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January 19, 1926 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1926-01-19

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ESTABLISHED
1890

rom

140 44W
-A!h.
VMS.owfihw
-NOW
t 1$ an

t1

MEMBER
ASSOCIATED
PRESS

. .. . ......... .

VOL. XXXVI. No. 103

EIGHT PAGES

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1926

EIGHT WAGES

PRICE FIVE CENTS

HUTCHINSON GIVES
MORAL ASPECTS OF
CHINESE OUESTIONI'
ASSERTS CIIINESE TREATMENTI
BY WESTERN WORLD IS E
I S G R A C E F ULR
PREDICTS DISASTER

______._

EIGHT PAGE

LATE lPRES~IDENT' RURTON'S
MOTHER D)IES IN IOWAj
News of the death of Mrs. J.
A. Gilgen, mother of the late
"resident Marion Leroy Burton,
in Melbourne, Ia., on Wednes-
day Feb. 10 has been received in
Ann Arbor.E
According to the report re-
ceived here, Mrs. Gilgen has been
ill for about 17 weeks and on the
first of February suffered a!
stroke from which she never re-
covered fully.
It is noteable at this time that
one year ago yesterday, Feb.1
18, 1925, President Burton diedI
at his home on the campus fpl-
lowing an extended illness.j

'SLIDE FAT9l
NUMBER 38:1
EFFORTS COI

LITIES
RELIEF
~~TINU
IDIN(A MORE
ER

ABAI)O-

HOPE OF FIN
iIVING UND
A VALANCIIE

Chiraeterizes Entrance Into Chin
As Being Gained By "Force,
Ruthlessly AppUed"
Denouncing the treatment of China
by the Western world as infamous
and disgraceful, Dr. Paul Hutchinson
indiscussing the moral issues of the
Fair Eastern -question yesterday in
Natural Science auditorium, declared,
"I believe that black lays are coming.
I am not at all an optimist as to what
is ahead is Asia. I believe that we
shall pay terribly, for the record we
have written through the years. Had
I time I rmight have given you the
story of our lying, our stealing, our
blood guiltiness in infinite detail. Un-
less we go far beyond any point of
repentance or restitution which I now
can foresee, we will learn to our bit-
terness that where there has been
moral outrage, there is a debt to be
paid."
Sees Moral Issue

aI
II

LCRITIC TO EXPLAIN
HE VOLUTIO0N IN ARTI
Author Of "holiday", "Our America",
And "Chalk Faee", Will Describe
Modern Trend Of Art
HAS LIBERAL TENDENCY
After several unsuccessful attempts
to secure the services of Waldo
Frank, famous American critic and
novelist, Prof. O. J. Campbell of the
English department, announced yes-
terday that Mr. Frank would speak
I d"~~~~'i ll or + io r T,;r~c;t

30 STILL MISSING
Fear Recurrence Of Disaster As Sun
Melts Drifts On Peaks; Governor
Considers Aid For Survivors
(By Associated Press)
BINGHAM, Utah, Feb. 18.-Workers
continued digging tonight in the
debris resulting from the snow slide;
in Sap Gulch, near here yesterday,
despite the abandonment of hope that
any of the entombed persons mightI
yet be alive. It was believed that
they would have frozen to death by
this time.
The number of known dead was in-
creased late today to 38 with the re-
covery of the bodies of ai man and a
boy from the ruins., About 30)ire-
mained missing. The exact number
killed many not be known until
spring, when the snow melts, officials
said explaining that only a small por-
tion of the devasted area could be
cleared of all snow.
Twelve persons are in a hospital
but they have been declared out of
danger. Governor George H. Dern ar-
rived at the scene of the disaster late
today and made a thorough investiga-
tion. He will consider the matter of
calling upon the people for a relief
fund for the survivors. Sentries were
patrclling the ridges surrounding thef
gulch in fear of another slide. Much
snow remains on the mountain side
and it could easily bring about an-
other disaster since the lives of hun
dreds of miners now digging in the
debris would be in danger. A bright
sun today was declared a dangerous'
factor as there was likelihood that
some of the snow on the peaks would
be melted.

Display Cover
And Views Of
1926 'Ensian
Portions of the view section and
the cover of the 1926 Michiganensiar
will be placed on display today in the
main corridor of the Library, it was
announced last night by C. T. Lee, '27,
circulation manager. The pictures are
etchings of familiar campus scenes
done by members of the 'Ensian art
staff. The cover is in medieval pray-
er book style, having the appearance
of being hand-tooled. It is finished in
rich colors.
The purpose of the display, he said,
is to correct a false rumor that as
the price of the annual is lower this
year than in former years, the quality
will be lessened.
Arrangements have been made for
the printing of 300 additional copies
of the 'Ensian, Lee stated, and anyone
wishing to order an annual can do so
on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thurs-
day of next week. Staff members will
be stationed in the Engineering build-
ing, in the main hall of the Library,
in University hall, and in the lobby
of Angell hall. The price will be $5.001
This'will be the last opportunity to
place orders for the 1926 yearbook.

Although there are social, political (aL :..) o'cck tody iiversity
and economic phases of the problem 3Hall, on "The Revolution in Art and
Literature.''
which must be considered for a com-
plete understanding there is a moral Mr. Frank should present a lecture
issue back of it all, the speaker said, of particular interest on this sub-
dating back to our very entrance into ject, asserted Professor Campbell,
China. He characterized our entrance since this tendency towards radical-
into the country as being gainet by ismeistone of the outstanding char-
"force, ruthlessly applied, in a war acteristics of his style. Mr. Frank Is
Which had the penetration of an un- the author of "Our America," "Holi-
,willing country as its political and the I day," and "Chalk Face," .as well as
legalization of the opium traffic as its several critical essays.
economic end." "The great danger in literature and
The second conspicuous thing that art today, according to Mr. Frank,"
the Western countries did when they Professor Campbell added, "is that
found China unable to resist them the so-called psuedo-literature is lia-
was to establish colonies, concessions, ble to be mistaken for the true. It
and spheres_ of influence on her ter-.must be remerbered at all times that
ritary,Doctor Hutchinson asserted. Be- true literature is not public taste. Mr.
lieving that the Oriental nation could Frank has tremendously high ideals
offer no effective resistance to their and an adventurous spirit, and sets
arms, and that because of it the forth his opinions with a spiritual yet,
breakup of China was inevitable, the robust honesty, regardless of adverse
Western nations began a frenzied criticism." Mr. Frank, who will ar-
competition for concessions and rive this afternoon, will be entertain-I
spheres of influence which would put ed by Mr. Oakley Johnson, of the rhet-
them in a position to annex the rich- oric department.
est regions when the complete break- I
up finally came, he explained. State- Wide Bible
Notes Oppressive Measures Ceenc e
In still further ways was China's Conference Set
sovereignty violated, the speaker con- For February 261
tended, citing the control of tariff and
the system of extra-territoriality as
instances. It has been said that the Delegates to the Bible Discussion
system "while and an admitted in- Group conference from all the col-
fringement of China's sovereignty, legiate institutions of the state will
was made inevitable by the lack of se- gate institon Fesate will
cu rity for foreigners if left at the gather in Detroit on February 26-28
disposal of Chinese courts-and judicial at the First Congregational church.
processes. But was there ever any Dr. A. Bruce Curry, professor of the
hint on our part that the conditions English Bible at Union TheologicalI
which we said demanded extra-terri- seminary in New York City, will con-
toriality for our nationals in China duct the meetings and will give spe-
should, when found to exist here, lead cial instruction in the arrangement
to the granting of extra-territoriality and conduct of discussion groups to I
for Chinese nationals in this country?"' the attending delegates
He pointed out that there is a moral Dr. Curry has for the last three
issue involved "in such a one-sided years been making an intensive study
situation, which every Chinese will I of student life and problems, in the
maintain." course of which lie has visited nearly
,Doctor Hutchinson further explain- all of the large universities of the
ed that we have outraged the coun- East and Middle West. He is one of
try using force in pushing the coin- the acknowledged leaders in this
mercial penetration and frequently ! particular field, together with Har-
exploitation, declaring that in China, rison Elliott and W. W. Horn. From
"where the concession hunter has run his experiences has grown a book en-
wild, the ways which men have taken titled "Facing Student Problems."
to seize an easy fortune have fre- The Student Christian association
quently been shameful ones." ie also I and the Y. W. C. A. are fostering the
accused missionaries of taking advan- registration of the delegates from the
tage of certain '"toleration clauses"' of University, and it is lhoped that 25'
treaties to enter, not only territories or 30 students will represent the Uni-
which are generally open to foreign versity at this conference.
trade and residence, but anywhere
they desired, using military force
when needed. Campbell Transi
He lastly accused the westerners ofi
asserting a sense of social superiorty On "B- ggarm
which denies them treating the peo-
ple among whom they take up resi-
dence with equality. I P _0r.Campbel*ofthe English R

t
3
l
i
,
3

AGREEMENT SEE[N
Ileasure Will Become Law When Sign-
ed By C'oolidge And Redictions
Effective Immediately
FINAL ACTION MONDAY
(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, Feb. 18.-An agree-
ment on the tax reduction bill between
the Senate and House conferees by to-
morrow night, permitting the final rat-
ification and enactment of the measure
early next week, was predicted to-
night.
At the conclusion of the fourth day
of conferences on the bill Senator

UIL I Smoot, Republican, Utah, head of the
Senate conferees made the prediction
that the differences between the two
branches of Congress would be com-
promised. '
Phidelah Rice, interpretive reader Both sides stood firm again today,
and dean- of the Power School of however, on their differences involv-
Speech of Boston, who lectured in f ing $125,000,000 in additional tax re-
Hill auditorium last night under the duction voted by the Senate above
auspices of the Oratorical association, those approved by the -louse.
was entertained by the Lawyers' club Adjournment of the Senate tonight!
at dinner, following which he gave until Monday made it impossible forl
two readings in the lounge room of final action by Congress on the bill
the club. His first selection was a before next week, but if the hope of
brief one-act play, an English com- the conferees for an agreement tomor-
edy, "The Use of the Word," which row is fulfilled it will be possible for
Mr. Rice defined as "a study in mas- the House to act on the compromise
culine reticence," the play being a Saturday. This Would permit Sen-
dramatization of the relations be- ate action Monday.
tween a typical father and son. As The measure will become law when
an encore he gave an impersonation President Coolidge signs it and many
of one of Mark Twain's mining char- of the reductions including those on
acters. income taxes and a large number of'
sections repealing excise levies, will
rbecome effective immediately.
FUT NE RN 10

,
i
,
.j

~ENGINEERS CLOSE
TWELFTHANNUAL
jHIGHWAYMEETING
RETURNS SH0W THAT OVER 700
COMMISSIONERS ATTEFNDED
CONVENTION 1EETNGS
OFFICERS ELECTED
Fraik F. Rogers Declares Consider-
able "Loose Figuring" In Aanalysis
Of Highway Statistics
After passing a resolution of con-
fidence in the state highway officials,
the twelfth annual conference on
highway engineering adjourned yes-
terday morning from one of the most
successful sessions in the history of
the institution according to those in
( charge . Partial returns from regis-
tration showed that more than 700
I road commissioners and engineers at-
tended the meetings of the conven-i-
tion.
During the final session, Frank F.
Rogers, Michigan state highway com-
missioner, discussed the past and
future road building programs of the
state. If sufficient funds are provid-
ed for maintenance, he said, the de-
partment can continue to give satis-
factory roads to many sections of the
state, having heavy traffic only a
small portion of the year, without the
construction of expensive pavemnts.
In this connection, Mr. Rogers as-
serted that the state has not lost
money by building many of its pre-
liminary roads of gravel and asphalt,
and that he is well satisfied with the
results obtained from the $50,000,000
bond issue.
Declaring that there had been con-
siderable "loose figuring" in the
analysis of highway statistics, the
commissioner told the conference the
circumstances involved in the state's
program. He made particular men-
tion of the highways in the east and
central part of the state.
Problems of highway maintenance
were discussed by O. S. Iess, man-
aging engineering for Kent county,
and B. C. Tinney, maintenance en-
gineer of the state highway depart-
ment. Mr. Tinney explained the re-
cent reorganization of the mainten-
ance division which has obtained bet-1
ter engineers and more regular repair
of the roads. The particular signifi-
cance of the forests in highway main-
tenance was pointed out by Mr. Hess.
Reports from the county commis-
sioners in regard to the township
road improvement plan showed that
the majority of the townships were
opposed to the county control of their
road program.
Officers for the ensuing year chosen
Wednesday night by the board of di_
rectors, were announced yesterday as
follows: president, Warren Townsend,
Grand Rapids; vice-president, W. W'
Cox, PortHuron; secretary-treasurer,
K. I. Sawuee, Ishpeming.
The conference was held under the
auspices of the Engineering college
in co-operation with the Michigan i
state highway department and the
Michigan association of road commis-
sioners and engineers, with the pur-
pose of considering the problems of I
highway construction, finance, main-
tenance and personnel management.
*1*
Briton Asks Aid
Of Newspapermen
LONDON, Feb. 18. - Sir Austin
Chamberlain, the foreign secretary
speaking today at a luncheon of the
Foreign Press association, urged the
newspapers of the world, as well as
politicians, to be temperate in discuss-
ing the tangled problem of how the I

council of the League of Nations shall
be constituted. He referred to the
question of allotting permanent seats
in that body to other nations besides
Germany.
His audience included the French,
Belgian, German, and Italian ambassa-
dors.
Check Bloodshed
Plea To League
ROME, Feb. 18.-Hope that the man-
date commission of the League of Na-
tions, now meeting here, will "check
the bloodshed in Syria," by support-
ing a proposal for a local inquiry by a
neutral committee was expressed by
Emir Shekib Arslan, head of a mission
representing the Arab committee for
Syria abroad. "The situation in Syria
has not improved," he said.

I
i
EI
I II,

LEADERS MAY CONFORM
(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, Feb. 18.-A group of
prominent House Republicans agreed
at a conference today to put the legis-
lative brakes on any move to start in-
vestigation by House committees. This
decision is in line with that reached
by Senate Republicans to check in-
quiries in that chamber.
The action of the House group was
aimed directly at investigations in
general and indirectly at two resolu-
tions, now pending before the House
rules committee. One to investigate
the anti-saloon elague and the other
the anti-saloon league and the other
traffic committee to make a survey of
conditions under prohibition.
The group took the position that the
country would receive no benefit from
an agitation of the prohibition situa-
tion at present and that an investiga-I
tion of the league or a survey of con-
ditions would contribute little, if any-
thing, to dry law enforcement.
The view also was held that investi-
gations of any kind impair the ef-
ficiency of the House in considering
other legislation and that the inquiries
themselves seldom result in any tangi-
ble benefits. °
At least one of the recognized Re-
publican House leaders is in sympathy
with the position of this group and is
expected to oppose any inquiry pro-
posals now pending before the House.
Whether the House members general-
ily will fall in line with this course,
however, is problematical.
Representative Britten, Republican,
Illinois, who introduced the resolution
to investigate the league has announc-
ed he would press for its adoption
while only recently Representative
Hudson, Republican, Michigan chair-
man of the liquor traffic committee
wrote the rules committee asking an
early hearing on a proposal that his
group conduct a survey of conditions
under the dry law.
WADE TORACERUSIAN
FLIER TO ARCTIC LANDS
Says Soviets Plan To Beat America
In lisco'verhg Uncharted Area
(By Associated Press)
NEW YORK, Feb. 18-A desire to
beat the bolsheviks is one reason for
the polar flight to be headed this sum-1
mer by Lieut. Leigh Wade, around-the-
world flyer, who is to resign from the
army.
Every member of the American un-
iversities expedition believes, he says,
that "the bolsheviks plan to beat us
in finding the continent we feel as--
sured lies in the uncharted seas above
Alaska"
SThe reason is clear enough, he de-
clares because "a military base could
be established within a day's flying
distance of most important cities of
the northern hemisphere."
He cited the closing of Wrangell
island, the Kamchatka peninsula and
northeastern Siberia to foreigners as
evidence that soviet Russia is plan-
ning an expedition to head off dis-
coveries and claims by other nations.
nAmerican airmen know that Russia
has as large an air force as the Un-
ted States and as much equipment
he insists. Russia now is manufactur-
ing its own planes.
, .

GENTLE EARTHQUAKE JARS
SOUTH CALIFORNIA COAST
(lIv Associated 1Presio
Los Angeles, Feb. 18. - The
coast area of soutthern Califor-
nia from Santa Barbara south
to Los Angeles was gently sway
at 10 :18 o'clock this morning
by an earthquake of the rolling
variety which apparently cen-
tered in the Sini valley, 12 milesj
inland from Ventura. .
The quake varied in intensity
from a sharp tremble at Santa
Barbara to a light rollaat Los
Angeles. No damage could bej
confirmed on re-checking tonight.
At Santa Barbara clocks were
reported stopped and school
sessions halted temporarily when
the children marched from the 1
buildings.

REPUBUICANS TO
END HOUSE PROBES

Prominent Representatives Agree
Quash Any Investigations By
House Committees

To'

LECTURE CORS
TO AID FUND FOR
BURTON MEMORIAL
STEFANSSON WILL OPEN SERIES
TO STIMULATE INTEREST
IN CAMPANILE
SERVICES DONATED
Student Council Aranges Appearance
Of Explorer March 12; To Show
Pictures Of Arete
Stimulation of interest in the Bur-
ton Memorial Campanile will be the
purpose of a series of lectures planned
by the Student council, the first of
which will be given March 12 by V1-
hjalmur Stefansson, Arctic explorer
and lecturer.
The. noted explorer was a close
j friend of the last President Marion Le-
roy Burton, and the last time he spoke
here, the night before the President
was stricken with the illness that end-
ea with his death, President Burton
introduced him. That was the Pres'
ident's last public appearance.
Stefansson's lecture, which will be
illustrated, will deal with some of his
experiences during his Arctic explora-
tions. Due to his friendship with
f President Burton, he is donating his
{ services for the evening so that all
proceeds may be turned over to the
campanile fund. President Clarence
Cook Little will introduce the speaker.
STheOther Speakers Coming
The Student council is negotiating
with other speakers for the series
among them being William A. Mitchell,
formerly colonel in the United States
army air service. The second ad-
dress of the series will probably be
given during the week of March 25,
although no definite speaker has been
announced as yet.
Stefansson has probably had as ro-
mantic a life as any other living hu-
man being. He was born of Icelandic
parents in Manitoba, Canada. When
but a child, his family moved to the
United States and he was. brought up
on the prairies of North Daktota. In
1903, he secured an A.B. degree frou
the University of Iowa, after which he
took postgraduate work at Harvard,
holding a scholarship for one year and
a fellowship for two.
His interest soon turned from teach-
ing to exploring, and in 1906 he joined
the Lefhingwell-Mikkelsen expedition
and traveled north through Canada to
the Arctic ocean. During the winter
of 1906-1907, he lived among the Es-
kimos inhabiting the region around
the MacKenzie river and studied their
language and mode of life.
Lived Among Eskimos
Since that time, he has spent 10 win-
ters and 13 summers in the polar
regions, and has conducted two expe-
ditions of his own. His first expedi-
tion covered the years 1908-12. Dur-
ing this time he continued his study
of the life of the Eskimos, those liv-
ing on Coronation gulf receiving the
greater part of his attention. Many of
the tribes among which he lived hd
never before seen a white man. These
are the so-called Blond Eskimos.
Accompanied by a large staff of sci-
entists to study the geology, zoology,
and botany of the polar regions, Stef-
ansson again returned to the North
in 1913. During the five years fol-
lowing, he discovered four large is-
lands which he named Borden, Brock,
Lougheed, and Meighan. He also made
a number of long trips across the ice
of the Arctic ocean.
His theory that it is possible to "live
off the country" was established on his
expedition of 1908-12. The following
expedition in 1913 carried the princi-
ple even further and showed that it
could be applied not only to inland
travels but to trips over the sea ice
as well. It is -supposed that by the

use of his methods, regions that havse
never before been explored will be ac-
cessible.
Theory Becomes Famous
The establishment of his theory will
probably go down in history as an
even greater achievement than his dis-
covery of new lands. It had always
been considered before that it was
necessary to take enough provisions
on an expedition to last throughout its
duration. At the time Stefansson first
announced his plans to go into the
polar regions and attempt to "live off
the country", scientists declared that
it was impossible.
Following his return in 1918, the
leading geographical societies -of the
world have recognized his contribu-
tions to science by conferring upon
him their highest honors. He has re-
ceived gold medals from thee Ameri-
can Geographical society of New York,
the National Geographical society of

I .u.ii U U ~
JORNALISTIC SOCIETY!
At the semi-annual initation of
Michigan chapter of Sigma Delta Chi,
national professional journalistic fra-
ternity, yesterday afternoon in the
Union, eight students of the Literary
college were admitted to member-
ship. Following the initiation cere-I
monies a banquet, was given in one
of the private dining rooms.
The eight new members are as fol-
lows: Smith Cady, '27; Stanley !
Crighton, '27; Theodore Hornberger,
'27; Wilton A. Simpson, '27; Court-
land C. Smith, '28; Henry Thurnau,
'28; Chandler Whipple, '27; Cassan
A. Wilson, '28.

'KANSAS AND MISSOURI
BURIED IN SNOWSTORM
(By Associated Press)
KANSAS CITY, Feb. 18.-A heavyj
snow storm accompanied by a gale
from the north swept over northwest
Missouri and Kansas today and ex-
tended into northern Oklahoma and
the Texas panhanadle. One death is
known to have resulted, train service
was delayed several hours on some
railroads from the west, wire com-
munication was hampered in some sec-
tions, and highways were choked by
impassable drifts.
The storm broke before daylight
and followed a downpour of rain that
began yesterday. As the rain changed
to sheet and snow the phenoien of
flashes of lightning through time fall-S
} iug snow was observed at Kansas
City and at various towns in Kansas.
Approve Fund For
1926 Celebration

lr
!'

ates Article
an"; Cast Chosen
The story of "Beggarman pictures
with typical medieval fr'ankness a,
henpecked, drunken peasant, not un-
likelike Rip Van Winkle in the first
part of Irving's legend, and takes him

Change Book List
Due to an inadvertency in the list
of collateral reading books for fresh-
man rhetoric which appeared in yes-
terday's edition of The Daily, "Greed"
was inclued in the collection. Instead,
this should have been "The Pit" by
Norris.
I OurWeatherMan-

department, in addition to doing the
translation for the Mimes' production
of "Begganman," to be presented in
the Mimes theater Tuesday, Wednes-
day and Thursday evening of next
week, was translated from the Dan- ,
ish a detailed article on the tradi-.
tional interpretation of Jeppe, the I.
leading character, by George Brandes,
the noted Scandinavian critic. Prof. I
L. I. Bredvold is also assisting Prof.
fessor Campbell, and every effort is,
being made by the Mimes to intro-;
duce into the farce a correct his-I
torical atmosphere.

WASHNIGTON, Feb. 18.-The

Sen-

through a series of burlesque adven- ate today approved the joint resolution,
tures in which he is changed from I;previously adopted by the House, au-I
beggar to king and back to igthorizing participation by the goven-
bggar t igai akt beggar! ment in tihe Philadelphia sesqui-cen-

again.
The cast includes Amy Loomis,
director of the Junior Girls' play and
assistant on the faculty to Prof. R.
D. T. Hollister, in the role of the
wife, Robert Henderson, '26, as the

tennial celebration. The measure ap-
propriates $2,186,500 for the govern-
ment's part in the celebration, $1,000,-
000 being for buildings and $1,186,500
for its direct participation.

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