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February 24, 2014 - Image 5

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The Michigan Daily, 2014-02-24

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5A - Monday, February 24, 2014

The Michigan Daily - michigandaily.com

5A - Monday, February 24, 2014 The Michigan Daily - michigandailycom

Notorious drug lord
caught by wiretaps

Gorbachev addresses
Ukraine political reform

Police use cell
phone technology to
find "El Chapo"
CULIACAN, Mexico (AP) -
After fruitlessly pursuing one
of the world's top drug lords for
years, authorities finally drew
close to Joaquin "El Chapo"
Guzman using a cellphone found
at a house where drugs were
stored.
The phone belonging to a
Guzman aide was recovered
with clues from a U.S. wiretap
and provided a key break in the
long chase to find Guzman, offi-
cials told The Associated Press
on Sunday.
Another big leap forward
came after police analyzed
information from a different
wiretap that pointed them to
a beachfront condo where the
legendary leader of the Sinaloa
cartel was hiding, according to
a U.S. government official and a
senior federal law enforcement
official.
When he was at last taken into
custody with his beauty-queen
wife, Guzman had a military-
style assault rifle in the room,
but he didn't go for it.
A day after the arrest, it was
not yet clear what would happen
next to Guzman, except that he
would be the focus of a lengthy
and complicated legal process to
decide which country gets to try
him first.
The cellphone was found Feb.
16 at house Guzman had been
using in Culiacan. By early the
next day, the Mexican military
had captured one of Guzman's
top couriers, who promptly pro-
vided details of the stash houses
Guzman and his associates had
been using, the officials said.
At each house, the Mexican
military found the same thing:
steel reinforced doors and an
escape hatch below the bath-
tubs. Each hatch led to a series
of interconnected tunnels in the
city's drainage system.
The officials, whospoke onthe
condition of anonymity because
they were not authorized to pub-
licly discuss how Guzman was

located, said troops who raided
Guzman's main house in Culia-
can chased him through the
drainage pipes before losing him
in the maze under the city.
A day later, on Feb. 18, Guz-
man aide Manuel Lopez Ozorio
was arrested and told investiga-
tors that he had picked up Guz-
man, cartel communications
chief Carlos Manuel Ramirez
and a woman from a drainage
pipe and helped them flee to
Mazatlan.
When he was finally in hand-
cuffs, the man who eluded Mexi-
can authorities for more than a
decade looked pudgy, bowed and
middle-aged in a white button-
down shirt and beltless black
jeans.
Now 56, he had successfully
eluded authorities since escap-
ing from prison in 2001 in a
laundry truck.
He is likely to face a host of
charges in Mexico related to his
role as the head of the cartel,
which is believed to sell cocaine,
marijuana, heroin and metham-
phetamine in some 54 countries.
He also faces extensive allega-
tions in the United States, where
grand juries in at least seven
federal district courts, including
Chicago, San Diego, New York
and Texas, have indicted him.
Federal officials in Chicago
were among the first to say they
wanted to try Guzman, followed
by prosecutors in Brooklyn, N.Y.
In an email Sunday, Assistant
U.S. Attorney Steven Tiscione
in Brooklyn said it would be up
to Washington to make the final
call.
A Justice Department offi-
cial, speaking on condition of
anonymity because it's a matter
of sensitive diplomatic discus-
sions, said no decisions regard-
ing extradition have been made.
During his 13 years on the
run, Guzman was rumored to
live everywhere from Argentina
to Mexico's "Golden Triangle," a
mountainous, marijuana-grow-
ing region straddling the north-
ern states of Sinaloa, Durango
and Chihuahua.
Under his leadership, the
cartel grew deadlier and more
powerful, taking over much of

the lucrative trafficking routes
along the U.S. border. Guzman
watched from western Mexico's
rugged mountains as authorities
captured or killed the leaders
of every rival group challeng-
ing Sinaloa's perch at the top of
global drugtrafficking.
The stocky son of a peasant
farmer even achieved a slot on
the Forbes' billionaires' list and
earned a folkloric status as being
too powerful to catch.
Then, late last year, authori-
ties started closing on his inner
circle.
The son of one of his two top
partners, Ismael "Mayo" Zam-
bada, was arrested at a border
crossing in Nogales, Ariz., in
November as part of a sprawling,
complex investigation involving
as many as 100 wiretaps, accord-
ing to his lawyer.
A month later, one of the
Sinaloa cartel's main lieutenants
was gunned down by Mexican
helicopter gunships in a resort
town a few hours' drive to the
east. Less than two weeks later,
police at Schipol Airport in
Amsterdam arrested one of the
cartel's top assassins, a man who
handled transport and logistics
for Guzman.
The noose got tighter this
month. Federal forces began
sweeping through Culiacan,
capital of the Pacific coast state
of Sinaloa, where they closed
streets, raided houses, seized
automatic weapons, drugs and
money, and arrested a series of
men Mexican officials carefully
described to reporters as top

Former Soviet
premier says heavy-
handed tactics
alienated populace
SHARJAH, United Arab
Emirates (AP) - Former Soviet
leader Mikhail Gorbachev said
Sunday that the political crisis
in Ukraine, which has seen its
president driven fromthe capital
after months of protests, stems
from its government's failure to
act democratically.
He spoke a day after dem-
onstrators took over Kiev and
seized President Viktor Yanu-
kovych's office as parliament
voted to remove him and hold
new elections.
Protesters first took to the
streets of Kiev late last year
after Yanukovych abandoned
an agreement that would have
strengthen his country's ties
with the European Union in
favor of seeking closer coopera-

tion with Moscow.'
"Ultimately this is the result
of the failure of the government
to act democratically" and to.
engage in dialogue and fight cor-
ruption, Gorbachev said during
an address at the International
Government Communication
Forum in the city of Sharjah in
the United Arab Emirates.
He added that the root cause
of the unrest in Ukraine was an
"interruption of perestroika,"
referring to his reform policies,
and "an interruption of the dem-
ocratic process" there.
Gorbachev also criticized the
disparities that have resulted
from globalization, which he
described as a "blind process"
that has led to uneven develop-
ment and created more losers
than winners in the developing
world.
The 82-year-old Gorbachev
was the last leader of the Soviet
Union, and the reforms he put in
place helped lead to the fall of
Communism.
After becoming the Soviet

leader in March 1985,he pursued
the policies of using "glasnost"
or openness, and "perestroika"
or restructuring. While his
intent had been only reform, the
policies brought about demo-
cratic changes that eventually
led to the collapse of the Soviet
Union in 1991.
Gorbachev won the 1990
Nobel Peace Prize for his role in
ending the Cold War, but he has
little influence in today's Russia.
Recently he has become
increasingly critical of Russian
President Vladimir Putin.
In December 2011, Gorbachev
urged then-Prime Minister
Putin to step down as tens of
thousandsofprotesters demand-
ed free elections and an end to
Putin's rule in the largest show
of public outrage since protests
20 years ago that brought down
the Soviet Union.
Moscow has backed Yanu-
kovych. He is widely despised in
western Ukraine, but has strong
support in the Russian-speaking
east.

Israeli prison raid ends
in death of U.S. murderer

Sheinbein fled17years
ago after killing,
dismembering a man

Police special forces rushed
to this prison in central Israel
after Sheinbein stole a weapon
and shot three guards, wound-
ing two of them seriously. He
then barricaded himself inside

officials for Zambada.
On Feb. 13, a man
"19," whom officials
new chief of assassin:
bada, was arrested
other men on the high
coastal resort city of N
Four days later,
described as a memo
Sinaloa cartel's upp
was seized along w
hollowed-out cucum
bananas stuffed witl
Then a 43-year-old kn
nickname "20" and
as Zambada's chief o
was arrested transpor
cocaine-stuffed produ

SHARON PRISON, Israel the compound where a standoff
known as (AP) - Israeli special forces ensued, with counter-terrorism
called the raided a prison in central Israel units dispatched to the scene.
s for Zam- Sunday after an inmate stole a The inmate then opened fire
with two gun, shot several guards and again, wounding three more
way to the barricaded himself inside the guards, before the forces shot
lazatlan. compound, killing the notorious him dead, police spokesman
a man prisoner who was serving time Micky Rosenfeld said.
ber of the for a gruesome murder carried Hospital officials said one
er ranks out in the U.S. of the wounded guards was
ith 4,000 Police identified the inmate fighting for his life. Police and
bers and as Samuel Sheinbein, an Ameri- the Israel prison service have
h cocaine. can who fled to Israel after opened investigations into the
own by the murdering and dismembering incident. Sheinbein's lawyers
described another man in Maryland in told Israeli TV that their cli-
:f security 1997 and whose case sparked a ent was under duress and that
ting more high-profile row between the the Israeli prison service has
ce. two allies. ignored their warnings.
h #1344-4115
Email: dallydisptq@gmaIl.com

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Sheinbein, 34, was tried in
Israel in 1999, two years after
he fled to the country and suc-
cessfully sought refuge from
extradition, enraging Maryland
authorities and briefly threaten-
ing U.S. aid to the Jewish state.
An Israeli court sentenced
Sheinbein to 24 years for his
slaying and dismemberment of
19-year-old Alfredo Enrique
Tello Jr. Sheinbein was 17 at the
time of the killing and could
have faced a life sentence in
Maryland. His extradition to
Maryland was blocked after a
yearlong battle between Israel
and the United States over an
Israeli law that prohibited it.
Following that embarrass-
ment, Israel changed its laws to
allow the extradition of Israeli
citizens on condition that they
are returned to Israel to serve
any sentence imposed.
Sheinbein, of Aspen Hill,
Maryland, confessed to stran-
gling Tello with a rope and hit-
ting him several times with a
sharp object. Sheinbein then
dismembered the body with
an electric saw and burned it,
authorities said. Another teen-
ager charged in the killing,
Aaron Needle, committed sui-
cide while in jail in Maryland.
Sheinbein fled to Israel days
after Tello's remains were
found in a garage. He success-
fully sought refuge under a law
that prevented the extradition
of Israeli citizens to foreign
countries. Sheinbein had only
passing contact with Israel, but
his father, Saul, was born in the
country and Sheinbein qualified
for Israeli citizenship.
Israel refused to extradite
Sheinbein, prompting protests
from senior officials, including
then-Attorney General Janet
Reno. Some congressmen who
had otherwise been friendly to
Israel threatened to cut aid in
response.
Nitzana Darshan-Leitner,
who represented Sheinbein in
1997, bemoaned the "terrible
tragedy" that befell the families
of both the wounded guards and
the shooter and challenged the
system for how it has handled
her client.
"When he was sentenced,
he was 17, without a criminal
background, a kid from a nor-
mal background," she said. "It
is hard to understand how after
all these years in prison it was
not able to help him rehabili-
tate."
Maryland Attorney General
Douglas Gansler, who tried to
extradite Sheinbein back to
the U.S. as a state's attorney in
the 1990s, said Sheinbein was
a troubled young man whose
mental health issues continued
into adulthood.
Gansler said the timing of
Sheinbein's prison outburst was
most striking because he was
close to serving two-thirds of
his sentence and becoming eli-
gible for parole.

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