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April 02, 2002 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 2002-04-02

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, April 2, 2002

s

NATION/WORLD

Synagogues burned across Europe NEWS II sBiEF
HEDINE FO* AOND SMR

MARSEILLE, France (AP) - Thousands of Jews
held prayer services yesterday near the charred
remains of a synagogue, bringing an emotional close
to a weekend that forced France and other European
countries to confront the specter of anti-Semitism
linked to Mideast tensions.
In Brussels, a synagogue was damaged by
gasoline bombs, and police in Turkey heightened
security at religious sites amid fears that vio-
lence in the Middle East could take its toll on
European communities.
France deployed riot police at Jewish religious
sites and schools nationwide after the arson
attack late Sunday at Marseille's Or Aviv temple.
The fire destroyed the 20-year-old synagogue,
leaving it a blackened mass of wood and metal.
"We are a peaceful community," said Zvi
Amar, a Jewish leader in Marseille, France's sec-
ond-biggest city. "We don't understand why they
are attacking us"
More than 3,000 people marched in silence to a
cemetery near the burned synagogue. There, they
recited prayers of mourning and buried remnants of
the temple's five holy Torah scrolls, which were
destroyed in the fire.
"I feel a very deep sadness," said Gerald Charbit, a
member of the congregation. But he added: "We are
going to rebuild."
Authorities would not comment on the cause of
the fire and said they did not have any suspects. LCI
television reported the building was doused with
gasoline and set ablaze.
The attack was the third on a synagogue in France

over the Passover-Easter weekend and it embarrassed
the government, which has tried to play down accu-
sations that anti-Semitism is a growing problem in
the country.
President Jacques Chirac visited a synagogue in
the northern port city of Le Havre yesterday to show
his solidarity with the Jewish community.
"These acts are unimaginable, unpardonable and
unspeakable and should be pursued and condemned
as such," he said. "They infuriate France and the
French."
In neighboring Belgium, authorities said attackers
threw gasoline bombs through the windows of a
Brussels synagogue late Sunday, causing a small fire.
There were no injuries or major damage.
The Belgian government promised swift action to
find the arsonists and increased security at Jewish sites.
"Under no circumstances can the situation in
the Middle East be used as a pretext to perpe-
trate such acts of violence and of intolerance
against a community that has always been inte-
grated in our country," Foreign Minister Louis
Michel said
Vandals in the Russian city of Kostroma scrawled
a large black swastika across a synagogue Sunday
night, the latest in a series of anti-Semitic incidents
in the region, NTV television reported.
Jewish leaders in France have complained the gov-
ernment's foreign policy is too pro-Palestinian and
has in the past encouraged attacks on Jewish targets
from among the country's Muslim population. Islam
is France's second-largest religion after Roman
Catholicism.

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan
Al-Qaida operations chief captured

A man captured in Pakistan last week has been positively identified as Abu
Zubaydah, the chief of al-Qaida operations outside Afghanistan and the highest-
ranking lieutenant of Osama bin Laden taken alive since the Sept. 11 terrorist
attacks, according to U.S. and Pakistani officials.
American officials took custody of Zubaydah and some of more than 20 other
suspected al-Qaida operatives from Pakistani authorities Sunday and were preparing
to fly them to an undisclosed U.S. military facility, according to senior U.S. and Pak-
istani intelligence officials, who spoke on condition of anonymity.
Zubaydah was taken prisoner along with the other al-Qaida suspects and about 40
Pakistanis early Thursday from more than a dozen private homes in the east Pakistani
cities of Faisalabad and Lahore. He was shot in the groip and thigh while trying to
escape the Pakistani police and U.S. agents swarming over a home that he shared
with seven or eight other Arab men, according to one Pakistani intelligence official.
U.S. intelligence agents targeted the homes "after multiple weeks of planning,"
one U.S. official said. The Pakistani official said the homes were identified after US.
intelligence intercepted a telephone call from Afghanistan to a residence in Faisal-
abad, an industrial city some 200 miles from the Afghan border. The Pakistani offi-
cial said he did not know who placed the call.

40

The burned main entrance of the La Duchere synagogue
is seen Saturday in Lyon, southeastern France. Vandals
crashed two cars through the main entrance.
A book published last month by a leading French
anti-racism group and Jewish students chronicled
about 400 recent attacks against Jews and Jewish
sites around the country.
The French government argues that its policy
is evenhanded. Earlier this year intellectuals
debated the extent of the problem - and
whether the attacks were anti-Semitic or com-
mon criminal acts.

ALEXANDRIA, Va.
Proof of murder not needed to try Lindh

Bush urges Arafat
to stop bombings

WASHINGTON (AP) - President
Bush appealed yesterday for Palestin-
ian leader Yasser Arafat to order a halt
to the suicide bomb attacks in Israel
and the West Bank. Suicide bombing
in the name of religion is nothing but
terror, Bush said.
But the president stopped short of
applying to Arafat his oft-repeated
statements that those who harbor ter-
rorists are terrorists. He said the Pales-
tinian leader is excepted because of his
past efforts to negotiate peace.
"There will never be peace so long
as there is terror, and all of us must
fight terror. I'd like to see Chairman
Arafat denounce the terrorist activities
that are taking place, the constant
attacks," Bush said during a meeting
with New York's governor, ndNew
York City's mayor.
As for Israeli Prime Minister
Ariel Sharon, Bush urged him to
"keep a pathway to peace'open"
while protecting his nation, and
said he believes Sharon remains
committed to the Tenet and Mitchell
plans for security and peace negoti-
ations. '

"It's important for Israel to under-
stand that," Bush said. "They've signed
onto the Tenet agreement, they've
signed onto the Mitchell plan, and that
is the pathway to peace."
Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld
accused Iran, Iraq and Syria of foment-
ing terrorism in the region. And he
joined Bush in suggesting that Islam is
being perverted by those who use their
religion to justify killing civilians.
"Murderers are not martyrs," Rums-
feld said. "A whole generation of
young people is being taught some-
thing that is totally inconsistent with
that religion."
He specifically accused Iran of
funneling arms to Lebanon for use
by terrorists and criticized Iraq for
offering payments of up to $25,000
to the families of Palestinian sui-
cide bombers.
Bush spoke as members of the
Senate turned up pressure on him to
get more directly involved in the
Middle East peace process.
He said those critics "must have
not been with me in Crawford
(Texas) when I was on the phone all

AP iPHU
President Bush talks with reporters
yesterday in the Oval Office about what
his ideas for peace in the Middle East.
morning long" talking to leaders in
the region.
White House spokesman Ari
Fleischer said Bush would step in
himself to hold face-to-face meet-
ings "if it becomes the president's
judgment that that is the final step
that would achieve something that
leads to peace."

Islamic
leaders ask
for U.N.
sanctions
KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia (AP) -
Islamic countries at a major meeting
on terrorism were split yesterday about
whether to condemn Palestinian
suicide bombers as terrorists, but were
united in condemning Israel's widening
offensive into Palestinian territory.
The delegates passed a unanimous
resolution accusing Israel of "dragging
the region toward an all-out war" and
calling for U.N. sanctions to deter
Israeli military action.
Fault lines appeared immediately as
the Palestinian representative dis-
agreed with Malaysian Prime Minister
Mahathir Mohamad, the meeting's
host, who said that suicide' bombers
killing Israeli civilians should be con-
demned.
"It is not necessary to condemn.he
suicide bombers, because we have to
take into consideration the reasons
behind somebody willing to lose his
life," Palestinian Foreign Minister
Farouk Kaddoumi told reporters at the
conference in Kuala Lumpur,
Malaysia.
Israel's occupation of Palestinian
territories is "the highest and worst
kind of terrorism, and the human
being, if he sacrifices his life - there
must be a reason," Kaddoumi said.
"The reason is state terrorism."
Deputy Foreign Minister Ivica
Misic of Bosnia-Herzegovina, chief of
his country's anti-terrorism team, dis-
agreed.
"I don't care about race or religion,"
Ivica said. "I agree that if a person
kills or harms a civilian he is a terror-
ist, no matter how noble his struggle
may be."
Malaysian Foreign Minister Syed
Hamid Albar said later that Mahathir's
comments should not be taken out of
context, and that the Malaysian leader
believed the suicide bombers acted in
response to Israeli aggression.
MIDEAST
Continued from Page 1
Palestinian officials said that Israeli
soldiers used 60 Palestinian civilians as
human shields in front of the tanks
before the assault. Army spokesman
Olivier Rafowicz "categorically
denied" the charges. Israel banned
reporters from the scene, and there was
no independent confirmation.
In a statement, the Israeli military
said many "leaders responsible for the
recent wave of terrorism" were holed
up in the building and had ignored an
ultimatum to surrender.
Since the latest Israeli offensive
began Friday with an assault on Yasser
Arafat's compound in Ramallah, Israeli
forces have arrested about 700 suspect-
ed militants, said military spokesman
Brig. Gen. Ron Kitrey.
Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon
Peres told MSNBC that Israel does not
plan to occupy the Palestinian areas.
"We are in the territories for three or
four weeks. We don't intend to occupy
the places," Peres said, adding that
Israel does not intend to dismantle the
Palestinian Authority or harm Arafat.
Snurred hv wawv of blAdv uiide

Prosecutors do not have to prove that American-born Taliban John Walker Lindh
personally killed CIA agent Johnny Micheal Spann or other Americans, but only that
he participated in a broad conspiracy with the Taliban, a federal judge said yesterday.
Responding to defense requests for thousands of documents related to Lindh's
captivity in Afghanistan, U.S. District Judge T.S. Ellis noted that the young man is
charged with engaging in a broad conspiracy.
"You are not required toshow that he shot at Americans," the judge told prose-
cutors at a hearing on a variety of requests for information by Lindh's attorneys.
Assistant U.S. Attorney John Davis told the judge "there is no allegation of per-
sonal involvement" by Lindh in the killing of Spann, a CIA agent who was slain
during a prison uprising in Afghanistan at which Lindh was present.
Lindh's lawyers have said their ,client was held under horrific conditions
after his capture in Afghanistan, and they have argued that any statements he
made during that period should not be admissible. In papers filed last Friday,
the government denied this, saying that his food and medical care equaled that
of U.S. soldiers.

0

VIEQUES, Puerto Rico
U.S. Navy resumes
Puerto Rico bombing
U.S. Navy planes began dropping inert
bombs yesterday on the firing range here
for the first time since October, as mili-
tary police handcuffed and detained five
women who entered Navy land.
Although the protests surrounding
what is expected to be three weeks of war
exercises have been muted since the
Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, small bands of
demonstrators have launched protests on
the outlying Puerto Rican island since
this weekend, erecting barricades and
holding vigils. Outside the Navy's Camp
Garcia yesterday, one pro-statehood
demonstrator carrying a U.S. flag was
showing his support of the Navy when a
woman raced toward him and punched;
him in the face. Within minutes, a crowd
opposing the Navy's presence surround-
ed and began beating him. 3
Police pulled the crowd off the man
and took him away to the police station
for his own protection, Police Col.
Cesar Gracia said.
KARACHI, Pakistan
Pearl kidnappers ask
court for public trial
Four men accused of kidnapping
and killing Wall Street Journal
reporter Daniel Pearl are challenging
the government's decision to try them
behind prison walls, arguing yester-
day that a closed trial violates Pak-
istani law. Ahmed Omar Saeed
Sheikh, accused of masterminding the

Jan. 23 kidnapping, and three accom-
plices are scheduled for trial April 5
before an anti-terrorism court on
charges of murder, kidnapping and
terrorism. Citing security reasons, the
government ordered the trial be held
at the jail. In a written application,
the four urged that the high court here
in Sindh province order the trial to be
held in an open courtroom.
Two high court judges will hear the
motion Thursday - a day before the
murder and kidnapping trial starts in
Karachi's Central Jail.
WASHINGTON
Three-strikes law
under tough scrutiny
The Supreme Court said yesterday
it.will use the cases of two petty
thieves sentenced to at least 25 years
in prison for shoplifting videotapes
and stealing golf clubs to decide
how far states can go in applying
tough three-strikes-and-you're-out
sentencing laws.
The court's answer could settle
whether states violate the Constitution's
ban on cruel or unusual punishment
when they use the laws to win long sen-
tences for minor offenses that otherwise
might result in just a few months
behind bars.
The court agreed to hear two cases
from California, which has the coun-
try's strictest three-strikes law.
Forty states lengthen sentences of
repeat criminals; 26 of the 40 have a
three-strikes provision.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.

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