2 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, April 11, 2003
IMF, World Bank vow
up to $600B to aid Iraq
WASHINGTON (AP) - Leaders of the
International Monetary Fund and the World
Bank pledged yesterday to help provide bil-
lions of dollars to rebuild Iraq. But first, they
were sending fact-finding missions to uncov-
er the mysteries of an economy that has been
shrouded in secrecy for more than two
A day after U.S.-led forces swept through
Baghdad, the Bush administration moved
quickly to demonstrate that the Iraqi people
stand to gain substantial economic benefits
from the toppling of Saddam Hussein's gov-
Treasury Secretary John Snow said he
would use the spring meetings of the 184-
nation IMF, which specializes in helping cri-
sis countries, and the World Bank, the largest
source of development loans, to begin gather-
ing the resources needed to rebuild Iraq. Pre-
liminary estimates of the cost of that effort
have ranged from $20 billion per year for the
first several years to as much as $600 billion
over a decade.
Snow and Federal Reserve Chairman Alan
Greenspan will lead discussions today among
the finance officials from the world's seven
richest industrial countries - the United
States, Japan, Germany, France, Britain, Italy
In addition to lining up initial commit-
ments from the IMF and World Bank, Snow
said he would seek support among the G-7
countries for forgiving a part of Iraq's mas-
sive foreign debt, estimated to be as high as
However, the G-7 discussions could prove
contentious given that two of the nations -
France and Germany - actively opposed the
U.S.-led war effort.
They have also insisted that the United
Nations take the lead in the reconstruction
effort, an approach that is opposed by the
United States, which is ready to install its
own interim administration headed by retired
U.S. Lt. Gen. Jay Garner.
World Bank President James Wolfensohn
said yesterday that Iraq would need to have in
place a U.N.-sanctioned government before
his institution would be able to extend new
loans to the country.
Both Wolfensohn and IMF Managing
Director Horst Koehler said their boards,
which include the United States and the other
G-7 nations, would have to approve any new
loan programs. That means the United States
will need to resolve any disagreements over
the reconstruction effort before it will be able
to achieve IMF and World Bank backing.
However, both officials said they expected
any disagreements to be resolved quickly.
They said even before new loans began flow-
ing, the two institutions would join to send
fact-finding missions to Iraq to begin the
process of gathering data on Iraq's economy
- although they will need to penetrate a
veneer of secrecy imposed by Saddam's
CIA: Bin Laden tape likely authentic
The Central Intelligence Agency has determined that a new audiotape obtained
earlier his week is likely an authentic recording of Osama bin Laden, a US. intelli-
gence official said yesterday.
The audiotape exhorts Muslims to rise up against Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Pak-
istan, Bahrain and Afghanistan, which it claims are "agents of America," and
calls for suicide attacks against U.S. and British interests to "avenge the inno-
cent children" of Iraq.
CIA analysts, after listening to the audio, were fairly certain the voice was bin
Laden's, according to the intelligence official, who spoke on condition of anonymity.
The agency analyzed a brief excerpt from the tape after The Associated Press and
other news organizations sought to authenticate whether the speaker was that of the
There was also no clear indication of when the recording was made. It refers to the
outbreak of war in Iraq, so officials suspect it was a recent recording. However, the
references are so general that it is conceivable it was recorded before the war, the
The 27-minute tape quotes extensively from the Muslim holy book, the Quran,
and says jihad, or holy war in this context, is the "only solution to all the problems."
House OKs oil drilling in Alaska refuge
The House last night endorsed oil drilling in an Alaska wildlife refuge, setting up a
likely confrontation with the Senate as Congress struggles to produce a comprehen-
sive energy policy.
An attempt to strip a House energy bill of a provision that would allow develop-
ment of the refuge's oil was turned back by a 228-197 vote. Drilling opponents
argued more oil could be saved with higher auto fuel economy requirements than the
refuge could produce.
Earlier, the House rejected a proposal to require a 5 percent reduction in fuel used
by motor vehicles, including SUVs and pickup trucks, within seven years. Opponents
to the measure said it would force automakers to make small cars.
Rep. Ed Markey (D-Mass.), sponsor of the anti-drilling amendment, criti-
cized the bill, saying if lawmakers are unwilling to improve auto fuel econo-
my, "we have no right to jeopardize a pristine wilderness that should be
preserved for the next generation," he said.
But Rep. Don Young (R-Alaska) said those who argue against developing
the refuge's oil don't have the facts.
Jordanian workers carry blankets outside the Jordanian
capital of Amman Monday. The United States donated
blankets and other items to aid Iraqi civilians.
Congress passes child safety bill with ease
The bill provides states
and communities with
grants used to alert
citizens to child abductions
WASHINGTON (AP) - Targeting
child kidnappers, molesters and
pornographers, Congress overwhelm-
ingly passed a package of child safety
protections, including a national
Amber Alert network.
The House passed the bill 400-25
hours before the Senate approved in on
a 98-0 vote. The legislation now goes
to President Bush, who is expected to
The network, which will be main-
tained by state and municipal govern-
ments, distributes information quickly
through radio and television broadcasts
and electronic highway signs, about
kidnapped children and their abduc-
"The safety and well-being of our
children is a shared priority for all
Americans' Bush said in a statement.
"We must use every available resource
to find and safely return missing chil-
dren to their families and their homes
and we must use every available tool to
vigorously prosecute and punish those
who would do our children harm."
House Judiciary Chairman James
Sensenbrenner of Wisconsin called the
finished bill "the most important and
far-reaching child protection legisla-
tion in the past 20 years."
Sensenbrenner and Senate Judiciary
Committee Chairman Orrin Hatch (R-
Utah) shepherded the stronger criminal
penalties through the House by attach-
ing them to the popular Amber Alert
That measure was sought by the family
of Elizabeth Smart, who was recovered
in March after being taken from her
bedroom in Salt Lake City last year.
"The overarching goal of this
comprehensive package is to stop
those who prey on children before
they can harm children," said
The Senate never debated the bill
before passing it as a House-Senate
The national network would be
named after Amber Hagerman, a 9-
year-old girl abducted in Arlington,
Texas, and later found murdered.
down commander of
Islamic militant group
China criticized for
moving SARS patient
A new accusation against mainland
China collapsed yesterday when the fam-
ily of an American dying from a mysteri-
ous respiratory virus confirmed that they
had requested he be moved from a main-
land hospital to one in Hong Kong.
Officials from the mainland -
already criticized for their secretive han-
dling of the fast-spreading SARS virus
- had been accused of moving the
American to avoid another foreign death.
And Hong Kong's health secretary
said James Salisbury, a 52-year-old
instructor from Utah, was already dead
when he arrived in Hong Kong Wednes-
day. But Salisbury's eldest daughter in
Utah confirmed what Chinese health
authorities had said all along.
"We heard the hospital in Hong Kong
had specialists that were treating people
with SARS and we thought there might
be other things that could be done to help
him get better," said Michelle Salisbury
of Orem, Utah.
SEOUL, South Korea
North Korea defends
need to build military
North Korea said the Iraq war
proved the need for it to maintain a
strong military deterrent against the
United States, as the communist
nation's withdrawal from the global
nuclear arms control treaty officially
took effect yesterday.
The North's comments came a day
after U.N. Security Council mem-
bers said they were worried by
North Korea's standoff with Wash-
ington, but refused to condemn it for
pulling out of the Nuclear Nonpro-
liferation Treaty. China and Russia
had opposed condemning
Drawing parallels with the U.S.
showdown with Iraq, North Korea
said that bowing to demands to
abandon its suspected nuclear
weapons development would lead to
inspections and disarmament, set-
ting the stage for a U.S. invasion.
BELFAST, Northern Ireland
Britan, Ireland stall
N. Ireland peace plan
Dashing expectations of a break-
through, Britain and Ireland withheld
their new Northern Ireland peace
plans yesterday after failing to get
long-sought commitments from the
Irish Republican Army, government
Sinn Fein party leader Gerry Adams,
a reputed IRA chief, insisted the out-
lawed group was not responsible for the
Yesterday, the fifth anniversary of the
U.S.-brokered Good Friday accord, was
the two governments' target date for
announcing the new plans.
The impasse, typical of the suspicion
and recrimination that have dogged
peacemaking efforts in this British terri-
tory for a decade, raised doubts about a
planned May 29 election for the mori-
bund Northern Ireland legislature.
Britain already postponed the vote once.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.
SUNDAY NITE LINE-UP!
* Come to The 5:45 worship service
* 6:45 Stay for free Spaghetti Dinner
* Hang-out with other students for discussion
* 7:45 Return to dorm refreshed
GAZA CITY, Gaza Strip (AP) -
Israeli helicopters fired missiles at a car
in Gaza City yesterday, killing a senior
commander of a violent Islamic group,
the second such air strike this.week in
The European Union expressed con-
cern and called on Israel to show "ulti-
"In such a critical moment for the
region and shortly after the recent
appointment of a Palestinian prime min-
ister, we consider that extra-judicial exe-
First Presbyterian Church
1432 Washtenaw (by the roci)
Campus Minister- GrahamJBaird@aol.com
Palestinians charge that the air strikes
are assassinations of their leaders.
Human rights groups call them summa-
ry executions without trial. Israel has
killed dozens of Palestinian militants in
Palestinian Cabinet minister Saeb
Erekat called the missile strike a "clear
attempt by the Israeli government to
sabotage any attempt to revive the peace
In Gaza, Islamic Jihad spokesman
cutions, which also
caused severe casu-
alties among inno-
cent civilians, are
rather unwise and
said the announce-
ment from the EU
presidency, which is
The European Union
expressed concern and
called on Israel to show
Hindi said the
killing of Zatme
was a great loss to
his movement but
vowed to "fight till
the last drop of
blood in our bod-
held by Greece. It did not elaborate or
identify which deaths it was referring to.
A U.S.-backed "road map" peace plan
is expected to be presented after the new
Palestinian prime minister, Mahmoud
Abbas, and his Cabinet are sworn in,
probably within weeks.
The plan calls for creation of a provi-
sional Palestinian state.
Israel insists that first, all Palestinian
attacks must halt, but Palestinians
charge that Israel is trying to sabotage
the plan. Yesterday's air strike killed a
top commander of the Islamic Jihad,
Mahmoud Zatme, 42, and wounded 12
In Beirut, the Islamic Jihad also
issued a statement condemning the
killing. But Israeli military sources said
Zatme was behind a string of deadly
attacks dating back several years, in
which dozens of Israelis were killed.
The Israelis made similar charges
against Saed Arabeed, 38, a senior com-
mander of Hamas killed in an air strike
Tuesday along with six other people,
including four civilians.
Hamas is the larger of two violent
Islamic groups responsible for attacks
that have killed hundreds of Israelis dur-
ing 30 months of violence.
Continued from Page 1
ping out of Iraq and to keep foreign
fighters from entering. There were signs
of difficulties ahead in efforts at building
a new society.
Two Islamic clerics were hacked to
death by a mob in Najaf at one of Shiite
Islam's holiest shrines, witnesses said.
One of the clerics killed, Haider al-
Kadar, was a widely hated loyalist of
Saddam, part of the Iraqi leader's
Ministry of Religion.
The other was Abdul Majid al-
Khoei, a high-ranking Shiite cleric
and son of one of the religion's most
prominent spiritual leaders, who was
persecuted by Saddam. They were
killed at a meeting meant to serve as a
model for reconciliation in post-Sad-
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