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January 06, 2003 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 2003-01-06

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'1

2A - The Michigan Daily - Monday, January 6, 2003

NATION WORLD

Bombings kill at least 23 in Israel NEwS IN xiEF
'iEDI 0'RM RUDTH OL

.. .
... /

ATTACK
Continued from Page 1A
In Washington, President Bush
called the attack "a despicable act of
murder" and said Secretary of State
Colin Powell had called Israeli Prime
Minister Ariel Sharon to express
America's condolences.
"Today terrorists struck again in
Israel, murdering and injuring scores
of civilians in Tel Aviv," Bush said in a
prepared statement last night. "I con-
demn this attack in the strongest possi-
ble terms."
It was the first suicide attack inside
Israel since Nov. 21, when a bomber
blew up a bus in Jerusalem, killing 11
passengers. In the past, such bombings
have triggered large-scale Israeli incur-
sions in the West Bank, and hard-liners
in Israel's Cabinet have called for
expelling Arafat, but circumstances
weighed against such a response.
Sharon was quick to blame Arafat,
though without mentioning his name.
"All attempts to reach a cease-fire,
even today, are failing due to the Pales-
tinian leadership that continues to sup-
port, fund and initiate terror," Sharon
told a public gathering in Jerusalem.
The Palestinian Authority issued a
statement, saying it "strongly condemns
and fully rejects all crimes against civil-
ians and the idea of revenge." The state-
ment called for - international
intervention to help restore calm.
Anticipating Israel's reaction, Pales-
tinian Cabinet Minister Saeb Erekat
said, "We cannot accept the Israeli
assigning blame on President Arafat or

the Palestinian Authority. This is a bro-
ken record."
In the past, waves of Palestinian
terrorism have helped hard-line par-
ties in Israeli elections. With voting
set for Jan. 28, Sharon's Likud Party,
hit hard by a corruption scandal,
stood to gain. However, the proximity
of the election also worked against a
tough response, which would be seen
by opponents as electioneering.
Also, Israel was picking up clear
indications from the United States to
keep the Mideast conflict on a low
burn while the U.S. prepares for a pos-
sible attack on Iraq.
That factor was also working against
expulsion of Arafat from the West
Bank, though a significant number of
key Israeli Cabinet ministers, including
Foreign Minister Benjamin Netanyahu
and Defense Minister Shaul Mofaz,
are pressing for deportation.
Sharon, who has had a decades-long
feud with Arafat and has effectively con-
fined him to his West Bank headquarters
for a year, has resisted the pressure for
political reasons, not because he oppos-
es deporting Arafat in principle.
The twin attack was also likely to
harm Egyptian efforts to secure a dec-
laration from Fatah and the militant
Islamic groups for an end to suicide
bombings as a step toward a truce in
27 months of violence. Egyptian offi-
cials had said another meeting was due
this week; that was now in doubt.
Two bombers set off explosives
strapped to their bodies around 6:30
p.m. yesterday in a pedestrian area
filled with working class shops and

PALMACHIM, Israel.
Israel tests new missile defense system
Sending a message to both Saddam Hussein and its own people, Israel con-
ducted an ambitious test of its anti-missile system yesterday with the simulated
firing of several interceptor missiles at once at incoming rockets.
Israelis have shown growing concern that Saddam would retaliate against them
if the United States attacks Iraq as he did during the 1991 Gulf War, and a suc-
cessful test of the Arrow system might help allay those fears.
The Iraqi capability of hitting Israel is limited, but Israel must be "prepared for
surprises, things we didn't think about," air force Maj. Gen. Dan Halutz told
Army Radio before the test.
During the test, a single missile contrail rose from the Palmachim air base,
south of Tel Aviv, over the Mediterranean Sea. Israel TV's military correspondent
said only one actual Arrow missile was launched, and then three dummy missiles
were fired to test their launchers. Israel Radio reported that the test was success-
ful, but Army Radio said the test results were still being evaluated.
Israel believes Iraq may try to attack the Jewish state with Scud missiles in
response to an anticipated U.S. military campaign against Saddam. During the
Gulf War, Iraq fired 39 Scud missiles with conventional explosive warheads at
Israel, causing damage but few casualties.
WASHINGTON
Oil prices hinge on control of Iraqi oil fields
If the United States invades Iraq, there could be oil shortages and gas lines -
or an oil glut and falling prices.
Much depends on whether American troops can secure Iraqi oil fields and
whether other producers continue the flow of oil uninterrupted.
In the growing drumbeat over war with Iraq, the Bush administration rarely
mentions oil, even though Iraq has one-tenth of the world's oil reserves. But a mil-
itary campaign almost certainly will have a major impact on world markets.
In the event of a war, Secretary of State Colin Powell said recently, "We would
want to protect those fields and make sure that they're ... not destroyed or dam-
aged by a failing regime on the way out the door."
The growing prospect of war, combined with the monthlong political strife in
Venezuela that is hamstinging that country's oil production, has already caused
unease among energy traders.
Last week, prices for crude oil to be delivered in February jumped to more than
$33 a barrel, 65 percent higher than a year ago. The average price of gasoline has
risen steadily to more than $1.40 a gallon.

4

Israeli paramedics rush a wounded man to an ambulance after a double
suicide bomber attack in Tel Aviv. Two suicide bombers blew
themselves up in the first such attack in an Israeli city since November.

restaurants near Tel Aviv's old, defunct
central bus station. The neighborhood
is inhabited largely by foreign workers
from Romania, Thailand, China,
Ghana and other places.
One of the bombers blew himself up
near a fast food restaurant called
"McChina." The explosion ripped
through the outdoor restaurant, overturn-
ing wooden picnic tables and showering
glass on the sidewalk. The other bomber
hit a commercial area nearby.
A witness who only gave his first
name, Tomer, told TV's Channel Two
ad North

that he ran to help the wounded. "I saw
a man without a leg. I saw horrible
things, people without legs, without
arms. I saw fingers," he said.
Rescue workers said identification of
the victims was still incomplete, but
said most of the dead were foreigners.
Hours later, Israeli attack helicopters
fired at least four missiles at metal
workshops in Gaza City, witnesses
said. Eight people were lightly injured.
The Israeli military said the workshops
were used for making weapons, includ-
ing mortars and rockets.

Russia plans to

le

Korea away from standoff

SEOUL, South Korea (AP) - South Korea won a prom-
ise from Russia yesterday to press North Korea over its
nuclear program, as Seoul prepared to unveil to the United
States new proposals aimed at defusing the crisis with its
communist neighbor.
As the South launched a diplomatic blitz, the North
opened the door to possible mediation - though it said it
would heighten its combat readiness and denounced the
United States.
In Moscow - one of the isolated North's few allies -
South Korean Deputy Foreign Minister Kim Hang-kyung
met with his Russian counterpart, Alexander Losyukov.
Losyukov said after the talks that Moscow and Seoul
"agreed to make joint efforts to ease the crisis" and per-
suade the parties to sit down for talks, though he stopped
short of promising Russian mediation.
"""th'l slide to unacceptaie actions must be stopped,"
Losyukov was quoted as saying by the Russian news agency
Interfax. "Obviously, our contacts with North Korean col-
leagues will be intensified."
A separate team of South Korean diplomats also was
expected to present a compromise solution to the United
States and Japan today or tomorrow, when the three allies
meet in Washington to chart a joint strategy on North Korea.
Seoul said it will send a top presidential envoy to the United
States for more talks later this week.
No details have been disclosed on the South's proposals,
but it is expected to involve North Korean concessions on
nuclear weapons in exchange for security guarantees.
The current standoff began when North Korea announced
last month that it was reviving its main nuclear complex,
frozen since a 1994 deal with the United States, and forced
out international inspectors at the site. Experts believe the
complex can be used to produce several nuclear weapons
within months.

The International Atomic Energy Agency's 35-nation
board of governors planned to hold an emergency session
today to review the nuclear crisis.
A senior nuclear agency official told The Associated
Press on condition of anonymity that the IAEA almost cer- k-
tainly would refer the dispute to the U.N. Security Council
later today - a move that could lead to punitive sanctions Danhel Pearl is s
or other actions against the reclusive nation's regime. held to his head
North Korea's top military brass vowed in a meeting in bln aeai
the capital, Pyongyang, on Saturday to increase the commu-
nist army's combat readiness. A separate statement from the violence against
official Korean Central News Agency accused the United
States of trying to disarm the North and called the United
States the "main obstacle' of Korean reunification.u
But North Korea left open the possibility of other coun-
tries mediating the dispute - an apparent nod to Seoul's 'en d
diplomatic attempts. '"
"If there are countries which are concerned for the settle-
ment of the nuclear issue on the Korean peninsula, they, pro- W if
ceeding from a fair stand, should force the U.S. to remain
true to the international agreement so that it may discontin- wh
ue its unilateral behavior," KCNA reported.
Japan and the United States have agreed to pursue a
diplomatic end, Japan's Foreign Ministry said after tele- in at
phone talks between Foreign Minister Yoriko Kawaguchi
and Secretary of State Colin Powell late Saturday.
After his closed-door meeting with the Korean diplomat, ISLAMABAD,F
Losyukov said it was important to get all sides to the negoti- was one of the mc
ating table. He said both Moscow and Seoul opposed put- of 2002 - a pho
ting the issue before the Security Council "before other Pearl, a gun point
possibilities for negotiating have been used up." days after he was
Before the talks, Kim said Moscow's ties with Pyongyang streets of Pakistan
could provide an "efficient channel for dialogue." Russian of Karachi.
President Vladimir Putin has moved to reinvigorate The January abc
Moscow's strong Soviet-era ties with North Korea. ing of the Wall St

hown with a gun
. His abduction
was the first
f unprecedented
t foreigners.
itan-

FRANKFURT, Germany
Man steals airplane,
threatens downtown
A man stole a small aircraft at gun-
point yesterday and flew it over down-
town Frankfurt, circling skyscrapers
and threatening to crash into the Euro-
pean Central Bank. He landed safely
after about two hours and was arrested.
The man told a television station he
wanted to call attention to Judith
Resnik, a U.S. astronaut killed in the
1986 post-launch explosion of the
space shuttle Challenger.
Military jets chased the stolen, two-
seat motorized glider as the man began
circling slowly above Frankfurt's bank-
ing district.
Thousands of people were evacuated
from the main railway station, two
opera houses and several skyscrapers
- the latter mostly empty on a Sunday
afternoon atthe end of the Christmas
season.
Police identified the man as a 31-
year-old German from Darmstadt, a
city some 25 miles south of Frankfurt.

less than a mile off course Saturday
morning, said Allen Kenitzer, a
spokesman for the Federal Aviation
Administration.
He said the plane flew over land when
its normal course to Honolulu Interna-
tional Airport would have kept it over the
ocean, but would not speculate why.
There was no immediate response
to calls seeking comment from the
airline's office at the airport. A
recording said Flight 18 from Taiwan
and Tokyo lands at the airport at 7:05
a.m. Saturdays.
BEIJING
China's unmanned
space capsule returns
An unmanned Chinese space capsule
returned safely to Earth yesterday, state
media said, laying the groundwork for
China to attempt later this year to send
an anto space.
A successful manned flight would
make China only the third country, after
Russia and the United States, able to
send its own astronauts into space.
The Shenzhou IV capsule landed
as planned just after 7:00 p.m. on
China's northern grasslands in the
Inner Mongolia region, the official
Xinhua News Agency and state tele-
vision said.
"Experts in charge of China's
manned space program said the return
of the spaceship represents a complete
success of the fourth test flight of the
program," Xinhua said.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.

year

rise

tacks HONOLULU
S -Ofdcourse plane flies
near Hawaiian homes

Pakistan (AP) - it
ost enduring images
tograph of Daniel
ed at his head, just
kidnapped off the
's southern port city
duction and behead-
reet Journal reporter

Federal aviation officials said a
jumbo jet was slightly off-course when
it approached Honolulu's airport but
not enough to substantiate claims by
high-rise residents that it flew danger-
ously close to their building.
The China Airlines Boeing 747 was

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was the first blow in a year of unprece-
dented violence against foreigners and
Pakistani Christians, and many fear.a
further backlash if the United States
goes ahead with an attack on Iraq.
Religious hard-liners staged loud but
peaceful demonstrations Friday, chanti-
ng "Down with America," and "Long
Live Saddam Hussein." Crowds ranged
in number from 7,000 in Peshawar, a
stronghold of pro-Afghan sentiment, to
400 in Islamabad, the capital.
Retired Gen. Talat Masood, a securi-
ty analyst, says he expects reaction to
an attack on Iraq to be much worse
than during the 1991 Gulf War.
"Polarization is much greater and
anti-Americanism is much more crys-
talized," he said. "The general impres-
sion here is that this is part of an
attempt to dominate the Muslim world.
Iraq may be first, but Iran and then
Pakistan may be next."
Masood said an Iraq war could lead
to more violence against foreigners
here. "One can't rule that out," he said.
Others note that the Gulf War
protests were not particularly broad-
based, and demonstrations called in
2001 against the U.S.-led war in
Afghanistan did not draw large
crowds.
Still, while Pakistan has always been
rife with sectarian violence and for-
eigners have been targeted before, the
level of attacks in 2002 was unprece-
dented, and analysts say radicals could
become even more emboldened if Iraq
is attacked.
"I think that should be a cause of
concern for the government," said Gen.
Rashid Quereshi, a spokesman for
Gen. President Pervez Musharraf.
Pakistan's defining moment - and

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