©2003 The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Vol. CXIII, No. 76
One-hundred-twelve years of editorialfreedom
begin in the
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By Lydia K. Leung
Daily Staff Reporter
U.S. crude oil futures spiked to a
two-year high with yesterday's dis-
covery of 11 empty chemical war-
heads in Baghdad, heightening
tension between the United States
and Iraq and further complicating
the low oil supply caused by the oil
strike in Venezuela.
On the New York Mercantile
Exchange, crude oil futures for Feb-
ruary rose 45 cents to $33.66 a bar-
rel yesterday, the highest closing
. price since November 2000. The
crude oil prices have jumped more
than 6 percent since Sunday.
"The strike in Venezuela and the
potential disruptions in Iraq are
playing very important roles in
driving the oil prices," Business
Prof. Nejat Seyhun said.
The anti-government strikes in
Venezuela, which caused the fifth
largest oil exporter to reduce its oil
output, is now in its seventh week
and driving the U.S. oil inventory to
a 26-year low level, according to a
report released on Wednesday by
the Energy Department.
The oil supply will be further
depleted if there is a war in the Mid-
dle East, where most of the giant oil
exporters are located, because "it
might cause lots of damage to the
oil fields," Seyhun said.
As a result, the oil prices will stay
above the $30 a barrel level if the
"very tense and very dangerous"
situation in Iraq, as describedby
chief U.N. weapons inspector Hans
° Blix yesterday, worsens to the point
"With the high oil prices, compa-
nies will reduce investment and
employment ... it can definitely pull
the economy back into the reces-
sion," Seyhun added.
The February price of gasoline, a
major crude oil product, also shot
up by 33 cents to 90.76 cents a gal-
Although the retail gasoline
prices will not increase by the same
percentage of crude oil prices, the
extra costs on filling up are
The hike of gasoline prices have
been displayed on the pricing board
of the Shell gas station on Plymouth
Road, which shows a cost of $1.539
See OIL, Page 9
groups to file
By Tomislav Ladika
Daily Staff Reporter
President Bush and approximately 15 organiza-
tions stated their opposition to the University's
admissions policies by filing briefs yesterday
with the U.S. Supreme Court, but legal experts
say the briefs will not heavily influence the jus-
tices who have already formed a stance on race-
conscious admissions policies.
The amicus, or friend of the court, briefs will
add to the written argument that the Center for
Individual Rights, a Washington-based legal firm
that is suing the University in the two lawsuits,
presented to the Supreme Court yesterday.
In his brief, Bush is expected to specifically
address the legality of the University's admissions
policies, but will refrain from denouncing race-
conscious policies in general.
Curt Levey, CIR's director of legal and public
affairs, said such an argument affirms that the
University's policies are unconstitutional, even if
they promote diversity.
"It makes it even clearer that under any stan-
dard, even if you think race can be a factor in
admissions, it should be clear that Michigan's
blantant racial preferences are unconstitutional,"
The two lawsuits, Grutter v. Bollinger [ital.]
and Gratz v. Bollinger challenge the use of race
as an admissions factor in the University's Law
School and College of Literature, Science and the
University President Mary Sue Coleman
defended the constitutionality of the University's
admissions policies in a written statement
Wednesday, saying admissions criteria examine
the entire background of each applicant.
"We do not have, and have never had, quotas or
numerical targets in either the undergraduate or
Law School admissions programs," she said.
"Academic qualifications are the overwhelming
consideration for admission to both programs."
The justices are expected to hear the cases in
late March or early April, and many legal experts
consider the Court's subsequent decision to bge the
most influential in terms ofrace-conscious
admission policies since the University of Cali-
fornia Board of Regents v. Bakke decision, which
banned racial quotas but permitted the use of race
as an admissions factor if diversity was a com-
Bush's argument will carry the most weight
See BRIEFS, Page 9
to shifit Iraq war
University student Maggie Smith takes notes and sketches a drawing of Luke Massie, a BAMN
member and affirmative action supporter, as he speaks on the steps of the Michigan Union.
faifh in amissions
By Carmen Johnson
Daily Staff Reporter
In response to President Bush's announce-
ment charging that the University's use of
race in admissions policies are flawed, the
Coalition to Defend Affirmative Action and
Integration, and Fight for Equality By Any
Means Necessary, held a press conference on
the steps of the Michigan Union yesterday,
calling to uphold the University's admission
policies and further integration in higher
"What happened was a racist fraud perpet-
uated against the American people," National
BAMN organizer Luke Massie said, adding
that Bush falsely described the University's
admissions policies as quotas to negatively
portray the issue. BAMN is involved with
the third party interveners, whose case
claims that institutionalized racism has per-
petuated a system of segregation in higher
See RALLY, Page 9
U.S. says Iraq has failed to
cooperate fully with the U.N.
Security Council requirements
WASHINGTON (AP) - The Bush administra-
tion said yesterday U.N. inspections in Iraq should
not go on indefinitely, given what officials contend
is Iraq's refusal to provide full disclosure of an arse-
nal of forbidden weapons.
State Department spokesman Richard Boucher
said the inspectors themselves have indicated that
Iraq has failed in a number of areas to cooperate
fully with U.N. Security Council requirements.
"There's no point in continuing forever, going
on, if Iraq is not cooperating," Boucher said.
The comments came against a background of
strong sentiment in Europe that a military attack
against Iraq should not take place without the spe-
cific endorsement of the Security Council.
A senior administration official, speaking to
reporters in Germany yesterday on condition that
he not be identified, said countries that support that
view only encourage Saddam Hussein not to coop-
erate with the inspectors.
Hours later, inspectors said they found 11 empty
chemical warheads at an ammunition storage area
75 miles south of Baghdad.The disclosure could
change the dynamic of the debate over Iraq at the
United Nations if the find represents the "smoking
gun" that the inspectors had been unable to uncover
during their first two months on the ground.
European Union foreign policy chief Javier
Solana has said he cannot see how a war against
Iraq can start without clear evidence Iraq pursues
biological, chemical and nuclear arms in violation
of U.N. resolutions. He has not said what his posi-
tion would be if such evidence were uncovered.
But he has said it is the general view of EU mem-
bers that a military strike against Iraq should have
the prior endorsement of the Security Council. U.N.
Secretary-General Kofi Annan agreed.
Boucher said he had not been informed by the
time of his briefing of the chemical warheads find
in Iraq but added the news did not surprise him.
Making the case that time is running out on Sad-
dam, Boucher said the Iraqi leader has failed to
comply with 16 Security Council resolutions and
appears to be going on 17.
"He's failed every time," Boucher said. He
added, however, that Jan. 27 - the date when the
next U.N. inspectors' report is due - should not be
viewed as a deadline for an attack.
He said the Security Council will first consider
the question of whether Iraq is in compliance with
the resolution. Only afterward would the Council
decide on next steps, he said.
The chief U.N. inspector, Hans Blix, believes
that, in addition to the Jan. 27 report, he has a
March 27 deadline to issue another, based on 1999
language that set up the U.N. inspection team.
Boucher declined to describe the U.S. view of
that deadline but other officials said they believe it
should be disregarded because it could be used by
U.S. critics as an excuse to delay a confrontation
U.S. Sen. Joseph Biden of Delaware, ranking
Democrat on the Senate Foreign Relations Com-
mittee, said the administration should respect the
Some presidents' spouses salaried
By Michael Gurovitsch
For the Daily
Like most students on campus, Kenneth
Coleman's life revolves around his studies,
but with one catch: He is the husband of Uni-
versity President Mary Sue Coleman.
According to Caryn McTighe, vice presi-
dent of diversity, education and global initia-
tives for the American Council on Education's
Office of Women in Higher Education, some
universities provide presidential spouses with
monetary compensation for planning func-
tions and providing general support for their
"In some cases (spouses of university
president's) get stipends when they are
expected to fulfill institutional responsibili-
ties ... they act as a staff person to the presi-
dent," McTighe said.
But like most other Big Ten schools, the
University does not compensate Ken Coleman
for his supportive role.
"I receive no compensation from the Univer-
sity of Michigan for being a presidential
spouse. I have not requested such compensa-
tion, nor would I accept it," Ken Coleman said.
In addition to not receiving a salary for his
role as the president's husband, Kenneth pays
He also said situations vary at other
institutions and those individual institu-
tions are the best judges of "what arrange-
ments best fit their circumstances."
As the wife of the University of Indi-
See SPOUSES, Page 9
MLK Day events aim to teach
campus about civil rights
By Daniel Kim
For The Daily
An actor, a doctor, a professor, a
community organizer, a hip-pop
artist - these are just some of the
many people coming to the Univer-
sity's 16th annual, seven-week-long
celebration called the Martin Luther
King, Jr. Symposium, which kicked
off last Friday.
This year's theme for the sympo-
sium, "we must be the change we
wish to see in the world," is a state-
ment by Mahatma Gandhi, whose
nonviolent resistance to British rule in
India greatly impacted King.
Grace Lee Boggs, the keynote
speaker and community activist from
Detroit, will speak at the Rackham
Auditorium this Monday, and Rajma-
han Gandhi, a grandson of Mahatma
Gandhi, will speak later that day at
the School of Education.
On the last day of the sympo-
sium, February 18, 2003, B.D.
Wong, a Tony Award-winning actor
who starred in the Broadway play
M. Butterfly, will share his life
story as an Asian-American actor.
Forty-five more events are planned
between today and the last day of
"These are people who have made
life commitments to making this soci-
ety better. The message to the stu-
dents is that they have to be part of
the change they want," said John Mat-
lock, director of the Office of Acade-
mic Multicultral Initiatives.
"MLK Day is a day that helps us
to understand the issues that MLK
fought for. A lot of things MLK
fought for are relevant today, espe-
cially with the affirmative action,"
LSA junior Olivia McCormick
"The point of MLK Day for stu-
dents is to engage themselves and to
stretch themselves intellectually,"
LSA junior Abdul Lediju said.
But MLK Day isn't a day of intel-
lectual enrichment and reflection of
King's work for all students.
Yesterday morning, fliers that
read "Martin Luther King Cobra
Party -'You don't have to go to
school Monday SO, come out and
Celebrate!"' with a drawing of King
holding a bottle labeled "King
Cobra" were posted on the walls of
Haven Hall and the Union.
See MLK, Page 9
T SETH LOWER/Daily
Columbia University history Prof. Charles Armstrong is reflected in a piano as he delivers a lecture
titled "The Cultural Cold War in Korea" at the International Institute.