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June 03, 1923 - Image 10

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The Michigan Daily, 1923-06-03

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PA E six THE MICHIGAN DAILY S UND , AYSL 9
He will go through the country in that of Mrs. Bryant for an analysis
a propaganda train, carrying thou- of the men and women who brought.
sands of pamphlets and posters and it about, and some prophecy of what
a motion picture apparatus. urging may come. From them he will get a
the eopl- to work the soil, to learn
to read, to treat animals kindly. Sincei picture of Russia as it probably is:
the days of the famine he has gone a tremendous opportunity, an unpar-
from village to village, talking with alleled experiment, a heartening
the peasants and urging them to help1 promise. For Russia is not either
Perhaps the most successful por. those who have less than themselves- by nature or practice a nation of
REVOLUTIONARY trait of all is that of Michael Kalinin, He eats, gossips, and smokes with savages, living in willful ignorance,
president of Soviet Russia. Before the farm hand, porter, publicity nan, or and indulging in wanton destruction.
REFLECTIONS revolution he was a studious but des-' cobbler, and to all of them he ii 'Whether one likes it or not, he must
perately poor peasant living in the "Comrade" Kalinin. And, says Mrs. admit that even in her darkest .days
village of Volost in the summer, and' Bryant, "tine remarkable thing is thati Russia has .managed to lead the world
THE 3IIRRORS OF MOSCOW, By laboring in the factories of Petro- when he gets back to Moscow he in painting, in music, in drama, and
Louis Bryant. Seltzer. $2.50. grad in winter. With the rise of the maes no effort to shake the dust of in writing, and I have more than one
Reviewed by Carroll Lane Fenton Bolshevists he attained prominence in the provinces from his boots, he rath- friend who maintains that she is lead-
University of Michigan the. various land committees, and er makes a point of remaining dis- ing in politics. Peters and Dzerschin-
tn the summer of 1922 Nikolai Le- achievetl immense popularity. Durii5 tinctly a villager. le receives you sky form one side of Russia,. it is
n In nterouptry2 ith L-Sverdloff's presidency, Kalinin served -in his Moscow office wearing the true and it is a aide that is so more
pin truy, and itisha sidentryiswnohmor
asysssin's bullet in his neck, The peo as mediator between the soviets of same old mended spectacles, the same admirable than that of our own coun-
pae responsible for the bullet were the cities and the soviets of the peas-|threadbare coat, and . . . . the same try which is represented by William
brought before a court, and after a ants, and on Sverdloff's death he was heart and mind:" I Burns and Francis P. Garvan. But
long trial in which their guilt was elected president. To those who have read Williams' let us be fair; let us grant that Lenin,
proved over and over again, were sen- Kalinin, like most of the Russian "Through the Russian Revolution," Peter Stootchka, Antonov, and Tchi-
tenced to death. Lenine learned of leaders, is not religious. He has seen Mrs. Bryant's volume is rather tame. cherin represent another side of Rus-
the decree, and, in the face of his ad- too much of life to have faith in all- She knows the revolutionists, but she sia, and Anisoff, Prokofieff, Chaliapin,
visors, forced the court to commute powerful gods that exercise their has not lived the revolution, as did Stanislavsky, and Gorky still another.
the sentenced power only to collect money for the Williams, and consequently she can And surely a nation that, in the midst
. - indolent priesthood. At the same time, write nothing that equals his picture of revolution, will point such a man
That is one side of the man who he knows how much religion means of Antonov imploring his Red Guardo, as Anatol Lunacharsky to supervise
,for years has been the real head of to the average peasant, and so he to spare the Whites-even after the its art and education, or Stanislavsky
revolutionary Russia. As Mrs. Bryant, tolerates it gravely and mildly. And 'Whites had tricked him almost to to lead its drama,-surely a nation
pictures him, lie is a man whom not he exercises the same tolerance to-I defeat. Indeed one should take the that will do such things is a nation
even his enemies can defame suc- ward the extreme communists, with two books together: that of Williams' that believes heart and soul in the
cessfully. True, he is a communist, whom he has not a little sympathy. for the story of what happened and better parts of civilization.
and that is enough to damn him in th,

eyes of all those who believe that no1
revolution can be a good revolution
unless it occurred several decades
ago. Yet he is a communist who is
willing to abandon =his dearest theor-
ies when necessary; who is willing to
accept modified capitalism when con. -
ditions make modified capital essen-
tial to ,te existence of Isis nation.,
Lenin does not- indulge in grand
opera. heroics, for he knows they-do -
so one good and many people harm.
Irtse~a i,. he thrives to manage Rues-
Sva wish as grent efficiency as is ;pOs
sible, and on as nearly occidental
lines as nsy .be in a ses-oriental na
tlen. Naturally, 'he has made :Mis-
lakes bto he has tecogni ed themi an'd
done, his bes-t to correct them-
deed, no a ie stands in Mi. Bryants
portrait, Nikolai Leninis almost awe-
some ip his efficiency, bis superhu-
sman calm, his desperate earnestness
for the good Of his people. One can-
not but admire lin, and one suspects
that, had Frank Harris done the writ-
ing, one would love bun as well, But
Mrs. Bryant is .a journalist rather -
than a biographer,. and 'even though
the makes Lenin .human, she does.
not quite succeed in making him lov-
able.
With Trotzky,, however, she doe:,
somewhat better. - Of course, she
makes it plain that he is. vastly in-,
ferior to :Lenin; .yet . ls .is so .. da-
matic an originator, so much of a
genius in his ability toforganize, that
he comes in for a -very -great share-
of the small glamour 'to be found in
the book. Almost equally picturesque
as Enver.Pasha, Madame-Kollontig,.-
and Commissar Tchi herin. The man >
who managed to outwit the British.
detectives in a Riga prison, escape in
sn aeroplane, andasail into Moscow, '
is something: of a .hero.x -That he-=,
promises to effect an understanding,
or the beginning of an understanding,
between Russia and the world of Ma
bammedgnism gives him significance
as well as-heroism. -- ,- -
'Those who. batieve' that bolshevism
oieans drab uniformity,.subserviency:
to regulation, and the downfall of
eccentric genius -should ponder over
the port-alt of Tchicheiin, head of
the Foreign Office. 'Here is a m an
who 'is a born' aristocrat, a former.
member of the czar's dip lmatic ser
-vice, who is the most delicate and
aloof of all the cultured group. ie-._
works at night because--he likes 40--
and his staff work at night because
they like Tchicherrn.' Ilie bonsiniaes
order, wears the most disreputable of
clothing, and almost refuses to ride In
automobiles. In the midst of an im-
portant negotiation he will sharpen
a pencil or act as his own office boy.
Yet he works in larmony with Lenin,
*ho dislikes'eccezitricity as's preach-:
er dislikes the devil, and more tha
once has forced. his will. -against that
of the Premier.. -> it

B oundlfor V aciiilolndisliilll llt ftttH![ iti titi # !lii#Hltlltttil w
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(Xae~8 Secee - lotr)

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