2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, September 17, 2002
Officials identify al-Qaida plotters NEWS IN BRIEF.
WASHINGTON (AP) - U.S. counterterrorism
officials have identified two key lieutenants of Osama
bin Laden - including an alleged mastermind of the
Sept. I1 attacks - as the most active plotters of sev-
eral al-Qaida attacks during the past year.
While many top al-Qaida leaders went into hiding
after Sept. 11, Khalid Shaikh Mohanuned and Abd
al-Rahim al-Nashiri have taken the lead in arranging
new attacks with cells in the field, U.S. officials said,
speaking on condition of anonymity.
Mohammed, a Sept. 11 organizer who has risen
to be one of bin Laden's top planners, and al-
Nashiri, al-Qaida's Persian Gulf operations chief,
are among roughly two dozen key lieutenants being
sought by the CIA, FBI and military in a worldwide
While last week's capture of Ramzi Binalshibh in
Pakistan may shed light on both the Sept. 11 attacks
and ongoing al-Qaida plots, U.S. officials say he
was not a leader but an aide to Mohammed. Offi-
cials hope that by tracking down the leaders they
can disrupt terrorist plots and the multiple cells
under their command.
Mohammed, a Kuwait-born Pakistani national, has
been linked to the April 11 suicide truck bombing of
the Djerba synagogue in Tunisia. At least 19 tourists,
mostly Germans, were killed.
The suspected bomber, Nizar Naouar, spoke by
phone with Mohammed about three hours before the
attack, German officials said. Bin Laden's son Saad,
seen as a rising star in al-Qaida, is also suspected of
ties to the plot.
The Tunisia attack marked al-Qaida's first success-
ful strike since Sept. 11. The suicide bombing of the
U.S. consulate in Karachi in June is also believed to
be an al-Qaida operation, but who commanded it has
not been determined.
Mohammed, who is on the FBI's most-wanted ter-
rorists list, has been charged in connection with plots
in the Philippines to bomb trans-Pacific airliners and
crash a plane into CIA headquarters. Those were bro-
ken up in 1995. He is believed to be related to Ramzi
Yousef, who was convicted for his role in the 1993
World Trade Center bombing.
"He's the most significant operational player out
there right now," said a senior U.S. counterterrorism
official, speaking recently on the condition of
U.S. counterterrorism officials believed
Mohammed was in the Afghanistan-Pakistan region
as recently as June.
The capture of Binalshibh, a Yemeni and planner
in the Sept. 11 attacks, probably has set Mohammed
on the run, said Vince Cannistraro, a former CIA
"Khalid Shaikh Mohammed is probably in touch
with all the cells, through other lieutenants," he said.
"(Binalshibh) will know where he is - or at least,
where he was."
Al-Nashiri is more of a mystery. A Saudi who is
also known as Umar Mohammed al-Harazi and Abu
Bilal al-Makki, he is considered a step below
Mohammed in al-Qaida's hierarchy.
N I 1:1
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4 0 MAYNARD T.
Arrests signal possible terror attacks
The Singapore government said yesterday it had arrested 21 people suspect-
ed of being terrorists, including some who were trained in al-Qaida camps and
several who conducted reconnaissance of potential bombing targets in the
The arrests add to evidence of terrorist activity in Southeast Asia amid mount-
ing concerns that the al-Qaida terrorist network is attempting to carry out new
attacks against U.S. embassies, warships and other targets in the region.
Nineteen of the Singapore detainees are current or former members of Jemaah
Islamiah, an organization linked to al-Qaida that planned seven suicide truck
bombings of high-profile targets in Singapore late last year, the Singapore Min-
istry of Home Affairs said.
"These latest arrests have seriously disrupted the JI (Jemaah Islamiah) network
in Singapore," the ministry said in a four-paragraph statement. "There is no
known imminent security threat from other JI elements in Singapore."
All the detainees are Singapore citizens and some traveled to
Afghanistan for al-Qaida training, the government said. The arrests took
place in August but were not made public until yesterday. Names of the
detainees were not released.
Kashmir election turnout beats expectation
Voters in Kashmir defied threats by Muslim militants and turned out in greater
numbers than expected yesterday for state elections in Indian-controlled Kashmir,
electoral officials said.
Though one civilian was killed and there were scattered acts of violence, thou-
sands of soldiers were deployed across the Himalayan province and the separatists
failed to significantly disrupt the voting.
Kashmir, a flashpoint between India and Pakistan for five decades, had seen
increasingly bloody attacks in recent weeks, with militants opposed to the election -
and in favor of independence or union with Pakistan - stepping up their campaigns.
The militants have threatened to kill anyone who participates in the vote, which
will be held over four days stretching into October. No results are expected to be
made public until Oct. 12.
The relatively high turnout of 44 percent reported yesterday by elections officials
- intelligence officials had anticipated a 35 percent showing -- may partly be in
response to separatists who ran as independent candidates. In legislative elections in
1996, voter turnout was reported at 54 percent, but that figure is widely believed to
have been inflated.
LAST DAY for fifty percent reduction of tuition for complete
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NOTE: Some units (Law, Medicine, Dentistry and Social Work) begin
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End of Term Schedule:
Wednesday, December 11, 2002
Thursday, December 12
Saturday, Sunday, December 14-15
Friday, December 13
Monday -Friday, December 16 - 20
Sunday, December 15
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa
A artheid victims
e lawsuits in U.S.
Former anti-apartheid activist Thandi
Shezdi clutched strands of her hair
scalded by acid, and caressed an inch-
long scar on her left wrist seared by an
They are reminders of a night of tor-
ture and gang rape she endured 14
years ago at John Vorster Square, the
Johannesburg police headquarters that
was one of the apartheid era's most
notorious torture chambers.
Shezdi, 40, wants financial compen-
sation. She and thousands of South
African victims of apartheid, backed by
a couple of high-powered U.S. attor-
neys, want to sue American and Euro-
pean companies that they claim
propped up the apartheid regime.
On behalf of more than 5,000
apartheid victims, New Jersey attorney
Ed Fagan has filed suit in federal District
Court in Manhattan, alleging that 27
multinational corporations - including
Credit Suisse, Citigroup, IBM and Gen-
eral Motors - violated a U.N. embargo
against South Africa in the 1980s to con-
duct business with the apartheid regime.
therapy helped mice
The crippling effects of muscular
dystrophy were partially corrected in
laboratory mice by the insertion of a
new gene that restored to the muscles
a protein lacking in victims of the fatal
Researchers at the University of
Washington at Seattle, fused a gene
that makes a muscle chemical with
a modified virus and injected the
combination into the hind leg mus-
cles of mice that havea disorder
that mimics Duchenne muscular
Within a month, the test mice had a
40 percent improvement in muscle
action compared to muscular dystro-
phy mice that received no injection,
said Christiana DelloRusso, lead
author of the study that appears in this
week's Proceedings of the National
Academy of Sciences.
Voters split on who
should win Congress
Registered voters trust Republicans
more than Democrats to handle military
matters andthe fight against terrorism
but are evenly split on which party can
best handle the economy, according to
an Associated Press poll.
Two months before the November
elections, the campaign for control of
Congress is very close, the poll indi-
cates, with the Democrats eager to keep
the focus on domestic matters, even as
the debate on attacking Iraq gains more
Most voters say they want the Capi-
tol and the White House to remain in
Republicans hold a 2-to-1 lead
among poll respondents on handling
national security and the war on ter-
rorism. Democrats have an edge
among those who say education is
the top issue and a big advantage
among those who say health care is
the most important.
- Compiledfrom Daily wire reports.
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