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November 30, 2004 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 2004-11-30

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, November 30, 2004


Social issues brought before court NEws IN BRIEF

Justices will not decide
ion gay marriage case
WASHINGTON (AP) - The U.S. Supreme Court sidestepped a
*dispute over gay marriage yesterday, rejecting a challenge by con-
servative groups to the status of Massachusetts as the only state that
sanctions same-sex marriages.
Justices had been asked to overturn a year-old decision by the
Massachusetts high court that legalized gay marriage. They declined,
without comment.
In the past year, at least 3,000 gay Massachusetts couples have
wed, although voters may have a chance next year to change the state
constitution to permit civil union benefits to same-sex couples, but
not the institution of marriage.
Critics of the November 2003 ruling by the highest court in Mas-
sachusetts argue that it violated the U.S. Constitution's guarantee of a
republican form of government in each state. They lost at the 1st U.S.
Circuit Court of Appeals in Boston.
Their attorney, Mathew Staver, said in a Supreme Court filing that
*the Constitution should "protect the citizens of Massachusetts from
"heir own statesupreme court's usurpation of power."
*Federal courts, he said, should defend people's right "to live in
a republican form of government free from tyranny, whether that
comes at the barrel of a gun or by the decree of a court."
Merita Hopkins, a city attorney in Boston, had told justices in
court papers that the people who filed the suit have not shown they
suffered an injury and could not bring a challenge to the Supreme
Court. "Deeply felt interest in the outcome of a case does not consti-
tute an actual injury," she said.

-. :,.J NiW i W::1WR


i' .; ..






Lyn Jones of Brockton, Mass., dressed as a Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court
justice, burns a copy of the state's constitution during a protest against gay marriage
in Lexington, Mass., earlier this month.

High court skeptical of medicinal mari/una


Asian nations form free trade union
Southeast Asian nations and China signed an accord yesterday to create the world's
biggest free trade area by removing tariffs for their 2 billion people by decade's end.
Leaders in the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations also signed a
pact to flesh out their agreement last year to create an ASEAN Community along the
lines of a unified Europe by 2020. It aims to create a common market with common
security goals.
"China's initiative has put both the U.S. and Japan on the defensive," said Chao
Chien-min, an analyst of China and political science professor at Taiwan's National
Chengchi University. "China is using its huge market as a bait to lure ASEAN countries
away from the U.S. and Japan and build closer relations."
The run-up to the ASEAN summit in the Laotian capital was clouded by concerns
that Thailand's crackdown last month on a protest that left 85 Muslims dead could
inflame regional militants, and over Myanmar's failure to deliver on pledges to go from
military rule to democracy.
Some countries indicated they might call those two ASEAN members to task in
what a break with the group's tradition of keeping out of domestic affairs.
CAIRO, Egypt
On video, bin Laden deputy threatens U.S.
Osama bin Laden's top deputy vowed in a videotape aired yesterday to keep fight-
ing the United States until Washington changed its policies.
In a brief excerpt broadcast on Al-Jazeera television, Ayman al-Zawahri offered
Americans "one last advice" for dealing with Muslims, adding, "I am sure that they
will not heed it."
"You have to choose between one of two methods to deal with Muslims: either on
mutual respect and exchange of interests, or to deal with them as if they are spoils of
war," al-Zawahri said.
"This is your problem and you have to choose yourself. You have to realize that we
are a nation of patience and endurance. We will stand firm to fight you with God's help
until doomsday."
The bearded and bespectacled al-Zawahri sat before a brown background, with a
gun leaning against the wall. One shoulder was covered by a brown blanket. His voice
sounded calm and steady, as in previous tapes.
Insurgents kill seven in suicide bombings
Insurgents stepped up attacks on Iraq's fledgling security forces, killing seven Iraqi
police and guardsmen yesterday in a suicide bombing hours after storming a police
station north of the capital. Two U.S. soldiers died in a bombing in Baghdad.
In addition, two U.S. Marines were killed in a weekend bombing south of the
capital, a U.S. official said yesterday. U.S., British and Iraqi forces have been
sweeping through the area to clear Sunni insurgents from a string of towns and
cities between Baghdad and the Shiite shrine cities of Najaf and Karbala.
Military offensives in Fallujah and elsewhere have made November the second
deadliest month for U.S. troops since the March 2003 invasion, with at least 130
American dead.
KIEV, Ukraine
Outgoing president proposes new election
Ukraine's supreme court gave the prime minister's legal team until today to study
evidence of fraud presented by the opposition in last week's presidential election, while
outgoing President Leonid Kuchma endorsed the idea of a new vote "to preserve peace"
in the bitterly divided former Soviet republic.
Kuchma said yesterday a new vote might be the only way to resolve the weeklong
standoff in which tens of thousands of opposition supporters have blocked official
buildings in the capital and eastern provinces are threatening to seek autonomy.
The demonstrations continued last night as throngs packed snowy Kiev's Indepen-
dence Square, waving Ukrainian flags and orange flags showing their support for oppo-
sition candidate Viktor Yushchenko, who addressed them.

Supreme Court appeared hesitant yes-
terday to endorse medical marijuana for
patients who have a doctor's recommen-
Justices are considering whether sick
people in 11 states with medical marijuana
laws can get around a federal ban on pot.
Paul Clement, the Bush administra-
tion's top court lawyer, noted that Califor-
nia allows people with chronic physical
and mental health problems to smoke pot
and said that potentially many people are
subjecting themselves to health dangers.

"Smoked marijuana really doesn't have
any future in medicine," he said.
Justice Stephen Breyer said supporters
of marijuana for the ill should take their
fight to federal drug regulators.
Dozens of people camped outside
the high court to hear justices debate
the issue. Groups such as the Drug Free
America Foundation fear a government
loss will undermine campaigns against
addictive drugs.
The high court heard arguments in the
case of Angel Raich, who tried dozens of
prescription medicines to ease the pain of

a brain tumor and other illnesses before
she turned to pot.
Supporters of Raich and another ill
woman who filed a lawsuit after her Cali-
fornia home was raided by federal agents
argue that people with the AIDS virus,
cancer and other diseases should be able
to grow and use marijuana.
Their attorney, Randy Barnett of Bos-
ton, told justices that his clients are law-
abiding citizens who need marijuana to
survive. Marijuana may have some side
effects, he said, but seriously sick people
are willing to take the chance.

9 1 1 - - - -- - ----------- - - -- --- -- ----------------- .. , - 13 i

The Martha Cook Building

Historic esidence for 'Women
In the heart of Centra(Campus
Sma((number of Room & Board(
'V/acancies in Dou[e fRoms
Availabefor 'Winter'Term
Beginning anuar3', d2005
Appfy to: Mvarion Scier, Director
Phone: (734) 763-2084

J' ~ o ': ts I

Besides California, nine other states
allow people to use medical marijuana:
Alaska, Colorado, Hawaii, Maine, Mon-
tana, Nevada, Oregon, Vermont and
Washington. Arizona also has a law per-
mitting marijuana prescriptions.
The San Francisco-based 9th U.S.
Circuit Court of Appeals had ruled
against the government in a divided
opinion that found federal prosecution
of medical marijuana users is uncon-
stitutional if the marijuana is not sold,
transported across state lines or used for
non-medicinal purposes.
new trade
WAS HINGTON (AP) - President
Bush yesterday chose Carlos Gutierrez,
a native of Cuba who rose from truck
driver to chief executive officer of Kel-
logg Co., to be secretary of Commerce.,
If confiriiedbthe Sente; Gutir-
rez would succeed Commerce Secre-
tary Donald Evans, a Texas confidant
of Bush's, who announced his resigna-
tion shortly after the Nov. 2 election.
The president called the 5i.-year-old
Gutierrez a "great American success
story" and a visionary executive who
understands the world of business
from the "first rung on the ladder to
the very top"~
"Carlos's family came to America
from Cuba when he was a boy," Bush
said in the Roosevelt Room. "He learned
English from a bellhop in a Miami hotel
and later became an American citizen.
When his family eventually settled in
Mexico City, Carlos took his first job
for Kellogg as a truck driver, delivering
Frosted Flakes to local stores."
Gutierrez, who was joined by his
wife, son and two daughters, is the
first new member of Bush's economic
team for his second term. Bush's chief
economic adviser, Stephen Friedman,
announced last week that he is leav-
ing. Other changes are also anticipated,
although Treasury Secretary John Snow
would like to stay.
"The secretary views his service to
the president as an honor and a privi-
lege," Rob Nichols, a Treasury Depart-
ment spokesman, said of Snow. "Like
all his Cabinet colleagues, he serves at
the pleasure of the president"
Former Michigan Gov. John Engler,
president of the National Association of
Manufacturers, hailed the appointment.
"Gutierrez understands every level
of manufacturing and he will use that
knowledge to further strengthen the
U.S. economy," Engler said.
Looking ahead to his second term,
Bush is already making changes to his
current economics team. And, private
economists say it is possible that could
include a change at the Treasury post. In
early February 2003, Snow, 65, a former
chief at railroad giant CSX, replaced
Paul O'Neill, who was fired by Bush as
part of a shake-up of the president's eco-
nomic team.
Baby Killer
When a slain soldier's photo

Compiled from Daily wire reports


DOW JONES 10,475.90 - 46.33
NASDA 2,106.87 + 4.90
s & so 1,178.57 -4.08



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