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December 11, 1921 - Image 15

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1921-12-11

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The Limitatio
(Continued from page 1)
the friends of China would be well
advised to receive what the Con-
ference is giving in the spirit it
is given. People, who talk loosely
about the Conference and criti-
cise its attitude toward China, are
either ignorant or do not have
China's interests at heart."
This from an American delegate
and upheld by the other powers gives
us a good idea of the effort that the
Conference is making to settle diffi-
culties, and yet it shows also why
some questions may never be solved.
The question is a great one and yet
it is only one of the many others that
must be solved before the agreements
on disarmament so far attempted will
come to mean anything.
Mr. H. G. Wells, a man well quali-
fled to know the situation and at pres-
ent a special correspondent at Wash-
ington, in a statement recently said
that as yet, in his estimation, "the
Conference has not touched more
than the outer threads of the writhing
international tangle that has to be
dealt with."
Whether or not the tangle will ever
be straightened out is not a question
to be answered by anyone, but opinions
as to what will be the action taken
should the purpose of the Conference
fail are easily voiced.
Quoting Professor Crane of the po-
litical science department again, "If
no decisions can be given regarding
the Par East question and subse-
quently no agreements reached on dis-
armament policies, the Conference
will be a failure. The powers will go
home and do all they can to increase
their armaments in anticipation of
war. If that is the case, America will



ns Conference
not be the power to suffer most as
she has resources and equipment
ready to build twice as many ships as
Japan and to elevate herself in a short
time to the greatest naval power the
world has ever seen. The realization
of this fact ought to have a great
bearing on the attitude of the other
"The most hopeful thing about the
Conference," said Professor Crane, "is
that Japan is changing her point of
view. In former years Japan has en-
deavored to copy western ideas and

Child Delinquency Discussed
Here By Cincinnati Judge
(By Milliard H. Pryor) psychological profesisons. The courts
Some startling statements concern- have been surprisingly deficent in hav-
ing child delinquency were made by ing qauified experts for this work and
Judge Charles W. Hoffman in a lec- equipment to work with. This has
ture here recently. And Judge Hoff- greatly retarded work with the ment-
man spoke with authority. He is rat- ally deficent children."
ed as one of the leading men in the "A great deal of the preventative
juvenile court field. In addition he work in connection with the juvenile
is judge of the Cincinnati Court of courts will eventually be taken over
Domestic Relations with which he has by the schools in the opinion of Judge
been since its inception as one of the Hoffman. He showed how the vari-
first courts of its type in this country. ous social -service organizations are

institutions, and as a consequence she I Delinquency is a disease that is
had taken Germany as her model in destroying more children than some
the political field. But the Japanese of the most malignant diseases known
attitude has changed-now she sees to physicians," he declared. "Chil-
things in a different light. She is Le- dren who come under the jurisdiction
ginning to understand our political of the juvenile courts can be divided
ideals. She is realizing now that she into two classes-the normal and the
should have taken a conciliatory atti- mentally deficent."
tude toward China instead of the op- Conditions at home are in practical-
pressive one she did. Japan is deep- ly every case responsible for the de-
ly involved in the Philippine question linquency of the normal youths, ac-
with the United States, and in fact a cording to Judge Hoffman, who said
more recent development at the Con- the method for preventing these con-
ference is the possibility of a tripar- ditions was through improvement of
tite agreement between the United the home. Great steps are being taken
States, Great Britain, and Japan pro- toward this end in the larger cities,
viding not only for limitation of arma- he said.
ments but for limitation of territorial "In treating the cases of the mental-
expansion in the Pacific. Such a plan ly deficent, juvenile courts have been
will settle a number of questions and greatly handicapped," Judge Hoffman
at least be one more step toward stated. "A surprisingly large per-
peace." lem to the medical, psychiotric, and
Professor Crane in summing up his
ideas on the Conference said that he
is more than hopeful of the results
that will in the end be accomplished.
"Although the delegates hope to bea
home again by Christmas, the dura-
tion of the Conference will depend en-
tirely upon the number and signifi-f1
(Continued on page 7)

already doing a great work in co-
operating with the childrens' court.
"The day is comning," he said, "when
the stones of the industrial school
will crumble from disuse, and science
and medicine will unite in saying of
the children 'they shall not perish!'"
In tracing the history of child leg-
islation down to the present, Judge
Hoffman showed that laws for deal-
ing with child offenders existed in the
early days of Elngland although the-
were seldom enforced. He illustrated
the recent inhuman treatment of ju-
venile offenders by stating the case
of a boy 12 years who for a crime
conimitted at the age of 11 was hung
in the state of New Jersey as recently
as 1828. Child legislation in the
United States is comparatively re-
cent, according to Judge Hoffman,
who said that first steps were taken.

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