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December 14, 1921 - Image 8

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1921-12-14

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

WEDNESDAY, DE

RAILROAD LABOR BOARD ELIMINATES
TIME AND ONE HALF PAY PROVISIONS

New Code Governing Maintenance
Way Workers to Replace Rules
of Federal Control

of

EXTRA PAY BEGINS AFTER 10 c
HOURS INSTEAD OF AFTER 8'
Chicago, Dec. 13-Elimination of'
time and one half pay provisions in
the code of working rules governing
railway maintenance of way laborers
Is the outstanding change in new rules
promulgated tonight by the United
States Railroad Labor board to re-
place rules laid down under federal
control. The rules become effective
Dec. 16, just one year after the agree-
ment was made between the United
States Railroad administration and the
United Brotherhood of Maintenance o
Way employes and Railroad Shop
laborers.
Under normal - traffic conditions,
585,000 men would be affected, and the
new rules would result in cutting
many millions of dollars from rail-
road payrolls. At present, a much
smaller number of men is affected,
and due to the fluctuating seasonal
nature of their work, no estimate of
the savings to the roads is possible.
Extra Pay After Ten Hours
The outstanding change is the pro-
vision that time and a half for over-
time shall be paid after the tenth
hour, instead of after the eighth hour
of work. The principle of time and
a half pay after the tenth working
hour instead of the eighth for a large
part of the men employed in mainten-
ance of way work was recognized in
the national agreement which provid-
ed that laborers employed in extra or
floating gangs, whose employment is
seasonal and temporary in character.
when engaged in work not customarily
done by regular section gangs, should
be paid time and a half only after the
tenth hour. The board in extending
this principle to regular track em-
ployes has disposed of a criticism of
the national agreement by the farming
interests who employ the same char-
acter of labor, frequently in competi-
tion with the railroads. Spokesmen
for the farmers have complained that
penalizing over time work after eight
hours, demoralized farm labor.
Retain 8 Hour Day
The new rules retain the eight hour
day for maintenance of way laborers
in accordance with its -previous de-
cisions recognizing it as the basic
-working day. They specifically re-
quire 8 hours work to constitute the
recognized 8 hour day. The rules also
include employes engaged in the main-
tenance of telegraph, telephone and
signal systems and make it possible
for them to be brought under the new
ten hour over time rule.
Railroads and their employes under
the new rules, are allowed to make
mutual agreements for the reduction
of hours per day to avoid reducing
forces. Formerly the roads were rig-
idly held to the restriction that em
ployes retained, should be worked and
paid for, eight hours each per day.
Time and a half for Sunday and holi-
day work, provided in some instances
under former rules, is eliminated.
When called out for less than a day's
work period on Sundays, however, em-
ployes are to be paid three hours pay
for two hours work.
Time and a half pay for hours work-
ed before and after the regular work-
ing hours is eliminated, except for
the time in excess of ten hours.
8 Hours for Itinerants
Empolyes called off their regular
assignments and travelling in camnr
cars 'under the new rules get only
straight time for eight hours per day
Under the national agreement theI
drew one half time for the period be-
tween 10 p. m. and 6 a. m.
The rule for computing the hourly
pay of monthly rated employes has
been simplified by providing that this

shall be determined by dividing the
monthly salary by 204.
All arbitrary rules fixing the begin-
ning and end of the working day have
been replaced by general provisions
that the starting time for any shift
shall be arranged by mutual under-
standing between the local railroad
officials and the employes' committee,
based on actual service requirements.
It is believed that this will allow more
penal overtime pay to be eliminated.
A similar rule has been adopted as to
determining the lunch period and the
provision that over time rates must
be paid when the meal time is workpd

gas been changed to provide that pro-
rata pay shall be paid for such periods.
No Rules on Seniority
The board made no new rules on
questions of seniority as 90 per cent
of the railroads had concluded agree-
rents with their men on this question.
The few remaining disputes on seniori-
y were referred back to the men and
the executives. Less than ten per cent
of the railroads reported disputes on
rules affecting promotions and these
-vere also referred back to the parties
+or settlement. The old rules as to
discipline and grievances, over which
there were few disputes before the
hoard, were readopted practically un-
changed.
Consideration of the new rules for
the Maintenance of Way employes by
the board was facilitated by the fact
that the executives and the men had
9reed on the majority of rules on
most of the railroads. Board members
said that there was evident a general
effort by the railroads no less than
by the men to get together on the rules
for this class of workers.4
This is considered by the board to be
all the more remarkable when it is
realized that there are more racial and
sectional differences in this class of
labor than in most of the other in-
dustries. On only six of the rules be--
fore the Board was there a marked
disagreement on the majority of the
railroads and on a large number of
the roads the men and the manage-
ments had perfected agreement and
had nothing to submit to the board.
These rules stand regardless of the
boards decision.
1,000,000 Men Affected
The labor board began final consid-
eration of the Maintenance of Way
rules on Dec. 6 and completed them
within less than a week. With the
completion of the Maintenance of Way
rules, the Labor board has finished
its work on rules and working condi-
tions for approximately one million
railroad employes or about half the
+otalnumber of men employed by the
railroads. It was pointed out by
board attaches that that body has com-
pleted the consideration of the rules,
affecting half the employes within a
month and a half, after the withdraw-
al of the recent strike order, at which
time the board was criticised in some
quarters because it had announced
that it would not consider wage re-
adjustments for any class of employes
until the rules and working conditions
of that class had been disposed of.
Neither the railroad managements
nor the employes organizations have
yet placed before the board any pro-
ceedings looking to a readjustment of
the wage scales.
DELTA SIGMA PI INSTALLS
XI CHAPTER HERE SUNDAY
Xi chapter of Delta Sigma P, in-
ternational commercial fraternity,
was installed Sunday in the chapter
house at 803 S. State street, the in-
itiation' of the 25 members being con-
ducted by national officers of the or-
ganization.
The Michigan chapter formerly
functioned as the- Deltasigs, a local
commercial society. Delta Sigma P,
founded at New York university in
1907, now has 14 chapters in Ameri-
can universities, its members being
composed only of students enrolled in
courses in business administration.

REMOVE THE DANGER
Step into either of our offices and look over our
Safety Deposit Vault Equipment -
You will feel at ease knowing your valuables are
safely deposited in your individual box behind
those massive doors
THE COST IS NOMINAL
FARMERS & MECHANICS BANK
101-105 South Main Street. 30 South State Street
(Nickels Arcade)

. f

Holiday
OVERNIGHT BAGSC
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WOOL HOSIERY I

Hints

CANES
UMBRELLAS
UNDERWEAR
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CAPS
SUITS
OVERCOATS
GLOVES
JEWELRY
SPORT COATS
BATH ROBES
PAJAMAS

INDIVIDUAL BOXES
Wadhams & Company
TWO STORES

STATE STREET

MAIN STREET

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X{OUNG men, old men, particular
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dressers-all will be glad to get Christ-
mas gifts of Cheney Cravats. Colourful
designs and rich weaves make these
cravats truly distinctive.
Select them now to take home to Father,

and the Boys-and for yourself.
SOLD BY
Mack & Co., Main St.; N. F. Allen, 211 S.
Main St.; F. W. Gross, Main St.; Wadhams
& Co., 201 . Main St.; . O. Davis, Toggery
Shop. 119 S. Main St.; Lindenschrnidt Aafe1 Co.. 209
&ai nSt. Keule, Conlin. iegelCo., 26-242 S. Main
rz St. J. F. Wuerth Co., 222-224 S. Main St.; Wadhains
' & (Co.,Nickels Arrade.

i

.® .

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LET
this convey to you our best wishes for a happy
and joyous holiday season and express our ap-
preciation for your willing co-operation with us
during the past year.
The Ann Arbor Savings Bank

x'

CAPITAL AND SURPLUS, $625,000.00

RESOURECS, OVER $5,000,000.00

/l

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U, wa __.

Washtenaw

Electric Shop,

Telephone

273

1 V(A
v
* Aw
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200 E. Washington

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