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October 05, 1922 - Image 9

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1922-10-05

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_ i Y A wi



Will be Minister of United States to
Three Baltic Countries Re.
cently Recognized

With the appointment of Frederick
W.<B. Coleman, of Minneapolis, as the
minister from the United States to
Esthonia, Lithuania and Latvia, an-
other graduate of the University of
Michigan is brought into the national
limelight. Mr. Coleman graduated 'in
the class of '96 from the Literary col-
lege and received his degree from the
Law school three years later.
The position which Mr. Coleman
holds was created recently by the rec-
ognition by this country of the three
Baltic states mentioneq. The chief le-
gation will be at Riga, the capital of
Latvia, although the new minister will
spend part of his time in the capitals
of the other countries. Recommenda-
tion for the appointnient was nude by
Congressman Walter H. NewtuX and
Senators Nelson and Kellogg.
Mr. Coleman was born in Detroit
May 17, 1874. He studied for two
years at Heidelberg, Germany, from
1888 to 1890. His career at the Uni-
versity of Michigan ended in 1899.
. At various intervals Mr. Coleman
spent seven years in Europe. For three.
years of that time he was in charge.
of the London and Hamburg offices of,
the Featherbone Manufacturing corn-^
pany. It was during this period that
be mastered the German and French
languages, which he now speaks flu-
From 1910 to 1921 he was vice-pres-
ident of the City Fuel company of
Minneapolis. During' the years 1914
and 1915 he traveled in Norway, Swe-
denIand other countries as attorney
for American coal interests at Spitzen
-MF: Col'snmar-enfteru'-ge
training camp at Fort Snelling ilfd
became a second lieutenant in the
quartermaster's corps when America
entered the war. He was located at
Paris and at Base Hospital No. 668
of Neuf Chateau while overseas. He
returned home a captain.

Clause 18, Requiring Parliaen tary
Allegiance Accepted
Dublin, Oct. 4.-The Irish parlia-
ment is making unexpectedly bnooth
and rapid progress In the deb and
comnmittee on the draft. of >x , o-
stitution. The draft is going th'ro~ugh
with very slight amendment in com-
mittee and probably will be adopted
without esental alteration.
Today, clause 18, making the oath
of allegiance obligatory upon all mem-
bes of the Free parliament in accord-
ance with the formality containedIin
the Angio-Irish treaty, was 'Apted
by a large majority in its original
Literary College Classs Are 1 In
Nearly Every Building othe
Crowded conditions and lacy of
classrooms in the College of Liter-
ature, Science, and the Arts are being
remedied as fast as possibl although
up to the present time no adequtate
relief has been possible.
Every room that could 8era as a
classroom has been pre i Into
service, until at.this time caes in
the literary college are being held in
almost every building on tlie npus
with the exception or buildings be-
longing ';to special d eartiments.
:Courses in the engineering college are
being conducted in the o a appan
school building opposite the Engineer-'
ing building. '
In the' engineering school, however,
conditions are not as bad ad' in theA
literary college. Overcrowding .is:
very noticeable in many classes, and
whenever possible large sectionsare
being divided, part of the class ' eet-
ing at a 'different hour where a rgon'
Is available at that hour.
1o' smre easee 'ulases 'In: th# &fl"
erary colleg "have been forced to
meet in different rooms on each aay,:
while in others. the class has had to
meet at 'different hours throughout
the week. In one or two extreme ex-"
amples a class has been forced toI
change to another course because no
suitable room was available for the
course specified.
By these expedients. the condtion
has ben taken care of for the present,
and it is expected that new rooms will
be available later on in the year.
All freshmen who have not received
their handbooks and all other ' "who'
desire them may secure copie fpom,
the main desk of Lane hall as9lon as
the suply. holds' out, states ': . E.
Adams, '23,' president of the tudents'
Christian Association.
The handbook' is publislie every'
year. as one 'of. the services' of; the
Student Christian association. 'This
year it was edited by1 E. Schimaker,
'24L with A. . Parker, '23, as bunes
maiager. 'A special iessagefom
President Marion L. Burton t the in-
coming class, Michigan gs and
yells that the class of '26 r i iected'
to know, as well as a list k dtions
that must be lived up to a l tcded
In. th booklet.
Tn addition to the aids to entering

students there is a complete' rp-'
tion of the various campus orgniza-
tions an'd activities, a large seti de-
voted to the churches of 'A bor,
and spaces for fxmorand."
143 Deaths by Drowning It Aorted
By Lansing Official

Main Berries May Render Productive
Vast Barren Sand Areas
of Michigan
Marquette, Oct. 4.-A hope that
much of the cut over land in northern
Michigan, aWisconsin and Minnesota,
now regarded" as virtually worthless,
may be utilized for the growing of
blue berries for market and yield a
Large return to the farmers, has been
born throughout the northern country.
This follows return to Marquette of
Dr A. W. Deadman of this city, who
as a representative of the. Upper Pen-
insula Development bureau has .just
completed a survey of the blue berry
industry of Maine.
Project Feasible .
If climatic and other conditions in
this part ofthe country are found to
approximate closely those of Maine,
there Is no reason why blue berry
raising capnot be undertaken on -a
largo scale here with profit, Mr. Dead-
man says.
A comparatively slight investment,
the investigator says in a report to
tli development bureau, will yield
70 per cent return to the farmer in
from two to three years. -The figures
are based on what Mr. Deadman found
actually had' been done in Maine and
are used as a basis for what'he holds
might be possible for this region.
First Favofred..Recently.
The :}ovniient' to determine the
eoonoici value of the berry: crop' of
northern 'ihigan and nearby states
was begun ashort tiie 'ago as a step
toward" reclaiming at least a part. of
the barren sand lands. Thousand of.
acres df suh' lands are found'in this
section' awaiting only the solution, of
the reclamiation problem to turn them
into the' sources of profit bearing
crops, the investigator believes.
De*troit Quartette
Program Oct. 18
The ilret monthly meeting of the
Matinee Musicae society will' be held
at :30 q'elock Tuesday, October'18,
IWrti'e a el!-' On of the Union,
according to the announcement con-
taimed in the society bulletin recently
published. The muiscal program will
be offered by ,the Detroit String quar-
tet, consIsting of Ilya Schkolnk, Wil-
11am G. King, H'erman Kolodkn and
PhillIp Abbas-.
.Amotg the attractions listed by the
society IS' a program of Christmas
music by tie Ypsilanti Normal chorus
and the appearance of Phillip.Abbas,
first 'ei4t of the Detroit Symphony
orche tra at the March concert. Dur-
ing the season there will also be ex-
planatory lectures of the orchestral
concerts to be given in Ann Arbor
this year.
Orghization of a student division
of the Matinee Musicale society is now
contepated and those who are in-.
terested are 'advised to communicate
with Mrs, Varry Bacher of the School
of lftsi
Member-sip cards and single con-
cert ti ets wil be on sale at Wahr's
book store, Oct. 16-17, and also at the
Union 'assemnbly room, after 3 o'clock,
on Oct. 18.

Prof. A. E. White A so Will Address
Meeting in Det oit
President Marion L. Burton. will be
the principal speaker at the meeting
of "the American' Society "for °steel
Treating and the Drop' Forges asso- I S
clation, which will be held tonight in
Detroit. Among the other speakers
are Prof. A. E. White, of the depart- Ignorance and inability to a nalyze
ment of chemical elgineering; Mr. the serious problems presented by the
Kettering, vice-preslde t of the Gen- recent Turkish nationalist movement
eral Motors company,'° ho will act as in the Near East, he chief cause, ac-
toastmaster, and 'knhi w'H. Alfred, cording to Prof. Francis W. Kelsey of
president of the Pere arquette rail- the Latin department, of the mislead-
roa.. Ing statements that have been made
and generally accepted, are the great
obstacles to their successful solution
MPby[the larger Christian nations. Some
months of travel and investigation in
the troubled areas during the last few
years have given Professor Kelsey
first-hand information on th basis of
T ED N. which .he conseted recetly to an in-
terview on the 'hepolitical prob-
Constitutional Anen~ei t May Annex lems of te new Turkish nationalism.i
New Levy to aso rces of Professor .Kelsey pointed out' how,
Sta after the collapse of the Turkish re-
sistance in-1918, the Turks were hum-
GREAT INTEREST IN ROJECT ble in theirattitude. Oficers and men
AMONG VOTE*S"A TICIPATEI were self-restrained and a general fear
"prevailed among them. It was ex-
pected that the powers would deal
(By the Associated Press) promptly and decisively with the
Lansing," Oct. 3.-Indications are whole Turkish question and all were
that the vote.on the gposed consti- in the mood to accept whatever pun-
tutional .amendment to give Michigan fshmentt should be allotted to them.
a state income tax . will be next A
in state-wide interesst to .the United fessor Kelsey, "without anything hap-
States senatqrial contest in the No- pening except interminable delays at
vember election.' the peace conference In Paris, :not
So fat. little 'has been heard from only Turkish officers but Turkish' ar-
the organizations avowedly for or mies not yet disbanded began to think
against-the proposed tax. If any cam- that the allies were 'too weak to take
paigns have been conductedtheyhave drastic measures against them. In:the
ben remharkably silent. 'But regard- summer. of 1919 a 'part of the third
less-of.the fact that the ?income tax Turkish armycorps stationed' at Sivas
question 'has riot been hoisted iinto in Eastern Asa Minor showed signs
burning.prominence thus far, the sub- of mutiny and' determined' to submit
ject 'is one that is being discussed no longer to what seemed! the remote
more, and more as. the date for the power of the allies.
balloting draws near. '"Kemalian Able Man
The . propoed change in the state "Now, through the war the German
constitution .to pave the way for an military authorities had rated Musta-
income tax was initiated by the 1921 ! pha Kemal as one of the,.ablest Turk-
legislatre. fish generals. In defeat ie had'been
The .legislative reslution provides summoned to become the aide of the
that the income'tax if one is approved sultan in Constantinople. The sultan
by the. voters, shall not exceed "four sent him to Sivas to quell the mutiny.
per. cent, of-net gains, profts and in- Instead of qelling it, however, he
comes,' from 'whateve ' source re- threw in his lot with them and inau-
ceved." gurated a new movement which had
The resol tonstytepti t %ehegts- as its purpose the restoration of
lature, In the evet' the oonistitution Turkish .power.
is amended, "shall" grovide . ,p' law "This purpose was clearly tated in
a uniform rule- of rpaton except two proclamations which were posted
upon property payi splfle taxes. in Konia, the Iconium of the' New. Tes-
It proades that thet may be grad- tament, which had been at ode time
uated and progressive 'and may pro- the Turkish capital and has reained
avide for reasonable ptions, until today a center of the most In-
''_p__tense Turkish fanaticism. The first
proclamation was dated,. Set. .27,I
W. A. A. I TUTES 191I,"
NEV ORG1ATION These proclamations in liferal trai=-
lation have remained obscure in treat-
ments of the question, but Professor
Members of the cm Ive Board of Kelsey had a copy of them, the first
the Women's Athletic association met of which ran as follows:
Tuesday afternoon 'ij "abor gymba- "We do not want to go to war with
slum to plan the work of the aeio- the foreigners, but.... We also will
ciation for the comin& year, A nw not lets the foreigners rule us in ortir
member was created on th pard to country. .We promise everybody sate-
take charge of the j'nior orgsntzatioi' ty of person and property without
Elizabeth B. Cain, ',1 being #ppointed distinction of. race or religion.' We
to fill the position, will defend our right both as a fla-
Already the j f or QgignIzatiOn con- tion and as a peasantry, and until
tains more membe . thn the entire death we will defend our Country
Wom n's Athletic aq'siation of let from passing into the hands .of ot-
year. This orgariilation admits to eigners. We demand that pdrtion of
membership all woen who have less Wilson's principles which refer to
than 100 honor points to their credit. Turkey to be applied. Let everybody

eclares Need
.ar East Wo


ntelligent A nalysis



A m d e T .
ice Adiral Andrew T. Long.
Vice, Admiral Andrew T. Lon;
commander of the U. S. navaf
forces in European waters, has
gone to Constantinople to diret
-the naval. 'pevitiofls of the II S.
feet should any becorme ceA4ry
in connection with the wr'i""ies of
the ll reign fleet during the T.-' k.
ich £risis. -,
.continue his business. Right is our
weapon. We will put to death ny
Moslem' or Christian, without mercy,
who may oppose these' our statements
whether secretly pr openly. We are
Mohammedans that love .their King
'and respect him as their Caliph. Our
nation, from East to West, fronm Erze-
roum 'to Smy'rna,, has taken 'up arms
to defend this Tpurpose.'Th right
which is- granted 'to 'three -bundred
thousand Armenians Is as yet denied
to sixteen million Turks. Let it cost
what it may, we Will defend our rights
t' live as ourselves. Association of
The Political Program
The second 'proclamation, posted on
Sept. 29, 1919, formulated the program
of the nationalists:
"Every portion of the Turkish em-
pire is delimited and fixed by the
terms of the Armistice concluded in
November, 1918, between Turkey and
the Entente powers, being inhabited;
by a large majority of Mohammedans
constitute a whole, inseparable from
each other or 'from the Ottoman ter-
ritory in any way or for any reason.
"It is a fundamental necessity to
have the will of the nation absolute
and commanding; and the national
forces are doing all in their power
to maintain their authority, the in-
tegrity of the Ottoman Empire and ob-
serve our national independence.
"It is 'accepted as a legitimate basis
to resist and forbid unanimously (as
it is already. being done by. our na-
tional forces struggling in and near
Smyrna) and attempt to form a na-
tional Independent Armenia or Greece




"It shall not be tolerated that the
elements which have been living to-
gether for many centuries, and whose
rights and privileges hae ben guar-
anteed,should be 'separated.There
fore, no people will be allowed to dis-
turb our' social equilibrium nor our
political domination.
"The Entente Powers must renounce
once and for all time afterward their
idea of partitioning our country which
has been left to us by the terms of
the Armstice, and which belongs to
us both by the superiority of Turkish
civilization and 'also because of the
fact that the great majority of the
inhabitants are Moslems."
Causes of Success
After describing these proclama-
tions, Professor Kelsey declared;
"Two yeas' have nOw' 'passed and
the course of events shows how suc-
cessfully the program has been car-
ried out. The success of the Nation-
alists may be attributed to four
"First: Contrary to expert military
advice, whcih was overruled for po-
litical considerations ,Enlandl con-
sented to the occupation of 4lfferent
parts of Asia Minor by different na-
tionalities instead of dealing with the
country as a unit. The physical geog-
raphy of Asia Minor is such that piece-
meal overlordship, wheter native or
foreign, is difficult to maintain under
modern conditions. The result was
that Greeks, French, and Italians were
nati es, and secret negotiations en-
brought directly into contact with the
sued by which finally the Italians and
the French made separate treaties
with Kemal without regard to the al-
lied interests of the Greeks and the
"Second," continued Professor Kel-
sey, "Mustapha Kemal, who is said to
be only half Turk, has gained the en-
thusiastic support of the Turks by
'using a new slogan. His rally cry
is not 'Islam and the Sultan,' b't
'Fatherland.' Apparently orthe firet
time in history ,the Turkhave a mi-'
itary leader whd. comprehends the
meaning' of nationalism 'in the Euro-
pean sense.
"In 1920 I was tod that ahandicap
to Kemal's leadership was the pres-
ence of some 60,000 former offile-hold-
ers who had fled froi, Constantino-
ple to him and had to be supported
without rendering him a proper e uiv-
alent of service.' The number was
probably exaggerated, and in any ase,
according to present infomatom, the
administration at Angork is muen
above the average for Turke
"Third: Mustapha Kemal has. had
the wisdom to surround himself with
able councillors. This is in markeed
contrast with the ruling counsels pr.
ceding the revolution of 1909. The
former council of ministers under Ab-
dul Hamid came to be deprived of ale
Initiative and influence.
"Fourth: Notwithstanding the atro-
cities committed by the 'Trks since
Mustapha Kemal commenced to lead
'the Nationalist mvemnient, it appears
probable that these, in part have been
in defiance of his. orders and commit-
ted by officers and 'soldiers who got
out of hand. In fat, "in Aitab, for
example, the American educatiol
work seems to be going aon more
smoothly under his adiministration
than in the disturbed co ditIons when
the French were trying to hold the
region against the Turk attacks.
"If he can keep is forces under
control and police the country efit-
ciently, gradually conditions under his
administration should return to nor-
mal so far as is possible after the
destruction of the most intelligent ang
industrious part of the population.
French Responsible
In drawing other conclusions about
the general situation, Professor Kel-
sey stated: "After all has been said
that can be said in favor of Mustapha
Kemal and the -nationalisit movement,
the fact remains that the tragedy of
Smyrna and the other horrors of re-
cent acts are directly chargeable to
the French. Had'the French stood

with Great Britain in the maintenance
of a broad and humane policy regard-
ing the control of Constantinople and
the Straits it would have been easy,
with time, to work out with the na-
tional government in Angora a solu-
tion which would have spared the
world untold suffering and loss. With-
out the active support of the French,
Mustapha. Kemal could never havo
taken Smyrna or menaced Constanti-
nople." ,
Professor Kelsey then concludeeo
with the emphatic statement: ;
"It will be a crime against civiliza-
tion if, through the disagreement of
the so-called Christian nations and




A the
32 of
s fel-


within our limits.


. _
w. ,
s -

Aes- and all
t, a studenit
is, held the
than girl to
s kind out-
ed to War,
cularly be-
nese dele-
who, after
ecture tour
,where she
tion Japan.
ing troops


r '

. ,:. .

India's delegates' to the co
stated Miss Muskrat, were i
be pacific in their attitud
British rule. The Chinese
flected the pacifist's attitud
tolerance b,ut of settling qu
international interest peacea
"China Awakening"
"I believe that that great
piant China," said Miss Mu
only now slowly awakeni
people are coming to an acut
tion of national pride. They
tioning the traditions of old
and ih many instances over
them. The Chinese renaissa
ually is taking hold of thep

nclined to'
e towardC
too re-
e, not of
estions of
._- - " ,1

2 1 ' j%'/ l I d r.
1,f .foot
AyLAi' 7 Y


surat, "is Lansing, Oct. 4.-One hund ed, and
ng. The forty-three persons went to D1avy
e realiza- Jones' Locker" during the 'sw'mming
are ques- season of 1922, according to ' res
d customs made public today' by' Dr. R. M. Olin,
rthrowing state commissioner of health.. This
nee grad- number falls below 1921, when 226
people." persons were drowned, by 83.
While this year's figures show a re-
duction, officials of the health depart-
LICE ment are of the opinion that if weather
conditions for this summer and' last
of the were compared and, the resulft$ de-
,k this crease in popularity of ba ing
beaches considered, the number of1
re ex drownings would be propottionally




There will be a meeting
Cubs Club at 4:15 o'cloc
afternoon. All tryouts a

This birdseye drawing of terrIgory 'tiolved shows principal points mentioned In ecent dispatches.

# E

(1) Allied representatives' and Gen.

(2) Presence of Greek warships of

neutral zone at this point., 'L

border into eastern iThrace at Sihekli.


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