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November 27, 2013 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 2013-11-27

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2A - Wednesday, November 27, 2013

This Week in History


The Michigan Daily - michigandailycom
420 Maynard St.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1327
Editor in Chief Business Manager
734-418-4115 ext. 1252 734-410-4110 ext. 1241
anweiner@michigandailyxom kvoigtman@michigandailycom

Student victim of hate crimes

A San Jose State University Adolf Hitler.
student who is Black alleges that A fourth student was suspend-
he was racially harassed and ed Friday.
tormented by three of his suit-
emates, who will be arraigned MSU researchers develop
Jan. 6 for charges of battery and advanced microscope
hate crimes, The Spartan Daily
reported Friday. Michigan State University
The three students alleg- researchers are developing a
edly put a bike lock around the microscope that will be able to
victim's neck and told him they capture the movement of atoms
didn't have the key. In another and molecules down to one mil-
incident, they allegedly tried to lionth of a billionth of a second,
wrestle him to the ground, injur- The State News reported Monday.
ing him in the process. They also Currently, high-resolution
are accused of blockading the electron microscopes, while pow-
VIRGINIA cOZANO/Da y victim in his room five times. The erful, cannot capture movement
The Campus Jazz Ensemble of non-music majors, apartment was decorated with of individual molecules, Chong-
directd by Dave Sayers, perforrns at the School of racially charged items including Yu Ruan, associate professor in
Music, Theatre & Dance Tuesday. a Confederate flag and pictures of physics and astronomy at MSU
Picture this Not so iii-eal Spanish Solo organist
WHERE: Mason Hall WHERE: North Campus lunch hour performance
WanHMe E tn dr-ywrt 1.K arn in ldrr i riras

and research team head, told The
State News. This complicates the
study of the relationship between
cell structure and function.
"When you want to study mol-
ecules moving around and bind-
ing, it happens at high speeds in
the frames you look at," Martin
Berz, physics and astronomy
professor and member of the
research team, said in the article.
"You're so zoomed in, and (mol-
ecule movement is) happening
so fast. But this microscope can
capture very fast processes with
a very quick exposure time. You
can see molecules bind together
without any blurring: a super
sharp image."
1The World Health
Organization redacted
its report that about
half of new HIV cases in
Greece were self-inflicted,
Fox Business reported Tues-
day. These cases, they said,
were only anecdotal.
Since the cuts in fed-
eral spending triggered
by sequestration, the
University's team in
D.C. has to work harder than
ever to advocate for research
dollars and favorable policy.
If Afghan President
Hamid Karzai does not
sign a long-term secu-
rity agreement, The
Washington Post reported
Tuesday, the U.S. could
remove all troops from
Afghanistam by the end of

734-418-411s opt.3
Arts Section
Sports Section
Display Sales
Online Sales

News Tips
Letters tolthe Editor
Editorial Page
Photography Section
Classified Sales

wni: ivon ay at :~i
WHAT: A video projector
was taken from a third-
floor room, University
Police reported. The pro-
jector is thought to have
been taken between 2 p.tn.
Friday and 10 a.m. Monday.
There are no suspects.
We need a
WHERE: University
WHEN: Monday at
about 1:05 p.m.
WHAT: A subject reported-
ly exposed himself to a staff
member, University Police
reported. The suspect was
arrested and released pend-
ing warrant authorization.

cecreation u n
WHEN: Monday at about
9:40 p.m.
WHAT: A subject snuck
into the building, avoiding
staff, University Police
reported. He was allegedly
a student who did not have
his ID with him, and was
directed to leave until he
had identification.

WHAT: A conversational
group for those looking
to practice their Spanish
occurs every Wednesday.
WHO: School of Nursing
WHEN: 12 p.m. to 1p.m.
WHERE: Nick's Cafe in
300 N. Ingalls

WHAT: Director of Music
and organist of St. Clare of
Montefalco in Grosse Pointe
Park, Mich. will preform
the organ.
WHO: School of Music,
Theatre and Dance
WHEN: 12:15 p.m. to 12:45
WHERE: School of Pub

Matthew Slovin Managing Editor ' mjslovin@michigandaily.com
AdamRubenfire ManagingNewsEditor arube@michigandaily.com
SENIOR NEWS EDITORS: AliciaAdamczyk, Katie Burke, Peter Shahin, K.C. Wassman,
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Dillingham, Will Greenberg, Sam Gringlas, Matt Jackonen, Rachel Premack, Stephanie
Shenoua, .Christy targ
Melanie Kruvelis and opinioneditorsgichigandaily.com
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Everett Cook and
ZachHelfand ManagingSportsEditors sportseditors@michigandaily.com
SENIOR SPORTS EDITORS: Alejandro Zuniga, Jeremy Summitt, Neal Rothschild, Rajat
ASSS sTSORStDITrSGresg Garno, Alexa Dettlebach, Daniel Feldman, Erin
Lennon, LevtFacher,MaxCohen
Kayla Upadhyaya ManagingArtsEditor kaylau@michigandaily.com
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Radin, Akshayseth,Katie Steen, Steven Tweedie
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TerraMolengraff Managing Photo Editors photo@michigandaily.com
STRrNTeHOO ED OTRS: KathsrnePekaaPauSerman,
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The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967) is published Mondayrthrough Friday during the fall and
wintrerermsby students at the university of Michigan. One copy is available free of charge
toallreaders Additionalcopiesmay be picked up at the Daily's office for $2.Subscriptions for
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The Michigan Daily is a member of The Associated Press and The Associated Collegiate Press.


rk a Performance Blood donation
l ake a load off


WHAT: Toda
day to donate

WHERE: 1107 Kipke
WHEN: Monday
at 8:30 a.m.
WHAT: Two vehicles were
involved in an accident,
University Police reported.
The incident occured near a
loading dock. Both vehicles
were damaged, but no
injuries were reported.

m e nBlood Battle:
Ohio State Un
WHAT: Those grappling 32-year-old tr
with academic, professional WHO: Bloodl
or athletic performance WHEN: 8 a.m
issues may benefit from this WHERE: Mit
common concerns meeting. CORRECTIONS
This workshop will focus onC
WHO: Counseling and * Please rep
Psychological Services error in the I
WHEN: 4:15 p.m. to 5 p.m. correctionsC
WHERE: Michigan Union gandaily.com

ay is the final
blood in the
against The
iversity, a
Drives United
. to 11:30 p.m.
chigan Union

MORE ONLINE Love Crime Notes? '
Get more online at michigandaily.com/blogs/The Wire

Port any
Daily to

U.S. spewing 50% more
methane than EPA says

French prostitution bill
aimed at fining clients


Livestock, oil
drilling are sources
of extra emissions
United States is spewing 50 per-
cent more methane - a potent
heat-trapping gas - than the fed-
eral government estimates, a new
comprehensive scientific study
says. Much of it is coning from
just three states: Texas, Oklaho-

ma and Kansas.
That'means methane may be a
bigger global warming issue than
thought, scientists say. Methane
is 21 times more potent at trap-
ping heat than carbon dioxide,
the most abundant global warm-
inggas, although it doesn't stay in
the air as long.
Much of that extra methane,
also called natural gas, seems
to be coming from livestock,
including manure, belches, and
flatulence, as well as leaks from

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refining and drilling for oil and
gas, the study says. It was pub-
lished Monday in the Proceed-
ings of the National Academy of
The study estimates that in
2008, the U.S. poured 49 mil-
lion tons of methane into the air.
That means U.S. methane emis-
sions trapped about as much heat
as all the carbon dioxide pollu-
tion coming from cars, trucks,
and planes in the country in six
That's more than the 32 mil-
lion tons estimated by the U.S.
Environmental Protection
Administration or the nearly
29 million tons reckoned by the
European Commission.
"Something is very much off
in the inventories," said study co-
author Anna Michalak, an Earth
scientist at the Carnegie Insti-
tution for Science in Stanford,
Calif. "The total U.S. impact on
the world's energy budget is dif-
ferent than we thought, and it's
EPA spokeswoman Alisha
Johnson said her agency hasn't
had time to go through the study
yet, but hopes it will help "refine
our estimates going forward."
While the world has a good
handle on how much carbon
dioxide is pumped into the air,
scientists have been more baffled
by methane emissions. They have
had to use computer models to
estimate how much methane is
going into that air.
This study, however, was
based on nearly 13,000 measure-
ments from airplane flights and
tall towers, the most used in any
such research.
The information was collect-
ed in 2008. Scientists have yet
to analyze their data from 2012,
and that will capture more of
any impact of the natural gas
boom from hydraulic fractur-
ing, Michalik said. Studies
recently have shown conflict-
ing results about how much
methane escapes during frack-
ing and other forms of fossil
fuel drilling.

Proposed law will
soliciting on
the street
PARIS (AP) - France's gov-
ernment is pushing one of
Europe's toughest laws against
prostitution and sex trafficking,
and other countries are watch-
ing closely. Advocates hope
that a draft French law going
to parliament Wednesday will
help change long-held attitudes
toward the world's oldest profes-
sion - by punishing the custom-
er and protecting the prostitute.
The bill, however, is facing
resistance in a country with a
libertine reputation and a Medi-
terranean macho streak, and has
prompted petitions defending
those who buy sex. Signatories
include screen icon Catherine
Deneuve -who played a pros-
titute in the cult film "Belle de
Jour" - and crooner Charles
Prostitution is currently legal
in France, but brothels, pimping
and soliciting in public are ille-
The bill has prompted debate
about sex and sexism in France,
where former International
Monetary Fund chief Domi-
nique Strauss-Kahn is facing
charges of aggravated pimping.
He denies wrongdoing, though
his lawyer has defended Strauss-
Kahn's free-wheeling sex life.
It has also called attention to
the evolution of the sex business,
as the number of foreign prosti-
tutes, especially from Asia and
eastern Europe, has soared in
recent years.
The proposed law would
introduce a 1,500-euro ($2,000)
fine -rising to 3,000-euro at the
second offense- for the clients
of prostitutes. They could also be
forced to attend classes aimed at
highlightingthe harms of prosti-
The bill aims to decriminal-

ize the estimated 40,000 pros-
titutes in France, by scrapping a
2003 law that bans soliciting on
the streets, and making it easier
for foreign prostitutes to remain
legally in France if they enter a
process to get out of prostitu-
tion. One of the bill's authors,
Maud Olivier, says it's about
"getting rid the consequence of
unequal and archaic relation-
ships between men and women."
Other countries such as Ger-
many, Switzerland and the Neth-
erlands, where brothels are legal,
are especially interested in the
French experience.
"If France moves, that could
be the turning point for other
European countries," said Gre-
goire Thery, secretary-general
of the Mouvement du Nid, an
organization which says it helps
5,000 prostitutes in France each
The proposed law-writtenby
a group of lawmakers from both
right and left and backed by the
Socialist government- follows
the example of Sweden, which
A report commissioned by the
Swedish government showed
that the number of people
involved in street prostitution
in Sweden's three largest cities
dropped from around730 in 1999
to 300-430 a year in the 10 years
after that. At the same time,
street prostitution in neigh-
boring Norway and Denmark
The Netherlands went the
other way, legalizing prostitu-
tion in 2000. But the policy has
come in for criticism for playing
into the hands of criminals and
human traffickers who exploit
women. The government is now
aiming to crack down on human
Supporters of the French draft
law argue that it could reduce
sex trafficking and empower
"The current law is not on our
side so we keep being trapped in
that system, and the client knows
that, he plays with that. When

we hear about 'prostitution by
choice,' I think that it is still
prostitution as violence toward
women, and we cannot keep tol-
erating that violence anymore,"
said Rosen Hicher, 57, who was a
prostitute from 1988 to 2009.
"One day, a client told me: 'If
you don't accept to do it without
condom, I will call the police,"'
she told a news conference. "I
was able to say to him: 'clear
off'. But another one wouldn't
because she would be under con-
trol of a pimp or would be sold by
her husband, her father or her
Opponents of the French bill
argue the opposite, and fear that
cracking down will push prosti-
tutes into a dangerous position:
Being forced to hide, they would
be even more at the mercy of
pimps and violent clients, and cut
offfromthe organizations ableto
help them.
"More clandestine practices
means we would find ourselves in 'ei
more secluded places, and there-
fore subject to possible violence,"
Thierry Schaffauser, a 31-year
old escort and spokesman for sex
workers' group Strass, told The
Associated Press.
And in dealings with the cli-
ent, he said, prostitutes would
"have less power because when
you make less profit, you might
have to accept clients that you
wouldn't normally accept, accept
doing something you might not
have accepted before."
A contentious open letter
titled "Hands off my whore" was
released last month by a group
of men, including a lawyer for
Strauss-Kahn, in favor of a man's
right to buy physical pleasure.
And earlier this month, a
petition emerged, signed by 60
celebrities, including Deneuve
and Aznavour, saying: "With-
out supporting or promot-
ing prostitution, we reject the
penalization of those who pros-
titute themselves and those
who buy their services, and we
ask for a real debate without
ideological prejudice."




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