthe nationsid cam-
the University, President Clarence Ta an he sip gnl-
Cook Little advised the engineering ly. Tie canvass, he said, will begin
students to adopt a broad philosophy at once, and will extend to the closeT
of life, and to make as many com- of the academic year. The second
mon contacts with society as possibl. phase will bein in the autumn and
In this regard, President Little point- and with the celebration in the sum-
ed to the inventor of the telephone as mer of the society's 150th anniversary.
an engineer who exemplified breadth The fund, he said, will be put to
of knowledge, and who successfully two uses. One will be the erectionI
balanced the larger forces of life with of a memorial building at William,
the accuracy and skill necessary forh and Mary College in honor of the 50
pre acca askhme nssry rfounders of Phi Beta Kappa. The1
Alex Dow, president of th-e Detroit other will be for the establishing off
AlexDow preidet o theDetoitannual rewards for merit in scholar-
Edison company, who was included inarshc
the program of speakers gave reminis- ship. ta
cences of the early development of One of the latter wil be a grand t
the telephone. Mr. Dow took an ac- prize for distinction in teaching or at-
tive part in experimentation with tainment in scholarship, which will
transmitters during this period. be open to all teachers and to college
In regard to the later research with I graduates of not more than 10 years'
the telephone, Judge Kuhn declared standing. Smaller prizes, not exceed-
that the graduates of the electrical ing $2,000 each, will be given to "chap--
engineering department of the Engi- ters or individuals in aid of scholar-
neering college have contributed ship, teaching, production or construe-
greatly to the art of communication tive experiments." There also will be
E through their improvements of the awards for scholarship in secondary
I telephone and its auxiliary appartus. and preparatory schools.
Prof. Benj. F. Bailey, head of the Apathy and neglect have affected
electrical engineering department, the large part of our college popula-
acted as chairman for the occasion. tion, Mr. Rockefeller said, and col-i
actd a chirmn fr te ocason. leges are overcrowded with students {
who consider study no obligation. The
COUNI~L I R S result, he said, has been that facul-
ties are overworked and standards of
learning lowered.
He said it was the duty of Phi Beta
( cEKappa, "which has furnished nearlyI
half the nation's famous men," to re-
ePress)vive interest in scholarship, and teach-
ENEVA archted Pess Br ing to offset this apathy and "makej
will upush over the line to an accord,"
.e ;i r Pahl-n Brn r tonizht at the

In the interest of the Burton
Memorial Campanile, Vilhjalmur Stef-.
ansson, noted Arctic explorer, will de-
liver a lecture on "Abolishing the
Arctic," at 8 o'clock toinorrov night
in Hill auditorium. This lecture isI
the first of a series which has been
arranged by the Student council to
assist in securing funds for the
memorial. The second lecture will
probably be given during the week of
March 21.
Tickets, priced at $1 for the main'
floor and 75 cents for the balcony,
were placed on sale at both the StateI
street and down town book stores yes-
terday. The entire proceeds from the
lecture will be turned over to the
Campanile fund since the lecturer is
donating his services for the evening.
He was a close friend of the late
President Marion Leroy Burton and
was introduced by him the last time
he spoke here. That was the Presi-
dent's last publie appearance, the
night before he was stricken with the
illness that caused his death.
Stefansson has been characterizedc
as a great explorer, lecturer, scientist,
writer, anthropologist, and citizen.
'He is the greatest figure in the lee-
ture world today," said Tom Skeyhill,
chairman of the lecture committee of
the International Lyceum and Chan-
tauqua association, in an article which I
he wrote on the explorer. "He adds,
as do few others, a record of achieve-
ment in pcar explorations -which, hasE
made him world famous, with all the
powers of a great public speaker," heI
In commenting upon the explorer,
Admiral Robert E. Peary once said:
"What Stefansson stands for is this:
he has grasped the meaning of polar?
work and has pursued his task in the
Arctic regions, section by section. li'e
has profited by experience piled upon
experience until he knows how to face
and overcome every problem of the
North. His method of work is to take
the white man's brains and intelli-
gence and the white man's persistence
and will-power into the Arctic and
supplement these forces with the
woodcraft, or, I should say, polar-
craft, of the Eskimo-the ability to
live off the land itself, the ability to
use every one of the few possibilities
of those frozen regions--and concen-
trate on his work."


Sunday convocations, to be DROP INTO BASY
tried out for three Sundays in
May and, if successful, instituted (By Asociated Press)
regularly next fall, were ap- I NORFOLK, Va., March 10.-Escap-
proved by the Student council ing gas and failure of her motors
at its meeting last night at the caused the army dirigible TA-5 to
Union. The convocations, in- drop nose first into lower Hampton
tended to interest students who l Roads near Thimble Shoal Light, late
would not otherwise attend any today.
church service on Sunday morn- The three men aboard had narrow
ing, will be addressed on religi- ITest r esm e dwhoutnar-
ous topics by prominent clergy- escapes but were rescued without ser-
men and laymen. ouat injury by a coast guard patrol
Speakers for the three ,convo-
cations in May are being arrang- The TA-5 was observed to be in
ed by the council. University trouble 20 minutes before she fell,
organizations will assist in com- and four planes from the naval base
pleting the services. here went up to offer assistance but
May 7 and 8 have been selected could do nothing. When the ship
as the dates of the annual Spring struck the water, her stern was left
Sgames, in order that the fathers high in the air and the gas bag was
whoaein drtanArbofothr damaged to some extent.
whoae inA nnayAbor for The ship was 1,200 feet in the air
Fathers'Day, May , will be able when trouble developed, but Lieuten-
to witness the annual freshman- ant Kietburtz manoeuvered her to with-
sophomore struggle. in 500 feet of the surface before she
-__went down out of control. She was
towed to Langeley field, where she had
been used for training purposes, by an
army tug after the accident.
Senate And House
___TT Argue Prohibition'
Ifenderson, Diener, Johnson, Kipke, (By Associated Press)
And Christy Will Talk To Gathering WASHINGTON, March 10.-The pro-
In Union Assembly Hall hibition question agitated congress
again today with discussions in both
KAthe Senate and House, punctuated by)
SMOKER BE~GINS AT 7:30 i(bitterness and laughter.k
Centering on the value of a news-i
Final arrangements for the fresh- paper poll in progress on the question
man assembly, which will be held to- of modification, the day brought forth
night in the assembly hall of the introduction of a resolution calling for,
Union, were completed yesterday, anda nation-wide referendum on modiflca-
tion, scriptural quotations, references
the finishing touches applied to the to George Washington's beer recipe,
varied program of entertainment a recipe for Manhattan cocktail, en-
which has been arranged by the un- forcement agents, personal exchange
derclass department of the Union and between Senator Bruce, Democrat,
the social committee of the freshman Md., and Senator Glass, Democrat,
literary class. Invitations have been Va., another difference over senate
mailed to every first year man on the 'rules between Vice-president Dawes
campus, and provisions are being and Senator Reed, Democrat, Mo., and
made for an attendance of more than mention of the cost of the congres-
1,000. sional record.,
The program is comprised of music, The House expended approximately
entertainment, and speeches. A prom- three and one-half hours on prohibi-
inent faculty member, athlete, and tion discussion with most of those
student will address the first year present participating at various times
men, besides the president of the in the attack and defense of the
class. Smokes will be provided for Eighteenth Amendment and Volstead
all present. Act.
The assembly will be called to
order promptly at 7:30 o'clock. Music
will be furnished for a half hour by May Restore Debs
the new Union orchestra, the Rhythm Citizenship Rights
Lester Johnson, '27L, chairman of
the underclass department, will then (By Associated Press)
introduce William L. Diener, '26, pres- WASHINGTON, March 10.-A move-
ident of the Union. "Your Relation- ment has been started to have citizen-
ship with the Union" is the subject ship rights restored to Eugene V.-
of Diener's address. Debs, socialist leader, who served
The president's remarks will be fol- more than two years in the Atlanta
lowed by a talk from Harry Kipke, penitentiary for opposing American
'24, assistant backfield coach, and na- participation in the World war.
tionally known Michigan athlete. He Representative Berger, Socialist,
will speak on "What Value Have Ath- Wis., after a conference today .at the
letics?" White House, said President Coolidge
Special entertainment will follow had shown sympathetic interest in an
Kipke's address before the speaker's appeal for Debs.
program is resumed. Harlan Christy, One of the stumbling blocks to res-
'29, president of the literary class, toration of citizenship rights is Debs'
will then give a brief outline of the refusal to make personal application
activities which the freshmen will en- for a full pardon. He adheres to the
gage in during the remainder of the belief, expressed during his trial when
school year. he refused to employ counsel, that
"A True Michigan Man," is the sub- he committed no crime in voicing his I
ject that Prof. W. D. Henderson, di- opposition to war in his famous Can-
rector of the University extension di- ton, Ohio speech.
vision, has selected for the final ad-
dress of the evening. Linotype Official
Tacna-Arica Feud Speaks Here Today
Thomas Knapp, member of the edu-
cational department of the Mergen-
(By Associated Press) thaler Linotype company, will give an
WASHINGTON, March 10.-The at- illustrated lecture on "The Linotype-
tempt of Washington to settle the Its History and Development," at 4:15
South American feud over Tacna- o'clock today in Natural Science audi-
Arica slowly is approaching its frui- torium.

tion, but what the harvest will be The lecture was arranged through
I is a subject of overgrowing specula- the courtesy of William C. Hollands,
tion. superintendent of the printing and
y A year and a day now have elapsed binding department of the University,'
since President Coolidge, as arbiter and will be offered under the au-
; between* Chile and Peru, decided to spices of the department of journal-
; stake the sovereignty of the disputed ism.
provinces on a plebiscite. For months Mr. Knapp, in addition to his work
a special commission at Arica has with the Mergenthaler firm, is presi-
been plodding toward an understand- dent of the Old Time Printer's asso-

J. H1. Maurer, President Pennsylvania
Federation Of Labor Would Cut
Out Extra Handling
"Ownership of all coal deposits by
the government is the only remedy for
the present situation in the coal in-
dustry," said James Hudson Maurer,
president of the Pennsylvania Feder-
ation of Labor, who spoke yesterday
afternoon in'the Natural Science audi-
torium on the subject "What's Wrong
With the Coal Industry?" "There are
twice as many men in the bituminous
coal fields than are necessary, so that
very few miners make much more
than a living wage. And after the
coal is mined it passes through so
many hands that it costs to the con-
sumer twice as much as it really
should cost. If the government would
buy the mines, which would elimi-
nate much of the extra cost added to
coal, and would pay the miners wages
commensurate with their work and
risks, the trouble in the coal Indus-
try will cease. A tax of 27 cents
on each ton mined for 50 years would
cancel all the debts the government
would incur by buying the mines.
"Anthracite coal and bituminous
coal problems are entirely different;
the mining, the risks of the miners,
the operating, the market of the two
kinds of coal present separate and
distinct problems in the Industry,"
said Mr. Maurer, "and so they must
be discussed separately.
Miners Live Poorly
"One cannot get an idea of a coal
city from just passing through the
region on a train. The bituminous
miners live in houses built by the coal
companies, all one size and shape.
Most of them are not equipped with
any modern conveniences, many be-
ing on isolated roadways; the miners
and their families just exist, not live.
"But the real trouble in the bitumi-
nous industry is this: We could take
200,000 men out of the bituminous coal
regions and never miss them; there
are twice as many miners in Pennsyl-
vania than are necessary. The aver-
age time worked by the miners in the
United States is a little less than half-
time. Some miners work four days a
week, others two days, and some work
but one day a week. Men in the coal
fields outside of the mines earn from
$6.60 to $7.10 per day; miners inside
the mines earn from $7.20 to $7.60 ppr
day. Men who do machine loading,
undermining, drilling, and similar
work get 86 cents per ton for coal
mined, and those who do pick and
hand mining earn $1.14 per ton. In
Tennessee in 1924, the average miner
worked 159 days and earned $649.00;
in other states the number of days
worked in the year ranged as high s
220, with the yearly wages $1287.00
being the most paid to any miner dur-
ing the year. Before the athracite
coal strike, mine run sold at from
$1.75 to $2.75 at the mine; recently it
1 sold at from $2.50 to $4.00, while the
consumer paid from $7.00 to $20.00
for the coal. But cheap wages do not
mean cheap coal, while more men
working would increase the price of
Industry Is Overdeveloped
"The big trouble is that the bitumi-
nous industry is overdeveloped. There
is no monopoly in soft coal; a man
with several thousand dollars can

start a mine. The industry has run
amuck; it is developed to a capacity
of a billion tons per year, with a mar-
ket for half that amount.
"The anthracite industry presents an
entirely different problem," the speak-
er continued. "It is a monopoly, 75
per cent of the anthracite coal being
owned by eight big operators. Nine-
ty-nine per cent of all the anthracite
coal in the United-States is situated in
seven counties in lower Pennsylvania
'so there is but a fixed supply of it,
while the bituminous fields are in-
exhaustible. And the market for hard
coal is steadily increasing. It is more
expensive to mine anthracite, and it
is much more dangerous.
Man' Miners Lose Lives
t"During the two and one-half years
up to the beginning of the strike last
fall, 158,000 men were employed in
the anthracite fields. Of these, 1,442
were killed, 31 disabled for life, about
500 more lost part of their bodies,
and besides these there were more

Invitations to the fourth annual1
Gridiron Knights banquet, which will
be held Tuesday evening, April 6, in
the assembly hall of the Union, un-
der the auspices of Sigma Delta Chi,
will be distributed by tomorrow night.
Those to out-of-town newspapermen


said Mu. PauI-JJOnCOUr LUr g ULL
end of a tense private session of the I
League of Nations council. The ses-
sion, which lasted nearly four hours,
served as a climax to the most hectic
of Geneva's thrilling days since the
beginning of the present crisis over
the reorganization of the council
raised by the entry of Germany.
The pinnacle of the crisis was at-
tained today because Chancellor Lu- {
ther and Doctor Stresemann courte-
ously, but none the less decisively, in-
formed the allied representatives,
who, with the Germans, constitute the
so-called Locarnist-Rhine pact group,
that their mandate from the govern-
ment and people of Germany did not
permit German acquiescence in the
creation of other permanent seats in
the council simultaneously with the
election of Germany.
Masques To Start
Seat Sale Today
Seats for the Masques' production
of "Why Marry?" by Jesse Lynch
Williams, to be presented Wednesday

and state government officials were
sent out yesterday while students, fac-
LH I116 n Unli i ulty members, and townspeople, whose
E names appear on the mailing list, will
receive their invitations today and to-
Announcement was made yesterday
(By Associated Press) by Joseph Kruger, '26, general chair-
PARIS, March 10.-With Aristide man of the banquet, that arrange-
-Briand's ninth cabinet only a few ments have been completed with Phil-
hours old and the formal ministerial i ip Pack, '18, director of the Michi-
declaration still a week away, manou- gan News Bureau, for moving pictures
vers had been started tonight to make to be taken of the event. Movies will
its life short. One attack centers on be taken of the entire assemblage, the'
Louis Malvy, who holds the portfolio presentation of the Oil Can by Prof.
of minister of the imterior. 0. J. Campbell of the English depart-
Deputy Y. B. Arnegaray served no- ment, last year's recipient, and also
tice on M. Briand that he would in- close-ups°of the principal speakers.
terpellate the premier "upon the pres- These will be shown in theaters of 40
once of M. Malvy in the cabinet." cities throughout the state.
It likely will be a hard task for the
premier to attain a stable working ATHENS. - Italian financiers are
majority, -since the nucleus of the left reported to have offered to lend
center deputies forming the backbone Greece $10,000,000, provided the loan
of his supporters is insufficient, and be expended on armaments ordered
must be reenforced either from the from Italian firms.
right or left.
M. Malvy had been minister of the
interior under three different cabinets I V t he a
during the war, and was called "th e Our ea ier Ran

ing on the rules for such an election.

ciation of Chicago.'


Maurer Tells Of Dangers Coal
M1iners Face InEvery Day Work
"Cost in miners' blood-that is them for life, 278 lost eyes, 17 lost
something you do not appreciate arms, 54 lost hands, 34 lost legs, 50
when you sit before your coal-fire. lost feet, 307 lost fingers, 203 lost
thumbs? Of course, these figures do
You do not realize the accidents and not include the thousands of mine
fatalities which went into the mining workers suffering from miners' asth-
of that coal," asserted James M. ma, rheumatism and premature old

on page Seven.

Yours, too,

can be placed there by call-


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