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May 20, 1984 - Image 2

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1984-05-20

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Page 2 - The Michigan Daily Sunday, May 20, 1984
Freighter
sinks in
Persian

I

Gulf
ABU DHABI (UPI) - A Panamanian-
registered freighter ablaze by a missile
attack sank in the Persian Gulf yester-
day and Iran warned it would expand
its war with Iraq "everywhere in the
world" if outside powers try to inter-
vene.
Lloyds of London, the international
shipping insurers, identified the sunken
ship as 16,558-ton bulk carrier
"Fidelity."
SHIPPING sources said 21 crew
members of the vessel were picked up
by another ship, while 12 others were
still in life rafts when it went down near
Kharg Island, Iran's main petroleum
shipping terminal in the Gulf.
Though it was not certain whether
Iranian or Iraqi jets fired the missiles
that hit the "Fidelity," the sinking
came a day after Iraq said its war-
planes attacked and set ablaze two
ships in the Gulf south of Kharg Island.
The sinking came as Iraq vowed to
tighten its siege of Iranian ports and oil
terminals. Iran warned outside powers
to stay out of the 4-year-old conflict.
"IF WE show weakness, it would
mean that after two weeks, no ship in
the Gulf would come to Kharg Island
and we will not sell our oil," Iranian
Parliament speaker Hashemi Rafsan-
jani said in Tehran.
"We should prepare ourselves for a
war everywhere in the world against
the interests of any country that steps
in the Gulf," he said.
The Reagan administration has said
it is committed to protecting freedom of
navigation in the Persian Gulf. Ad-
ministration officials have been con-
sulting with Arab nations in the region
about the latest attacks but say they
have not been asked for U.S. military
support or direct intervention in the
conflict.

Associated Press
Smoke rises from the Saudi Arabian tanker "Al Ahood". The tanker was 50 miles south of Kharg Island in the Persian
Gulf when it was attacked May 7.

A U.S. NAVY aircraft carrier battle
group is on station at the mouth of the
Persian Gulf and four American guided
missile destroyers and frigates are in-
side the waterway. British and French
warships also are in the region.
Iraq said it would keep up its attacks
against Iran's oil export facilities.
"The economic siege, and especially
that against Iranian oil exports, will
continue," the state-run Iraqi News
Agency quoted army commander Taha
Yassin Ramadan as saying in Bagh-
dad. "The decision to paralyze Iran's
trade is final."
THE "FIDELITY" was the first
vessel to sink in the gulf waters since
April 25, when the Saudi Arabian
357,000-ton Safina al Arab was hit by
Iraqi planes 70 miles south fo Kharg
Island.
Since then, seven tankers have been
hit in the Gulf. A Saudi Arabian and two
Kuwaiti vessels have been damaged by
Iranian planes and Iraqi attacks have
damaged two vessels from Spain, one
from Greece and one from Iran.
Shipping officials have said the at-
tacks on tankers, and the resulting rise
in shipping insurance, threaten to
disrupt vital oil supplies from the Gulf
to Western Europe and Japan.

Iraqi blockade of Persian
Gulf severs Arab lands

I

BAGHDAD, Iraq (AP) - The four-
month-old Iraqi blockade of Iranian
ports has damaged not only the ships of
its Persian enemy, but those of fellow
Arab and other foreign nations, and it
has threatened major oil shipping
routes.
An Arab diplomat said Iraq is
pressing the blockade in hopes it will
lead to at least one of three things: a
negotiated settlement of its war with
Iran, free naviagtion for its own ships in
the Persian Gulf or additional political
and financial backing.
RATHER than buckling under, Iran
is accused of attacking the ships of
Iraq's main financial backers, Saudi
Arabia and Kuwait.
The diplomat, who represents a Per-
sian Gulf nation and asked not to be
identified, said the blockade may still
achieve its goal. -
Iraqi President Saddam Hussein has
repeatedly declared his readiness to
negotiate a settlement with Iran. But
the Iranians have rejected all
mediation attempts. They demand the
resignation of Hussein and his socialist
Baath Party regime, and huge war

reparations.
IRAQ'S shipments of oil through the
gulf have been shut off by the war and
Iraqi leadership believes Iran "has
been able to maintain the war only
because it has enough resources to
finance the costly fighting," the
diplomat said.
Oil exports through the gulf are
"Iran's main, if not only, financial
resource. So Iraq, in simple words,
decided to close the gap, impose the sea
blockade and prevent Iran from getting
such income," the diplomat said.
But last week saw attacks on two
Kuwaiti tankers and one registered in
Saudi Arabia. Kuwait accused Iranian
gets of the attacks on its vessels, and
U.S. officials said they had "pretty
good evidence" Iranian jets were
responsible for the attack on the Saudi
ship.
On Friday, Iraq said it had hit two
naval targets near Iran's main Kharg
Island oil terminal, and shipping sour-
ces in Bahrain reported that a bulk
carrier, the Fidelity, was hit Friday
and sank yesterday.

I

HAPPENINGS

Sunday
Cinema Guild-Loneliness of the Long Distance
Runner, 7:30 & 9:30 p.m., Lorch.
CFT-Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, 5:15 &
9:30 p.m.; The Sting, 7:15 p.m., Michigan.
Common Ground Theatre-Junkie! Portraits of
Women & Transition, 2 p.m., Trueblood Theatre.
Continuing Medical Ed.-"Advanced Cardiac Life
Support," course, call 763-1400.
Women's Studies-"Alternatives for the '80s," call
763-2047.
Museum of Art-public tour, 2 p.m.; film, Japanese
Gardens, 2:30 p.m.
Muslim Student Assoc.-meeting, 10 a.m., 407 N.
Ingalls.
Psych Hospitals-Mental Health Resource Info
Fair, 1-9 p.m.; Arborland Mall.
Marine Corps League-Garage and Yard Sale, 10
a.m. to5p.m., 1035 S. Main.

Peace Parade-2 p.m., Farmer's Market to West
Park.
Theatre Organ Society-Organ Concert, Tony
O'Brien, 10 a.m., Michigan Theatre.
Monday
Society for Creative Anachronism-meeting, 8
p.m., call 996-4290.
Eclipse-Workshop, jazz improv, 7 p.m., Union
Assembly Hall.
Tae Kwon Do Club-practice, 6 p.m., CCRB.
Cant. Medical Ed.-"Advances in Pediatrics"
course, call 763-1400.
Campus Zen Soc.-Silent Zen Buddhist meditation.
7 p m., 331 Thompson.
CEW-Re-entry women network lunch, noon, 350S.
Thayer.
Social Work-Symposium, "Local Welfare Policy,

Decentralization, & Community Organization in the
Netherlands,"9a.m.-9p.m., Rackham.
Health Planning Council-Lecture, Gale Jensen,
"Putting People's Food Needs First," 7:30 p.m.,
4003 Education.
CFT-Alien, 7:15 p.m.; Close Encounters of the
Third Kind, 9:30 p.m., Michigan.
Computing Center-Lecture, Forrest Hartman,
3:30 p.m., 64 Bus. Ad.
Association for Retired Citizens-meeting, 7:30
p.m., 1735 S. Wagner.
Physicians for Sociel Responsibility-Discussion,
Dr. Richard Ketal, "The Psychological Dimensions
of the Nuclear Arms Age," 7:30 1p.m., 1917
Washtenaw.
Great lakes & Marine Waters Center-Seminar,
Richard Wright, "The History of the Great Lakes
Shipping in 25 Words or Less and Two Box Tops," 4
p.m., Cooley Bldg.

4

I

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