2A - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, April 20, 2004
U.N. diplomat as
Negroponte to become main lason to
Baghdad once US. hands overpower to
interim Iraqi government
WASHINGTON (AP) - President Bush named John
Negroponte, the United States's top diplomat at the Unit-
ed Nations, as the U.S. ambassador to Iraq yesterday and
asserted that Iraq "will be free and democratic and
Bush announced the nomination in an Oval Office cer-
At the United Nations, Negroponte, 64, was instru-
mental in winning unanimous approval of a Security
Council resolution that demanded Saddam Hussein com-
ply with U.N. mandates to disarm.
While the resolution helped the Bush administration
make its case for invading Iraq, the Security Council
eventually refused to endorse the overthrow of Saddam,
opting instead to extend U.N. weapons searches.
"John Negroponte is a man of enormous experience
and skill" and "has done a really good job of speaking
for the United States to the world about our intentions to
spread freedom and peace," Bush said.
Regarding Negroponte's new post, the president said
there is "no doubt in my mind he can handle it, no doubt
in my mind he will do a very good job and there's no
doubt in my mind that Iraq will be free and democratic
Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Dick
Lugar (R-Ind.) supports the nomination and said he will
work with Secretary of State Colin Powell to provide a
prompt public hearing for Negroponte.
If confirmed by the Senate, Negroponte would head a
U.S. embassy in Baghdad that will be temporarily housed in
a palace that belonged to Saddam. When up and running,
the embassy will be the largest in the world.
Negroponte would become ambassador in Baghdad when
the United States hands over political power to an interim
Iraqi government by a June 30 deadline. The current top U.S.
official in Iraq, L. Paul Bremer, is expected to leave the coun-
try once the political transition is completed.
Thousands of U.S. troops will remain in the country
even after the political transition is complete.
As U.N. ambassador in New York, Negroponte also
helped win approval of a resolution to expand the mandate
of an international security force in Afghanistan after the
overthrow of the Taliban government. Before that, he
worked in private business.
Negroponte's nomination for the U.N. post was con-
firmed by the Senate in September 2001, but that confir-
mation didn't come easy.
It was delayed a half-year mostly because of criticism of
his record as the U.S. ambassador to Honduras from 1981 to
1985. In Honduras, Negroponte played a prominent role in
assisting the Contras in Nicaragua in their war with the left-
wing Sandinista government, which was aligned with Cuba
and the Soviet Union.
For weeks before his Senate Foreign Relations Committee
hearing, Negroponte was questioned by staff members on
whether he had acquiesced to human rights abuses by a
Honduran death squad funded and partly trained by the Cen-
tral Intelligence Agency.
Negroponte testified that he did not believe the abuses
were part of a deliberate Honduran government policy.
"To this day," he said, "I do not believe that death squads
were operating in Honduras."
NEWS rIN ;BRIEF
HEADLINES FROM AROUND THE WORLD
Court may overturn 100 death sentences
A case considered by the Supreme Court yesterday could overturn death
sentences of more than 100 inmates, the most far-reaching capital punishment
issue this term in a follow-up to a 2002 ruling that made juries, not judges,
final arbiters of the death penalty.
Capital punishment cases often are the most dramatic at the high court, but
the justices were subdued as they contemplated ordering new sentences for
convicted killers in at least four states.
The court ruled two years ago that the constitutional right to a trial by jury means
that jurors should weigh factors that determine whether a particular killing merits
death or life in prison. Now the court must decide whether to apply that to old cases.
Justice Stephen Breyer said he worried about "the spectacle of the man going to his
death having been sentenced in violation of that principle."
The court will settle the matter in the case of Arizona prisoner Warren Wes-
ley Summerlin, sentenced more than 20 years ago by a judge who later lost
his job because of a drug problem, one of several elements that makes the
case read like pulp fiction.
Report suggests McVeigh had accomplices
A Secret Service document written shortly after the 1995 Oklahoma City bomb-
ing described security video footage of the attack and witness testimony that sug-
gested Timothy McVeigh may have had accomplices at the scene.
"Security video tapes from the area show the truck detonation 3 minutes and
6 seconds after the suspects exited the truck," the Secret Service reported six
days after the attack on a log of agents' activities and evidence in the Oklahoma
The government has insisted McVeigh drove the truck himself and that it never
had any video of the bombing or the scene of the Alfred P. Murrah building in the
minutes before the April 19, 1995, explosion.
Several investigators and prosecutors who worked the case told The Associated
Press they had never seen video footage like that described in the Secret Service log.
The document, if accurate, is either significant evidence kept secret for nine years
or a misconstrued recounting of investigative leads that were often passed by word
of mouth during the hectic early days of the case, they said.
An Iraqi man searches through the rubble of his mortar bombed house In Faliujah, Iraq, yesterday. Civic
leaders in Fallujah joined American officials in calling for insurgents to agree to peace yesterday.
Iratqi officials, U.S. call
for peace agree-ment
BAGHDAD, Iraq (AP) - Fallujah's civic lead-
ers joined American officials yesterday in calling
for insurgents battling Marines here to surrender
their heavy weapons in return for a promise not to
resume the U.S. offensive against the city, accord-
ing to a U.S. spokesman.
The commitments appeared to be the first fruits
of direct negotiations between U.S. officials and a
group of civic leaders and professionals represent-
ing Fallujah residents. They have influence with
Sunni insurgents who have been fighting Marines,
who have besieged the city.
Much now depends on how guerrillas respond.
Brig. Gen. Mark Kimmitt warned that if the deal
falls apart, Marines are prepared to launch a final
assault, meaning a resumption of heavy fighting
after days of calm.
"It would appear there is an agreed political
track," he told reporters. "There is also a very clear
understanding ... that should this agreement not go
through, Marines forces are more than prepared to
carry through with military operations."
President Bush scolded Spain's new prime
minister for his swift withdrawal of Madrid's
1,300 troops from Iraq and told him to avoid
actions that give "false comfort to terrorists or
"There is also a very clear
understanding ... that should
this agreement not go
through, Marines forces are
more than prepared to carry
though with military
- Brig. Gen Mark Kimmitt
enemies of freedom in Iraq."
Late last night Honduras followed Spain, with
President Ricardo Maduro announcing the pull-
out of his troops "in the shortest time possible,"
confirming U.S. fears. Also yesterday Albania
pledged more soldiers, but U.S. officials are brac-
ing for further withdrawals.
Bush expressed his views in a five-minute
telephone call with Prime Minister Jose Luis
Rodriguez Zapatero, who on Sunday ordered
the 1,300 troops to return home as soon as
The troops will withdraw in four to five
weeks, according to Polish Gen. Mieczyslaw
Bieniek, the commander of a multinational
peacekeeping force. He told Poland's PAP news
agency that soldiers from El Salvador, Honduras
and the Dominican Republic would take over
Bush "expressed his regret to President Zapatero
about the decision to abruptly announce the pull-
out of Spanish troops from Iraq," White House
press secretary Scott McClellan said.
Spanish Foreign Minister Miguel Moratinos told
the newspaper El Pais that Zapatero's government
will honor Spain's pledges at the recent Iraq
Donor's Conference and help in Iraq's reconstruc-
tion and transition to democracy.
Airport may receive
Pittsburgh International could become
the nation's first major airport to get the
OK to abandon the post-Sept. 11 rule
that says only ticketed passengers are
allowed past security checkpoints.
Federal security officials are consid-
ering allowing people once more to say
their hellos and goodbyes to friends and
loved ones at the gate.
Airport officials and western Pennsyl-
vania's congressional delegation have
pushed for two years for the change for
reasons of money and passenger conven-
ience. What happens here could become
a model for other airports.
"This is new, this is exciting, because
we're basically rewriting the security
directives in order to allow nonticketed
passengers to go through security," said
JoAnn Jenny, spokeswoman for the
Allegheny County Airport Authority.
THE HAGUE, Netherlands
Court reduces Serb,
In a historic verdict that will resonate
in the trial of former Yugoslav President
Slobodan Milosevic, a U.N. appeals
court affirmed yesterday that Bosnian
Serbs committed genocide at the U.N.-
protected zone of Srebrenica in 1995,
but cleared a Serb general of being a
"principal perpetrator" and reduced his
The war crimes tribunal, however,
convicted Gen. Radislav Krstic of the
lesser crime of "aiding and abetting
genocide." It found that he assisted in
the massacre of thousands of Bosnian
Muslims but did not intend to wipe out
the Muslim community.
Krstic's August, 2001 genocide con-
viction was the first in Europe by an
international court since the destruction
of European Jewry in the Holocaust by
Shell execs 'tired' of
lying about reserves
A top executive of Royal Dutch/Shell
Group of Cos. wrote in an e-mail that he
was "sick and tired about lying" about
the company's inflated oil and gas
reserves estimates, an investigation com-
missioned by Shell reported yesterday.
The inquiry found some Shell bosses
knew for almost two years the company
had publicly overstated the size of its
The shaken oil giant also announced
its chief financial officer had stepped
down, the latest in a string of high-level
casualties since Shell's announcement
in January that its confirmed oil and
gas holdings were much smaller than
- Compiled from Daily wire reports
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J Robert F
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Scholarship in Creative Writing
rlain Award for Creative Writing
nis McIntyre Prize
and John Wagner Prize
H Haugh Prize
aferstein Literary Award
and Eileen Newman writing Prizes
Sonia Handleman Poetry Award
James Gosling Prize
e Roethke Prize
day, April 20
oor of the Rackham Bldg.)
NEWS Tomislav Ladika, Managing Editor
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