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March 27, 1919 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1919-03-27

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Outlines World- Wide Danger Of
Timber Famine As Result Of War




Regards Tenth Article of Charter a
"Trouble Breeder" and Not

a "Peace Maker"
(By Associated Press)
New York, March 26. - Seven
amendments to the league of nations
covenant intended primarily by the
author to insure the American con-
tinent against aggression, to protect
the United States from enforced ad-
ministration.of foreign territory, and
to revoke the "trouble breeding" guar-
anty of the existing political indepen-
dence of member nations, were pro-
posed here tonight by Charles E.
Worthy of Better Work
Mr. Hughes declared the American
people were "entitled to a better piece
of work" than the .present covenant
and added that "much would have been
gained" if at the outset "part of the
time expended in its praise had been
devoted to its correction."
The Hughes' amendments were stat-
ed as follows:
Explicit provision as to the require-
men of unanimity of decsion
Suitable limitation as to the field of
the league's inquiries and action, so
as to leave no doubt that the internal
concerns of states, such as emigra-
tion and tariff laws are not embraced.
Providing that no foreign power
shall hereafter acquire by- conquest,
purchase or in any other way any
possession on the American continent,
or the islands adjacent thereto.
Providing that the 'settlement of
purely American questions shall be re-
mitted to the American nation and
that European nations shall not in-
terfere unless requested to do so by
the American nation.
(Continued on Page Six)
(By Associated Press)
Pittsburg, March 26.-Despite the
financial predicament of railroads the
railroad administration plans to car-
ry out as much of its improvement
program as possible to keep labor em-
ployed and roads in repair, Walker D.
Hines, director general of railroads,
declared here tonight.
He asked for a more adequate un-
derstanding on the part of the public
on problems facing the railroads dur-
ing the war and presented sugges-
tions for operating roads privately un-
der government regulation as a per-
manent solution of the problem. He
emphasized that the ability of the
railroad administration to finance it-
self in spite of the failure of appro-
priation does not mean that it will
not need the appropriation as soon as
congress meets again.
Encourage Private Corporations
Proposing eventual private operation
with governmental supervision Mr.
Hines said,.'"My own view is that a
moderate guarantee on capital should
be prescribed so as to give a reason-
able assurance to capital and that
there should be a right to participa-
tion in any profits made in excess of
that guarantee so as to furnish the
needed stimulus to private initiative.
Equiable Adjustment of Rates
"I further believe that the govern-
ment should be represented on the
board of directors and that the gov-
0rnment directors constitute an impor-
tant part of the body which prescribes
rates. I do not believe these funda-
mental changes can be successfully
carried through, however, except by

the construction of comparatively
few great railroad corporations each
of which will combine the prosperous
and pnprosperous so as to present a
fair average result and get away from

Is France likely to require that Ger-
many settle a part of her indemnity
with lumber, was the question asked
a member of the forestry faculty yes-
terday. He replied as follows:
"More than likely, quite certain.
When Germany gets through paying
for French forests, I presume there
will be a hole in German forests which
it will take a hundred years to fill up
Boehes Used Much Timber
"You see, a lot of the best French
forests were in the invaded regions
and it is reported that the German
sawmills followed right on the heels
of the troops. Those sawmills would
have worked up the French forests
into munition timbers and fuel. Can-
tonments, and camps, and bridges,
and props for dugouts and trenches
take a lot af timber. Besides that,
Germany would have been wanting a
lot of timber at home and would much
prefer to take it out of France than to
sacrifice her own.
Shells Wipe Out Trees
"So that used up a lot of the old
French forests pretty fast. Then came
the great advances and retreats and
unheard-of shell fire. An advancing
army hates hills and forests almost
as badly as it hates swamps. Mix
them together, as in the Argonne, and
it makes about as bad a combination
as possible.
"If we knew the truth of it, prob-
ably it would be found that both the
Germans and French, years back, had
managed to put forests where they
would hinder invasion as much as pos-
sible. It was during the famous
Hindenburg retreat, you remember,
that all the trees were felled so as to
leave no hiding places and nothing to
interrupt shell fire-nothing to conceal
Weekly concerts are to be given by
the Varsity band from the campus
band stand at 7 o'clock every Friday
evening, starting immediately" after
spring vacation, according ko Captain
Wilfred Wilson, the director of this
musical organization.
Not only will the band give its week-
ly concerts, but it will also play at
all of the baseball games and at all of
the track events to be held on Ferry
field this coming spring.
As an added feature to this crowded
program, the usual big "BandBounce"
will. be held. No definite date or ar-
rangements have been made for this
event, but Prof. J. R. Brumm, the fac-
ulty business manager, said that it
would come off with more enthusiasm
than ever before.
Of its 61 members, which is a full
orchestration, 0 of the band's per-
sonnel have had previous experience
with this organization, and the new
men are of equal musical ability.
Weekly rehearsals have developed
the band into a perfect musical organ-
ization. The major part of the time
at rehearsals is devoted to putting
those fine' touches to a piece which
denotes the difference between a good
and poor band.
Jews Slaughtered
In tuenos Aires
w New York, March 26. - Thousands
of Jews were slaughtered in a pro.
gram conducted in Buenos Aires orn

January 9 according to a statemen
issued here tonight by the Zionist or-
ganization of America, quoting a re
port it has received from the Argen
tine capital. According to this repor
a "white guard" was organized there
following a rumor that strikes in the
city were the beginning of a Bolshe
vik revolution excited by Jews. The
reports charged that with co-opera
c tio of the police the white guar
raided the Jewish quarter "killingF
number that cannot be estimated be
cause all the bodies were buried in
comimon grave." Jews and person
who resembled Jews were stopped o
a the street and even synagogues wer
n raided on the ground that Maximalist
;s were being hidden there from the po

troop movements from the airplanes.
Just about the only way of fooling the
air scouts is to get under a forest.
What with all these things, the French
forests near the front were simply
wiped out.
"Besides what the Germans took
and what the shells smashed, the rest
of the French forests were badly cut
into. Nothing was more essential in
the winning of the war than English
coal. The getting of coal-mine props
was one of the big English problems.
England had been very careless with
her own forests and had little more
than deer parks. She had to have
pit-props and so wound up by cutting
shade trees and then borrowing from
France. English armies required
enormous quantities of cantonment
and trench timber and it had to come
from French forests.
French Forests Deeply Cut
"Early in the game crews of Cana-
dian lumbermen were working up
Scottish and French forests forg t
English armies. Then we came in.
The Chief of the U. S. Forest Service
went over to France with the first of-
ficers in order to arrange getting out
the timber which was going to be
needed. The 10th and 20th Engineers
were made up of American foresters
and lumberjacks and they operated
dozens of camps and sawmills scat-
tered over nearly all of France.
The making of the new harbors re-
quired countless pieces of piling and
millions of feet of lumber. Our ware-
houses and cantonments and hospitals
took millions more. The front line
construction took millions more-and
it all came out of the old hand-made
French forests. We have paid France
in cash for the timber we used but
our cash will not put back the trees
we cut. That will take cash, plus a
hundred years.
France Will'Demand Payment
"Now France requires enormous
quantities of timber to reconstruct
her devastated regions. Her own for-
ests have been butchered by the Ger-
mans and have been sadly depleted
by her Allies. France has known for
centuries that she must raise timber
in order to prosper. Therefore, almost
one-fifth of France was forest land.
England. has learned that a nation
must have a dependable timber sup-
ply and is planning to spend many
million pounds in starting new for-
Meanwhile Germany has around 34,-
000,000 acres of forest, of which about
20,000,000 are in Prussia. Perhaps it
would be better to say that Germany
had that much, for the war will have
drawn very heavily on her home sup-
plies. Germany soon ran out of cot-
ton. She used wood-pulp to make her
nitro-cellulose explosives and wood-
(Continued on Page Six)
The twenty-fourth annual meeting
of the Michigan academy of science
will be held in Ann Arbor during the
same week as the yearly meeting of
the Schoolmasters' club. The two
meetings of the academy will take
place on the afternoons of April 3
and 4.
In former years the meeting has
ben divided into sections, but this year
there will be eight. There will be a
section dealing with agriculture with
Frank A. Spragg as chairman, a sec-
tion dealing with botany with J. H.
Ehlers as chairman, one with Prof.
I. Leo Sharfman as chairman dealing
with economics.
There will also be a section of ge-

t ology and geography, and another of
- psychology with C. 0. Sauer and Johr
- F. Shepard, respectively, as chairmen.
-IIn'addition to these there will be a
t section of sanitary and medical sci-
e ence and one dealing with zoology, of
e which A. M. Chickering is chairman.
- It is urged, in a circular sent out
e by the academy, that all members pay
- their dues as soon as possible after
d reaching the campus.
a The secretary or a representative
- will be in room 231 Natural Science
a building on Thursday and Friday,
s' April 3 and 4, and in room 432 on
n Saturday, April 5. The local commit-
e tee consists of Walter F. Hunt, assist-
s ant professor of mineralogy, and
- Charles W. Cook, assistant professor
of economic geology.

Paris, March 26.-The Italian
delegation to the peace confer-
ence today notified the confer-
ence of the suppression of the
military and commercial block-
ade of the Adriatic by which
trading in the Adriatic returns
to conditions before the war 'ex-
cept that until peace is declared
the Allied ships will have the
right to search merchantment.




Nominees for offices in the Y. W.
C. A. and the Women's Athletic as-
sociation for the ensuing year have
been presented for election. They will
be voted on at the general campus
election on April 17. The list of nom-
inations for the Y. W. C. A. is as fol-
For president, Katherine Loveland,
'20, and Kathryn Glass, '20; for vice-
president, Helen Master, '21, and Lois
DeVries, '21; for treasurer, Beatrice
Beckwith, '21, and Alice Comlossy,
'21; and for secretary, Desdemona
Watts, '22, and Virginia Mowry, '22.
Candidates for the Women's Ath-
letic association are: for president,
Laura Peacock, '20, and Ruth Jennings,
'20; for vice-president, Phyllis Wiley,
'21, and Ann Kirkpatrick, 20; for
treasurer, Alice Hinkson, '21, and Ka-
trina Schernmerhorn, '21; for secre-
tary, Hazel Storz, '22, and Eleanor
Stephenson, '22; for senior represen-
tative, Dorothy Jones, '20, and Kath-
erine Loveland, '20; for junior repre-
sentative, Helen Koch, '21, and Edith
Apfel, '21; and for sophomore repre-
sentative, Florence Freeman, '22, and
Selma Mueller, '22.
(By Associated Press)
Montreal, March 26.-Fifty per cent
of the inhabitants of northern Labra-
dor perished during the winter from
an epidemic of influenza, smallpox
and measles, according to despatches
to the Montreal Star sent by mail to
Battle Harbor and by wireless to St.
Johns, Newfoundland.
Earlier reports had shown that ep-
idemics on the southern section of the
coast had cost the lives of 25 per
cent of the natives, but first reports
from the nprthern section are con-
tained in today's despatches.
It is estimated that only 400 inhab-
itants from Grooswater Bay are left
alive, the despatch says, but the full
extent of the calamity will not be
known until the opening of navigation
in the summer. Medical attention was
21 Wins Women's
Apparatus JMee t
Final interclass apparatus meet held
in Barbour gymnasium Wednesday aft-
ernoon was won by the sophomore
class who defeated the freshman by a
score of 30 to 10 points.
Both of the high individual scores
were won by sophomores. Phyllis
Wiley obtaining 24 points through
winning four first places, one second
and one third took the highest place
with Katrina Schermerhorn taking
second with one first, one second, and
one third, making a total of nin
points. The third individual score
place was taken by E. Erley, '20, whose
score totaled eight points.
The results in full were: Hand trav
eling-first, K. Schercerhorn, '21, sec
ond, P. Wiley, '21, and H. Koch, '21
tied, third, E. Howard; rope ladders-
first, P. Wiley, '21, second, V. Seeley
'22, third, M. Rottschaeffer, '21; fac
vault vs. oblique vault-first, B. Bush
'21, second, P. Wiley, '21, third, H
Koch, '21; window ladders-first, P
Wiley, '21, second, K. Schermerhorn
'21, third, F. Buckbee, '22; swin
jump-first, L. Olin, '22, second, B
Brush, '21, and F. Freeman, '22

Speakers for the Women's annual
banquet which will be given in Bar-
bour gymnasium April 2, will be as
follows: Toastmistress, Olga Shink-
man, '17, of Detroit; alumnae speak-
er, Mildred Hinsdale, '95, of Grand
Rapids; undergraduate speaker, Ruth
Dailey, '19. Dean John R. Effinger
and Dean Myra B. Jordan will also
give short talks.
Tickets for the banquet will be on
sale in University hall tomorrow from
8 to 12 o'clock in the morning and
from 1 to 5 o'clock in the afternoon.
They are 50 cents each.
For the fifty-fourth time the Mich-
igan Schoolmasters' club will meet at
an annual convention on the 2, 3 and
4 of April. A great variety of meet-
ings, entertainments and luncheons
are scheduled for the three days of
The short term institute will hold
a joint session with the Schoolmas-
ters' club on Thursday, April 3, in the
Natural Sciece building. Dr. Henry
Suzzallo, president of the University of
Washington, will speak on "Social
Changes Affecting Secondary Educa-
ion," and Prof. Guy M. Whipple of the
Carnegie Institute of Technology, at
Pittsburgh, will give an illustrated lec-
ture on "How the Psychologist Meas-
ures Intelligence."
Classleals Meet at Same Time
The twenty-fifth classical confer-
ence will hold meetings on 1, 2, 3, and
4 of April in Memorial hall with
prominent speakers of the University
and other colleges on the program.
A feature of this conference will be
an illustrated lecture on Wednesday,
April 2, in Hill auditorium by Prof.
Charles Upson Clark of the American
Academy in Rome. He will speak
under the auspices of the Italian gov-
ernment on "Italy in 'the War and
After the War."
Classical Club to Entetain
The Classical club will present a
Latin play in English on Thursday
evening in University hall, which will
be "The Much Woo'd Maiden."
All Michigan women who are at-
tending the conferences will be en-
tertained at a luncheon Wednesday,
April 2, given in Barbour gymnasium,
after which the Junior girls will pre-
sent their annual play at the Whitney
Prof. Henry Johnson will deliver an
important lecture Friday morning in
University hall on "Reconstruction in
History Teaching." Professor Johnson
is a member of the faculty at Colum-
ba University and is an authority or
this subject.
Departments Confer
Departmental conferences will be
held separately during the convention
for those interested in modern lan-
guages, English, history, physics
chemistry, mathematics, biology, com
mercial studies, art, physiography
I manual training, education psycholog
and home economics.
Detailed programs may be obtain
I ed from the educational department o
e at the Registrar's office.

, Due to the fact that several of th
- first tenors of the Glee club wer
, found ineligible, Mr. Theodore Harri
e son, the director, will hear tenors a
, 7:30 o'clock Thursday evening in hi
. studio at the .University School of Mu
. sic.
1, Mr. Harrison is rounding out
g club from his list, and if he suc
3. ceds in securing a sufficient numbe
2, of tenors the personnel of the clu
will be decided upon in a short timi





Audience Demands Encores for Every
Song; Acting of Principals Show
Results of Shuter's Training
(By Paul W. Shinkman)
At a wave of the baton of Director
Earl V. Moore, and with a flourish
of trumpets, the curtain went up on
Michigan's twelfth Opera, "Come On,
Dad," last night at the Whitney thea-
ter, and then-dropped the audience
in South Amerca!
As a musical production, the piece
ranks in the usual place.
As a play, It is perhaps the strong-
est opera -we have had in the last
half decade, although there is no
comedy of the hilarious sort.
Stars Are Excellent
Knight Mirrielees, '21E, easily takes
honors as the "male" star of the show.
His ating is breezy, spontaneous, and
at all times confident. Paul Wilson,
'20, leads the "women" of the show,
with his charming Mary Broadhead,
and more charming voice. Mathew
Towar, '19, is true to the Richard Carl.
type in his character of the ex-profes-
sor, and Paul Moore, '22M, has most
of the assets of a Donald Brian, in his
pleasant smile, excellent singing, and
better dancing. James White is a fa-
ther such as it would be hard to find
in anybody else on the campus. He
warms up to the part considerably in
the last act.
Musical Numbers Applauded
After a picturesque prologue sung
by Carlos Zanelli, '19E, 'the show
starts off with a banging opening
chorus which is a dazzling display of
color and staging effects. This stand-
ard is kept up throughout the act with
such catchy numbers as Gornetzky's
"Marry Me, Mary," and his "Ro-
mance a la Mode," the last of which
is the biggest number of the first act
and contains an excellently ' done
dance by Paul Moore and Paul Wil-
son. The latter, as Mary Broadhead,
exhibits a voice of more than aver-
age quality, and the Crinoline girls
of this number were marked successes.
"The Betting Song," by Knight Mir-
rielees, was effectively introduced in
the opening chorus of the second act.
The chorus in this act scored its big-
gest hit.
Last Act Crowns Performance
The last act is the crowning effort
of the show and reaches a degree of
excellence which would do credit to
any Dillingham production. The set
for this act is ,about the smartest
thing of its kind seen in Ann Arbor
in many a day and the costumes are
wonderful. The opening "Drinking
Song" is excellent and is sipported
by "Drink to Me Only With Thine
The second number in act III is the
musical stopping-point of the show.
It is here that Mirrielees, with an at-
tractive chorus, is given a chance to
sing a song which seems to have been
written for him, "Come On, Dad," by
Philip Diamond. The chorus supports
(Continued on Page Six)
,,,peaks Tonight
On Aerial Photos
"Aerial Photography in War Time
- and in Peace" is the subject of the
r illustrated lectuer to be given at 7:30
o'clock Thursday in the lecture room
of the Natural Science building by
Mr. Theodore Williams.
Mr. Williams was formerly a stu-
n dent in the chemistry department of
this University and was later con-
e nected with the Packard Motor Car
e company at Detroit. During the war
- he was a major in the United States
t army and in that capacity he had a

s great deal to do with the develop-
- ent of aerial photography.
The lecture is given under the au-
a spices of the University of Michigan
- section of the American Chemical so-
r ciety. No admission fee will be
b charged and the general public is in-

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