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November 19, 2002 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 2002-11-19

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, November 19, 2002

NATION/WORLD

Israeli orces fire on aza i NEWS IN BRIEF...
GAZA CITY, Gaza Strip (AP) - Israeli heli- The army said the offices were used to make s k | |||| WASHINGTON

copters and tanks fired on the main Palestinian
security compound in Gaza City early yesterday,
demolishing several buildings. Police, meanwhile,
searched the family home of an Israeli Arab
accused of trying to hijack a plane to Turkey.
In the West Bank, Israeli forces imposed a
curfew yesterday in a Ramallah neighborhood
and searched for a wanted Palestinian, while
Israeli officials reportedly considered a propos-
al to link Jewish enclaves in Hebron following
an ambush Friday that killed 12 soldiers and
security guards.
Later, a Palestinian attacker shot at motorists,
seriously wounding an Israeli woman near the
settlement of Rimmonim, about 10 miles north-
east of Jerusalem, the military said.
Despite the violence and a bitter Israeli election
campaign, negotiations continued over a U.S.-Euro-
pean plan to end the Mideast conflict, according to
a document obtained by The Associated Press.
In Gaza City, Israeli helicopters fired missiles
at the headquarters of Preventive Security, the
main official Palestinian force, and tanks and sol-
diers moved in. Two Palestinian security officers
and a TV cameraman working for Reuters news
agency were lightly injured, doctors said.'No
other casualties were reported.

weapons. Dozens of mortar shells and
grenades, three rocket propelled grenades, sev-
eral anti-tank missiles and a Qassem missile
were found, along with welding equipment and
intelligence materials, said a Gaza commander,
Brig. Gen. Israel Ziv.
Defense Minister Shaul Mofaz said the raid
showed the "tight connection between the securi-
ty forces of the Palestinian Authority and the
Palestinian terror groups."
Palestinians fired on the troops and shot
missiles against tanks but no soldiers were
injured, the army said.
A few hours after the Israeli attack, two mis-
siles were shot toward a Jewish settlement near
Gaza City but caused no damage or injuries, the
army said. The Israeli forces pulled out after more
than three hours, leaving several of the 11 build-
ings in thesecurity compound in ruins. At the
main administration building, targeted for the
first time in two years of fighting, furniture was
smashed and computers destroyed.
Mustafa Mughrabi, who lives nearby, said by
telephone that he hid under a bed with his chil-
dren after gunfire hit his house. Outside, he said
he heard "the sound of explosions mixed with
screams of children."

Court allows wiretaps to track terrorists
The Justice Department moved swiftly yesterday to take advantage of a court
ruling broadening its ability to track suspected terrorists and spies using wiretaps
and other surveillance techniques.
Attorney General John Ashcroft said the ruling by a specially appointed three-
judge review panel will give the Justice Department expanded surveillance powers
under the USA Patriot Act, passed by Congress after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks.
It was the first time the appeals panel had overturned a ruling by the ultra-
secret Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, which had sought to impose
restrictions on how and when surveillance authority could be used to track
foreign agents.
A key part of the ruling removes legal barriers between FBI and Justice Depart-
ment intelligence investigators and prosecutors and law enforcement personnel.
The ruling, Ashcroft told reporters, "revolutionizes our ability to investigate
terrorists and prosecute terrorist acts."
But the American Civil Liberties Union and several other groups contend the
ruling will harm free speech and due process protections by giving the govern-
ment far greater ability to listen to telephone conversations, read e-mail and
search private property.
WASH INGTON
Businesses with bad credit receive loans
Despite warnings that it is risking millions in bad debts, the Small Business
Administration has approved dozens of loan guarantees annually for borrowers
who should have been disqualified because they previously defaulted.
The agency designed to help America's small businesses rejected a recommen-
dation last May from its inspector general to implement a system of intensive
checks to screen applicants. SBA officials say they consider the failure to identify
prior loan defaulters a minor problem.
"This is more the tip of an ice cube rather than the tip of an iceberg," said Jim
Harnmersley, director of the office of loan programs for the SBA.
The amount of bad loans the SBA has been forced thcover has almost dou-
bled - from $516 million in 1995 to more than $1 billion in fiscal 2002,
which ended Sept. 30. Agency spokesman Mike Stamler said the increase
reflects expansion of the overall lending program from $3 billion in 1990 to
$12 billion last year.
Under agency rules, borrowers with prior defaults in any federal lending pro-
gram should be ineligible for SBA-backed loans, unless an exception is granted.

0

APPHMOO
A Palestinian police officer inspects the rubble of
a destroyed security force building in Gaza City.

STUDENTS WITH
CROHN'S DISEASE
OR
ULCE RATIVE COLITIS
Please join
Dr. Ellen Zimmermann
Associate Professor of
Gastroenterology,
UofM
For an informal
discussion of
topics including:
eNutrition
*New Therapies
*Latest Research
Next meeting will be:
Thursday, Nov. 21, 2002
7:00 pm to 8:30 pm
Room 3443
Mason Hall
Central Campus U of M
Monthly meetings planned
(734)-763-7278

U.S. will wait for further
I raqi no-fy-zone -fviolations

WASHINGTON (AP) - The Bush
administration is waiting for a clear
pattern of violations by Iraq before
pursuing a showdown in the United
Nations, even as allied warplanes
come under repeated attack.
Secretary of Defense Donald Rums-
feld called Iraq's no-fly-zone firing
unacceptable. But he also said yester-
day, "It's up to the president and the
U.N. Security Council on their view of
Iraq's behavior over a period of time,
and those discussions have just begun."
White House deputy spokesman
Scott McClellan condemned the
Iraqi attacks - at least four in the
past few days - as "a violation that
would constitute a material breach"
of the resolution adopted unani-
mously by the council Nov. 8 to
force Iraq to disarm.
But McClellan, like Rumsfeld, indi-
cated the administration was not taking
its complaint to the council, which
threatened Iraq with consequences in the
event of breaches of U.N. resolutions.
"We have that option," the
spokesman said, indicating that a
decision had not been made by
President Bush. The president
repeatedly has threatened President

Saddam Hussein with war if he
reneges on his assurance that he
will comply with U.N. orders to get
rid of weapons of mass destruction.
By holding off, the administration
defers a potential confrontation with
U.S. allies. They were reluctant in the
first place to threaten Iraq with force if
it did not admit international inspec-
tors and disarm, and they are still dis-
inclined to attack Baghdad.
It also gives the United States and
Britain new opportunities to respond to
attacks on patrolling aircraft by bomb-
ing Iraqi installations.
The United Nations has kept at
arm's length from the overflights,
which began over northern Iraq after.
the 1991 Persian Gulf War to protect
Kurds and later over southern Iraq to
shield the Shiites there.
The U.N. position is that the United
States and Britain, not the world organi-
zation, made the decision to ban Iraqi
warplanest from the areas and to enforce
it by patrolling the no-fly zones.
But the U.N. Security Council has
committed itself to the search for hid-
den chemical, biological and nuclear
weapons programs. Chief U.N. inspec-
tor Hans Blix and Mohamed ElBaradei

of the International Atomic Energy
Agency arrived Monday in Baghdad
with technical experts to lay the
groundwork for inspections that are to
begin a week from Wednesday.
Iraq has until Dec. 8to provide
inspectors and the Security Council
with a complete list of all parts of
chemical, biological and nuclear
weapons programs.
Any Iraqi resistance could produce
an instant showdown, but Rumsfeld
has said that while it was unacceptable
for Iraq to fire at U.S. and British war-
planes in the no-fly zones, first "a pat-
tern of behavior will evolve and then
people will make judgments with
respect to it."
"These dispussions have just begun,"
Rumsfeld said yesterday in Santiago,
Chile, as he prepared for talks on secu-
rity with officials from Chile, Colom-
bia, Brazil and Argentina.
Since the Security Council
approved tough inspections and
threatened "serious consequences"
for defiance, Iraq has fired at least
four times on U.S. or British planes.
The allies responded with several
attacks in both the northern and
southern zones.
Explosions
heard near
U.S. base
in Japan
TOKYO (AP) - Two explosions
were reported late yesterday outside a
U.S. military base near Tokyo, and a
projectile launcher was found near the
site, U.S. military officials and Japan-
ese police said today.
Police suspected it was an attack and
that leftist radicals may have been
involved, according to Japan's Kyodo
news service. No injuries or damage
were reported, Kyodo said.
In Washington, Maj. Timothy
Blair, a Pentagon spokesman, said
an explosion had been reported
about 800 feet frombCamp Zama,
the headquarters for the U.S. Army
Japan and the 9th Theater Support
Command.
Army spokesman Capt. Benjamin
Kuykendall said two suspects were
believed to be in custody, but added
that because the blast occurred off
base, the inquiry was being handled by
Japanese authorities. He said there
were no immediate reports of casual-
ties or even proof that the attack was
directed against the base.
Japanese police spokesman Narihi-
to Sasaki confirmed that two suspi-
cious men had been seen near the
blast site, but denied that they had
been arrested and said he had no fur-
ther details on them.
Sasaki said two explosions were
heard in a park near the base at about
11 p.m. Police found a metal pipe used
as a projectile launcher and burn marks
nearby, he said.
The pipe was pointed toward Camp
Zama, but said no projectile had been
found on the base, he said.
Pentagon officials said the U.S.
Pacific Command in Hawaii, which is
responsible for U.S. forces in Japan,

WASHINGTON
Researchers produce
insulin in mouse cells
In a possible step toward a new treat-
ment for diabetics, embryonic stem
cells were used to produce insulin and
keep diabetic mice alive.
Researchers cautioned that the tech-
nique was not yet ready for testing in
humans.
The researchers at Stanford Universi-
ty nurtured mouse embryonic stem
cells until they developed into a tissue
that made insulin. Then they put the tis-
sue into diabetic mice and showed that
the animals were sustained with the
insulin produced by the tissue graft.
Ingrid C. Rulifson, a first author of
the study appearing this week in the Pro-
ceedings of the National Academy of
Sciences, said the research did not grow
fully mature, insulin-producing pancre-
atic islets, which are called beta cells.
"We've made something that shares
several important properties with the
beta cells, but we have not made beta
cells," said Rulifson.
WASH INGTON
Quality of death row
awyers considered
The Supreme Court opened a fresh
inquiry yesterday into bad lawyering
and the death penalty, accepting a case
that could give justices a chance to spell
out when inmates can claim that poor
representation led to conviction.
The court already sided with pros-
ecutors twice this year in ineffec-

tive-counsel cases. The latest appeal
is less procedural and gives the jus-
tices a better opportunity to deal
with the legal rights of people who
face execution.
Defendants in capital cases often
cannot afford to hire lawyers, so
government-paid attorneys are
appointed for them. The quality of
those lawyers has troubled some
Supreme Court members in recent
years, and two justices have publicly
criticized the quality of death penal-
ty attorneys.
LOS ANGELES
Gov. may be next act
for Schwarzenegger
He has been a genetically engineered
twin and a pregnant man, a barbarian
and a spy, a kindergarten pop and a
killer. Now some Republicans are cast-
ing Arnold Schwarzenegger as the next
governor of California.
Fresh from the Election Day success
of a $550 million education measure
that he sponsored, the actor has become
perhaps California's -most promising
GOP candidate - even though he is
not yet running for anything.
"Arnold Schwarzenegger would do a
tremendous amount to reinvigorate the
party itself and the image of the party
to most Californians," said Brian Todd
of Bakersfield, a delegate to state party
conventions.
The body-builder-turned-action-hero
deflects questions about his political
ambitions.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.

0

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EDITORIAL i i
NEWS Lsa Kolvu, Managing Editor
EDITORS: Usa Hoffman, Elizabeth Kassab, Jacquelyn Nixon, Shannon Pettyplece
STAFF: Elizabeth Anderson, Jeremy Berkowitz, Tyler Boersen, Ted Borden, Autumn Brown, Soojung Chang, Kara DeBoer, Margaret Engoren, Rahwa Ghebre-
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PHOTO David Katz, Editor
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