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May 08, 1980 - Image 20

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1980-05-08

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Page 20-Thursday, May 8, 1980-The Michigan Daily
National Guard
brass asserts
reserves weak

PORTLAND, Ore. (UPI) - The top
brass of the nation's National Guard
units, in the strongest public appeal
they have ever made, charged yester-
day that Guard and reserve forces lack
the equipment, training aids and per-
sonnel they need to meet a military
"Changing these conditions is not
only desirable; it is essential," said a
resolution adopted by the Adjutants
General Association of the United
THE ASSOCIATION said "one-half
the nation's combat power and two-
thirds of support capability are main-
tained in thereserve forces" but they
"receive only five per cent of the total
U.S. defense outlays."
The statement fell short of describing
the guard as being "unable to mobilize
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enough firepower to stop Snow White
and the seven dwarfs," a comment at-
tributed to one unnamed National
Guard officer. It said, however, "the
reserve component forces of the United
States, particularly the Army National
Guard and Army Reserves, are not
adequately supported."
"With the possible exception of the
Air National Guard and Air Force
Reserves," the association said, reser-
ve forces lack "much of the modern
equipment they need . . necessary
training aids. . . the administrative
support systems and procedures
required ... and recruiting and reten-
tion incentives provided to the active
Army forces."
IN A LIST labeled "the Portland
resolves," the adjutants general asked
that "America's leaders":
a Provide conventional armed forces
with "effective equipment and training
parity with those of our potential ad-
versaries; "
a Enact a fair system of selective
Provide air and sea lifts required to
move troops and equipment where
a Give Guard and reserve forces
training aids and devices "they
desperately need;"
a Provide an air and sea defense
system to "protect our country at home
and our forces in transit abroad; "
a Assure the effectiveness of the
nation's industrial base;
a Give reserve units full time staf-
fing; and,
a Develop national policies
recognizing and supporting the essen-
tial role of the National Guard and
Help prevent
birth defects.

SEN. EDMUND MUSKIE, approved yesterday by the Senate as the new
Secretary of State, models a pair of oversized glasses in a novelty store
Muskie confirmed as
secretary of state

(Continued from Page 1)
spokesman on foreign policy.
The sole vote in the committee again-
st the nomination was Helms'.
Helms voiced his personal "affec-
tion" -for.Muskie, who has been a mem-
ber of the committee, on and off, for six
years. But the conservative Republican
said that "if my brother were in your
seat and he had supported the Panama
Canal Treaties and SALT II, I would
have some problems with his confir-
HELMS SAID he cast his vote against
Muskie "respectfully and regretfully."
During his testimony, Muskie praised
a European proposal for the
neutralization of Afghanistan and held
out hope for settling the hostage crisis in
Muskie also said he intends to be
President Carter's principal adviser on
foreign policy. Cyrus Vance, who quit
the post last month, had lost ground to
Zbigniew Brzezinski, the national
security adviser.
"President Carter has made it clear
that he expects me to play this role, and
I intend to do so," Muskie said.
FOR THE most part, the nominee
was treated like an old friend by the
Senate Foreign Relations Committee,
on which the Maine Democrat served
as a junior and non-controversial
The chairman, Sen. Frank Church
(D-Idaho), set the tone with an opening
statement that noted 28 of the nation's
56 secretaries of state came from the
Senate and 19 of them from the commit-
"Most of all, I want to say how proud
we are that a member of this commit-
tee has been chosen for such an impor-
tant role," Church said.
The senior Republican, Sen. Jacob
Javits of New York, told Muskie "You
are running with our colors, so do us
"THE ONLY dissonance was sounded

by two junior Republicans, Helms and
Richard Lugar of Indiana. They raised
questions about Carter's foreign
policies, but were careful not to
challenge their old colleague, Muskie.
Helms wound up his questioning by
raising his hand to his brow and
saluting the nominee.
Sen. Frank Church (D-Idaho),
chairman of the Foreign Relations
Committee, introduced the Muskie
nomination on the Senate floor.
"I can think of no man better equip-
ped to pursue the process of con-
sultations between the executive and
legislative to achieve unity" in
American foreign policy, Church said.
DEMOCRATIC leader Robert Byrd,
noting the problems the nation faces,
said, "I know of no man in American
better suited to meet these challenges."
He added, "Anyone who knows Ed
Muskie knows he will be the president's
number one foreign policy advisor and
will put.his own stamp on America's
foreign policy.
Muskie's praise for a West European
proposal to neutralize Afghanistan
seemed to represent a shift from the
State Department's cool reserve
toward the plan. He called it "a useful
idea" and said it offered the "clearest
opportunity" for resolving the dispute
over the Red army's occupation of
HE DID NOT make clear, however,
whether he intends to take it up with
Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei
Gromyko when they both attend
ceremonies in Vienna May 15-16
marking Austria's 25 years of
On Iran, he seemed to offer no major
change in Carter'sapproach, whichhas
failed to gain release of 53 Americans
held in Tehran for more than six mon-
He said the administration needs "a
carrot-and-stick approach" that would
persuade more moderate forces in Iran
that it would be in their country's best
interest to release the Americans. He
said he intends to work on this
"package" and come up with "carrots"
to show Tehran that a settlement
"would not be inimicable to Iran's in-

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