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April 05, 2002 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 2002-04-05

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, April 5, 2002

NATION/WORLD

I

Afghan authorities thwart couD NEWS IN BRIEF

v 1

KABUL, Afghanistan (AP) - Afghan authorities
said yesterday they have uncovered a plot against the
fledgling government, arresting hundreds for
allegedly planning "terrorism, abductions and sabo-
tage," and seizing weapons and documents in sweeps
throughout the capital.
The government said the operations against men
linked to former Prime Minister Gulbuddin Hekmat-
yar thwarted the greatest threat yet to Hamid Karzai's
interim administration. But the arrests are also likely
to inflame tension between Hekmatyar's largely
Pashtun followers and the northern alliance, which is
dominated by ethnic Tajiks and controls key min-
istries.
"They wanted to launch a coup d'etat against the
government," said Mohammed Naseer, security
director at the Kabul governor's office. He said the

plotters also wanted to disrupt the loya jirga, a
political gathering planned for June to select a new
government.
Interior Minister Yunus Qanooni said most of
those arrested were members of Hekmatyar's Hezb-
e-Islami party. Whether the suspects actually hoped
to overthrow the government was under investiga-
tion, he said, but "it was a plot including terrorism,
abductions and sabotage." He said authorities had
seized explosives and remote control devices and
found "written documents indicating that they would
carry out these acts." He did not elaborate.
"There were a series of attacks planned against a
number of prominent Afghan individuals, including
Chairman Karzai and the former king," Mohammad
Zaher Shah, who is due to return to Afghanistan
from Italy this month, Qanooni said. He added that

authorities had evidence the men planned to attack
foreigners.
In Pakistan, a senior leader of Hezb-e-Islami, Qut-
buddin Hilal, said those arrested were former - not
current -members of the group.
Pashtun leaders may interpret the arrests as an
attempt to stifle their moves toward Pashtun unity in
advance of the loya jirga, but Qanooni said nobody
was arrested "on the basis of political disagreement."
When asked if the majority of those arrested were
Pashtuns, Qanooni said only: "Let's not turn it into
an ethnic issue."
Qanooni said more than 300 people had been
arrested, and that 160 were still being held yesterday.
A Western official in Kabul, speaking on condition
of anonymity, said only 10 were being held on suspi-
cion of serious offenses, including terrorism.

WASHINGTON
Afghan detainee says he is a U.S. citizen
Pentagon and Justice Department officials are discussing what to do with a
prisoner captured in Afghanistan who they believe was born in America and is a
U.S. citizen. *
The man, Yasser Esam Hamdi apparently was born in Louisiana, where his
Saudi parents were then working, and then returned with them to Saudi Arabia
when he was a toddler, Pentagon spokeswoman Victoria Clarke said yesterday at
a Pentagon briefing.
"We think he will have American citizenship," Clarke said. "It does just point
to how unconventional this war is. ... We are looking at each of these detentions
very, very carefully and very methodically."
If Hamdi should prove to be the second U.S. citizen captured during the
Afghanistan campaign, he could be moved from the detention center at a US.
Navy base in Cuba where suspected Taliban and al-Qaida fighters are held.
That also would prevent his trial by special military tribunal, set up under an exec-
utive order by President Bush to try terrorism suspects who are not U.S. citizens.
The Justice Department found the birth certificate that appears to back up the
man's claim to have been born in Baton Rouge, La., Defense Department.
spokesman Bryan Whitman said Wednesday.
WASH INGTON
Wh~ite House airspace violated many times

Teens sentenced for Dartmouth murders

HAVERHILL, N.H. (AP) - The shocking details
of how two bored teen-agers butchered husband-and-
wife Dartmouth College professors in their home in a
plot to steal their ATM cards spilled out in court yes-
terday as the case ended with both youths sentenced
to long prison terms.
Robert Tulloch, an 18-year-old former high school
honor student, dropped his insanity defense, pleaded
guilty to murder and received the mandatory sen-
tence of life without parole in the stabbing deaths of
Half and Susanne Zantop.
His best friend, 17-year-old James Parker, was sen-
tenced later in the day to 25 years to life as an
accomplice to murder, bringing an end to a case
shocking in its savagery and senselessness. Parker
had struck a plea bargain in December and agreed to

testify against Tulloch.
"I'm sorry," Parker said, crying in the courtroom.
"There's not much more I can say than that. I'm just
really sorry."
Tulloch calmly gave mostly yes-and-no answers to
the judge's questions and offered no explanation or
apology.
At the hearing for Tulloch, prosecutor Kelly Ayotte
described how the two teen-agers went from stealing
mail to committing murder as part of a scheme to
make a lot of money and run off to Australia. She
recounted how they made abortive attempts at four
other houses before they talked their way into the pro-
fessors' Hanover home on Jan. 27, 2001 by posing as
students taking an environmental survey.
The teen-agers were packing foot-long commando

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knives bought over the Internet and duct tape,
according to the prosecutor.
Zantop led the boys into his study, gave them each
a chair and sat down at his desk. The professor
answered Tulloch's questions for 10 minutes while
Parker took notes. When the interview was done,
Parker thought they were going to leave and abort the
plan, according to the prosecutor.
But Zantop told them they should be better pre-
pared for the next survey and said he had a friend
who could help them with research.
When Zantop opened his wallet to give the boys
the friend's business card, a wad of cash poked out,
and Tulloch abruptly reached into a backpack,
grabbed one of the knives and lunged at Zantop,
stabbing him repeatedly in the chest, Ayotte said.
BUSH
Continued from Page 1
While invoking a "right to defend
ourselves" against "this aggression
against our people, against our towns,
our refugee camps," the Cabinet state-
ment said: "From our side, we are
committed without conditions to the
declaration of President Bush."
Israel's foreign ministry welcomed
Powell's visit and promised "to do
everything so that his mission will be
successful." Defense Minister
Binyamin Ben-Eliezer issued a sepa-
rate statement offering cooperation in
ending the violence but adding, "In
the absence of a true willingness to do
the same on the Palestinian side,
Israel will continue in its actions to
stop terror."
There was no immediate reaction
from Israeli Prime Minister Ariel
Sharon, although Sharon agreed to per-
mit a U.S. envoy to meet with the
besieged Arafat.
On Capitol Hill, Senate Majority
Leader Tom Daschle (D-S.D) wel-
comed Bush's announcement, saying,
"After months of violence, this initia-
tive is rightly focused on results."
However, another Democrat, Rep.
Anthony Weiner of New York, called
e Powell's visit "a bow to the bombers."
The violence has threatened to
\ , undercut Bush's anti-terrorism coali-
tion and to delay any plans to move
against Iraq or other nations accused of
harboring terrorists.
Bush warned Syria and Iran against
inciting more terrorism.
"To those who would try to use
the current crisis as an opportunity
to widen the conflict: Stay out,"
Bush said.
Senior administration officials
said Bush decided that last week's
suicide bombings coupled with
" Israel's strong military response
compelled him to restate his public
views and add to them.
FIGHTING
Continued from Page 1
cooperate in U.S. efforts to cease terror
and fire. In the absence of a true will-
ingness to do the same on the Palestin-
ian side, Israel will continue in its
actions to stop terror."
The fall of Nablus yesterday put six
major West Bank cities and towns
under Israeli control, with only two left
unoccupied: Hebron and Jericho. But
Israeli tanks, helicopter gunships and
soldiers struggled to wipe out pockets
of resistance and flush out hundreds of
militants holed up in one of Christiani-
ty's most sacred sites, the Church of
the Nativity in Bethlehem.
Five Palestinians were killed yester-
day, including three gunmen and a man
" who worked as the church's caretaker
and bell ringer: Samir Ibrahim Salman,
a Palestinian Christian. The 45-year-
old man was shot in the chest while
walking to the church, said hospital
director Peter Koumry
Palestinians also accused the Israelis
of blowing open a metal back door lead-

ing to a courtyard in the ancient basili-
ca, breaking a pledge not to damage the
church, built over the traditional birth-
place of Jesus. They said the troops
fired inside, wounding three people.
The Israeli military denied the accusa-
tion but prevented reporters from reach-
ing the church to assess the claims.
Reporters have been ordered to leave all

Pilots have flown through the prohibited airspace protecting the White House
at least 94 times over the past decade, illustrating the challenges of thwarting a ter-
rorist airstrike on the nation's capital.
Even with military jets patrolling the skies, four commercial airliners and a
medical helicopter have crossed into Washington's no-fly zone since the Sept. 11
suicide hijackings, Federal Aviation Administration officials say. The latest was on
Monday.
In most cases, pilots who violated the airspace protecting the White House, vice
presidential mansion and Capitol have gotten penalties less severe than a parking
ticket, an Associated Press review of FAA enforcement records found.
Just a month before the September hijackings, a Mesa Airlines flight strayed
into prohibited airspace. By November, the matter was closed with a warning let-
ter to the pilot - common for most cases.
Security experts say violations of the Washington airspace highlight a key reali-
ty in the fight against terrorism - planes that veer into the zone can crash into
government installations within seconds.

KARACHI, Pakistan
Trial postponed for
suspects in slaying
The trial of four suspects in the slay-
ing of Wall Street Journal reporter
Daniel Pearl was adjourned for a week
shortly after its start today after the
lawyer for a British-born Islamic mili-
tant demanded more documents from
the govenent.
The 0orney for Ahmed Omar
Saeed Sheikh asked the government to
hand over copies of e-mails and photos
sent to authorities announcing Pearl's
abduction, another defense lawyer
said. The trial was then postponed
until April 12.
Paramilitary troops in vehicles mount-,
ed with machine guns guarded the fences
of Karachi Central Jail where Saeed,,29,
and his three co-defendants began their
trial on charges of murder, kidnapping
and terrorism. All four face the death
penalty if convicted.
Relatives of the men were allowed to
enter the courtroom, but journalists
were kept well back by a line of police.
CHICAGO
Andersen dismantled
after Enron scandal
Accounting firm Andersen moved
closer yesterday into transforming itself
into a leaner, audit-oriented outfit by
agreeing to sell much of its U.S. tax
practice to Deloitte & Touche and
preparing for the layoff of as many as
7,000 workers next week.
But the firm also is perilously close

to splintering in the United States as
partners in almost every domestic
office participate in talks to spin out
into their own firms or to bolt in
groups to both larger and smaller
rivals.
The talks range from individual
partners looking to take their book of
clients to a new firm, to industry and
specialty groups within offices look-
ing to make a move en masse, to
groups of Andersen offices looking
to band together to form new region-
al firms.
NEWARK, N.J.
Studies investigate
police racial profiling
In New Jersey, researchers used radar
guns and cameras to examine whether
blacks speed more than whites. In
North Carolina, they got into moving
vehicles and looked out the windows at
speeders. In Florida, students stood on
corners and counted cars.
The national furor over racial profiling
by police has also generated fierce debate
among academics over what is the most
reliable way of detecting the practice.
For police departments suspected of
singling out black and Hispanic
motorists, the political and legal stakes
are high: The highway studies could
exonerate the police or implicate them.
The debate over what some minori-
ties sarcastically call "driving while
black" flared in 1998 after state troopers
opened fire on four black and Hispanic
motorists on the New Jersey Turnpike.
- Compiled.from Daily wire reports.

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NEWS Lisa Koivu, Managing Editor
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