2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, May 25, 1994
Continued from page 1
be identical in size and shape to ATM
and credit cards.
Off-campus merchants who want
through the bank and incur service
fees. But the extra cost would likely be
offsetby highersales, resulting in little
or no expense for students.
"What we're looking at is the com-
mercial side as a debit function man-
aged by a bank and the campus side
managed by the University, with the
intent of keeping the administrative
cost as low as possible," said Robert
W. Moenart, the University's con-
troller and director of financial opera-
tions. "Of course, any additional costs
would be passed on to the ultimate
user, which is predominately stu-
Later this summer, the University
will solicit proposals from banks and
credit unions to administer the debit-
card program, Moenart said. The tar-
get date for implementing the new
program is fall 1995.
Off-campus merchants expressed
some displeasure with the wait.
"I was told (the University) would
make an announcement that would
make all of us happy," said Dave
Richard, general manager of Michi-
gan Book & Supply. "Waiting an-
other year doesn't exactly make me
The final shape of the new debit-
card program will not become clear
until early next year, Moenart said.
The University's debit card will be
modeled after a program now in place
at Florida State University that has
gained national acclaim.
Florida State's FSUCard origi-
nated in 1990 as the first campus id.
card to be fully integrated into the
banking system and other services.
Students at Florida State now can
pay tuition, make a long-distance
phone call, purchase from vending
machines, withdraw funds from
ATMs, pay overdue library fines, pay
off parking tickets, and purchase from
stores both on and off campus. The
card soon will be used to distribute
Continued from page 1
ethnic group, the report said.
said the University is trying to improve
conditions for minority women.
"I think we are really looking for-
ward as we continue with the man-
date to even more improvement in
progress for all faculty of color.
(Women of color) clearly present a
special concern," Baker said.
Opinions differ on why retention
of minority faculty is such a problem.
Harvey Whitfield, an African
American, was an associate professor
of biochemistry until he left the Uni-
versity in 1980. He said both he and
his wife were forced out of the Medi-
"I think there was both racism and
sexism involved and I do not say that
lightly," he said.
Whitfield is currently an associate
professor of psychiatry and biochem-
istry at the University of Illinois.
Whitfield said the University
asked him to return in 1990, but then
retracted the offer, because funding
"My big fear was the Medical
School wanted to say they tried to
recruit a Black faculty member and it
did not work," he said.
Pharmacology Prof. Thomas
Landefeld served as interim assistant
dean of student and minority affairs
in the Medical School in 1990. He
said the environment has not improved
significantly in the Medical School.
"I certainly feel there is both covert
and overt racism."
Landefeld said many minority
colleagues have left the Medical
School because of the environment.
"I don't have any evidence I know
ofthat there is hostility toward minor-
ity faculty (in the Medical School "
Robin Kelly, an African Ameri-
can, is also leaving his post as a pro-
fessor in the History and Center for
African-American Studies depart-
ments to take a position at New York
"My leaving had nothing to do
with a bad environment at the Univer-
sity. I've had nothing but good expe-
riences here," he said.
"The major problem faculty must
face, regardless of color, is overwork.
For minority faculty, that burden is
even greater," Kelly said, explaining
that minority faculty are often asked
to mentor minority students or take
administrative positions. "Diversifi-
cation is good, but the cost weighs on
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Continued from page 1
enrollment throughout the year.
"I think we'll have to move in that
direction. I think you'll see more
courseofferings in thenextfewyears,"
But, University spokesperson Lisa
Baker said there are no organized plans
tomoveto 100-percentoperations year-
round at this time."There's always talk
that we couldusespacemoreefficiently
but (year-round education) is not any-
thing we have plans to do in the foresee-
able future," Baker said.
Despite Baker's statement, LSA
is working to increase its course of-
ferings during the summer. LSA has
added about 30 courses this summer,
said Associate Dean John Cross.
Cross said while he was unaware
of any move by Duderstadt, addi-
tional classes are being offered
through theindividual departments in
LSA. "The question is to expand the
offerings to see if there is reason to
justify the expansion," Cross said.
"We can't just dramatically increase
the summer offerings.
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"Most faculty do go away and
pursue their research during the sum-
mer. That's one of the reasons we
were gradually pursuing the expan-
sion," Cross added.
Butdiscussion on year-roundedu-
cation is not new.
Beginning in 1963 the University
set up a commission to study the pos-
sibility of year-round education. The
result was the implementation of the
spring-summer semester in 1964 and
spring andsummer half terms in 1965.
Some faculty members maintain
that increased summerclass selection
could have drawbacks.
Chemistry Prof. Thomas Dunn
said he researched the possibility of
100-percent year-round operations in
the mid-'80s and found that it would
put a crunch on faculty as well as
"Essentially it would mean a great
deal of money to maintain and air
condition buildings and fuel faculty
salaries." Dunn said. "My research
indicated then that it would be a f -
Dunn added that the "efficiency"
of the proposal is debatable.
"When you talk about efficiency
you have to think about the human
factor. Is there a demand to service
year-round operations? Are students
interested in a third semester? Would
the faculty then be increased? Ther'
more to consider here than econoi
ics," Dunn said.
But regents said students may di-
rectly benefit from the plan.
"It would provide an opportunity
for students to earn a bachelor degree i
a shorter period of time," said Regent
School of Architecture senior Jen-
nifer Kowalewski said she thought it
might also help students who need
work to pay tuition.
"I think it's a good idea, that way
students could take less classes each
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