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October 20, 1918 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1918-10-20

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p

ASSOCIATED
THE WEATHER i'l PRESS
FAIR AND COOLER EV DAY AND NIGHT WIRE
TODAY ttantSERICE
VOL. XXIX. No. 17. ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1918. PRICE THREE CENTS
ENTENTE WHIP HUN CCHOOL OF MUSIC
ENTIRE NATION HITS AROUND LE CATEAU ILTO GIVE CONCERTS ENEMY RETREATS TO DUTCH BORR
I WATE (By the Associated Press) The University School of Music is
With the Allied Armies in France planning a comprehensive series of
and Belgium, Oct. 20 (5 P. M.).-The !F faculty concerts, to be given compli-i'
IN LIBERTY LUBII bewildered and shattered German mentary to the students and the gen- ORI.1, PINCERS CLUINN TEUTONS
hordes all day long have continued topulcin11auirierat public, in Hill auditorium, as it

i

CITY OVERSUBSCRIBES QUOTA BY
$1,483,650 WITH MORE
COMING
CAMPUS MILITARY MEN
ADD $75,000 TO FUND
Women Turn Over $2,900 in Canvass;
Mostly Subscribed By One

'

Girl

Washington, Oct. 20.-Oversubscrip-
tion of the Fourth Liberty Loan was
nearly assured tonight when the three
weeks' campaign closed. While offic-
ial reports were lacking, it appear-
ed that again the American people
have given to their government not
only what was asked, but more than
was asked, in order that the war
against Germany and her allies may
be carried to a successful conclusion.
to a-successful conclusion.n
How far the total will run above
the $6,000,000,000 mark officials would
not attempt to say. It all depends
on whether big financial interests at
the last moment file the big lump
sum subscriptions expected of them,
and whether the number of smaller
subscriptions by individuals is found
to meet expectations.
Huge Last Day Subscription
New subscriptions entered during
the last day, and those made effective
by payment of the 10 per cent install-
ment, probably will amount to $1,500,-
000,000 for the entire nation, it was
said. Before business opened this
morting $4,599,719,450 had been re-
ported to federal serserve banks.
Indicationssarerthat the number of
individual subscribers will far ex-
ceed 20,000,000 and break all records
for distribution for war bonds for eith-
er this nation or any other.
About $16,000,000 have now been
raised by American people in popular
war loans since the United States
entered the war, and all loans have
been oversubscribed.
City LIasses Quota by $1,483,650
Ann Arbor has successfully reached
the close of the Fourth Liberty Loan
drive, Chairman Ray E. Bassett an-
nounced yesterday. The quota for
this city was $1,482,172.63. It has
been over-subscribed $1,483,650, and
subscriptions were still coming in at
a late hour yesterday afternoon. Up
to that time there were 7,630 differ-
ent subscriptions, but 500 or 600 of
these were made by people who had
subscribed before. Those who did
not subscribe by 8 o'clock last night
at headquarters on Main street have
lost their opportunity.
On the campus the success of the
Loan was greater than was antici-
pated at the opening of the drive, as
many had made their subscriptions
before leaving home. The S. N. T.
C. had subscribed to $16,000 worth of
bonds up to noon yesterday. J. F.
Rutledge of the Great Lakes naval
training station has been in the city
to help Admiral Berry in making this
Liberty Loan a success. The motto
of the S. N. T. C. throughout the cam-
paign has been "Fight or buy bonds,
the navy does both."
Bonds amounting to $6,400 were
bought Friday, and since then $4,000
has been added. Company 2, Barracks
26, alone contributed $5,000 to the
sum, and the S. A. T. C. has subscrib-
ed $52,450 all told.
Women Subscribe $2,900
The special canvass of the girls'
dormitories and sororities, begun by
Mortarboard and Wyvern last Monday,
has swelled the campus quota by
$2,900. Of this $2,000 was subscribed
by one girl. At the campus booth,
which has been in charge of Mar-
guerite Chapin, '20, for the past week,
23 bonds were sold, amounting to
$1,750.
87.45 Questionnaires to Be Sent Out
Questionnaires for the older men
will be sent out Wednesday by the
local board. They are practically the
same for the men from 37 to 45 as
they are for those from 18 to 36, but
will be considered after those of the

give ground under the sustaned
pressure by the British, French, Bel-
gian, and American troops.
Indications received ,at headquar-
ters are to the effect that the German
army believes that it is being with-
drawn entirely from France and Bel-
gium. ,
In the area north and south of Le
Cateau furious fighting is reported,
and the Americans have again dis-
tinguished themselves. By dark last
night they had penetrated a depth of
two miles; today they made further
progress against strong opposition.
The Germans here had orders to hold
the line at all costs, and the Ameri-
cans and British had literally to hack
their way through them.
The enemy has been well whip-
ped, and from prisoners it is learned
that no reserves are back of them,
because retirement in this section of
the line is expected to take* place as
soon as the other divisions to the
north get far enougl back.
North of Le Cateau the British have
been engaged in equally hard fight-
ing. Here, also, the Germans had to
be riddled before they would give
ground, but posts now have been es-
tablished by the Allies east ofthe
Selle river, and some ground has been
gained southeast of Neuvilly
UNION TO CARRY ON
WAR CAMP SERVICE
OTHER ORGANIZATIONS TO AID
IN PROVIDING RECREATION
FOR MEN
The University of Michigan Union
is doing the work in the community
of the war camp community service.
The army Y. M. C. A., whose function
upon the campus is in the barracks
and with the men in the Y. M. C. A.
buildings, is supplemented by the
Michigan Union, which is linking to-
gether all social organizations in the
city in order to provide sufficient
space for recreational work among
the S. A. T. C. men, the vocational men
and the men on the campus not *at
present in the army.
The executive committee which is
carrying on the welfare work of the
Union includes Mr. Francis Bacon,
director; -Mr. Harry L. Meyer, vice-
director; Dean Myra B. Jordan; Mr.
Louis Ayres; Mr. Clyde Elliott; Mr.
Roy Jacobson; and Mr. Charles Sink..
Mr. Fred Heusel is chairman of the
financial committee and Mr. Harry L.
Meyer, chairman of the publicity and
bulletin committee.
Post Bulletins of Activities
Each week a bulletin will be dis-
tributed to each man on the campus
and posted at the barracks, announc-
ing when and where the various so-
cial activities will be held, each night
in the week for section B men and
men on the campus not enlisted in the
army; and over the week end for
section A men.
The following organizations are
represented on the general commit-
tee from which the above executive
committee has been chosen: the Wom-
en's motor corps; the Women's club;
the city Y. M. C. A.; the city Y. W.
C. A.; Ann Arbor Rotary club; all
lodges and churches of the city; the
Grotto; Ann Arbor club; University
club; City association; City school
board; School of Music; Knights of
Columbus; canteen division of the
Red Cross; army Knights of Colum-
bus, and Collegiate Alumnae.
Series of Smokers Planned
Thle chairman of the smoker com-

(Continued on Page Four)
(' lN(E OF ADDRESS
All students of the University
who are not in the S. A. T. C.
and have changed their address
since enrollment should notify
the editor of the Student Di-
rectory by mail. This matter
should be attended to at once so
that the correct address may
be in the -Directory.

PNEUMONIA DEATHS
ON DECREASE IN CITY
Many Men Cared for in Private Homes
and at Rocky Mountain
Club
The Spanish influenza showed a
remarkable decrease in the reports
of Saturday. Dr. J. A. Wessinger, city
health officer, says the decrease is
due to the wearing of masks, gen-
eral precaution and the closing of all
public places. He thinks that the
masks were a great factor in produc-
ing yesterday's decrease. The S. A.
T. C. infirmary reports only one-third
as many new cases today as yester-
day.
Number of Deaths Decreases
In the city and on the campus there
were 94 cases reported, whereas there
were 98 Friday. The deaths on Sat-
urday numbered four, a decided con-
trary to the deaths for several pre-
ceding days. Friday's toll was 8,
while Thursday's was 11.
Barbour gymnasium has been turn-
ed into a hospital clearing house. All
men who complain of not feeling well
are immediately sent to the gymnas-
ium where they are put under medical
supervision for a few days. If any-
thing serious develops, they are sent
to the hospital or infirmary. It is
what might be called a "safety first
station." An attempt will be made
to make the basement into a dietitian
kitchen, and positively no girls will
be allowed on the first floor of the
gymnasium.
Women to Evacuate Building
As indoor work has not yet begun,
the women's' classes in physical train-
ing will continue to meet on Palmer
field. The director's office will be
transferred to the third floor of the
Natural Science building, where the
director may be found after Monday
morning. The number of the room
will be posted on the lower door of
Barbour gymnasium later.
The women are ordered to take
gymnasium clothes from the lockers
in the basement before 5 o'clock Mon-
day afternoon. Juniors and seniors
taking hockey, who have outfits in the
gymnasium, must also reclaim them
before that time. There will be no
opportunity to claim property later
than this hour. In entering the gym-
nasium, the lower door must be used.
The meeting of the Women's Ath-
letic association is called for 4:30
o'clock Monday afternoon in the di-
rector's office in the Natural Science
building.
50 Light Cases Among Mechanics
Officers and doctors of the S. A. T.
C. have been working with might and
main to combat the disease, and as a
result the number of cases in section
A has been reduced to less than ten
for the 24 hours up to 8 o'clock last
evening. Because they have not been
able to work as much with them, and
as several carried the germs with
them, section B had a total of about
50 cases in the same time, but few
of these cases are really dangerously
Two of those dying within the past
36 hours were enlisted men in sec-
tion B, S. A. T. C., Joseph Schmidt,
third company of Wallace, and E. E.
Harchberger, Fourth company, sign-
al corps, of Wrightstown, Ind. The
third member of the student body to
succumb was Christian Schugt, a
Mexican student registering from El
Paso, Tex.
Miss Emily Tessmer of 508 Third
street was the only resident of Ann
Arbor to die of pneumonia following
influenza. The other death, that of
pneumonia not preceded by influenza,
was that of R. E. Weaver.

Care for Men in Private Homes
The problem of caring for many of
the convalescent influenza patients is
finding a satisfactory solution through
the knidness and generosity of many
Ann Arbor women. With the opening
of the Rocky Mountain clubhouse on
South Fifth avenue, under the direc-
tion of Mrs. J. E. Beal and Mrs. Ro-
(Continued on Page Four)

WOMEN VACATE BUILDING
ACCOMMODArION OF
SICK,

F01has done during the past several
FOI years.
As a feature of the series this year,

a goodly portion of each program
will be given over to community sing-
ing, under the direction of Theodore
Harrison. College and patriotic se-
lections will be given a prominent
place.
On account of the quarantine, the
first number in the series, which was
announced for Thursday evening, wili
be postponed. A complete list of the
dates will be given out shortly.
WILSON REJECTS NOTE
Of AUSTI-HUNGARY
GERMANY ACCEPTS ALL TERMS
BUT CESSATION OF SUB
WAR
(By the Associated Press)
Basel, Switzerland, Oct. 20. - The
answer of Germany to President Wil-
son's note probably will be published
Sunday afternoon.
Washington, Oct. 20.--On the eve,
apparently, of the coming of another
peace note from Germany, President
Wilson has rejected the plea of Aus-
tria-Hungary for an armistice tnd
peace negotiations and, in doing so,
has made clearer the conditions which
the Central powers must meet to end
the war.
In a note written yesterday, and
made public soon after it was well on
the way to Vienna today, the Presi-
dent says there can be no talk of
peace with the Austro-Hungarian
government except upon the basis of
complete liberty for the Czecho-Slo-
vaks, and other subject nationalities,
as three members of the family of
nations.
This declaration may be far reach-
ing in its effect upon Austria-Hungary
where long enslaved people, apparent-
ly, are nearly ready to sweep away
the hated dual monarchy and the de-
tsted Hapsburg dynasty.
Though not mentioned by name, the
Poles, Rumanians and other distinct
races held under Austrian domina-
tion, come within the protection of
the principle of self-determination laid
down by the United States and the
Allies,
State Department Hears Nothing
Beyond press dispatches from Swit-
zerland, saying that the new German
note would be dispatched tonight, the
state department had no intimation
whatever of the time or the nature of
the German response to the Presi-
dent. Officials heard without com-
ment of the report that Germany
would accept President Wilson's con-
ditions "generally" with an exception
that submarine warfare must con-
tinue to the end of the war. About
the state department this was re-
garded as an indication that the Ber-
lin government, without conceding the
surrender that it has been told must
precede an armistice, would seek to
continue diplomatic discussions in the
hope of eventually weakening the po-
sition of her enemies and winning the
earnestly needed negotiated peace.
It was reiterated that only a com-
plete acceptance will satisfy the
United States and the Allies, and that
an effort by the Germans to evade the
issue probably would cause the pres-
ident to promptly refuse to continue
the correspondence.
Turn Newberry Hall Into Infirmary
Orders and a request were received
yesterday to turn Newberry hall into

an infirmary for the S. A. T. C. It had
been planned to open the hall yester-
dey afternoon, but the order changed
all plans and carpenters are putting
it in shape for its future occupants.
It is likely that men just out of the
hospital will be allowed a copule of
weeks rest there before being placed
on the active duty list, and light duty
men will probably take over some of
the lighter orderly work.

FOREIGN TRADE TO9
BE PEACE T O P I C
Foreign trade will be one of the
fundamental considerations to comet
up on the peace table in the opinon
of Professor H. C. Adams of the Eco-
nomics department. He calls atten-
tion to the fact that at the bottom of
all great armed controversies be-
tween nations is this subject of
trade. The war for American inde-
pendence was brought on by Eng-
land's rigid mercantile policy. Thet
war of 1812 was precipitaed be-t
cause of trouble between Englandt
and America on the high seas. Russia!
fought to get an outlet to the sea, so as
to facilitate trade, and Constantinople
has ever been a bone of contention
for those nations wanting sea ports.
He believes it is evident that this war
must attempt to settle once for all
this elusive and ever erupting sub-
ject of international trade. It will1
not only be a readjustment but a new
arrangement along many lines, and
this important question is occupying
the attention of economists eevry-
where.
"It is commonly recognized that the
course of foreign trade has been great-
ly deranged 'by the war," states Pro-
fessor H. C. Adams of the political
economy department, "and that one
of the most difficult adjustments aft-
er the return of peace will be that of
foreign trade. Especially will this
be true in the case of trade between
first-class industrial nations on the
one hand, like England or Germany,
and nations like China or the colo-
nies of Africa, on the other. It is
this feature of foreign trade that
calls for especial attention, and it Is
altogether likely that the nations of
the world wil be "obliged to provide
some special means for the content
of this class of trade. This will be
essential to the interest of enduring
peace."
WEARING OF MASKS
STILL IMPERATIVE
A general tendency to become care-
less or to discontinue the wearing of
the gauze masks was evident on the
streets and campus yesterday. Uni-
versity and medical authorities wish
it known that the wearing of the
masks is still imperative, as the epi-
demic is by no means conquered al-
though under control. It is the opin-
ion of the medical authorities that the
masks are not only helpful but nec-
essary in checking the epidemic. Stu-
dents and the public are reminded of
the necessity of keeping the masks
clean by washing with soap and hot
water.
Fresh masks for the students of the
campus will be distributed tomorrow.
These will be given as a result of the
untiring efforts of the ladies of the
Red Cross. They will be given out
in exchange for soiled ones between
7:30 and 11:30 o'clock at the Health
service, Red Cross headquarters, and
on the campus.
Precautions should be taken to
wear the masks loosely, covering both
nose and mouth. The same side
, should always be placed next the face.
SOLDIER-FARMERS TO ASSIST
ILLINOIS FARMERS HARVEST
Rockford, Ill., Oct. 19.-Two hun-
dred and fifty soldier-farmers of Camp
Grant are to aid Illinois farmers in
husking corn. The plan was effected
when representatives of the state
council of defense and agricultural

committees from Chicago presented
their pleas for harvest aid to Major F.
B. Eastman, casual officer at the camp.
A response by men of the rescue
company followed and each man was
given a furlough of two months. The
soldiers will be assigned to farmers
who need the help and their pay from
the government will be discontinued
during absence from camp. The
farmers, however, will compensate
the men. The soldiers accepted for
this duty are generally experienced
farmers, having left their farms for
military service.

THE CENTRAL POWERS LOSE 800
SQUARE MILES OF LAND IN
THREE DAYS
ADVANCE THREATENS
COMMUNICATION LINE
Austria Must Recognize Czecho-Slo.
Vaks and Jugo-Slavs Before U. S.
Makes Peace
(By the Associated Press)
Allied troops on a front of more
than 120 miles from the North sea
to the Oise river, are closing in on
the retiring Germans. The enemy is
given no rest, and they have difficulty
in holding the supposedly prepared
lines when they are reached.
On the north the British, French,
and Belgians are approaching Ghent,
and in the center the British are
marching on Tournai, while the Brit-
ish, French, and Americans, north of
the Oise, are threatening the impor-
tant railway lines south of Valen-
ciennes. In the Argonne, west of the
Meuse river, the Americans have im-
proved their positions in the neigh-
borhood of Bantheville.
Allies Bag 6,000 Prisoners
Unofficial reports are that the Bel-
gian coast has been cleared complete-
ly of enemy forces, and that 6,000
German troops have been caught be-
tween the advancing Allies and the
Dutch border on the North sea. This
force was apparently unable to make
good its escape southeastward, in the
direction of Antwerp, owing to the
rapidity of the Allied advance from
Bruges. Allied troops are reported
near Eecloo, 15 miles east of Bruges,
and the same distance northwest of
Ghent. They are also approaching
the Dutch frontier near Sluis. The
Allied troops in Flanders have regain-
ed 800 square miles of territory in
the past four days.
Between Bruges and Courtrai the
German resistance is somewhat stiff-
er than farther north, but south of
Courtrai the British are advancing
rapidly from the Douai-Lille line. The
Marcq river has been crossed east of
Lille and the town of Chereng, eight
miles west of the important junction
of Tournai, has been taken. The Brit-
ish have pressed forward nearly eight
miles on a 30 mile front in three
days.
Entente Troops Widen Wedge
South of Valenciennes the British,
American, and French forces are wid-
ening the wedge driven into the Ger-
man defenses, and have forced the
enemy behind the Sambre canal, on
a wide front, east of the important
railway center of Guise.
The Selle river has been crossed in
force southeast of Cambrai, and the
British are approaching the formida-
ble natural obstacle of the forest of
Mormal, which will cut the Valen-
ciennes-Avesnes railway, the main
German support line in this region.
The French maintain strongly the
pressure between the Oise and the
Serre rivers and eastward along the
Aisne river.
Hun to Retreat Before Yanks?
There are some indications that the
Germans are preparing for a retire-
ment from their positions in front of
the Americans, northwest of Verdun,
between the Meuse river and the
Boult forest. The American advance
threatens the security of the Kreilm-
hilde positions on the left center of
the sector. A further advance in the
(Continued on Page Four)

QUESTIONNAIRES

By special order of Provost
Marshal General Crowder every
enlisted man in the S. A. T. C.
ed every man in the S. A. T. C.
or S. N. T. C. must fill out and
file the regular questionnaire
with his local board. This order
is imperative and must be com-
plied with. The possibility rests
upon the man himself. If he
has not as yet received his ques-
tionnaire or returned it to his
local board' properly filled out,-
he should do so at once.

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