The Michigan Daily - Friday, December 3, 2004 - 3
Event focuses on
people about HIV
The Center for Afroamerican and
African Studies will host an event to
teach illiterate persons about HIV pre-
vention. The eventis especially designed
for youth and will be held at noon today
in room 4701 Haven Hall.
songs performed at
a cappella concert
The Sopranos All-Female A Cap-
pella Fall Concert will be 8 p.m. today
in 1360 East Hall. Tickets are $5 for
students and $8 for adults and will be
sold at the door. Among other songs,
the girls will perform Cindy Lauper's
"Girls Just Wanna Have Fn" and India
Arie's "Complicated Melody."
History profs to
lead discussion on
Titled "Woman, Gender, Queer,
Archive: Two perspectives," a work-
shop will be led by two history depart-
ment professors today in 1014 Tisch
Hall. After offering their views, partici-
pants will debate and discuss the topics.
Admission to the event is free, and lunch
will be served.
Bus scrapes top
of car, no one
injured in accident
A caller reported to the Department
of Public Safety that he saw a bus scrape
the top of a car on the 200 block of Zina
Pitcher Place on Wednesday. No one
A caller reported being harassed
by a University Hospital employee
Wednesday night, according to DPS.
The caller claimed to have been
The hospital employee was arrest-
ed and taken to the Washtenaw Coun-
tries to avoid
A University Hospital security offi-
cial called DPS to report fraudulent
activities. A hospital employee report-
edly stamped his parking ticket but
did not pay for parking.
In Daily History
signs on Diag
SOLE: 'U' must stop sweatshop contracts
By Keara Caldarola
For the Daily
On the steps of the Harlan Hatcher
Graduate Library, members of the stu-
dent group Students Organizing for
Labor and Economic Equality held
up large banners with phrases such
as "U of M uses SWEATSHOPS"
and "We Support a SWEAT-FREE
Through a megaphone, Kris-
ten McRay, a member of SOLE,
announced, "Our University uses
sweatshops to make our clothing.This
needs to stop and we can stop this!"
SOLE demonstrated on the Diag
yesterday to accuse the University of
not adhering to the Code of Conduct
for University of Michigan Licensees.
The code protects employees of com-
panies that make products carrying the
University logo from harassment and
abuse and provides them with the free-
dom of association and collective bar-
gaining. The University has contracts
with companies that violate the code,
said Engineering senior Michael Lear,
a member of SOLE.
"After six years of organizing soli-
darity, we have the Code of Conduct,
but it remains merely a piece of paper.
The University hasn't enforced it."
Students came to the steps of the
library to sign a banner that will serve
as a petition that will be given to the
administration to show that students
do care whether the products carrying
the University's logo are made under
At the rally, McRay said, "I don't
want to worry about the women who
made my sweatshirt being sexually
harassed. I don't want to worry about
her not making an efficient living
Julie Peterson, the University
spokeswoman, responded to the accu-
sations made by SOLE by saying the
University has procedures in place to
address labor violations.
"There is a structure in place to
deal with concerns such as these,"
Peterson said. "The Standing Com-
mittee on Labor Standards and
Human Rights, headed by (Epide-
miology Prof.) Sioban Harlow, was
created to address human rights and
labor issues and recommend the next
steps to be taken with companies vio-
lating the Code, whether that be ter-
minating a contract or writing a letter
Companies the University is asso-
ciated with, such as BJ&B which has
a plant in the Dominican Republic,
and Gildan, which has a plant in Hon-
duras, have been violating the Code
of Conduct, SOLE said. Accord-
ing to SOLE, BJ&B will not follow
the code or fairly bargain with their
employees, and Gildan decided to
"I don't want to worry about women who
made my sweatshirt being sexually harassed.
- SOLE member Kristen McRay
close down its El Progreso facility
instead of amending their labor viola-
tions after an audit by the Fair Labor
Association, a labor rights monitor-
The University has enforced the
Code of Conduct in the past. For
example, the University's contract
with Land's End was cut last year
when their factories were discovered
to be blacklisting employees who orga-
nized unions. However, the code does
not punish companies that close their
factories instead of preventing human
rights violations, as SOLE claims Gil-
dan has done.
In a July press release, Gildan said
while it would close its cited facility
in Honduras, it had already complied
with several of the actions proposed by
the Fair Labor Association.
According to members of SOLE, the
University has not done enough to end
the use of sweatshop labor. "A frame-
work has been set up already, but parts
of it can be easily stalled by the admin-
istration," Lear said. "Because of this,
students need to make their voices
heard; students need to be a presence,
a unified voice for the enforcement of
U.S. policy in Israel,
compares to Iraq war
Daily Staff Reporter
When Libby Frank was a peace activist dur-
ing the Vietnam War era, colleagues came up
to her and asked that she address U.S. policy in
"They would whisper in my ear that they
weren't happy about what America was doing
over there," said Frank, a former executive
director of the Women's International League
for Peace and Freedom.
She suggested they hold a meeting about the
issue, but they declined because they were afraid
it would bring bad publicity to their organization.
Frank said they should go through with it anyway,
and she said they did. It would become one of the
first times Frank questioned the U.S. government's
support of Israel.
Frank, who spoke last night in the Michigan
League's Koessler room, has been questioning
those policies ever since, even when her view
has not been popular.
"The whole peace movement in this country
doesn't address what the U.S. is doing over there,"
she said. "For years, the corporate media has been
leading the public to believe that America is altru-
istic in Israel."
She urged people to examine the United
States's role in the current Israeli-Palestinian
conflict more closely.
She likened the situation to the current con-
flict in Iraq, pointing out that she believes Amer-
ica has the same policy and morality in Israel as
Frank said she believes that the two countries'
partnership is based not on Israel's security, but on
a need to control oil flowing from the region and to
provide lucrative weapons markets. For example,
the United States requires Israel to use 76 percent
of the billions of its dollars it receives in aid to buy
U.S. arms, she said.
But Naama Yaron, co-chair of the Israel Con-
ference, a campus group that organizes a yearly
conference on Israel, said she can see the bene-
fits of the U.S.-Israel partnership from both sides
of the issue.
"I was born in Israel and I have dual citizen-
ship," she said. "As an American, I see the benefits
of supporting Israel. We need a democratic friend
over there, especially in the war on terror."
Yaron said she believes that many countries and
people can't understand the reasons for Israel's
existence and that is why they send armies and sui-
cide bombers, but that America is one of the few
"Sometimes America is Israel's only friend,"
But peace and justice are not possible in the
war-torn area until the United States withdraws,
Frank made it clear that she believes that the
partnership between the two countries is supported
equally on both sides.
"I agree Israel is a willing partner to United
States, but we tend to blame Israel for the con-
flict over there, why don't we blame the United
Henry Herskovitz of the group Jewish Witnesses for Peace and Friends sits in on a
discussion criticizing U.S. foreign policy towards Israel in the Koessler Room of the
Alana Kuhn, co-chair of the campus group "The U.S. has been involved in the talks dur
called the American Movement For Israel, said ing the whole process," Kuhn said. "Asking them
that peace talks would be hindered if the United not to be a moderator would hinder any hope of
States altered its current policies toward Israel. future of peace in the program."
Astronaut recounts studying neuroscience in space
By Abby Stassen
Daily Staff Reporter
In 1998, NASA funded a multi-million
dollar game of catch.
During a presentation at the Univer-
sity yesterday, Dave Williams, a Cana-
dian astronaut, discussed the neurological
research he did on the STS-90 Neurolab
"These experiments can give us insight
into many clinical problems on Earth, like*
how the brain responds to disease," Wil-
In one sensory motor experiment, Wil-
liams and ateam of astronauts worked to
find out how the body reacts differently
when catching a ball in space compared
to on Earth.
"On Earth, the body develops an inter-
nal model for catching a ball. We want-
ed to see if the body would adapt a new
model in space," Williams said.
The team discovered that the human
body took several days to adapt to the new
zero-gravity surroundings and to develop
a new model for catching the ball.
This experiment is part of a series
that tries to uncover whether astronauts'
recognition of depends on their assumed
direction of which way is up.
The precise role of Williams as a neu-
roscientist was to study cells in the brain
of lab rats. Prior to the Neurolab mission,
scientists didn't know if specific cells fired
neural signals in relation to the rest of the
room or if the location was distinct, as in
it's longitude and latitude.
Surprisingly, the findings showed
neural activity in the rat was not depen-
dent on the relative surroundings. This
specific neural firing happened without
the visual cues of the rest of the room or
cues provided by gravity - a momen-
tous discovery. Neurons seemed to
"remember" certain places without rely-
ing on the typical information received
from the environment.
The shuttle launched in April and
orbited the Earth once every 45 minutes
for 16 days. During that time, Williams
and a team of other astronauts conducted
25 experiments to see how the nervous
system adapts to space and responds to
A second experiment involved sleep
physiology. Williams's group wired them-
selves to machines every night to record
brain waves while sleeping. They discov-
ered sleep patterns in space undergo a
The usual eight-hour requirement
for sleep on Earth was reduced to
six hours in space, and the previous
hypothesis that people don't snore in
space because of the lack of gravity
was also disproved.
Williams grew up in Saskatchewan,
Canada and attended McGill University.
He earned a medical degree and became
an emergency physician before applying
to become a NASA astronaut.
"I wanted to be an astronaut ever
since I was a little kid, but I didn't
think it was possible because I grew up
in Canada in the 1960's and they didn't
have a human space flight program
then," Williams said.
After being accepted out of more
than 5,000 applicants for astronaut
training in 1992, Williams spent two
years in training for the Neurolab
mission. He rode a T-38 twin-engine
plane to prepare for traveling in space
at mach 25 - approximately 19,000
miles per hour.
On Williams second spaceflight, STS-
118, he will help build new parts for the
International Space Station for 11 days.
He will also perform three spacewalks.
Dec. 3, 1982 - A number of
destroyed banners and signs promoting
various groups on campus caused con-
cern among students. FOREST CASEY/Daily
Many students speculated that com- Astronaut David Williams describes the effects of optical illusions, like the
petition between groups resulted in one shown, on the brain at the Medical Science Building 1 yesterday as part
the destruction of these banners. of the "Space Neuroscience Research: Pushing the Frontier" presentation.
The Union of Students for Israel
reported a stolen banner from the
Diag. The University Activities Cen- Pils, Profits, Sex and Sience: The Erosion of
ter's banner advertising the produc-
tion of "Bye, Bye Birdie" was also Academic Freedom in the Corporate Age
Student leaders expressed concerns 4P..M ,Dec
because of the time spent on these ban-
ners, as well as the material costs put 1210 Chemistry Bldg
into creating them.
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An article on Page 1 of Wednesday's
edition of the Daily should have quoted
former Michigan Student Assembly
Vice President Jennifer Nathan as say-
ing she had neglected her studies for
An article on Page IA of yesterday's
Daily should have said Joe Jewell is a
native of Stevensville, Mich. sAy
Please report any errors in the A lecture by
Daily to corrections@michigandaily- Carol Tavris, Ph.D.
psychologist and writer on topics
including the politics of research
on gender and sexuality, and
conflicts of interest in clinical
psychology and how these affect
Free and open
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Fund. Center for the Education of
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