2A - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, February 13, 2003 N ATION/WORLD
NATO allies reject revised plan
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BKUSSELS, Belgium (AP) - France, Germany Diplomats had said the three holdouts still wanted
and Belgium rejected a scaled-down U.S. proposal
yesterday for NATO preparations in case of war in
Iraq, prolonging the alliance's worst internal crisis
since the end of the Cold War.
NATO diplomats said the third day of emergency
talks ended after about an hour and would resume
For the past month, the holdouts have blocked the
start of military planning to help defend Turkey -
the only NATO member bordering Iraq. France, Ger-
many and Belgium say such a step could undercut
U.N. efforts to resolve the Iraq crisis peacefully.
Washington and the 15 other NATO nations have
reacted with increasingly harsh language, arguing the
division weakens NATO's solemn bond of mutual
defense and sends a dangerous message of disunity to
to link any decision at NATO to Friday's report to the
U.N. Security Council on Iraq's cooperation with U.N.
French President Jacques Chirac told his Turkish
counterpart by phone yesterday that France "would
assume its obligations if Turkey were really threat-
ened," said Chirac's spokeswoman, Catherine Colon-
na, in Paris.
But he stuck to France's position that it is not possi-
ble to make advance plans on Turkey's defense in the
absence of a U.N. Security Council decision to use
force against Iraq.
NATO ambassadors received the compromise pro-
posal at a 90-minute morning session, after a day of
frantic telephone contacts among capitals. German
Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer also made an
unscheduled flight to Paris for talks on the Iraq crisis.
Formal talks resumed in Brussels at 8 p.
were over in about an hour.
The compromise deals solely with defensive
ures for Turkey and cuts out peripheral request
as stepping up guards at U.S. bases in Euro
replacing any NATO troops on peacekeeping
the Balkans who may be moved to the Gulf.
"We entered a new phase of the discussions
Ambassador Nicholas Burns said before the e
session began. But, he added, "It may take so(
to get to the end."
Turkey expected it would be accepted, accor
a statement issued by the Foreign Ministry in A
Earlier, German Chancellor Gerhard Sch
also said his country would honor its NATC
mitments in case of war, but would not say
Turkey's request to start preparations mi
WASHINGTON (AP) - Ju
days before Columbia's myst
breakup during its fiery desc
safety engineer warned by e
about risks of "catastrophic" fi
from extreme heat causing the
tie's tires to burst inside the ]
craft, NASA disclosed yesterday
Engineer Robert Daugherty, re
ing to a query from Johnson Spac
ter, cautioned NASA colleag
remarkably strident language thai
age to delicate insulating tile
Columbia's landing gear door
cause one or more tires inside to
perhaps ending with catastrophi
ures that would place the seven
nauts "in a world of hurt."
Such an explosion inside C
bia's belly, Daugherty predicted,
blow out the gear door and expo
shuttle's unprotected innards to
ing temperatures as it raced th
Even if astronauts survived th
the blast could damage critical sy
inside the wheel compartment, p
the landing gear on one side fro
ering, necessitate a risky belly l
or force the crew to bail out, he vw
Bailing out would be "not a goo
he wrote. But attempting to fly th
tle with only one side's landing ge
ered would be worse: "You're finis
Continued from Page 1A
Hispanic students to forego atte
college because they need to wo
help support their families both
cially and emotionally.
Trevino said family issues are
major deterrent to pursuing highe
cation. "(My parents) had this big
lem with me going away to schoo
said. Trevino added that in her co
nity, it was expected "that yo
home," especially for girls. "I got t
uproar when I wanted to move 4
utes from home," she said.
Donney Moroney, the Latino
can coordinator for the Office of
Ethnic Student Affairs, said the
ignored other factors that create di
ties for Hispanic students, such
number of Hispanics that go in
military, and the increased rate of
Hispanic men that go to jail.
Moroney added that another
indicated that the percentage of
ics going into higher education ha
ally increased recently, mainly di
rise in enrollment at two-year con
She said while the article focus
the fact that many Hispanics ax
going to college and graduating,
Hispanic youth do not even gra
from high school.
"High school is not even anc
because they have to start worki
help support their families," she sai
Moroney said the MESA office
to retain students once they are
University through supportive prof
that also educate the campus as aN
She said the graduation rate for Hi
students is lower than for most oth(
nic groups. In 1995, 73 percent (
panic students graduated fror
University, compared to 86 perci
For some students, opposition
parents might have been a barr
going on in school, but others s
emphasis on education by their fa
was an important factor in their suc
"My mom had to drop out of
to work at a young age, so she u
me to go to college," LSA j
Stephanie Rivera said, adding that
the first person in her family to gr,
from high school and to go to colk
Engineering senior Ramon Mai
parents are migrant farmers who
nally felt higher education was uni
-a , _- a _ _e _
FBI had linked McVeigh to larger plot
FBI investigators in the Oklahoma' City bombing gathered evidence linking
Timothy McVeigh to white supremacists who the government had been told
before the bombing were threatening to attack government buildings, investiga-
tive memos show.
Several of the documents were not provided to the bomber's defense before he
The FBI agent in charge of the investigation says he never received one tele-
type from his own headquarters that raised the possibility McVeigh was aided by
"They short-circuited the search for the truth," McVeigh's original attorney,
Stephen Jones, said in an interview. "I don't doubt Tim's role in the conspiracy.
But I think he clearly aggrandized his role, enlarged it, to cover for others who
McVeigh was executed in June 2001.
Evidence gathered by The Associated Press includes hotel receipts, a speeding
ticket, prisoner interviews, informant reports and phone records that suggest
McVeigh had contact with a white supremacist compound in Oklahoma known as
Elohim City and that members there were familiar with his plan.
BETHLEHEM, West Bank
West Bank violence mars Muslim holiday
Israeli forces tightened their grip on Bethlehem yesterday after a Palestinian sniper
killed an Israeli soldier in front of the Church of the Nativity. Israeli forces killed two
Palestinians in Gaza with a shell that explodes into thousands of deadly darts.
In the West Bank, soldiers killed a Palestinian teen during a clash in a
The violence came as Muslims marked Eid al-Adha, or the Feast of the Sac-
rifice, under stiff travel restrictions, imposed after Israeli officials said they
had intelligence warnings that militants were planning major terror attacks
during the four-day holiday.
Two Palestinians were climbing a fence early yesterday in an attempt to enter a
Jewish settlement in northern Gaza, the military said, when they were killed. At
Gaza's Shifa Hospital, doctors showed reporters the body of one of the men, with a
dart about 5 inches long protruding from his chest - part of a flechette shell.
A flechette shell spreads lethal darts over a wide area, and Israeli army spokes-
woman Sharon Feingold said it was used because it was the most efficient weapon in
ues in ,BOSON
t dam- Lawsuit: Bush has no
could right to attack Iraq
c fail- President Bush does not have the
astro- authority to launch a military invasion of
Iraq without a congressional declaration
olum- of war, according to a lawsuit expected to
could be filed in federal court in Boston today.
se the Six members of Congress, three U.S.
sear- servicemen and the parents of other U.S.
rough military personnel said yesterday they
would file the lawsuit that claims any U.S.
e heat, invasion of Iraq without congressional
ystems authority would be unconstitutional.
revent The plaintiffs, led by U.S. Reps. John
n low- Conyers (D-Detroit) and Dennis
anding Kucinich (D-Ohio), claim that the con-
vrote. gressional declaration on Iraq last Octo-
d day," ber did not specifically declare war and
e shut- unlawfully gave Bush the right to make
ar low- that decision, attorney John Bonifaz said.
hed." The lawsuit will cite historical records,
including the Constitutional Convention
and the Federalist papers,- that show
framers of the constitution wanted to
retain war-declaring powers within Con-
ending gress, Bonifaz said.
finan- LA PAZ, Bolivia
often a Soldiers kill 17 during
r edu- Bolivian tax riots
l," she Striking police and furious civilians
mmu- clashed with government troops yes-
u stay terday, touching off riots and looting
his big that plunged the Bolivian capital into
5 min- chaos.
At least 17 people were killed and
Ameri- 100 injured, and seven buildings were
Multi- left in flames.
article Government troops fired tear gas,
ifficul- rubber bullets and live ammunition to
as the quell the riots, which started when
demonstrators stormed the presiden-
tial palace to protest government pro-
posals to raise taxes and cut spending
on social programs.
As smoke from fires swirled
through La Paz's historic center, Pres-
ident Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada
gave a nationally televised speech
appealing for calm and announcing
he would suspend the tax increases.
"I plead with all Bolivians to put
an end to the violence and to begin
honest negotiations," Sanchez de
Bin Laden vows to be
martyr on new tape
A British-based Islamic news agency
said today it has a new audio recording
of Osama bin Laden in which he pre-
dicts he will die as "a martyr" this year
in an attack against his enemies.
The Al-Ansaar news agency said
that the 53-minute tape was allegedly
recorded this month and acquired
from a seller who advertised over the
Imran Khan, who runs Birmingham-
based agency Al-Ansaar, told The Asso-
ciated Press that he translated the tape,
describing it as poetic with several
verses from the Quran.
"In this final year I hurl myself and
my steed with my soul at the enemy.
Indeed on my demise I will become a
martyr," the al-Qaida leader purported-
"I pray my demise isn't on a coffin
bearing green mantles. I wish my
demise to be in the eagle's belly," he
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.
i M i1fl
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