A2003 The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Vol. CXIII, No. 1 30
One-hundred-twelve years of editorkilfreedom
ing the day
ULU= - - -- -------------------- - lllioloillimillismil ------ -- ---------------------
By Andrew McCormack
Daily Staff Reporter
to a last stand'
0 U.S. takes Kirkuk, Tikrit, Al-Tikriti once headed the Ira
as looting persists and city intelligence service, and the buildin
in Ar Ramadi, 60 miles west of Bagh
celebrates fall of regime dad, had served as an intelligence ser
The Associated Press ice operations site, said Marine Ma
The U.S. Senate is poised to
amend the Foreign Intelligence Sur-
veillance Act of 1978 to give the
government greater powers in prose-
cuting "lone wolf" terrorists - ones
not associated with another country
or international terrorist organiza-
tion - which were previously off
limits to prosecutors.
"Without this legislation, if another
incident like Moussaui occurred
today, we wouldn't be able to prose-
cute him under the FISA statute," said
Margarita Tapia, spokeswoman for
Senate Judiciary Committee Chair
Orrin Hatch (R-Utah). "This legisla-
tion fixes a significant hole."
Controversy over the bill, which
was passed unanimously by the Sen-
ate Judiciary Committee in March,
began when discussion commenced
over a proposed amendment that
would remove the sunset clause -
which expires the bill in December
2005 - from the USA PATRIOT Act.
The act, passed after Sept. 11, 2001 to
ease the apprehension of terrorists,
gives government agencies sweeping
powers. This initiative is being taken
by Republicans in response to Demo-
cratic attempts to change the bill.
"If the Democrats want to amend
the bill, then we will offer an equal
number of amendments to fix the leg-
islation," Tapia said. "The director of
the FBI and the attorney general
appeared in front of the Judiciary
committee in March and expressed
their strong support for this bill."
This has many legislators worried
about the preservation of civil liberties.
"The PATRIOT Act is based on
(Attorney General John) Ashcroft's
theory that we have to compromise
the Constitution, our civil liberties
and due process to fight terrorism,"
said U.S. Rep. John Conyers (D-
* Detroit), ranking member of the
House Judiciary Committee. "It's a
bad bill. It does a lot of bad things...
I don't have anything I can think of to
commend the PATRIOT Act."
Many are concerned about how the
act allows Department of Homeland
Security officials to eavesdrop by wire-
tap and the attorney general to forbid
one's family, friends and lawyers from
attending a deportation hearing.
But House Judiciary Committee
Chairman James Sensenbrenner (R-
Wis.) said the act is intended for a pur-
pose and deserves review, but not
"All the members tried to strike a
balance on this by getting rid of
unnecessary impediments to pre-
venting and prosecuting terrorist
acts," said Jeff Langren, spokesman
for the House Judiciary Committee.
"Mr. Sensenbrenner wants to make
sure that it is effectively working to
prevent terrorism as it was intended
Even some Republicans are uncom-
fortable with the proposition.
"I'm not quite sure what the rush is
to do it right now in April 2003," said
U.S. Rep. Pete Hoekstra (R-Holland).
"I personally haven't reached a con-
clusion as to whether what we're
doing now works or not."
7i YOpposition forces crumbled in north-
ern Iraq yesterday as U.S. and Kurdish
troops seized oil-rich Kirkuk without a
fight and held a second city within their
grasp. U.S. commanders said signs
pointed to a last stand by Iraqis in Sad-
dam Hussein's birthplace of Tikrit.
Despite the gains, one Marine was
killed and 22 injured in a seven-hour
battle in the Iraqi capital. Four more
were wounded in a suicide bombing.
"Baghdad's still an ugly place," said
Maj. Gen. Gene Renuart.
Widespread looting persisted 24
hours after the city celebrated the
Striking anew at the regime leader-
ship, coalition warplanes dropped six
satellite-guided bombs on a building
AP PHOTO where Saddam's half brother, Barzan
A U.S. soldier directs an elderly Iraqi woman outside the Al Monsour Hotel, near the Ministry of Information, in Baghdad Ibrahim Hasan al-Tikriti, a close advis-
yesterday. Hundreds looted the hotel as U.S. forces watched without interfering. er, was believed to be.
Profs analyze repercussions of war
Brad Bartelt, a spokesman for the U.S.
Central Command in the Persian Gulf.
It was not known immediately whether
al-Tikriti was hit.
Increasingly, the U.S. military focus
was away from the capital. Kurdish
troops set off celebrations in Kirkuk
when they moved in, and there were
hopes that Iraqis would surrender in
Mosul, another northern city, today.
Nearly 100 miles to the north of
Baghdad, U.S. commanders said Tikrit
was the likely site of a last stand by
Iraqi forces - if there is to be one.
Iraqi defenders were believed to have
moved there from other parts of the
country. U.S. commandos were in the
region, and warplanes were attacking.
U.S.-led fighters and bombers also
hit Iraqi positions near the border with
Syria, where special forces were trying
to prevent regime loyalists from slip-
See WAR, Page 2
By Maria Sprow
Daily Staff Reporter
Two days ago, the world watched as the United
States toppled Saddam's regime in Baghdad and as
Iraqi civilians, aided by U.S. Marines, flooded into
the city's streets and destroyed symbols of Saddam
Hussein's regime. That same day, two Michigan fam-
ilies mourned the loss of loved ones who died fight-
ing in Iraq, and U.S. officials reminded the country
that future dangers lay ahead.
Yesterday, as the military operations in Iraq came
closer to nearing an end and students continued to
await the safe return of family and friends in Iraq,
many questions surrounding Operation Iraqi Free-
A divided panel of Law School professors sought
to address some of those questions in an open forum
and dialogue with University community members
Who should lead Iraq once the war is over?
What has been accomplished? How will history
view the war? Have the motivations for the war
"How you end a war is very much as important as
how you start a war," Prof. Joel Samuels said, dis-
cussing U.S. plans to go about taking the next step
toward a regime change. "Here we arrive with no
budget in place, no clear plans for leadership and no
He said although many people believe "it was our
money, our blood, it is our right to govern postwar,"
he does not believe the United States will have the
tools necessary to create a new government without
the help of the United Nations and other countries.
Samuels named two possible U.S.-backed leaders
- retired U.S. general and Iraq interim administrator
Jay- Garner and Iraqi exile and Iraqi National Con-
gress head Ahmad Chalabi - but said problems
exist with both candidates, including Chalabi's long-
term absence from the country. Chalabi, now 57, left
the country when he was 12.
Although many people, including Iraqi exiles, are
stating their opinion on who should lead Iraq once
the war is over, Samuels said there is one voice being
left out of the debate.
"We have no sense of what Iraqis in Iraq think we
See WAR CRIMES, Page 3
A U.S. soldier's truck backs up behind a
defaced portrait of Saddam Hussein in,
Najaf, Iraq yesterday.
SAFE panel compares
PLO to Nelson Mandela
By Emily Kraack
Daily Staff Reporter
What do Nelson Mandela and the
Palestine Liberation Organization have
in common? This was the question
asked at a forum held last night in the
The forum, sponsored by Students
Allied for Freedom and Equality,
aimed to explore similarities between
South African apartheid and the cur-
rent situation of Palestinians living in
the occupied territories of the West
Bank and Gaza Strip. Three SAFE
members sat on the panel and urged
audience members to push for the Uni-
versity's divestment from U.S. machin-
ery company Caterpillar Corp. because
Israeli Defense Forces used Caterpil-
lar's bulldozers to tear down houses in
an attempt to reduce suicide bombings.
SAFE Chair Fadi Kiblawi, who
served on the panel, compared the situ-
ation in the West Bank and Gaza Strip
to apartheid South Africa. He stressed
that Palestinians who left Israel lost
land rights and could not return.
He said former South African Presi-
dent Nelson Mandela and the African
National Congress, Mandela's anti-
apartheid political party, faced many of
the same rhetorical attacks and obsta-
cles that the PLO faces under Israeli
Kiblawi, an LSA senior, added that
divestment from businesses with South
African ties was one of the key forces
responsible for the fall of apartheid. He
said the University, which divested in
1984, was one of the first universities
to do so. "From 1984 to 1986 other
universities divested. This led to
increasing levels of discourse and out-
rage (about Apartheid)," Kiblawi said.
Ashraf Zahr, SAFE communications
chair, said the IDF's policy of bulldoz-
ing homes is an example of collective
punishment. "It punishes civilians for
the crimes of others and it is clearly
inhumane," he said. "Are these bull-
dozers necessary to protect the security
of Israel? Obviously not."
Kiblawi said that since January,
more than 800 houses have been
demolished. He added that home dem-
olition began in 1967.
University alum Jacob Oslick chal-
lenged the arguments of the panel. He
See DIVESTMENT, Page 3
title eludes Icers
in overtime defeat
By Bob Hunt
Daily Sports Writer
BUFFALO, N.Y. - It seemed like the Michigan hock-
ey team was finally going to take that next step. After
coming out and dominating the first period, developing a
2-0 second-period lead, the Wolverines had a berth in the
NCAA national title game in their grasp.
But for the third straight year, it wasn't meant to be.
Minnesota goals late in the second period and early in
the third gave freshman Thomas Vanek a chance to score
in overtime and defeat the Wolverines to advance to its
second straight title game.
At 8:55 in overtime, Vanek got away from junior alter-
nate captain Andy Burnes behind the net before he
received the puck and put it between goaltender Al Mon-
toya's right shoulder and the post.
The defeat was the seventh national semifinal loss in
nine NCAA Frozen Four appearances for the Wolverines
in the past 12 years.
"We really came in here feeling like we had a chance to
win it," Burnes said.
"We had the chemistry all year long and the leadership.
I still feel like we should have won that game."
Michigan got the vast majority of the scoring chances
See HOCKEY, Page 3
Senior captain Jed Ortmeyer walks off the ice after
losing in overtime during the NCAA Frozen Four last
night in Buffalo, N.Y.
'The world's a symphony'
Krislov discusses future of 'U' lawsuits
By Rahwa Ohebre-Ab
and Kate Wetzel
Daily Staff Reporters
"There's more at stake here than
the University's admissions policies
... the whole country is watching
this decision," said University Gen-
eral Counsel Marvin Krislov last
night in the Michigan Union.
Krislov spoke to the University
community about what may happen
in the months following the U.S.
Supreme Court hearings.
Krislov presented a rundown of
the events of the Supreme Court
hearings on April 1, from the peo-
ple who waited in line for two days
to the 13 buses of students that
came to support the University's
race-conscious admissions policies.
"It was interesting to hear about
the actual proceedings of the case.
lyzing the cases, but to see how it
manifested itself in the courtroom
was intriguing," LSA sophomore
Pete Woiwode said.
Krislov said the defense was
preparing for the case up until it
was heard in the morning.
case studies, the x
sial of which k
was the Lipsitz.
study on diversi-
ty of college
percentage of Krislov
black students with how many stu-
dents were satisfied with the quality
of their education, Krislov said.
The conclusion of the study was
"Racial/ethnic diversity is about
leadership. This is why corporations
depend on places like the University
of Michigan. They want students who
have worked in a diverse environment
because they want to operate on a
global market,"Krislov said.
Krislov stated the two legal
questions that will determine the
fate of the University's admissions
policies, the first being, "Is diver-
sity compelling enough that you
can justify the use of race?" And
the second, "Is the program too
Krislov mentioned the importance
of the Harvard University Program in
weighing these questions. According
to the program, "One ought to use
race/ethnicity as a plus factor."
It has been the basis for many
admissions and financial aid pro-
Krislov sent two distinct mes-
sages to University students.
"First, to think of (the admissions
policies) as a numbers exercise is
not correct. There were a number of
white students admitted ahead of
the plaintiffs with lower GPA and
test scores. Don't assume that you
know everything that is in their
portfolio. Second, everyone is high-
ly qualified who gets in, and there
are many highly qualified people
who don't get in," he said.
Engineering junior, Won Chung
said, "(Krislov) went through issues
we know, but no compelling convic-
tions of who will win. I think there
should be more seminars and lec-
tures like this because students
need to be convinced to support this
case, and we don't get it as often as
The event was sponsored by the
Michiain Union Program fBoard.
Ann Arbor resident James "Simeon" Patrick plays his makeshift
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