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April 12, 2002 - Image 2

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, April 12, 2002

NATION/WORLD

Sharon urged to speed withdrawal NEWS IN BRIEF
JERUSALEM (AP) - Secretary of State Colin fighting during the offensive, three dozen armed UNITED NATIONS
Powell challenged Israeli Prime Minister Ariel men, apparently the last holdouts, surrendered to
Sharon's limited withdrawal of troops from Palestin- Israeli troops.rGlobal war crimes tribunal to be established

ian areas yesterday, saying President Bush "wants to
see more progress."
On his way to Jerusalem, Powell said the pace of
the Israeli pullback from West Bank cities and vil-
lages would be part of a "very long conversation" he
would have with Sharon today. They spoke by tele-
phone yesterday.
Powell is to meet with Yasser Arafat tomorrow. A
senior administration official in Washington said
Powell intends to warn the Palestinian leader that the
United States is prepared to sever ties with him
unless he renounces terrorism.
"The message is: This is it. Last chance," said the
official, speaking only on condition of anonymity. The
official cautioned that Powell and Bush will not sign
off on the message until the meeting draws closer.
During a brief stop in the Jordanian capital of
Amman, Powell was asked at a news conference
whether the pace of Israel's military withdrawal was
an affront to Bush.
"I don't see it as an affront;" he said. Still, Powell
added, "I think the president has made his position
clear: He wants the incursion stopped. He has noted
some progress, but he wants to see more progress."
In what appeared to be a gesture ahead of Pow-
ell's arrival, Israeli forces withdrew from about two
dozen small towns and villages on the West Bank.
But troops entered the West Bank towns of
Dahariyah and Bir Zeit and the Ein Beit Hilmeh
refugee camp. Later, they pulled out of Bir Zeit
after detaining about 300 people, mainly students in
the university town.
In the Jenin refugee camp, scene of the deadliest

Sharon acknowledged the fighting was causing the
United States difficulties, but he refused to call a halt
to the incursion.
Powell said King Abdullah II of Jordan had offered
his country's help in easing the suffering of Palestini-
ans in the West Bank once a cease-fire is in place.
"People are dying, people are suffering," the king
told CNN. He said he offered Powell his kingdom's
support in his peace mission, which he called "a
make-it or break-it trip."
Abdullah urged Powell to increase pressure on
Sharon to withdraw his troops and to accept Arafat as
"the legitimate leadership and elected president of
the Palestinian people," according to a palace state-
ment issued after the two-hour meeting with Powell.
The king also urged Powell to work toward a
detailed peace plan, setting "specific time frames"
for a Palestinian state as well as ending the violence
and Israeli occupation.
Previewing the difficult talks ahead, Powell said, "I
go committed to carry forward the president's
vision." He said he would press not only for ending
the bloodshed, but for "getting a political track start-
ed" that would lead to the creation of a secure Pales-
tinian state.
It is important, Powell said, "to show the Palestin-
ian people that there is hope out there, hope for them
to have their own state, living side by side in peace
with Israel."
In Washington, White House spokesman Ari Fleis-
cher said that while Israel was withdrawing some
troops neither side had yet met conditions outlined
by Bush to end hostilities.

The world's first permanent war crimes tribunal got the necessary international
backing yesterday to come into force on July 1, a milestone hailed by human
rights advocates and many nations but strongly opposed by the United States.
A dream ever since the United Nations was established over five decades ago, the
court became a reality when its founding treaty received the required 60 ratifications.
At a brief ceremony at U.N. headquarters, over 500 supporters of the tribunal
rose in a standing ovation after 10 nations deposited their ratifications, bringing
the number of countries now legally bound to cooperate with the International
Criminal Court to 66.
"The time is at last coming when humanity no longer has to bear impo-
tent witness to the worst atrocities, because those tempted to commit such
crimes will know that justice awaits them," U.N. Secretary-General Kofi
Annan said in a video message from Rome, where the treaty was adopted in
1998. "Let.it be a deterrent to the wicked, and a ray of hope for the innocent
and helpless."
Those hopes were echoed by France, Sweden Denmark and the Coalition for
the International Criminal Court, which represents some 1,000 organizations.
"Too much of history is the story of wars won and peace lost. Today, peace has
won and war has lost," said William Pace, who heads the coalition.
AL ANY, N.Y
Pataki hoping to win Democratic primary
Republican Gov. George Pataki's campaign staff is starting to joke that he just
might be able to win a Democratic primary in his bid for re-election.
While it's definitely a joke - Pataki got just 27 percent of the Democratic vote in
winning a second term in 1998 against weak opposition - what is happening in New
York this year is no laughing matter for the Democrats.
Though they hold a 2-million-voter enrollment advantage over the Republicans,
New York Democrats have watched with growing alarm as Pataki puts together a
string of endorsements from unions, minorities and even some liberals - the con-
stituencies normally key to Democrats running for high office in New York.
This from a governor who won office on a conservative platform of tax cuts and
restoration of the death penalty in 1994 when he turned liberal Gov. Mario Cuomo
out of office.
Pataki received a big boost in popularity after the Sept. 11 attacks, and has
also supported gay rights, pushed sweeping gun control measures through the
Legislature and successfully lobbied the White House to approve the dredging
of PCBs from the Hudson River.

*

__ rPHOT
U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell, right, embraces
Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres as he arrives at
Ben Gurion airport in Tel Aviv yesterday.
"The president calls on all the parties to keep
working to get them done," Fleischer said.
Earlier yesterday, Powell challenged the idea that
strong Israeli military action on the West Bank could
enhance security from terror. Mirroring an argument
pressed by Arab leaders, Powell depicted the Pales-
tinians as angry and frustrated.

U.S. spies drugged Russian official

MOSCOW (AP) - U.S. spies used drugged cook-
ies and drinks to break the will of a Russian defense
employee and recruit him as an agent, according to
new details of Russian security service allegations
published by a newspaper yesterday.
The Federal Security Service, or FSB, ridiculed
the alleged U.S. espionage effort in the report in the
daily Komsomolskaya Pravda, saying the CIA once
delivered secret instructions to their agent in invisible
ink that melted away when he used Russian tap water
to develop them.
"The Americans will never defeat us because they
will never figure out that our tap water differs from
that in Langley," the city in Virginia where the CIA is
based, the newspaper said quoting FSB officials.
The FSB, the KGB's main successor, said' Wednes-
day that CIA officers posing as embassy officials in
Russia and another, unidentified former Soviet
republic had tried to recruit an employee at a secret
Russian Defense Ministry installation.
CIA spokesman Mark Mansfield and the U.S.
Embassy in Moscow both declined to comment
Wednesday on the allegations.
In the two-page report yesterday in Komsomol-

skaya Pravda, the FSB elaborated on details of the
allegations. It identified the Russian expert as Viktor,
58, a worker of a defense ministry facility near
Zhukovsky air base, the Russian air force's top flight
test center near Moscow.
According to the newspaper, in April 2001 Viktor
went to the U.S. Embassy in the unidentified ex-
Soviet republic to seek information about a relative
that has gone missing abroad. After leaving the
embassy, he was found by local police sitting on a
garden bench in shock and amnesia.
Viktor was brought to Moscow where the FSB con-
cluded that the U.S. Embassy officers had slipped him
psychotropic drugs to get information out of him.
The newspaper said that David Robertson, the
Embassy official who met with Viktor, treated him
with drinks and cookies while asking him "in-depth"
questions about his work. "Within minutes, Viktor
felt weakness and light trance," an apparent reaction
to drugs, the newspaper reported.
Under FSB control, Viktor received instructions in
invisible ink allegedly delivered by Yunju Kensinger,
reportedly a third secretary in the consular department
of the U.S. Embassy in Moscow. On one occasion, the

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message began to melt away when Viktor tried to read it
using special tablets and Russian tap water. FSB agents
rushed to save it with bottled water, the newspaper said.
In the first message, disguised as a juice pack, the
alleged U.S. contacts sent him $10,000 in cash along
with instructions to provide information about confi-
dential documents received by his organization and data
on Russia's latest air-to-air and air-to-surface missiles.
After the FSB concocted a response, Viktor deliv-
ered it to Robertson in the same city where they first
met. The newspaper said Viktor later received more
cash and instructions from his handlers, but the FSB
decided to end the operation after getting enough
"factual evidence" of U.S. espionage activities.
Komsomolskaya Pravda said Kensinger had
already left Moscow - the claim made Wednesday
by the Interfax news agency and Russian television.
The espionage accusation comes amid renewed U.S.-
Russian tensions following a warm spell prompted by
Russia's support of the U.S.-led anti-terror campaign.
A former KGB spy in London, Mikhail Lyubimov,
said the latest espionage allegations showed that the
two countries remain interested in spying on each
other despite better ties.
ISRAEL
Continued from Page 1
President Bush's pleas. "The with-
drawals he called for are continuing,"
White House spokesman Ari Fleisch-
er said.
In the Jenin refugee camp, scene of
the deadliest fighting during the offen-
sive, three dozen armed men, apparently
the last holdouts, surrendered to Israeli
troops yesterday.
The battle in Nablus ended before
dawn Wednesday, when an estimated
100 gunmen - hungry, exhausted and
nearly out of ammunition - walked out
of an Old City mosque.
Brig. Gen. Eyal Schlein, the Israeli
army's Jenin division commander,
told The Associated Press yesterday
night that occasional shooting per-
sists in Jenin "and sometimes more
than that."
"Many of the most wanted have been
captured or killed, or were wounded and
captured," he said. "The area is messy.
There are many explosives, booby-traps.
... But overall, most of what we were
looking for, we found.
Reporters touring the Jenin camp,
which had been off limits to journalists
during eight days of combat, saw wide-
spread devastation from army bulldozers
that had sheared the front walls off
homes. But no bodies were seen in the
streets yesterday.
HussamnSherkawi, director of
emergency services in the West Bank,
said at least 140 Palestinians have
been killed during the Israeli offen-
sive. But he said it was impossible to
verify death toll estimates because
rescue services had not been permit-
ted to enter the Jenin camp.
An army spokesman, Lt. Col. Olivier
Rafowicz, estimated 100 Palestinians
had been killed in fighting in Jenin. He
denied persistent rumors the army had
dug mass graves and said Israelis hadn't
removed any bodies.
Twenty-eight Israeli soldiers have
died in the military campaign, all but
five of them in Jenin.
Yesterday, Israeli troops in the Jenin
camp confiscated footage filmed by an
Associated Press Television News cam-
eraman.
Video footage obtained yesterday
by APTN showed Arafat during recent
meetings in his Ramallah compound.
5 '0 Arafat's pistol was visible at his waist
ac e hment XAednecarv w~ith aides-o

WA$H INGTON
Worker protections
added to pension law
The House voted yesterday to add
more worker protections to the
nation's pension laws in response to
the Enron collapse that caused thou-
sands of employees to lose their retire-
ment savings.
The bill, passed on a 255-163 vote, is
modeled after President Bush's pension
overhaul plan.
It would let workers get investment
advice from the companies managing
their retirement plans, allow workers
to sell employer-matched stock in
their 401(k) plans after three years
and require that notice be given to
workers before changes are made to
their accounts.
Enron workers "are the victims of
outdated federal pension laws," said
Rep. John Boehner (R-Ohio), one of
the bill's authors.
About 42 million Americans hold
401(k) accounts, with $2 trillion in
assets.
WASH ING TON
U.S. loses $70 billion
a year to tax evaders
For every convicted tax evader like
Daniel Bullock, dozens more get away
with cheating that costs the U.S. gov-
ernment as much as $70 billion a year,
the Senate was told yesterday.
The testimony of Bullock and other
tax evaders before the Senate Finance
Committee came as the panel's, top two

A white judge appointed by South
Africa's apartheid government acquitted
the former head of its chemical and bio-
logical weapons program of 46 counts of
murder, fraud and drug dealing yesterday.
Prosecutors, who had accused the
judge of blatantly favoring the defen-
dant throughout the 2-year trial, said
they would appeal, and the ruling
African National Congress harshly con-
demned the judgment.
"It's outrageously bad, and it can't be
the end of this case," ANC spokesman
Smuts Ngonyama said.
As the leaders of the apartheid gov-
ernment's shadowy chemical warfare
program, Dr. Wouter Basson, dubbed
"Dr. Death" by the local media, was
accused of directing the former
regime's horrifying and surreal efforts
to destroy its opponents.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.

senators, Democrat Max Baucus and
Republican Charles Grassley, intro-
duced legislation intended to stem a
tide of U.S. companies moving their
legal headquarters to Bermuda to
escape taxes.
"We've got a problem," said Baucus,
of Montana, who pointed out that the
vast majority of individual taxpayers
will do their duty by Monday's income
tax filing deadline. "Everyone should
help pull the wagon. ... Otherwise,
we'll reach the point where honest tax-
payers will feel like chumps."
PRETORIA, South Africa
White judge acquits
chemicals criminal

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