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November 14, 2013 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily - michigandaily.com

Thursday, November 14, 2013 - 3A

NEWS BRIEFS
ROCHESTER, Mich.
Oakland U. to
submit report on
coach firing
A judge on Wednesday ordered
Oakland University to turn over
an unedited internal report on the
firing of women's basketball coach
Beckie Francis, who university
officials say abused players.
Oakland County Circuit Court
Judge Martha Anderson said dur-
ing a hearing Wednesday that
she would decide this week how
much of the report will remain
blacked out.
Francis is suing the 19,000-stu-
dent school to get specific infor-
mation on her June 12 firing. That
same day her husband, Gary Russi,
announced his retirement as pres-
ident of Oakland University.
PITTSBURGH
Three students
shot in drug-related
dispute after school
Three Pittsburgh high school
students heading to their vehicle
after classes ended were shot
Wednesday afternoon, and police
investigating whether the shoot-
ing stemmed from a drug-related
dispute had six people in custody
for questioning, school and police
officials said.
The victims were shot out-
side Brashear High School as
they walked to a vehicle they'd
all taken to school earlier in
the day, school district spokes-
woman Ebony Pugh said. Nearby
residents said theyheard seven or
eight shots.
The wounds of the victims,
all boys, appeared to be non-life-
threatening, both Pugh and police
spokeswoman Diane Richard said,
though their descriptions of the
wounds differed slightly. Pugh
said two students were grazed in
the head and one was shot in both
the foot and arm. Richard said one
was grazed in the neck and shoul-
der, but not the head.
TORONTO
Toronto mayor
admits to buying
illegal drugs
Toronto Mayor Rob Ford
admitted during a heated City
Council debate Wednesday that
he bought illegal drugs while in
office, but adamantly refused
to step down despite calls from
nearly every councilor to take a
leave of absence and get help.
"I'm most definitely keeping
this job," the 44-year-old Ford
said, insisting he was "a positive
role model for kids."
The mayor made the admission
under questioningby a former ally,
Councilor Denzil Minnan-Wong.
Ford publicly acknowledged
last week that he smoked crack
cocaine while in a "drunken stu-
por" last year, but his comments
Wednesday marked the first time
he admitted buying illegal drugs.

PARIS
French official IDs
suspect in murder
of journalists
The Paris prosecutor has con-
firmed the identity of the prime
suspect in the killing of two
French radio journalists in Mali
last week as a militant with ties
to al-Qaida's north Africa branch.
Francois Molins said an
"intense" manhunt was under-
way for Baye Ag Bakabo, known
to authorities as a low-level drug
trafficker from the Tuareg ethnic
group who had ties to al-Qaida
in the Islamic Maghreb. He was
one of four men believed to be
involved in the Nov. 2 kidnap-
ping and killing of correspondent
Ghislaine Dupont and technician
Claude Verlon of Radio France
Internationale.
Speaking to reporters Wednes-
day, Molins also denied accounts
in Malian media saying the jour-
nalists had had their throats slit.
He said they were each shot mul-
tiple times, and no knife was used.
-Compiled from
Daily wire reports

Symposium to highlight art
influenced by political uprisings

Event to feature
presentations from
artists and activists
By GIANCARLO BUONOMO
Daily Arts Writer
How do you bring down a dic-
tator?
Often, it requires the usual
tools: guns, bullets, bombs and
blood. But dictators can them-
selves grant rebels a powerful
weapon. Say, Bashar al-Assad's
skinny face, or Muammar Gad-
hafi's bushy hair. Throughout
the entirety of political upheaval
in some Arab nations, protest-
ers and rebel fighters have been
using art as a weapon, both by
satirizing oppressors and com-
memorating sacrifices. This
Thursday and Friday, the His-
tory of Art department will be
holding a symposium dedicated
to analyzing and preserving the
art that has played such a huge
role in recent uprisings.
"Over the last two years, I've
followed really carefully all of
these events," said Christiane
Gruber, an associate professor
of Islamic Art and Visual Cul-
ture. "I followed street artists,
cartoonists, bloggers, journal-
ists, and when I saw just how
many people were active in the
uprisings through the expressive
media, usingall of these different
media, I thought it would be just
wonderful to put them in conver-
sation, to exit academia for just
a second and bring everybody
together."
This symposium on the
under-analyzed role of art, in
WORK
From Page 1A
Business School, surveyed 109
part-time MBA students about
their conceptions of work.
"We don't necessarily under-
stand why people approach their
work in different ways," Dekas
said. "It's helpful for people to
reflect on what work means to
them - in other words, the main
things they hope to achieve or
experience through working -
and ensure they're making deci-
sions accordingly."
The study, to be published in
the 2014 volume of Research in
the Sociology of Work, suggests
that parents are the most major
influence on work orientation. It
also found that the participant's
religious culture and the stabil-
ity of a participant's industry
changed how he or she viewed
the work.
Baker said this aligned with
how parents impact other values,
such as political leanings. Ado-
lescence is a key time for parental
socialization to influence work
orientation, as one is still form-
ing their values but is old enough
to comprehend what values are.
Job, career and "calling" were
defined as the three career ori-
entations understood by indi-
viduals. Amy Wrzesniewski, now
an associate professor at Yale
University, established these
categories in her business Ph.D.
dissertation.
Those with a job orientation

work principally for a source of
income and are eager to retire.
ORGAN
From Page 1A
the waiting list for organs is
3.5 times faster than the rate of
increase of deceased donors,"
Sade said. "While the waiting
list and number of deaths con-
tinue to grow, the number of
donors has essentially stabilized
over the last seven years. This
accounts for what has come to
be known as the organ gap."
Sade blames the National
Organ Transplantation Act of
1984, which made compensation
for organs a felony, for the lack of
organ donations in recent years.
"Over the last 30 years, the
only motivation that is legally
accepted is altruism; that is,
providing organs for no other
reason than the satisfaction of
doing something good," he said.
Toward the end of his lecture,

the Arab uprisings will feature
presentations from a diverse
group of activists, journalists
and academics, including CNN
correspondent Jill Dougherty
and Tunisian photo-blogger and
Nobel Peace Prize nominee Lina
Ben Mhenni.
"There has been interest in
the arts, but there hasn't been a
systematic study of how it's func-
tioning at the core of the upris-
ings," Gruber said.
"The more you look actuallyat
how thesethings are enacted and
activated, it's through banners,
it's through chants, it's through
posters, it's through digital art,"
she said. Along with live report-
ing, Gruber said these tools aim
to give a profile or shape to a
demonstration.
Much of the art that will be
discussed in the symposium is
street art, which has played a sig-
nificant role in the uprisings for
both practical and symbolic rea-
sons. If an artist in Libya wants
to make a statement to a whole
neighborhood, what better way
than to paint a humorous image
on the wall of a public square?
"If you see Gaddafi as a rat run-
ning away from extermination,
you don't need to explain all of the
different messages imbedded in
those images," Gruber said.
However, on a symbolic
level, street art is also a means
by which citizens reclaim the
spaces which government forces
may have seized. Even if some-
one spray-paints a giant smiley
face on a wall where a massacre
occurred, it still sends a message.
"The simple fact of putting
something up is about reclaim-
ing that public space as public,"
Career-oriented employees
might be seen as the typical
workaholic - they are eager to
climb the ranks and derive their
identity from their job. Finally, a
calling orientation leads people
to seek employment that posi-
tively affects others and fulfills
their own passions.
These orientations are largely
stable over a person's life, Dekas
said. For example, a father with a
career orientation is most likely
to raise a child with the same ori-
entation. Interestingly enough,
participants more closely mim-
icked their father's orientations
over their mother's.
However, this leaning maybe
influenced by the gender norms
surrounding most of the partici-
pants' adolescence. The average
age of survey participants was
31, and women were underrep-
resented in the working force
in the 1980s. More than half of
the working mothers of the par-
ticipants worked in health care
or education, fields that are not
characterized by career mobil-
ity compared to managerial
positions that the participants'
fathers may have held.
The researchers concluded
it was likely that fathers were
stronger occupational role mod-
els. Baker said he expected there
would be a difference in the find-
ings if the study if it were repeat-
ed in the coming decades.
Additionally, the report
found that distressed industries
force employees to shift to a job
or career orientation, as par-
ticipants employed in the auto
industry demonstrated. A big-

ger meaning in a person's career
Sade touched upon the ethical
standards of physicians, say-
ing that the most critical ethi-
cal principle of any physician
is trustworthiness given the
intimacy of relationships with
patients.
Before the lecture, Sade said
decisions regarding end-of-life
care were some of the most dif-
ficult he faced as a physician.
"One difficult problem that
still is a problem for me is when
you're taking a patient who's
sliding downhill and getting
sicker and sicker, and trying to
decide when is the right time to
discontinue life support," Sade
said. "Is it ok to help that patient
who's suffering badly and is not
going to survive?"
Sade also offered some advice
to pre-medicine students: the
major you choose as an under-
graduate does not make any dif-
ference whatsoever to medical
school admissions officers.

Gruber said.
Public satire has been par-
ticularly useful in destroyingthe
elaborate cult of personalities.
"There's nothing worse for an
autocratic ruler than to have his
charisma broken," Gruber said.
And dictatorsoreally are afraid.
Over the last several years,
several prominent cartoonists
and satirists have been beaten,
imprisoned and even killed
because of their art.
Gruber has seen this violence
firsthand. She spent the summer
in Turkey profiling and working
with protesters, who regularly
experienced police brutality.
Tear gas canisters were so ubiq-
uitous thatshe began to use them
as flower pots. That is, the tear
gas canisters that didn't land
next to her feet and engulf her
and other protesters in a suffo-
cating fog.
Like tear gas-canister flower
pots, much of the art of the Arab
uprisingsis improvised andspon-
taneous. For example, one Egyp-
tian protester in Cairo's Tahrir
Square made a necklace out of
empty shell casings, a weirdly
beautiful and uniquely powerful
retort to violence. However, this
symposium recognizes that what
makes this art powerful - how it
can pop up overnight, seemingly
anywhere, using anything- isn't
conducive to longevity.
"I think with street art, in
general, it is fleeting; it is ephem-
eral," Gruber said.
But for these artists, their art
has a significance beyond brief
existence.
"It's,'I live through art,"'"Gru-
ber said. "It's, 'I hope through
art.'"
might be ignored if layoffs are
looming.
"You may be a lot more
focused on getting a job where
you can make some money and
get by," Baker said.
Baker and Dekas also found
that individuals raised in com-
munities with a Protestant cul-
ture, such as the Netherlands or
Great Britain, were more likely
to have a job or career orienta-
tion. Baker links this correlation
to the change in attitude toward
work during the Protestant Ref-
ormation. She said that value
in working hard and advancing
in society is still cherished 500
years later.
"Work was no longer seen as
something you just had to do,"
Baker said. "Workinghard,being
frugal and investing wisely were
all considered to be almost spiri-
tual endeavors."
The researchers highlighted
the importance of learning one's
own career orientation and find-
ing employment that matched
it. Baker mentioned firms that
hire top undergraduates and
overwork them for a few years
with a high salary might pleasea
job-oriented person but alienate
those with a calling orientation.
Dekas affirmed the need for
some introspection to achieve
happiness in a work-crazed envi-
ronment.
"Are they looking for work
that will provide them with aslot
of money? Social status? Deep,
genuine fulfillment? Many peo-
ple look for all of these things,
but most people can isolate one
or two that are particularly

important."
"People who major outside of
the sciences, (those) who major
in history or art or economics
or philosophy, do just as well in
medical school as people who
major in chemistry or biology,"
Sade said. My best advice to pre-
medical students is to major in
whatever it is that turns you on,
and not necessarily in the sci-
ences."
After the lecture, Nursing
senior Kim Siebert said the idea
of monetary compensation for
organ donors is still question-
able in her mind.
"I think it's difficult because
if you were to try and puta price
on an organ, it's not going to
be easy. It's the same thing as
trying to put a price on a life."
Siebert said. "There are so many
different situational things that
you can think of, like why did
that person need an organ, or
how did the person giving an
organ feel about it?"

SWEETWATERS
From Page lA
"It will take on the personality
of the location that it's in - more
geared toward students," she said.
Bee said Sweetwaters would
like to continue to expand in the
futureifthelocation andpartners
are the "right fit."
Sweetwaters is the fourth com-
pany slated to open in the former
Borders building. Knight's Steak-
house, Huntington National Bank
and Slurping Turtle, a Japanese
CAMPAIGN
From Page 1A
the activities shared resources
to contain spending, she wrote
it was difficult to separate how
much each individually cost.
"To achieve our audacious goal
of raising $4 billion, we need gifts
from hundreds of thousands of
donors," Malcolm wrote. "That
means we need hundreds of
thousands of people aware of and
engaged in the campaign."
The DTE Energy Founda-
tion donated $25,000 toward the
Community Festival, helping off-
set the costs of that event.
While the Office of Develop-
ment did not specifically track
gifts and pledges received over
the weekend, Malcolm wrote
that the events were intended
to thank donors for their recent
gifts, including $50 million from
Richard and Susan Rogel and
$200 million from Stephen Ross.
The purpose of the events was to
highlight those donations in order
to motivate other donors to begin
considering what they might con-
tribute to the campaign.
"Unlike a fundraising telethon,
acampaignkickoffis notdesigned
or intended to raise money at that
precise moment in time," Mal-
colm wrote. "The kickoff event
did, however, provide a focus and
urgency for fundraising."
To demonstrate their early
support for Victors for Michigan,
Malcolm wrote that many donors
SECURITY
From PagelA
serve alcohol at many fraternity
parties - includes preparation
for dealing with sick party-goers,
violent confrontations and crowd
control.
However, Andrew Koffsky, for-
mer president of AEPi, said in a
previous interview that he was less
convinced the sober monitor train-
ing could prevent such an assault.
"No 19 or 20 year old knows
how to deal with somebody who
has a knife and is trying to get into
a party," Koffsky said. "None of us
are trained to have mortal combat
abilities."
Stephen Siddall, risk manager
for the University's chapter of the
Chi Phi fraternity, echoed Koff-
sky's concerns aboutthe stabbing.
"I think it's really scary; it really
could have happened at any frater-
nity," Siddall said.
As risk manager, Siddall
approves plans for Chi Phi's par-
ties, works the front door and coor-
dinates up to 10 sober monitors
around the fraternity's property.
Siddall said he had little formal

training aside from shadowing
the previous risk manager. While
Siddall admitted none of his sober
monitors aretrained to deal with a
weapon, he said hiring additional
security - as some fraternities
have - would be overkill, and he
put the onus on guests for keeping
parties safe.
"People just need to understand
that fraternities are not throwing
open parties every night," Siddall
said. "Ninety-nine percent of our
parties are closed events."
But when fraternities plan

tapas and noodle house, have also
confirmed that they will set up
shop in the first floor of the space,
leaving one additional vacant spot
for a retailer or restaurant.
The University's School of
Information will fill the office
space on the second floor, accom-
panied by PRIME Research. Bar-
racuda Networks, an information
technology security firm, leased
45,000 square feet of space at the
corner of East Liberty and May-
nard Street, which housed Bor-
ders' corporate headquarters in
2012.
wanted to contribute in advance
of the campaignukick off - so they
could also be recognized as lead-
ership donors atcindividual school
and unit events.
Malcolm wrote thatcJerry May,
the University's vice president
for development, spoke with five
potential donors over the week-
end who are considering gifts in
the $10 to 12 million range and
another six who are considering
gifts in the $5 to 10 million range.
She added that many deans used
the kickoff event as a way to close
donations in the run-up to the
launch. Over the weekend, the
deans were then able to use the
gifts already received to talk with
other potential donors about how
they could contribute.
The University has already
raised $1.7 billion of the $4 bil-
lion goal, which includes the gifts
from Ross, Rogel, Penny Stamps,
who donated $32.5 million to the
School of Art and Design in 2012,
and others.
"The goal of every event is to
thank the donors who contribut-
ed the $1.7 billion in the Nucleus
Fund and to inspire others to
give," Malcolm wrote.
Malcolm added that the Uni-
versity had succeeded in its goal
of getting its message out to at
least five million potential donors
over the course of the weekend.
The count included those who
participated in an event, watched
the live-stream of the kickoff in
Hill Auditorium or read a Tweet,
Facebook post, news article or
promotional item.
massive parties - usually with
attendance of 500 people or more
- some risk managers see a third-
partysecurity team as anecessary
investment.
K-9 Patrol, a risk management
consulting firm based out of Dear-
born Heights, Mich., has been
employed this year by the Univer-
sity's chapters of Sigma Alpha Mu,
Alpha Sigma and Alpha Epsilon
Pi. The company provides pre-
event guidance, onsite armed and
unarmed guards and post-party
consultations.
Timothy Schar, CEO of K-9
Patrol, said his guards are profes-
sional and act as a strong visual
deterrent to help reduce the
chance of an assault.
"We're not a companythatcgoes
and puts a bunch of 300-pound
gorillas out there with black
t-shirts that say 'security' on the
back, because that's not security,"
Schar said.
The company even deals with
angry neighbors through a hotline
designated for complaints.
Guards generally cost $280, and
most parties need between three
and five guards, depending on the

number of guests, Schar said. Most
fraternities spend between $1,000
and$1,500upfrontonhis company's
services, and there are no refunds if
a party gets shutdown, he said.
Still, the exorbitant costs
required to hire a company like
K-9 Patrol remain a strongenough
deterrent for some risk managers,
like Siddall.
"We haven't been asked to (hire
security), and that's an added cost
that we don't necessarily need,
and I really don't think its neces-
sary from a risk management per-
spective," Siddall said.

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