2A - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, September 3, 2002
destroy S. Korea
GANGNEUNG, South Korea - A
powerful typhoon that lashed South
Korea over the weekend killed at least
113 people and the toll will likely rise
as officials check reports of others
missing in floods and landslides, the
government said today.
Rusa was the deadliest typhoon to
hit South Korea since 1959, when
Typhoon Sara left more than 840 peo-
ple dead or missing.
This morning the government's anti-
disaster center said that 113 people
were confirmed killed and 71 others
missing after Rusa swept through east-
ern and southern parts of South Korea.
All-news station YTN put the death
toll at 138 killed and 77 missing. Earli-
er, officials said 88 had been killed.
Park Chung-ho, a center official,
said the death toll could rise as com-
munications with remote, isolated
areas were restored.
Rusa, the Malaysian word for deer,
destroyed many sections of railways
and roads, wiped out bridges, knocked
out electricity and submerged thou-
sands of homes. Property damage was
tentatively put at $750 million.
One of the hardest was Gangwon
province on the country's east coast
where 128 people were killed or miss-
ing. Its seat, Gangneung, was
swamped by waist-high floods after
two steady days of torrential rains.
"Nothing is more miserable than
this," said Kim Bun-hee, a 61-year-old
housewife, standing in a long line to
get a ration of drinking water brought
by firetrucks. Kim said the basement
of her home was still filled with water.
Power outages that had crippled the
Residents of Tonghae, South Korean look on at the destruction caused by Typhoon
Rusa that has killed at least 88 people and left 70 missing.
city of 220,000 for two days were
eased as officials began repairing dam-
aged power lines. But residents had
difficulty getting drinking water.
Hundreds of graves were washed
away in a landslide that destroyed a
large part of a public cemetery outside
Gangneung. Television clips showed
people shoveling the leveled ground to
try to locate the missing tombs of their
Thousands of soldiers were helping
residents clear mounds of broken fur-
.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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niture and damaged household goods
that filled streets.
The government ordered the mili-
tary and police to help in the rehabili-
tation work. Helicopters were used to
drop relief goods in isolated villages in
the country's southern areas.
North Korea also reported heavy
human losses and property damage. Its
official media, the Korean Central
News Agency, said "scores" of people
were killed and large farmlands were
Los Angeles Times
WASHINGTON - When George
W. Bush arrived at the White House in
January 2001, his foreign policy goals
appeared modest. The main interna-
tional plank of Bush's presidential
campaign was a promise to restrain
U.S. military intervention in conflicts
overseas, not expand it.
But 19 months and one terrorist
attack later, Bush's response to the
challenge of al-Qaida has expanded
into an ambitious and controversial
vision for a more assertive foreign pol-
icy on a global scale.
Already being called the "Bush Doc-
trine," the new policy - to be outlined
formally in a report to Congress this
fall - declares the United States ready
to launch pre-emptive attacks on hos-
tile countries that deploy nuclear, bio-
logical or chemical weapons, with Iraq
the most likely target.
Equally important, Bush aides say
his "National Security Strategy"
report will range far beyond Iraq to
chart a broad global role for the Unit-
ed States, including calls for more
cooperation with Russia and China,
more military aid to countries bat-
tling terrorists, and more economic
aid to poor nations in Africa, Asia
and Latin America.
Not surprisingly, the call for military
strikes against Iraq has become a light-
ning rod for controversy. But the
administration's broader argument -
that the fight against terrorism pro-
vides the core of a new U.S. strategy
for what Secretary of State Colin Pow-
ell calls the "post-post Cold War era"
- has also sparked debate.
Some are ready to applaud. "It's a
pretty sweeping set of ideas, but I think
it's feasible," said John Lewis Gaddis, a
foreign policy scholar at Yale Universi-
ty. "There's a degree of coherence that
we haven't seen for a long time. You
didn't see it in the previous administra-
tion, and you didn't see it in the first
months of this administration."
Others are less enthusiastic, warning
that the new policy, far from sparking
cooperation with other great powers, is
causing unnecessary friction.
"I don't think it works," said John
Mearsheimer, a theorist of internation-
al relations at the University of Chica-
go. "Their point that dealing with
terrorism becomes the focus of foreign
policy for all the great powers, I don't
believe that. It's not the focus for Rus-
sia; it's not the focus for China. Even
the Europeans think we're obsessed."
But most analysts agree that the
new doctrine reflects a major shift
in thinking for a president who came
to office with only a few foreign
policy ambitions - mainly to
reduce U.S. peacekeeping commit-
ments abroad and deploy anti-mis-
sile defenses at home.
What changed Bush's focus? The
terrorist attacks of Sept. 11.
. Sept. 11 was "an earthquake," Con-
doleezza Rice, Bush's national security
adviser, said in an interview. "It was
such an earthquake that it began almost
immediately to move things around -
to the point that you could say there are
new dangers here, but there are also
some new opportunities.
Among the opportunities, she said,
is the hope that the United States,
Europe, Russia, China and Japan can
find common ground in a joint strug-
gle against terrorism. "For the first
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa
Summit to focus on
With world leaders pushing for
action, negotiators at the Earth Sum-
mit agreed on a plan Monday to pro-
tect the environment and fight
"Humanity has a rendezvous with
destiny," French President Jacques
Chirac declared. Alarms are sounding
across all the continents. We cannot say
that we did not know!"
U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan
urged the more than 100 world leaders
in Johannesburg to commit to firm
action to solve problems identified a
decade ago at the first Earth Summit
"The focus from now on must be on
implementing the many agreements
that have been reached," he said.
Though President Bush declined to
come - sending U.S. Secretary of
State Colin Powell in his place - U.S.
officials say they are firmly committed
to the summit's success.
Russia opposes U.S.
invasion of Iraq
Russia added its voice Monday to a
growing international chorus warning
against a U.S. attack on Iraq, saying
such action could undermine peace
efforts in the Middle East and long-
term security in the volatile Persian
In talks with his visiting Iraqi
counterpart, Russian Foreign Minis-
ter Igor S. Ivanov also urged Bagh-
dad, the Iraqi capital, to allow
resumption of U.N. weapons inspec-
tions so that the trade sanctions that
have impoverished Iraq can be
"The international community
must have guarantees of nonresump-
tion of Iraqi programs of develop-
ment of weapons of mass
destruction," Ivanov told journalists
at a joint news conference with For-
eign Minister Naji Sabri.
.A RTA, Indonesia
Shooting wounds 14,
claims 3 in Indonesia
Two Americans and an Indonesian
were killed Saturday when an armed
group ambushed a convoy of vehicles
near a huge American-owned copper
and gold mine in the troubled province
of Papua, atfhorities said.
As many as 14 other people were
injured in the shooting, including at
least six Americans, four of them seri-
ously, officials said. Indonesian offi-
cials said some of the victims were
teachers at an international school near
the Freeport Indonesia mine.
The shooting took place on a road
heavily patrolled by the Indonesian mil-
itary. Soldiers responded quickly and
pledged to track down the killers, said a
spokesman for the U.S. Embassy here.
Sunday morning, troops reported
exchanging fire with a group of uniden-
tified men near the site of the attack.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.
NEWS IN BRIEF.
HEDIE R M AROUND THE WORLD ..t.
Powell attends summit to discuss Iraq
Colin Powell; whose rhetoric on Saddam Hussein has been more muted than
that of President Bush and other administration leaders, is heading to an interna-
tional economic and environmental summit where he will press U.S. concerns
with leaders of Africa, Europe and Asia.
Powell, who was departing late yesterday for Johannesburg to.represent the
United States at a U.N. economic and environmental summit now under way, has
had a lower profile than other administration leaders on Saddam. Now, he visits a
country whose former president is harshly criticizing the U.S. war talk.
"We are appalled by any country, whether a superpower or a small country, that
goes outside the U.N. and attacks independent countries," former President Nel-
son Mandela said yesterday.
While Vice President Dick Cheney and other senior Bush advisers have been
publicly vocal in arguing for Saddam's ouster, Powell is concentrating more on lay-
ing out the case to world leaders in private settings, say intimates of the secretary.
The secretary, in his consultations with foreign leaders, takes the position that
even if Saddam reversed his refusal for 3 1/2 years to admit international inspec-
tors to search for weapons of mass destruction, it would not end the administra-
tion's dispute with Baghdad.
Investigations into Palestinian deaths begin
Israel's defense minister has ordered a speedy investigation into the army's
killing of 12 Palestinians, including at least eight civilians, by army fire, his office
The minister, Binyamin Ben-Eliezer, appointed a general to head the inquiry.
He asked the army chief, Lt. Gen. Moshe Yaalon, to present'by Friday "operative
findings to prevent such unfortunate mishaps in the future."
Palestinian Cabinet Minister Saeb Erekat demanded that soldiers responsible
for killing civilians be brought to justice, but said that based on previous inquiries,
he didn't believe the investigation would lead to soldiers being disciplined.
An Israeli daily, meanwhile, reported that Prime Minister Ariel Sharon told his
Cabinet that if Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat leaves the West Bank, he won't be
allowed to return. Ben-Eliezer opposed the idea of blocking Arafat's return, the
Yediot Ahronot daily said. Also yesterday, an Israeli source said Israeli and Western
intelligence showed that between 150 and 200 al-Qaida operatives, including sever-
al senior commanders, have settled in the Palestinian refugee camp of Ein el-
Hilweh in Lebanon, with Syria's permission.
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