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January 17, 2003 - Image 2

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, January 17, 2003

NATION/WORLD

North Korean conflict to drag on NEWS IN BRIEF

G

:S _.i r w ., 9y r

01

SEOUL, South Korea (AP) -
The search for a peaceful resolution
to the standoff between the United
States and North Korea over its
nuclear weapons programs will be a
"very slow process," a top U.S.
envoy to the region said yesterday.
The call for patience from U.S.
Assistant Secretary of State James
Kelly followed North Korea's angry
rejection of American offers to con-
sider energy and agricultural aid to
the isolated regime if it gives up its
nuclear efforts.
Traveling in Asia to seek support
in getting North Korea to give up
its nuclear weapons program, Kelly
said in Beijing yesterday that there
was no quick-fix solution to the
issue and that it would take time to
secure a nuclear-free Korean Penin-
sula.
"And we're going to have to talk
and work together and communi-
cate with other people including
with North Korea very, very clear-
ly," Kelly said before leaving Bei-
jing for Singapore. "It's going to be
a very slow process to make sure
that we achieve this in the right
way.".
Tensions escalated between
North Korea and the United States
after U.S. diplomats said North
Korea admitted in October that it
had a secret nuclear program.
The isolated communist regime
pulled out of the nuclear nonprolif-
eration treaty last week after the
United States suspended oil aid
shipmients..

Washington, however, has taken a
more conciliatory stance toward the
North in recent days, offering to
consider energy, agricultural and
other aid to North Korea if the
country gives up its nuclear ambi-
tions.
Those offers, however, have not
satisfied Pyongyang, which is
pushing for a nonaggression pact
with the United States and appears
to be after more ironclad guaran-
tees of aid before surrendering its
nuclear programs.
The state-run news agency
KCNA quoted a Foreign Ministry
spokesman as saying late Wednes-
day that the U.S. offers were "loud-
mouthed" and "pie in the sky."
White House spokesman Ari Fleis-
cher called the reported comments
"unfortunate."
The South Korean government
has also dampened any illusions of
a quick solution to the impasse yes-
terday.
Defense Minister Lee Jun told a
parliamentary hearing that the mili-
tary was preparing for a "worst-cast
scenario" should the standoff
between Pyongyang and Washing-
ton turn violent.
The comments, which did not
include any specifics about the
preparations, seemed aimed at dis-
pelling the general complacency
about North Korea in the South,
where ordinary citizens have shown
little sign of alarm.
Lee said there was a "high" pos-
sibility that North Korea would tar-

a ~WASHINGTON 9;#
"We cannot conclude that it (North Korea)
5.1w.JJ 1wIRS moves toward electronic returns

woud [arge tW orean peninsua. Bur we
cannot rule out the possibility, and such a
possibility is high."'
- Lee Jun
Defense Minister, South Korea

get the South if it builds nuclear
weapons. The North has argued that
the only confrontation on the
peninsula is between Koreans and
Americans, not between the North
and South.
"We cannot conclude that (North
Korea) would target the Korean
peninsula. But we cannot rule out
the possibility, and such a possibili-
ty is high," Lee said.
Yesterday, the North's news agency
said North Korea "wants detente, peace
and reunification, not serious tension,
confrontation and war."
"If war breaks out in Korea due
to the U.S. imperialists keen on
nuclear blackmail, it will lead to a
nuclear war whose victim will be
the Korean nation," it said.
U.S. officials believe the commu-
nist regime already has one or two
nuclear bombs.
Diplomatic efforts gathered pace,
with U.S., British and French offi-
cials meeting in London. They
decided on Wednesdaythat the
International Atomic Energy
Agency's 35-nation board of gover-

e

nors should convene as a next step
in the dispute with North Korea, a
U.S. official said. Britain's Foreign
Office confirmed envoys from the
three nations met, but did not say
what was discussed.
Two inspectors from the U.N.
agency were expelled from North
Korea last month, leaving the world
without an eye into the secretive
nation's nuclear program.
North Korean Foreign Minister
Paek Nam Sun met Maurice Strong,
a special adviser to U.N. Secretary-
General Kofi Annan, on Thursday,
KCNA said. Strong traveled to
Pyongyang on Tuesday to try to
assess North Korea's needs for for-
eign food aid.
Also yesterday, North Korea pro-
posed to South Korea that the two
sides open talks next Wednesday
through Saturday in Pyongyang on
connecting cross-border railway
and roads.
The Koreas, divided since 1945,
have agreed to build two sets of
railways and roads across their bor-
der.
Shakeup
continues,
Parsons to
lead AOL
NEW YORK (AP) - AOL Time
Warner Inc. chief executive Dick
Parsons was tapped yesterday to be
the media conglomerate's new
chairman, giving him broadened
authority as he tries to turn around a
mega-merger gone sour.
The board's unanimous decision
to have Parsons replace Steve Case,
'tIe AmericaOrnline co-ftnderwho
announced last week he was step-
ping down as chairman, completes a
shake-up begun a year ago.
It caps a heady rise in power for
the quiet-spoken Parsons, who for-
mally took over as CEO just eight
months ago, and for the victory of
old media over new media in the
company's reformation.
"This is the final acknowledg-
ment that the AOL-Time Warner
combination was a poorly orches-
trated merger and now the entire
new management team that's been
put in place over last 12 months can
move ahead," said Mark May, media
analyst at Kaufman Bros. "This has
been a wholesale shift from AOL
people back to Time Warner peo-
ple."
Parsons' appointment will take
effect May 16 at the annual share-
holders meeting, the same date Case
had indicated he would leave the
company.
Case announced plans for his
departure Sunday, saying he felt his
continuing presence would be a dis-
traction as the company tries to
recover from what has been a terri-
ble run since the merger. He will
remain on the company's board.
The board's decision to give Par-
sons both jobs came despite specu-
lation that the two positions would
be kept separate to ensure sufficient
oversight of the company.
But the company indicated yester-
day that it remains confident its
corporate governance measures are
adequate.
Before becoming chief executive
in May, Parson was AOL Time
Warner's co-chief operating officer.

He had been named president of
Time Warner in 1995, after joining
its board of directors in 1991. Pre-
viously, he was chairman and chief
executive officer of Dime Bancorp.
"I am highly gratified that the board
shares my determination to maximize
AOL Time Warner's tremendous poten-
tial," Parsons said. "As we address the
challenges facing our company and the
industries in which we operate, I will
work together with the extraordinary
people in this company to focus on
increasing value for our customers and
our shareholders."
Investors had pushed for the
changes, following a sharp drop in
the company' stock price chiefly
caused by problems at the America

A few tax specialists started replacing stamps with mouse clicks in 1986, when the
Internal Revenue Service tested electronic filing as a pilot program in three cities.
The IRS is now aiming for 80 percent e-filing by 2007 and to help make that hap-
pen, the agency announced a program yesterday that gives people access to free tao
preparation software through the April 15 filing deadline.
"Virtually every country in the world had the ability for taxpayers to go online and
file taxes. We didn't," said Mark Forman, associate director of e-government anc
information technology in the White House budget office.
That changed yesterday with the launch of Free Filing, a government partnership
with 17 private tax software companies that lets 60 percent of taxpayers, or 78 mil-
lion, file returns online for free.
Eligibility requirements from the participating companies are generally based or
factors such as age, adjusted gross income, state residency, military status or eligibili-
ty to file a Form 1040EZ or for the Earned Income Tax Credit. Taxpayers can com-
plete an online questionnaire to determine if they qualify. People wanting to file
electronically can do so if they owe taxes and pay later. Taxes can be paid electronical-
ly by authorizing funds withdrawal from a checking or savings account or credit card
or they can mail a check to the IRS by April 15.
VATICAN CITY
Vatican aflirms Church's political stance
The Vatican issued a new set of guidelines for Catholic politicians yesterday,
reminding them to heed the church's "nonnegotiable" teachings on abortion, euthana-
sia, same-sex marriage and other issues when making public policy.
The Vatican said it was publishing the document now because of medical and sci-
entific advances and because of the "emergence of ambiguities or questionable posi-
tions in recent times."
The guidelines, prepared by the Vatican's orthodoxy watchdog, the Congregation
for the Doctrine of the Faith, don't offer any change to the church's long-held opposi-
tion to abortion, euthanasia, gay marriage and its promotion of the rights of the
unborn.
Rather, they serve as a reminder of church teachings for Catholic politicians, so
that when they vote for legislation or otherwise influence public policy, they do so in
line with certain "nonnegotiable ethical principles."
In particular, the document said laws concerning abortion and euthanasia "must
defend the basic right to life from conception to natural death. In the same way, it is
necessary to recall the duty to respect and protect the rights of the human embryo."

LONDON
New test allows for
early plague diagnosis
Scientists have developed a simple and reli-
able test to rapidly diagnose plague, a sometimes
deadly disease that authorities fear could be used
in a bioterror attack.
Experts say the new test, described this week
in The Lancet medical journal, could save lives
and help control the disease in the developing
world - and fill an important need in global
bioterrorism preparedness and response.
Plague is caused by the bacterium Yersinia
pestis and is chiefly a disease of rodents. How-
ever, it can spread to humans, mostly through
flea bites. About 3,000 people get infected each
year, primarily in Africa, the Americas and Asia.
Doctors usually diagnose the disease by look-
ing at symptoms and confirm it by laboratory
tests. There is no immediate diagnostic test.
There are three main forms of plague in
humans: bubonic,'septicemic and pneumonic.
- After the bacteria get into a person
through a flea bite, they migrate to the near-
est lymph nodes, where they cause a painful
swelling or bubo, from which bubonic
plague takes its name.
SCRANTON, Penn.
Bush tackles medical
malpractice costs
President Bush is pushing once again
for his solution to high malpractice insur-
ance costs: A nationwide limit on the
amount injured patients can win from
doctors.
In the 18th trip he has made to politi-
cally important Pennsylvania since his
inauguration, Bush was poised to call on

Congress to deliver on medical malprac.
tice reform.
The president, in remarks at the Uni
versity of Scranton in northeastern Penn.
sylvania, planned to argue yesterday tha
lawsuits are behind soaring health car
costs and doctor shortages. He added tha
limiting jury awards in medical malprac.
tice lawsuits are the way to solve th(
problem.
Bush also was to meet with doc,
tors and officials at Scranton':
Mercy Hospital.
LUBBOCK, Texas
Professor lies about
missing plague vials
The government charged a Texa:
Tech University professor with lying tc
investigators yesterday, saying he acci-
dentally destroyed 30 vials of plague
bacteria then claimed they had van-
ished from his laboratory.
Thomas Butler, 61, was ordered
held without bond on the charge of
giving a false statement to a federal
agent. The charge carries a penalty
of up to five years in prison and a
$250,000 fine.
Defense attorney Floyd Holder said
the tenured professor intends to plead
innocent.
"He's looking forward to proving tc
a jury that he's innocent," he said.
Butler is chief of the infectious dis-
eases division of the department of
internal medicine at Tech's medical
school.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.

0
0

A panel discussion with:
Eloise Anderson
Director, Program for the American Family, The
Claremont Institute for the Study of Statesmanship
and Political Philosophy, and former Director of the
California Department of Social Services
Rebecca Blank
Dean of the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy
and Henry Carter Adams Collegiate Professor,
University of Michigan
Sheldon Danziger
Professor of Public Policy, Co-Director of the
National Poverty Center, and Henry J. Meyer
Collegiate Professor of Social Work,
University of Michigan
Judith Gueron
President, Manpower Demonstration Research
Corporation
The panelists will be joined by a representative
from the Office of the Assistant Secretary for
Planning and Evaluation of the U.S. Department
of Health and Human Services.
Friday, January 17, 2003
3:00 - 4:30.*pm
6050 Institute for Social Research

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