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November 14, 2003 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 2003-11-14

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--1-9

2 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, November 14, 2003

NATION/WORLD

Commandment controversy heats up NEWS IN BRIEF
Alabama chief justice removed removed, and it was finally wheeled away 1
from office after refusing to move Aug 27to a storage room on instructions JERUSALEM
Tgn CfdMoore's eight fellow justices.
Ten Commandments monument The Court of the Judiciary - a panel of FRIrI iovi1iiD1 ;

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MONTGOMERY, Ala. (AP) - Alabama: Chief
Justice Roy Moore, who became a hero to religious
conservatives for refusing to remove his granite Ten
Commandments monument from the state court-
house, was thrown off the bench yesterday by a
judicial ethics panel for having "placed himself
above the law"
"I have absolutely no regrets. I have done what I
was sworn to do,' Moore declared afterward, draw-
ing applause from dozens of supporters at the
courthouse. "It's about whether or not you can
acknowledge God as a source of our law and our
liberty. That's all I've done."
The nine members of the Court of the Judiciary
handed out the harshest penalty possible, saying
Moore left them with no choice by repeatedly
insisting he would never obey a federal judge's
order to move the 2 1/2-ton block of granite from
the courthouse rotunda.
"Anything short of removal would only
serve to set up another confrontation that
would ultimately bring us back to where we
are today," the panel said. Moore spent eight
months designing the monument and helped
move it into the building one night in 2001.
He soon became a lightning rod for criticism
from civil-liberties activists who said the
stone tablets promoted religion in violation of
the separation of church and state.
A federal judge ordered the monument

judges, lawyers and others appointed various-
ly by judges, legal leaders and the governor
and lieutenant governor - began hearing tes-
timony Wednesday on Moore's defiance and
issued its ruling yesterday. The panel could
have continued the suspension or reprimand-
ed Moore.
"The chief justice placed himself above the law,"
said Presiding Judge William Thompson.
The court emphasized that its ruling was not a
judgment about the monument itself, stating, "the
acknowledgment of God is very much a vital part
of the public and private fabric of our country."
Moore, 56, had been suspended since August but
was allowed to collect his $170,000 annual salary.
Moore said he would consult with his lawyers
and with political and religious leaders as to
whether to appeal and would make an announce-
ment next week that could "alter the course of this
country." He did not elaborate.
He could appeal to the Alabama Supreme Court.
If his removal stands, Gov.. Bob Riley will appoint
a new chief justice to finish his term, which expires
in 2007. Moore could still run for a seat on the
court next year, provided he is not disbarred.
The governor issued a statement saying he was
"disappointed and concerned that the federal courts
continue to attempt to remove references to God
and faith from public arenas. All of us must, how-
ever, respect the workings of our legal system and
trust that it remains the best in the world"

israeus, raesniarns ready rof um
Looking ahead for the first time after months of impasse, the Israeli and Pales-
tinian prime ministers yesterday prepared for a summit, possibly within days.
Despite conciliatory statements, however, expectations are low that the U.S.-
backed "road map" peace plan can be revived. Neither side appears closer to
making concessions - a crackdown on militant groups by the Palestinians, a
removal of dozens of settlement outposts by Israel.
Palestinian Prime Minister Ahmed Qureia convened his Cabinet for the first
time yesterday, a day after it was sworn in following two months of political
wrangling.
With a government finally in place, Qureia can focus on his priorities.
He first wants to persuade militant groups to halt attacks on Israelis and
then get Israel to agree to a truce, including a stop to military strikes in the
West Bank and Gaza Strip.
In the past, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon has refused to halt such opera-
tions, including targeted killings of militants, unless the Palestinian security
forces begin dismantling armed groups, something the Palestinians refuse to do.
Israel's position appears to have softened somewhat in recent days, and offi-
cials have said they want to give Qureia a chance.
VIRGINIA BECH, Va.
One sniper trial concludes as another begins
The jury in John Allen Muhammad's murder trial got the case yesterday after the
prosecutor said during closing arguments that Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvo
formed "a sniper-spotter killing team" with Muhammad as the "captain."
The jury of 11 whites and one black was to begin deliberating Friday morning.
Meanwhile, Malvo's lawyer - delivering his opening statement at Malvo's trial 15
miles away in Chesapeake - said Muhammad turned Malvo into a "child soldier,"
brainwashing him into thinking that the killings were "designed to achieve a greater
good of a fairer and righteous society." At Muhammad's trial, prosecutor Richard
Conway forcefully countered the defense's central argument - that Muhammad can-
not get the death penalty because the evidence points to Malvo as the triggerman in
the sniper attacks. Conway portrayed Muhammad as playing a vital role.
"We have a sniper-spotter killing team, taking out innocent people," the prosecutor
told the jury. Pointing at Muhammad, he said: "Who do you think was the captain of
this killing team? He's sitting right in front of you." Conway noted that a piece of text
found on an electronic organizer in Muhammad's car said: "The truth of the Muham-
mad assassinations."

AP PHOTO
Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore is
shown yesterday in Montgomery after a special court
removed him from office.

Japan delays decision to send tro

BAGHDAD, Iraq (AP) - Japan put
off a decision yesterday on sending
troops to Iraq, a day after the deadliest
attack on coalition forces since the war,
and South Korea capped its contribu-
tion at 3,000 soldiers - new setbacks
to U.S. hopes for easing the pressure on
its forces.
U.S. troops pounded suspected guer-
rilla targets in the capital for a second
straight night under a new "get-tough"
campaign against the insurgency. And
the top American administrator, L. Paul
Bremer, headed back to Baghdad after
two days of White House talks with
orders that Iraqis should take more
responsibility for governing.
On the eve of a visit to Tokyo by
Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld,
Japan decided the time isn't right to
send its forces to Iraq, indicating its
deployment might be delayed until
next year.
Japan had hoped to send troops to
Iraq to help rebuild the country by the
end of 2003, but chief Cabinet Secre-
tary Yasuo Fukuda backed off, saying
Iraq is still too unstable.
"Japan has said it wants to think
about the timing" of its deployment,
national security adviser Condoleezza
Rice said in Washington. "We under-
stand that."
South Korea also decided to limit its

contribution to 3,000 troops, President
Roh Moo-hyun announced. Denmark
also rejected a push by two Danish sol-
diers' unions to bolster its 410-member
force by 100 more troops.
Many countries and agencies in
Iraq, including Spain, the Nether-
lands, the United Nations and the
international Red Cross, have been
reconsidering their presence since
they became targets.
The reassessments came a day after
Wednesday's suicide truck bombing at a
base for Italian forces in the southern
city of Nasiriyah killed at least 32 peo-
ple - 18 of them Italians, and wounded
more than 80. Officials said several of
the wounded are not expected to sur-
vive. Speaking to reporters today en
route to Asia, Rumsfeld said countries
that decide to participate in military
operations in Iraq should do so only if
they believe it is in their own interest.
"It's a dangerous country, it's a vio-
lent country," Rumsfeld said. "It's been
a violent country for a long time and it
very likely will be for a long time. Cer-
tainly people need to participate there
with their eyes open."
Bremer headed back to Baghdad to
work with Iraqis on developing a plan
to speed up establishment of an Iraqi
government.
In Washington, a senior U.S. official

said the Bush administration is propos-
ing elections in the first half of next
year and formation of a government
before a constitution is written.
For months, the administration has
insisted that Iraqi leaders write a consti-
tution and hold elections before power
shifts from U.S. occupiers to Iraqis. But
yesterday, Rice said the Iraqi Governing
Council has resisted that American
timeline.
"It is still important that the Iraqi
people have a permanent constitution
and elections for a permanent govern-
ment. Nothing has changed," Rice said.
"But what is also important is that
we find ways to accelerate the
transfer of power to the Iraqis -
they are clamoring for it, they are,
we believe, ready for it."
President Bush also expressed
resolve to curb the violence against
coalition forces. "We're going to pre-
vail," he said. "We've got a good strate-
gy to deal with these killers"
For a second straight night yesterday,
steady explosions shook Baghdad after
sundown, part of an "Operation Iron
Hammer," - a U.S. campaign against
insurgents.
American troops also shelled a dye
factory on the southern outskirts of
Baghdad in retaliation against rebel
attacks on coalition headquarters. The

)p5 to Iraq
plant, which has been idle since the war
that deposed Saddam Hussein, was
rocketed by Apache helicopters on
Wednesday evening. U.S. commanders
said it had been used by insurgents to
store ammunition.
Yesterday, U.S. soldiers with loud-
speakers drove through the neighbor-
hood warning occupants to leave before
the impending strike. Later, at least nine
large-caliber shells were fired into the
empty plant, heavily damaging the
structure.
The tactical goal was not immediate-
ly clear since this sprawling metropolis
of 5 million people has other sites to
launch attacks.
But the effect of retaliatory tactics
could have the long-lasting effect of
increasing resentment among Iraqis
already upset by the heavy-handed tac-
tics of the U.S. military.
"George Bush said he wants to forge
friendship between the Iraqi people and
America. Is this how he wants build this
friendship?" said the plant's owner,
Waad Dakhel al-Boulani, as he watched
the shelling. "The only weapon that
they found inside was a Kalashnikov
rifle for the guard"
Lt. Col. George Krivo, the U.S. Army
spokesman in Iraq, said that similar
operations against the insurgents would
intensify and continue.

WAsHINGTON
Testing shows math
up, reading steady
The nation's math report card shows
promise, with more than seven in 10
fourth-graders and almost as many
eighth-graders now achieving at a basic
level or better.
But enthusiasm over rising test scores
is tempered by another figure: More than
two-thirds of the students still can't do
math at the level they should, based on
federal standards.
In reading, meanwhile, the perform-
ance of students in grades four and eight
largely held steady over the past year,
continuing a trend in which math gains
have been more pervasive.
The new findings, based on represen-
tative samples, come from the test con-
sidered the best benchmark of progress
over time and across the states: the
National Assessment of Educational
Progress. Compared with their peers in
2000, when the math test was last given,
fourth-graders and eighth-graders made
sizable gains at every level in 2003.
WASHINGTON
Victims' families
criticize commission
Relatives of people who perished in
the Sept. 11 attacks say a federal com-
mission accepted too many conditions in
striking a deal with the White House over

access to secret intelligence documents.
The Family Steering Committee, a
group of victims' relatives who are moni-
toring the work of the independent com-
mission, criticized the agreement
announced late Wednesday. Under the
deal, only some of the 10 commissioners
will be allowed to examine classified
intelligence documents, and their notes
will be subject to White House review.
"All 10 commissioners should have full,
unfettered and unrestricted access to all
evidence," the group said in a statement
yesterday.
WASHINGTON
Mothers' social skills
help raise children
Among baboons, moms with lots of
female friends are the most successful
parents, according to a new study that
supports the idea that social support is
essential to baboon -or human - life.
The study, appearing this week in the
journal Science, found that baboon:
mothers who formed networks of female
friends were about a third more success-
ful at raising their young than were,
females who spent more time alone or
isolated.
"We don't know how sociability helps
females, but we do know that social
females do better at raising their young"adSsnAbrs ueUiest,
said Susan Alberts, a Duke University
researcher and co-author of the study.

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