Page 10-Saturday, July 25, 1981-The Michigan Daily
CONTROVERSY SURROUNDS OPERA TION
Patient receives artificial heart
HOUSTON (AP)-A 36-year-old Dutchman, only
the third person ever to receive an artificial heart,
remained in critical condition yesterday, as the Food
and Drug Administration said Dr. Denton Cooley
should have sought federal approval before implan-
ting the device.
But Cooley, saying the man otherwise would have
died, insisted he had violated no regulations.
The artificial heart has not been approved by the
Food and Drug Administration. But a spokeswoman
for St. Luke's Hospital said the FDA allows such
equipment to be used in life-threatening situations.
The FDA said it was looking into the case. An FDA
sppkesman, William Rados, had said earlier yester-
day that Cooley probably "should have"' obtained
FDA approval before using the experimental device,
but later said he was mistaken.
The patient, W.A. Meuffels, a former excursion bus
driver from The Netherlands, was listed in critical
condition with probable irreversible brain damage.
Cooley said he implanted the artificial heart when the
patient's own heart failed after coronary bypass
THE OPERATION was the third reported use of an
artificial heart in humans. The first trial of such a
device was made by Cooley in 1969.
The plastic heart, a small pump connected to a
roomful of machinery, is intended to keep a patient
alive only until a donor can be found for a heart tran-
splant. The heart and its earlier versions have been
tested in 200 calves.
After the operation, Cooley's Texas Heart Institute
issued a nationwide appeal for a heart donor. Doctors
said the donor, preferably a man, should be 18- to 45-
years-old with A-positive blood. Hteart donors are
usually accident fatalities who suffered massive
COOLEY SAID the length of time the man can live
on the artificial heart is "indefinite." Previously a
patient has survived up to three days using a device.
The heart transplant surgery pioneer said the man
had no chance of living without the plastic device,
and he said even if the man gets a succestful tran-
splant, chances were better than 50 percent that he.
suffered brain damage.
Cooley's first artificial heart operation drew
criticism from the National Heart Institute and
others who said it was a violation of government
guidelines on human experiments.
Art of economics
Local merchants develop the skills in their craft during the Art Fair, trying to lure as many of the thousands of
potential customers that descend on the city as they possibly can.
Guardsman charged inshootirg
of 4 soldiers during maneuvers
(Continued from Page 3)
THE POST-reported on a secret
report, prepared for the Senate Foreign
Relations Subcommittee on Inter-
national Operations, that was "leaked"
to columnist Jack Anderson. The report
is still classified information.
"At least 45 Taiwanese intelligence
officers were present in the United
States at the beginning of this year
(1979)," the 1979 article stated. "Ten to
25 of them are believed to be on U.S.
college campuses, where they engage
in infiltration, surveillance, and the
organization of anti-Peking demon-
"The intimidation has worked to
deprive the targeted emigres, some of
whom were naturalized U.S. citizens, of
constitutional rights of freedom of
speech, assembly, and association that
are guaranteed to all U.S. resglents,"
the Post reported.
CHEN, WHO .was found dead in
Taiwan last month, was a permanent
resident of the United States.
Furthermore, the article said, "A
major conclusion of the study was that
none of the agencies most directly in-
volved in the activities of foreign in-
telligence agents - the CIA, the FBI,
and the State Department - had direct
responsibility for monitoring political
harassment by foreign governments of
their own nationals in the United
According to the secret report, "The
FBI does investigate specific complain-
ts of criminal violations but it makes no
systematic effort to ascertain the ac-
tivities within the United States of
'friendly' foreign intelligence ser-
Richard Cyert, who will testify at the
hearing this Thursday, said he will not
be able to testify that there are in fact,
spies on his campus. Cyert said he's not
even certain that surveillance is illegal.
"We're just hoping to keep the issue
alive," he said, adding that "we have
some other strong evidence that we
can't divulge" right now.
It is not clear that Shapiro will attend
the congressional hearing, or which
federal agencies will brief him.
The presidents of Carnegie-Mellon
and the University of Minnesota; twq
other schools involved in the Taiwanese
Socident, say they hav.enotbeen briefed
by federal officials.
GRAYLING (UPI) - A warrant was the force of a half-stick of dynamite,
issued yesterday for the arrest of a were supposed to have been used
Michigan National Guardsman in con- during the training exercise.
nection with the wounding of four fellow
guardsmen during war maneuvers this THE STATEMENT said that live
week at the 122,000 acre Camp ammunition was accidently used in the
Grayling. guardsman's rifle instead of military
The Crawford County Sheriff's depar- issue blanks. It was not known how the
tment, in a joint press release with live ammunition came to be in the rifle.
Michigan Army National Guard Police officials refused to identify the
Military Police, said that the incident guardsman for whom the warrant was
which occurred Wednesday night was issued.
accidental" but a warrant has been Police said they were led to believe
issued for a guardsman for the shooting was accidental becausb a
"discharging without malice a blank adaptor on the M-16 rifle that was
firearm." used to shoot at the four men was
AUTHORITIES SAID bullets from a recovered intact on the rifle.
M-16 rifle shattered the windshield of a "Under most circumstances with the
jeep carrying the four men par- plug-like device in the rifle, the barrel
ticipating in the war maneuvers. would have exploded when live ammo
A spokesman for the camp, Jack was discharged," the release said.
Westbrooks, said no live ammunitio]Ror,
"simulator" fire, which explodes with SGT. JOHN Wimberly, 28, of Lan-
sing, was in fair condition Friday at Lit-
tle Traverse Hospital in Petoskey
following surgery Thursday for the
neck wound believed, caused by a rifle
bullet. Medics on the scene said Wim-
berly's neck injury was extensive
enough that "you could put your fist in,
The other three soldiers, who were
among 7,200 guardsmen and women
completing two weeks of annual
training at the northern Michigan
camp, were treated and released at
Mercy Hospital. They suffered minor
injuries from being struck by shattered
They were identified as Sgt. Ronald
Kline, 25, of Lansing, Sgt. Lawrence
Leach, 29, of Westland and Pvt. William
S. Cole, 22,;df'Williamsto.'n