The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, February 22, 2005 - 7
Continued from page 1A
tage Card entitles her to a 15-percent
discount on Amtrak fares. She added
that said her travel arrangements would
suffer if Amtrak service were stopped.
"It would potentially mean that I
would have to leave the (University)
because I would have no way to see my
family or my friends," she said.
Still, Lewandowski said she has
experienced delays while using the
"The first time I took the train it
broke down and I had to wait for a
chartered bus. It's not really reliable
timewise," she said.
LSA freshman Robby Rutkoff said
he usually drives or flies to his home-
town, a suburb of Chicago, but that
Continued from page 1A
any of these services to him.
He added that the protection practices
that Billingsley described are provided by
Colombia to everyone who has a collec-
tive bargaining agreement.
"The protection which (the represen-
tatives from Coca-Cola) claimed is only
through the state. The Colombian Gov-
ernment, through the Ministry of the
Interior has forced this protection (to be
implemented)," Correa said.
Continued from page 5
To this end, much of the effort to
attract blacks to science has focused
on helping black scientists succeed and
achieve prominent positions by provid-
ing a stronger community. The Black
Scientists Association is one such orga-
nization. The BSA aims "to build social
and professional networks that will
have mentors to help African Ameri-
cans develop their careers in science,"
* Womack said. "That kind of thing is
very important - a nationwide network
for black scientists, where they can feel
at home ... and talk to people who can
understand and share their needs and
In addition, the NIH and the NSE
have programs that specifically target
minority youth interested in pursuing
scientific research, Lewis said.
And the University's efforts to address
the issue are varied, Thompson said.
Thompson, who is the associate dean
of undergraduate education for the
University's engineering school, said
the efforts include outreach programs
to encourage black students to attend
engineering schools, as well as initia-
tives designed to improve graduation
Amtrak is a good option because of its
"The Amtrak train is probably the
most convenient to get back to Chicago
last-minute if you don't have your own
car on campus," he said. Rutkoff said
there have been instances when he has
found a $25 fare for a train to Chicago
just one day before departing.
Other students said they have found
benefits in Amtrak's train service.
LSA freshman Kendra Yum, from
another suburb of Chicago, said it
would be harder for her to get home
without the Amtrak service.
"With Amtrak you can do other
things during the transportation time.
The long hours of driving is a lot of
stress," she said.
LSA sophomore Justin Gordon said
the decrease in funding for Amtrak
would ruin his primary method for
travel. Also from the Chicago area,
Gordon said that he uses the rail ser-
vice to save time.
"I have very few complaints about
the Amtrak services. There used to be
timing issues but recently they've got-
ten their act together and the timing
problems are gone," he said.
Amtrak spokesman Marc Magliari
said the rail service has made reforms
to improve its overall performance.
"We have decreased 5,000 employees
over the last three years and eliminated
underperforming routes," he said.
Still, Mineta said reforms would be
more sweeping under Bush's Passenger
Rail Investment Reform Act.
"Amtrak could then focus on its
core mission - running the trains on
time," he said.
Ott spoke about the company's practic-
es in India, and said that the company has
recently taken an initiative to work with
local communities to reduce the pollutant
and toxin concentration both in products
and the environment surrounding the bot-
"The company has a set standard
worldwide, regardless of the local stan-
dards. If our standard and the local
standard conflict, we go with the more
stringent," Ott said.
Ahmed Srivastiva, a member of an
anti-globalization activist organiza-
tion called Indian Resource Group
said that Coca-Cola had taken some
action to implement reform, but said
that much of its initiative was taken
only after orders from Indian courts.
"By omitting references to some
very, very important court decisions,
and government actions ... a great
campaign of misinformation is being
carried out by the Coca-Cola Com-
pany," Srivastiva said.
After the forum, Coca-Cola represen-
tatives denied the allegations presented
by the opposition groups at the meeting.
rates for black students once they reach
Thompson cites the Dual Degree
in Engineering Program as a specific
example of the University's interest in
increasing black representation in sci-
"Through this program, students
from historically black colleges and
universities ... can transfer into Michi-
gan Engineering after completing rigor-
ous mathematics and science curricula,"
However extensive the efforts to
increase black participation and success
in science are, no one involved denies
that there is room for improvement.
Womack said he believes that in
addition to active recruitment of
minorities by organizations such as
the NSF and NIH, the black com-
munity should do more to encour-
age young blacks to pursue careers
"There needs to be a national call to
action among black leaders, black orga-
nizations like the NAACP and other
education-oriented organizations to
focus on the importance of education
in general and science and math in par-
ticular," Womack said.
For his part, Lewis would like to see
the University take a more active role in
recruiting underrepresented minorities
as professors in science fields.
"The goal should be set high," he said.
"(The University) has to be more pro-
active. We can find people at MIT and
Stanford when they're in their second or
third year, and talk to them earlier and
convince them to come to Michigan."
For Womack, the benefits and plea-
sures of science ultimately outweigh
the challenges he had to overcome as a
"I really enjoy the discovery of
research," Womack said. "Science
affords me the possibility to see how
Mother Nature operates on a fundamen-
tal level, an opportunity to use that to
develop drugs that can help people."
In science, Womack sees a unique
opportunity for blacks to thrive despite
the pressures they face.
"The future looks bright for African
Americans in science," Womack said.
"The paradox is, although the num-
bers (of blacks in science) are low,
the scholarship and grant opportuni-
ties are amazing for African Ameri-
cans. If you do well in science, you
can go through school pretty much
free and come out to do something
that will excite you."
CINCINNATI (AP) - Ford Motor
Co. and union officials are disput-
ing that an unwritten deal required
setting aside 10 percent of hourly
jobs for union-picked candidates, a
practice alleged in a lawsuit by a for-
mer manager who said he was fired
for objecting to hiring unqualified
Ford has asked the judge in the
case to throw out all or part of a
jury's $4.8 million award in October
to Stephen Himmel, who was labor
relations supervisor for more than a
decade at the Sharonville transmis-
sion plant in suburban Cincinnati.
Himmel, 55, was fired in October
1997, and he sued Ford two years later.
He argued the firing was retaliation
for his complaints that the nation-
wide agreement with the United Auto
Workers violated federal labor law
and resulted in hiring convicted fel-
ons and unqualified relatives of union
"I was told to help make the com-
pany world-class and I bought into
that," Himmel told The Cincinnati
Enquirer for a story Yesterday.
"But the 10 percent forced hires
were not in the best interest of the
company and the stockholders,
because they were deviating from
best in class."
The Dearborn, Mich.-based com-
pany has not been able to verify if
there was such an agreement, spokes-
man Glenn Ray said Yesterday.
"Ten percent seems like an ungod-
ly number," said Hal Stack, director
of labor studies at Detroit's Wayne
State University who has investigated
relationships between the UAW and
the auto industry.
"I'd heard of that behavior claimed
at a plant level, but not at a national
The company said Himmel was
fired because he violated labor law
when he improperly promoted union
bargaining representatives to posi-
tions that should have been open to
all hourly workers.
Himmel's attorneys said Ford's
arguments were already rejected by
Four Ford executives testified at
the trial that they did not know of the
10 percent agreement.
The company's December motion
asking federal Judge Sandra Beck-
with to reduce the jury award or
grant a new trial says evidence about
improper promotions -"if that actu-
ally occurred" - had nothing to
do with Himmel's case and only
inflamed the jury.
Joe Gafa, assistant director of joint
programs for the UAW's Ford depart-
ment in Detroit, represented the
union in dealings with Sharonville in
He told the newspaper he didn't
know of any deal that set a certain
number of openings aside.
"I understand that we would give
people up for consideration by Ford,
and that's all we would do," Gafa
said. Messages seeking comment
were left at his office yesterday.
Himmel claims he was fired for
refusing at first to hire an outsider
recommended by the UAW's national
office. He instead hired people who
worked at the plant.
"I promoted three top-notch, high-
ly qualified, dues-paying UAW mem-
bers, and it was Ford's policy to hire
from within," he said.
Executives then forced him to hire
the outsider, prompting grievanc-
es from Ford employees who were
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