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December 15, 1925 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1925-12-15

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ESTABLISHED
1890

Y

A6F
t a n

Adf oar

MEMBER
ASSOCIATED
PRESS

VOL. XXXVI. No. 72

EIGHT PAGES

ANN ARBOR, MICH. TUESDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1925

EIGHT PAGES

PRESENT PLEDGING
SYSTEM 1 SUPHELD
BY CUNCIL'SVT E
ADOPTED RESOLUTION SUSPENDS
ALL ACTION ON PROPOSED
DEFERRED PLAN
PRINCIPLE FAVORED
Interfraternity Body Wishes To Aid
Universit y In Making Conditions
Suitable For New Proposal
Favoring the principle of deferred
pledging, but believing that any
change in the present methods of fra-
ternity rushing would not be practical
until living conditions and social op-
portunities for freshmen are improv-
ed, the Interfraternity council yester-
day adopted a resolution definitely
postponing any action of a new sys-
tem of deferred pledging. The vote
was heavily in favor of the resolution,
but three fraternities opposing the de-
cision. ,
The council, according to its reso-
lution, wishes to aid the University
in Instituting a dormitory or commons
system for freshmen, thus insuring
good living conditions and opportu-
nity for meeting other members of the
same class, believing that when such
conditions are available for frst year
men, it will be possible to defer fra-
ternity rushing for the good of both.
the rushee and the fraternity man.
The resolution, which had previously
been adopted by the j'udiciary commit-
tee of the Interfraternity council, fol-
lows:
"The Interfraternity council is in
favor of the principle of deferred
pledging, but does not feel that it can
be put in successful operation under
present conditions at the University,
because of lack of proper living con-
ditions and social opportunities for
the freshmen. We should like to co-
operate with the University in an ef-
fort to improve these conditions and
opportunities, in the belief that this
will be for the best interests of the
University and that -with this co-
operation a successful system of de-
layed pledging may be put into ef-
fect."
Following the settlement of the
question of deferred pledging, the
council considered instituting at
Michigan a system of grading profes-.
sors on their ability to teach a class
in an interesting manner, on their
proficiency in research work, and on
other qualities, in an effort to ascer-
tain which men on the faculty are
most successful in their work of
teaching the students and keeping
undergraduates interested in their
work. A similar system has been in
effect at Harvard, where it has proven
successful. The result is obtained by
each student, at the end of each se-
mester, grading the instructor on his
work. According to eports from
Harvard, the vote has indiated ac-
curately the value of the professor to
the university.-
Complete details of the Harvard
plan, and the opportunity of starting
such a system at Michigan, will be
presented to the council at its next
meeting, early in January.
SENTOS RECOGNIZE
ROBRT LA FOLETTE1
(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, Dec. 14.-Senator
La Follette of Wisconsin was recog-
nized today as a Republican by the
Republican Senate committee on com-
mittees.

He was given assignments to the
standing committees just as any other
senator of his party. A year ago his
father was read out of the party
councils and removed from his rank-
ing places on these bodies.
The young Wisconsin senator was
assigned to three committees, manu-
facturers, mines and Indian affairs.
His father was chairman of the manu-
facturers' committee up to a year
ago and also was a ranking member
on Indian affairs. The vote in the
committee was unanimous.
Orders For Opera
Tickets End Soon
Ticket applications for all road per-
formances of "Tambourine" are now
available at the house manager's of-
fice in the Union.

Union Members KELLOGG EXPLAINS
To Vote Upon
New ProposaFlGNPLCE

Thursday, Jan. 14, is the date that
has been selected by Richard Barton,
x'26, recording secretary of the Union,
for the special meeting of Union mem-
bers at which time the proposed
amendment to the Union constitution
will be voted on, providing a quorum
of 600 members is present.
Barto set the date of the meeting I
last night when one of the circulating.
petitions, bearing 200 signatures, had
been presented to him. In accordance
with the constitution, the recording
secretary must give at least ten days'
notice by suitable posting and publica-
tion, for calling such a meeting upon
the written request of at least 2001
members of the Union.
T ITI
WOOLLCOTT WILL
LECTURHE JAN. 2
Dramatic Editor Of New York Times
Will Be Sixth Speaker On
Oratorical Program
SUBJECT NOT CHOSEN
Speaking as the sixth lecturer on
the season program of the Oratorical
association, Alexander Woollcott, dra-
matic editor of the New York Times,
will appear in Hill auditorium Jan.
22. His specific subject has not been
chosen, but it will deal with the stage,
plays, and players.
Mr. Woollcott is not only regarded
as a supreme authority on theatrical
matters, but upon his verdict largely j
depends the fate of many a new play.
In connection with his editorial work,
he makes a yearly visit to London
and Paris to see the plays which are
destined for production in this coun-
try, and to form an opinion as to their
probable success or failure.
Recognized as a brilliant writer, and
an able speaker, Mr. Woollcott is well
known in theatrical circles. During
his long career as a dramatic critic
he has made the acquaintance of the
leading men and women of the stage
in this country, in England, and in
France. His acquaintance also in-
cludes the principal dramatic authors.
In his lecture, Mr. Woollcott will
discuss the life of the New York stage
from a dramatic critic's point of view
and deal with a number of subjects j
that appeal to all who are interested'
in plays, playwrights, theatre-going,
and the characteristics of audiences.
ecora Cited
By Summerall
In Own Behalf

SERETARY USES MEETING OF
(lREMiN COUNCIL
AS FOL C
GIVES DEBT POLICY

Clites Locarno Securiy Treaty
Sakrativ-aa Exclusion
As Exampics

Anda

(By Associated Press)
NEW YORK, Dec. 14.-The foreign
policies of the Coolidge administration
with the reasons behind them was ex-
plained here tonight by Secretary
Kellogg of the State department in a I
speech running the whole scale from
the Sakratvala exclusion case to the'
Locarno security treaty.
Using a meeting of the council of
foreign relations as his forum, the
secretary addressed these pronounce-,
ments to American citizens and to
foreign governments.
A warning to American bankers
against "indiscriminate" loans to
German states and municipalities, al-
though "the state department has not
felt itself called upon to object to
such loans as against the public in-
terest."
Reaffirmation of the government's
desire to cooperate in European re-
habilitation, but keep clear of Euro-
pean politics.{
A declaration that he set as muchI
store "by the spirit of Locarno as
upon the treaty of Locarno."
An expression of hope that Chinal
will realize her aspirations for free-1
dom from unequal treaties.
An exposition and reiteration of
the American War debt funding pol-
icy.
A defense of his own action in ex-
cluding aliens who desire "to teachj
their pernicious doctrines of com-
munism" in this country.
Mr. Kellogg spoke from a carefully
prepared manuscript with every evi-
dence of consciousness that his wordsj
would be heard round the world. It'
was disclosed that the address was
regarded as of much importance, par-
ticulirly that section dealing with
foreign debts and that touching upon
the American attitude toward Euro-
pean conferences, although it contain-
ed no direct reference to the Geneva
disarmament movement.
VAUDEVILLE TRYOUTS TO,
REPORT THIS AFERNOON'
Dimes Will Select en For Tourna-
meant Which Will Be Held Jaen. 7-8
Try-outs for the annualMimes vau-
deville tournament, to be held in the

Detroit Judge
Will Speak At
Law Gathering
Judge Ira W. Jayne of Detroit, cir-
cuit court judge for Wayne county,
will be the principal speaker at the
all-law smoker to be held at 7:30i
o'clock Wednesday night at the Union.
Other numbers on the program will
be the Midnight Suns, male quarette
from the Glee club, and a specialty
act from the same source. Two
dancers of the Charleston will also
contribute to the program.
The social committee is negotiating
for the services of a five-piece or-
chestra. Admission to the smoker will,
be restricted to law students.
HOSECOMMtITTEE
OPPOSES COO'DLIDGE,
Democratic-Insurgent Majority Report
Of Special Group Is Contrary
To President's Views
REPUBLICANS RESIST
(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, IDec. 14.-Continu
ance of the government's existing Mer-
chant Marine organization with great-
er concentration of power to the Ship-
ping board, a plan contrary to the
views of President Coolidge, was rec-
ommended today in a Democratic-In-
surgent majority report of a special
House committee.
Concurred in by three Democrats of
the committee and Rep. Cooper, Re-
publican, Wisconsin, the report op-
posed concentration of authority in a
cabinet officer and endorsed the en-
terpretation the board has made of its
own rights,
The three regular Republican mem-
bers of the committee in a minority
report advocated independence of the
Fleet corporation from the board in
the operation of ships and recom-1
mended reorganization of the existing 3
system along the lines proposed by
President Coolidge in his message toj
Congress.
The majority report recommended
that the board elect its own chairman!
and continue "to determine the estab-
lishment, increase, or discontinuance
of trade routes and services, includ-
ing the number and character of ships!
to be operated and the frequency of
sailing.!
Professor To
Speak On Bar,
ul/~l~S

Large larjority of Republicans
pose 25 Per Cent iMaximum
Surtax Rates

Op-

HOUSE APPOVES
NEW REDUCTION
OF INCOME TAX
RATES PROVIDE FOR CUT IN
SURTAX FROM 40 TO
20 PER CE iT
AMENDMENTS LOSE

(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, Dec. 14. - The
sweeping reductions in income taxes
proposed in the revenue bill were ap-
proved today by the House.
The new rates provide for a cut in
the maxiigum surtax from 40 to 20 per
cent and for reduction in all the nor-.
mal taxes. j
Overwhelming support of the non-
partisan bill drafted by the ways and
means committee developed during
the first day of consideration of
amendments by the House.
Half a dozen proposed changes were
swept aside, many without the neces-I
sity even of a record vote. The most
serious fight came on the proposal of
Representative Rainey, of Illinois, a{
Democratic member of the committeeI
to increase the maximum surtax to
25 per cent. It was rejected after a
sharp three hour debate, 196-117. Pre-
viously the House had 'rejected, 266-
54, an amendment by Representative
La Guardia, socialist, New York, to
make the maximum surtax rate 30 per
cent.
Other amendments were turned
down in rapid order and with little
show of partisan division. The sur-
tax vote, however, found most of the
Democrats including Representative
Garrett, of Tennessee, the minority
leader voting for the 25 per cent
maximum rates while a large major-
ity of the Republicans opposed it.
A large attendance participated in
the five hours discussion of the bill
today during which its most vital pro-
visions were disposed of. Adjourn-
ment was taken when the provision to
increase personal exemption from
$1,000 to $1,500 for single persons and
from $2,500 to $3,500 for married per-
sons was reached. Several amend-
ments are pending on this provision.
Anohter provision of the bill in-
creasing from $10,000 to $20,000 the
amount of income on which the 25
per cent credit for "earned income"
may be taken, was approved without
debate.
ECONOMICS CLUB HEARS
PROF. PHILLIPS LECTURE
"Plantations With Slave Labor and
Free" Is Subject of Paper

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Drama Critic
Will Deliver
Address Here

W, alter Prichard Eaton, who for I
norv than a score of years has been
ecognized as an outstanding figure in
ritical and general literature, will
ecture at 4:15 o'clock this afternoon S
n room 1025 Angel lhall on the sub-
ject "Sheridan and Contemporary
somedies of Manners."
Mr. Eaton, who is a Harvard grad-
ate, is vice president of the Drama I
League of America, member of the
National Institute of Arts and Scienc-
s, and for some time was an instruc
;or of journalism at Columbia univer-
ity. For varying periods, he was the
Iramatic critic of the New York Sun,
ew York Tribune, and weekly and
nionthly periodicals.
(E PROSSOR
i
TO SPEAK TODAYki
lernian 11. Chapman Will Lecture On
"The Necessity Of A Profession U
In Forestry" t
C
WUTHOR OF MANY BOOKS i
As the first lecturer in a series of
pecial addresses on the subject of s
Forestry, Prof. Herman H. Chapman, I
>f the forestry department of Yale a
iniversity, will speak on "The Neces- It
ity of a Profession in Forestry" at a
:15 o'clock today in Natural Science}
uditoriumc
In view of the effort the Universityv
s making to guide students in the
hoice of their careers, it is thought
.hat Professor Chapman's talk will be
>f interest to students other than thoseF
pecializing in the work of the for- r
estry department. All students whoe
an attend this lecture are urged to,
lo so. -
Professor Chapman graduated fromd
'he University of Minnesota in 1896
ind in 1904 received the degree of
raster of forestry in the Yale for- It
stry school. He was superintendent I
f the United States agricultural ex-
periment station at Grand Rapids, 1
Minnesota, from 1898 to 1903. Follow-r
ing his field work, Professor Chap-
nan became an instructor and later I
an assistant professor in the Yale
school. At the present time, he isE
the holder of the Harriman profes- t
sorship in forest management at that1
institution. He is a member of the
State Park and Forest Commission ofx
Connecticut and the Society of Amer-
ican Foresters.
Professor Chapman is the author oft
several books: "Forest Valuation",'
'Forest"Mensuration", and "Forest1
Finance".
COLLEGE HEAD VISITS
UINIVERSITY HOSPITAL
Dr. Henry Houghton, director of the
Union Medical college, Pekin, China,
visited Ann Arbor yesterday to inves.
tigate the workings of the Medical
school and University hospital. He
left for Detroit, later in the day, where
he has been staying with friends.
The school of which Dr. Roughton
is the head is a Rockefeller Founda-
tion school, having been established
for the purpose of advancing medi-
cine in the Orient. He has been in
this country for two months inspect-
ing various medical schools, and is
expected to return to this city some
time during the Christmas recess.
PICTUREIS FOR 'ENSIAN

MUST BE IN BYIA l1
Pictures of all organizations that
have contracted for space in the 1926'
Michiganensian must be handed in at
the 'Ensian office Jan. 15. In viewf
of the large number of groups that
will have to have pictures taken, it
is urged that appointments be made
with the photographers before Christ-
mas vacation.
All senior pictures must be taken'
and all proofs returned to the photog-
raphers by Friday. Adjustments of
irregularities in senior pictures will
be made at the Michiganensian busi-
ness office in the Press building from

PRICE FIVE CENTS
FIIINO SENATOR
RELATS FATS OF
SLAN DEOCRA
AYS LOCAL POWERS OF PEOPLE
IN PHILIPPINE ISLANDS
HAS INCREASED
DISCUSSES AT TITUDE
)smena States Policy Of Granting
Increasing Political Power Is
Strictly Followed
"Indebtedness aind gratitud 'will
always pervade the sentiment of the
Philippino people toward the United
States," said Sen. Sergio Osmena,
president protempore of the Philippine
senate, in a talk delivered yesterday
afternoon in Natural Science auditor
um on "Democracy in the Phlip.
pines."
"As a logical outcome of the grader
mal development of self-government in
he Philippines," continued Senator
)smena, "there had to be an increase
n the local powers given to the Phil-
ppino people and a corresponding de-
crease in the power of the local repre-
sentatives of American sovereignty.
This, however, was done without in
any way diminishing the essence of
hat sovereignty, the process culmin-
ating in the granting of inde-
pendence-the crowning achievement
of a great joint enterprise carried to
a successful conclusion by the good
will of two friendly peoples."
Traces Development
Senator Osmena traced the growth
f self government in the Islands,
stating that the policy of granting
Filipinos ever increasing poltical
power with a view to final independ-
ence has been strictly followed. He
illustrated this point by explaining the
favorable attitude toward this tend-
ency which was maintained by Presi-
dent Harding, in the face of repeated
recommendations to destroy it. Sen-
ator Osmena also gave the details of
the governor-general's position un-
der the Jones law.
"We cannot escape the conclusion,"
he stated, "the the governor-general
no longer has the responsibilities
which he previously had. The power
of administrative supervision and
veto has been given to him to safe-
guard the rights of sovereignty and
the international obligations assumed
by. the United States. But, if they be
well understood, these powers have
more of a negative than positive char-
acter. %
Describes Governor's Role
"It is not expected of him to frame
the policy of the entire government
because that task is assigned to the
legislature and 'he is excluded from
membership in that body. His role is
that of a man of lofty character with
great moral prestige, beyond the 'reach
of local partisanship, placed by the
government of his country to guard
impartially the integrity of the repre-
sentative regime already established,
and to see that the law promulgated
by the representative of the people is
faithfully executed."
Senator Osmena went on to say that
this position of the governor-general
has not changed:the authority and re-
sponsibility of American sovereignty
in the Philippines, inasmuch as the
legislature cannot approve of laws in
conflict with the Jones law because
the courts will declare them unconsit-
tutional. What has happened, he said,
is an increase in the local powers
given the Philippino people with the
aim of granting them autonomy.

NE W MNENTION ENABLES
DEFSTUDENTS ~ TO HEAR
WEST HARTFORD, Conn., Dec. 14
Experiments were made today at the
American School for the Deaf with a
machine which is a combination of
radio and phonograph, with head piece
and speaking tube attachments enabl-
ing pupils at the school, who never
before had hearti a human voice or
any sound, to hear not only the voice
of the speaker, but their own voices
as well.
An 18 year old girl considered to-
tally deaf since she was four, the
first pupil used in the test, heard
and spoke her own name for the first
time, knowning from signs and lip
reading that it was her name.
There is little demonstrativeness in
the deaf children, but the light of
their eyes and the quick change of

(By Associated Press) Mimes theatre Thursday and Friday Prof. Ulrich B. Phillips, of the his-
WASHINGTON, Dec. 14. - Major evenings, January 7 and 8, immediately Prof. E. Blythe Stason, of the Law tory department read a paper before
General Charles P. Summerall, senior following the Christmas vacation, will school, will talk on "Qualifications for the meeting of the Economics club on
officer in the army air service, de- be selected to-day, to-morrow and tho will tal on " lcations for
I fened toay beore te Mithell the Bar" at the third vocational guid-Lao an
fended today before ihe Mitchell Thursday afternoon in the Mimes the- 1 ance meeting at 7 o'clock tonight in Plantations with Slave
martial his record as former com-LFree" last nght.
madn eea fteHwia cIatre from 4 to 5:30 o'clock. Lane Hall auditorium. Professor Sta-i
maning general of the Hawaiian de- son will point out to those students Professor Phillips said that efforts
partment and the part he took last Any organization or student on the who are interested i the legal pro- were made in ante-bellum 'days to im-
summer as commander of the second campus is eligable to try-out, and all fession some of tie qualities of char- ire the worng abldto th
1 ~prove the working ability of the ,
corps area in directing the anti-air- acts will be selected and personally ; actor and personality which are deem- s
craft tests at Fort Tilden, New York, supervised by F. Mortimer Shuter, di- I ed necessary for success in that pro- slaves, who were encouraged to be-Li
and the night searchlight demonstra- I rector of the Union opera. The pur- fession. He is giving the talk withi come apt in special capacities. Hos-
tions at Camp Dixon, New Jersey. pose of the contest is to discover avail- a view of assisting students to decide j pitals with reliable physicians were
In the first place, the veteran gen- able material for the 1926 opera, and whether or not they will enter law frequently to be found on the larger l
oral bared his record to disprove Col- as in the past a silver cup will be as a life work. plantations to care for the laborers
onel Mitchell's charge that he was awarded by a vote of the audiences to This meeting is one of a series of i
ignorant of Hawaii's air defenses, the best number. vocational talks given by prominent "fthey beca e, P l.r
which were among his responsibili- While it is customary for the vari- members of the various professions, in nAfter the war, Professor Phillips
ties in 1923. Then, he gave emphatic ous fraternities to furnish the major- I an attempt to aid students in determ- wention to say, "the reedmen s con- e
denial to other charges, involving: ity of the acts, especial attention is ining on a profession for their life they had been staves.Dbett to the low
statements that he had ordered night called to the fact that ethproduction work. land opportunitieswere -
formation planes at Camp Dix despite )Ifisdopenhtofanydstudentainuthe Univer-i1
the dangers and over protests of fly- sity, and is in the nature of an al- fd the freemo acire faks
tourametiaanMin n nr j11but they were too im provident to take
ing officers, including Capt. Willis campus tournament. advatagIIWIIcilportnites.Thi
h-hae cmmader f te 2th bm- ULU11J~11 flil! Lfl ~l advantage of such opportunities. They
nHale, commander of the 20th bom-were satisfied with a living, and that
bardment squadron at Langley Field, Relicwiatmeswas all they desired."
Realizing the dangers of night for- Resent Doubts Of """
mation flying, he testified he had per- S e ss Associated Pres
sonally ordered that the planes flylt'EW YORK, Dec. 14.-Assertig
with sufficient distance between them that "harm has been done for whichj
to guard against any possibility ofI (y Associated Press) no amount of investigation and ex-
hadlseen seectedfo thet night test TC N, Arizona, Dec. 14.--Sci planatory statements can atone," the
d entists of tha University of Arizona Spectator, student daily newspaper at
by air officers. Throughout the Til-! i Columbia university, expressed edi- L. L. Forsythe, principal of the Ann
den and Dix tests, he declared, the stood by their statement today in the torially today the attitude of the un- Arbor high school, addressed the
recommendations of air officers were face of doubt expressed by eastern sci- dergraduates toward the situation Men's Education club last night on
followed by him and they had ex- entists as to the genuineness of relics arising from the announcement that o . . .
pressed complete satisfaction with the unearthed near here, which the dis- Knute Rockne would be the Columbia"How to Prepare for Criticism in the
arrangements at the time. i coverers claim, tell a disconnected football coach and its subsequent de- Administration of Schools,"a
The general plainly welcomed the story of the discovery of America nial by the Notre Dame mentor. If a school has any merit at all, he
opportunity to appear in his own de- 'some 700 years before Columbus' The Spectator scored the "appar-E said, its executives will be subject to
fense before the tribunal. voyage, ently free reign in dealings carried criticism over a period of time. They
"Such an attitude is to be expected," on by one representative of the uni- mustmra perhomsofvtsne.thesfI
said Dean B. C. Cummings, professor versity, or rather of the very small u prepare themselves with suff-
tOr eaheiX. Iof archaeology of the university. group charged with the direction of cient facts and arguments to meet the

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