A2003 The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Vol. CXIII, No. 132
One-hundred-twelve years ofeditoriafreedom
winds at 31
'The majoraco ation ar ov'
FBI . 4*' f. .. U.S. says some forces
wil start withidrawing
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The Associated Press
Saddam Hussein's hometown of Tikrit fell yes-
terday with unexpectedly light resistance, the last
Iraqi city to succumb to overpowering U.S.-led
ground and air forces. A senior Pentagon general
said "major combat engagements" probably are
over in the 26-day-old war.
As fighting wound down, Pentagon officials
disclosed plans to pull two aircraft carriers from
the Persian Gulf. At the same time, Iraqi power
brokers looked ahead to discussions on a postwar
government at a U.S.-arranged meeting set today.
Secretary of State Colin Powell hinted at eco-
nomic or diplomatic sanctions against Syria, saying
the government is developing a weapons of mass
destruction program and helping Iraqis flee the
dying regime. Syrian officials denied the charges.
Looting eased in Baghdad after days of plun-
dering at government buildings, hospitals and an
antiquities museum, and group of religious and
civil opposition leaders met in the capital to plan
efforts at renewing power, water, security and
other vital services.
American forces found prodigious amounts of
Iraqi weaponry, French-made missiles and Russian
anti-tank rocket launchers among them. And Army
troops discovered thousands of microfilm car-
tridges and hundreds of paper files inside a Baath
Party enclave as the dead regime began yielding its
In Tikrit, about 90 miles north of Baghdad,
"There was less resistance than we anticipated,"
Brig. Gen. Vincent Brooks told reporters, as
American ground troops moved into the city after
days of punishing airstrikes.
American forces captured a key Tigris River
bridge in the heart of town and seized the presi-
dential palace without a fight as they rolled past
abandoned Iraqi military equipment.
"I think we will move into a
phase where (combat) is
smaller, albeit sharp fights:'
- Maj. Gen. Stanley McChrystal
They set up checkpoints to keep prominent
regime figures from leaving, and a line of
armored vehicles was parked in front of a bazaar
inside the city.
"We have had engagements, and we have
defeated the enemy in every one of those engage-
ments, said Capt. Frank Thorp, a spokesman at
U.S. Central Command.
The operation inside Tikrit, Brooks added, "is
really the only significant combat action that
occurred within the last 24 hours." Maj. Gen.
Stanley McChrystal told reporters, "I think we
will move into a phase where it (combat) is small-
er, albeit sharp fights."
With Saddam and his two sons dead or in hid-
ing, his regime gone and his armed forces routed,
U.S. commanders took steps to reduce American
firepower in the war zone.
A U.S. defense official said two of five aircraft
carrier battlegroups in the region would soon be
leaving, the USS Kitty Hawk returning to its base
in Japan and the USS Constellation to San Diego.
Each carrier has about 80 warplanes, including
F/A-18 and F-14 strike aircraft as well as surveil-
lance and other support craft.
The Air Force already has sent four B-2 stealth
In a reminder of lingering hazards, two soldiers
with the Army's V Corps were killed and two
wounded when a grenade exploded accidentally
See WAR, Page 2A
Pfc. Joseph Berrigan guards a mosque yesterday as his battalion moved into Baghdad to secure part of the city.
WASHINGTON (AP) - Large-scale co
bat in Iraq is finished, and the U.S. war co
mander is sending warplanes and other for
home, the Pentagon said yesterday, but
remaining troops still face dangers.
"The major combat operations are ov
because the major Iraqi (fighting) units on
ground cease to show coherence," said M
Gen. Stanley McChrystal, vice director of
Pentagon's Joint Staff.
Two of the five Navy aircraft carrier ba
groups engaged in the war are heading ho
forces remainz endangered izIa
m- this week. Each has about 80 planes aboard, ican aircraft based at Incirlik, Turkey, flew
m- including about 50 attack planes. McChrystal home Saturday to Shaw Air Force Base, S.C.,
ces said war commanders are reviewing the ending 12 years of enforcing a flight-interdic-
the timetable for sending the Army's 1st Cavalry tion zone over northern Iraq.
Division into Iraq. Another official said a deci- About 45 U.S. and British planes were
ver, sion already has been made not to deploy the based at Incirlik; they did not participate in
the 1st Cavalry. the war against Iraq because Turkey would not
Iaj. The Air Force has sent home the four B-2 permit it. With the fall of the Saddam Hussein
the stealth bombers that flew wartime missions, government, the need for "no-fly" zones over
as well as F-117A stealth fighter-bombers and northern and southern Iraq had disappeared,
ttle F-15C fighters, officials said. officials said.
With little public notice, the last two Amer-
See TROOPS, Page 2A
Reach out and touch someone
'U' harassment policy to be amended
SACUA discusses changes
to the University's sexual
By Victoria Edwards
Daily Staff Reporter
Changes to the University's sexual
harassment policy that aim to remove the
inherent conflict in student-faculty rela-
tionships were presented at a Senate Advi-
sory Committee on University Affairs
Although the proposal is only in its draft-
ing state, it resulted from a review the Uni-
versity conducted on the sexual harassment
policies of other academic institutions, said
Valerie Castle, associate provost of academic
"The main difference about this policy is
that it does not include a blanket proposal.
There is no single prohibition statement say-
ing that faculty and students cannot have a
relationship. In our policy, we will make an
attempt to remove the conflict inherent in fac-
ulty and student relationships, if we can" Cas-
She said that if the University can success-
fully manage the relationship, the student can
progress with his or her academic career.
But for the implementation of their propos-
al, communication between faculty members
and students must be altered.
Castle said that faculty members must dis-
close the relationship with their administrator.
Once the administrator has been informed, it
is his or her responsibility to work with the
faculty member and student to manage the
"It is the administrator's job to remove the
real or perceived conflict that occurs because
of the relationship, to protect the student, the
faculty member and any third party involved,"
But Castle added that if the administrator
cannot remove the faculty member from a
position of supervision over the student
then the student faculty relationship is pro-
Castle said that at first the policy was criti-
cized because there was no blanket statement
prohibiting relationships between student and
faculty. But Castle said the administration
realized that option was not realistic because
with a blanket statement, there is no acknowl-
edgement of the diversity in terms of age and
education within the University.
"It doesn't acknowledge that student and
faculty are consenting adults. And oftentimes
we can remove the problems inherent in these
relationships and obvious conflicts if we can
remove the faculty member from a superviso-
ry position. ... We don't want the faculty
member supervising the student in a relation-
ship," Castle said.
But University of Michigan at Dearborn
Associate Biology Prof. and SACUA member
John Riebesell said he has some grave con-
cerns about the proposal.
"It disturbed me, I think people with reason
to keep it secret will not come out, and people
that already have the relationship out in the
open will," Riebesell said.
See SACUA, Page 3A
Three-year-old David Degavio of Birmingham admires the
their tank at the Detroit Zoo yesterday afternoon.
polar bears playing in
AATU ends student services
due to lack of MSA funding
gene map .."
may offer :1 I
By Carmen Johnson
Daily Staff Reporter
A student-run counseling service estab-
lished in 1968, the Ann Arbor Tenants Union
says it will end its student services due to
lack of funding from the Michigan Student
The AATU provides services for students
and non-University Ann Arbor residents
experiencing housing trouble.
The AATU has been operating on $20,000
received last year from MSA. But AATU says
MSA has refused to negotiate a new tenant
service contract and it no longer has the
funds to serve students after this year.
Previously, MSA has given between 5 and
10 percent of its budget to the AATU -
funding which the AATU heavily relies on.
AATU Executive Director and LSA senior
Amy Ament said the group has met every
condition required to receive the funding.
"We have submitted monthly reports on our
services, but MSA has even refused to meet
with us to negotiate a new contract," Ament
"...(The Michigan Student
Assembly) has even refused
to meet with us to negotiate
a new contract."
- Amy Ament
Executive director, Ann Arbor Tenants Union
informed decision in the fall on whether to
fund the non-profit organization.
"We have had many complaints from stu-
dents that the AATU is an ineffective serv-
ice," Mironov said. "Because we are giving
such a big proportion of our budget to the
AATU, it's important that the money is used
Mironov added that Student Legal Ser-
vices, an administrative department, can han-
dle students' problems with housing.
Located at the William Monroe Trotter
House on Washtenaw Avenue, Ament said the
AATU informs students of their tenant rights
when having difficulty with landlords.
By Erin Saylor
Daily Staff Reporter
Ushering in a new era for potential sci-
entific advances, a group of scientists
from around the world announced yester-
day in Washington that they have mapped
a complete sequence of human DNA.
"This is really a landmark scientific
accomplishment," said Prof. Miriam
Meisler of the University's Human
A rough draft of the human genome
was announced in 2000 but Meisler said
it still had a number of holes in the
But the new and completed sequence
reaches an accuracy of 99.9 percent and
scientists say the code is as complete as
it will ever be.
"What we've got now is what we'll
have for all eternity," Francis Collins,
head of the National Human Genome
Francis Collins, director of the National Human Genome Research Institute, announces the
successful completion of the human genome project in Bethesda, Md., yesterday.
the Department of Human Genetics at the
University from 1984 until 1993 before
becoming head of the NHGRI, which
leads the consortium of the 16 interna-
tional institutions, involved in the com-
pletion of the DNA sequence.
Beginning in 1990, scientists hoped to
complete the project of sorting though
the 35,000 genes in a genome in 15
years, said Meisler.
Completing the project ahead of sched-
ule and under the $3 billion budget, the
sequence took less than 13 years to fin-
ish and cost $2.7 billion.
"Many thought that it was not feasible
when the project began," Meisler said.
"In fact ... they had to develop a lot of
this knowledge could revolutionize med-
Meisler said the next step is to try and
understand the function of all the 35,000
genes in an effort to identify genes that
"Before we had a more complete
knowledge of the gene sequence, we had
to look though all the genes to find the
ones causing the disease, which was very
time consuming," Meisler said.
She added that it took 10 years to iden-
tify the gene that causes Huntington's
Having full knowledge of the human
genome sequence could also contribute
to the development of drugs to target