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January 22, 2002 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 2002-01-22

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2A - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, January 22, 2002

NATION/WORLD

Israelis take over West Bank town

TULKAREM, West Bank (AP) --
Israeli troops searched homes and trad-
ed fire with Palestinians as the military
took over an entire Palestinian town yes-
terday, a first in 16 months of fighting
and another blow to beleaguered Pales-
tinian leader Yasser Arafat.
Stepping up its actions, Israel sent
tanks into a neighborhood in the West
Bank town of Nablus early today.
In the first incursion, dozens of tanks
rumbled through the streets of Tulka-
rem, emptied by a military curfew.
Troops firing tank-mounted machine
guns fought with Palestinian militiamen
and rounded up suspected militants.
The exchanges of gunfire went on
through the night. Three Palestinians

were killed and 23 wounded in clashes
in Tulkarem and in the West Bank town
of Ramallah.
Israel said the seizure was in response
to lethal attacks on Israelis and that it
was doing the job Arafat failed to do -
rounding up militants.
In the second incursion, Israeli tanks
drove within one-third of a mile of
Nablus' city center before dawn today:
Residents heard sporadic gunfire, but
apparently there was no heavy Palestin-
ian resistance.
A Palestinian security official said he
was informed by Israeli counterparts
that the Nablus raid was limited in
scope, unlike the Tulkarem operation.
There was no immediate comment by

the Israeli military. However, Israeli
government officials have said that in
addition to Tulkarem, other Palestinian
towns might be targeted.
The Palestinians accused Israeli
Prime Minister Ariel Sharon of trying to
bring down Arafat and destroy all
prospects for a resumption of peace
talks.
A defiant Arafat said the Palestinians
would resist the Israeli incursion, saying
Israel "crossed all the red lines" by tak-
ing over Tulkarem.
"Our people will never keep silence
about all of these Israeli attacks," he told
visitors at his headquarters in the West
Bank town of Ramallah, which has been
surrounded by Israeli tanks since Friday.

In a rare reference to his own mortali-
ty, Arafat also suggested he might not
be around to see the establishment of a
Palestinian state. "I swear to God I will
see the Palestinian state, as a martyr or
while still alive," Arafat said.
Israel's Cabinet has not formally
decided to try to topple Arafat, and gov-
ernment officials have said the latest
actions were intended to pressure him to
crack down on militants.
Israel has raided Palestinian-ruled
areas many times since fighting broke
out in September 2000. However, yes-
terday marked the first time Israel took
control of an entire major Palestinian
town since Palestinian self-rule began in
1994.

$4.5 b1llion pledged to Mghanistan

EWDELHI, India
U.S. cultural center attacked; 3 killed
Attackers opened fire at police officers guarding a U.S. government cultural
center in Calcutta today, killing at least three people, police said.
Seven others - including six police and a private security guard - were
wounded. No one was in the building when the shootout occurred, police offi-
cials said.
Police in Calcutta said an undetermined number of attackers fired at local
police officers in front of the building, known as the American Center, at 6:30
a.m. then fled.
U.S. Embassy officials in New Delhi said there could be several casualties, but
declined to give more details.
The American Center is a U.S. government building housing a library, a pub-
lic affairs office and the press section, and a wing where cultural programs are
held.
Police said there was no indication who the attackers were.
The attack comes slightly more than a month after an assault on the Indian
Parliament that left 14 people dead. India blamed two Pakistan-based Islamic
militant groups for the attack, which touched off a diplomatic clash that put
India and Pakistan on a war footing.
WASHINGTON
Bush announces new federal scholarships
President Bush honored Martin Luther King Jr. yesterday by announcing the
creation of new federal scholarships encouraging young people to study educa-
tion and public policy.
Bush, who has said "education is the great civil rights issue of our time," used
the King holiday to renew his emphasis on improving schools. The administra-
tion also said it will propose increasing federal funding for colleges and universi-
ties that traditionally attract black and Hispanic students by $12 million over
current levels.
The president nodded along as a quartet of students from Texas Southern Uni-
versity recited King's "I Have a Dream" speech. King's widow, his son, Martin
Luther King III, and daughter, the Rev. Bernice King, presented Bush with a por-
trait of the slain civil rights leader. "I can't wait to hang it," Bush said.
Assassinated in 1968 at age 39, King would have turned 73 last Tuesday.
The King scholarships will go to "promising students all across America,"
Bush said in the East Room to a crowd of some 200 administration officials, for-
eign ambassadors and civil rights leaders.

TOKYO (AP) - Pledges of aid to Afghanistan
exceeded a $1.7 billion U.N. estimate of how much the
country will require over the next year, but officials at
an international conference warned today the challenge
now is seeing the money gets to where it needs to go.
As the second day of the conference got under way
today Japan's state-run television network, NHK, and
Kyodo News Service said $4.5 billion in aid had been
pledged. Official figures were to be released later in the
day, and officials refused to comment before that.
The United States, Japan and the European Union
opened the meeting by offering about half of the more
than $2.6 billion in pledges, which will go into effect at
different times.
But other contributions were smaller, such as $5
million promised by Turkey. Sdme countries gave no

figures at all. At least 25 countries indicated they
would contribute.
Few details were given about the rules for spending
the aid money. Often, donor countries require their aid
be used to buy goods from companies in those coun-
tries. Private aid groups have expressed concerns about
such conditions.
"I regard it as a very, very good start," World Bank
President James Wolfensohn said today. "I think the
important thing is to get things moving forward in an
atmosphere of uncertainty."
An initial needs assessment prepared by the World
Bank and two other international organization estimat-
ed that $1.7 billion would be needed to pay for the first
year of reconstruction.
"We all know that it's going to be tough to make

sure that the money gets to the place that it should go,"
Wolfensohn said. "But I think with a proper transpar-
ent system, with a lot of auditing, with accounting,
there's a fair chance that we'll get most of the money
where it's supposed to go."
Briefing reporters today, a senior U.S. delegation
official agreed that pledges in Tokyo for the first year
"exceeded expectations."
He added, however, that managers of the global aid
drive would have to lean on some countries to give
more.
Donations fell short of the $10 billion, five-year goal
that was floated by U.N. Secretary-General Kofi
Annan during his opening address yesterday.
But that was mainly because none of the big donors
made a pledge spanning more than three years.
BETA
*da Continued from Page IA
its house.
"I'm happy the situation conclud-
ed," said Beta Theta Pi President
Mike Basford, who added that the
fraternity will be taking itself off of
social probation but future social
events will be held at third-party
vendors such as bars or clubs.
"It affects every one of us," Bas-
ford said. "Being labeled as a rapist
isn't anything anyone should have
to go through."
Some fraternity members are
upset by the negative attention paid
to the fraternity in light of the rape
accusations.
"Both girls were very young,
both very drunk, and both very
unaccountable for their actions,"
said Mark Levine, a member of
Beta Theta Pi.
Last week, the fraternity chapter
met with representatives from Beta
Theta Pi's national organization
regarding changes to the rush
process. Mike Kokkinen, the frater-
nity's national risk management
director, said an internal investiga-
tion of the allegationfs has been
concluded, and the fraternity is
undergoing a re-dedication process.
"We're changing the way we
recruit," said Brad Coppens, a mem-
ber of Beta Theta Pi and executive
vice president of the Interfraternity
Council. "It's recruitment the way
it's meant to be done."
Coppens said the house will
focus on recruitment on a personal
level and with low-key social
events. In the past, the fraternity
has relied on parties as a recruiting
tool.
Coppens said the fraternity is
moving on from the events of last
semester. "This type of event will
happen again, and has happened in
the past. ... It's over now." He cited
a Greek peer education program as
one step the Greek community is
taking in response to the incident.
Coppens said fraternity members
will work in cooperation with the
Sexual Assault Prevention and
Awareness Center to educate frater-
nity members about sexual assault.
SThiswas not the first time the
fraternity was in trouble with the
AAPD. In 1997, police investigated
an alleged rape at the fraternity, but
the victim did not press charges. In
1998 an undercover AAPD sting
caught Beta Theta Pi and two other
fraternities distributing alcohol to
minors.
ECONOMY
Continued from Page IA
the Federal Reserve's decisions to
increase or cut interest rates.
Schmitz agreed, saying he
believed sentiment could improve if
there is "continued confidence that
our efforts in the fight against ter-
rorism continue to get better."

"The current situation isn't great
- that was reflected in holiday
sales and there's still a lot of bad
news out there. The challenge is to
change anticipation into reality,"
Schmitz added.
The preliminary index is based
on telephone interviews with about
250 Americans across the country.

WASH INGTON
Accountants share
blame for collapse
A fired auditor has told congression-
al investigators that Enron and its
accounting firm share the blame for the
partnership arrangements that helped
drive the energy gianit into bankruptcy.
Former Arthur Andersen auditor.
David Duncan "did not point the finger
at Enron; it was more of 'we made mis-
takes,"' Rep. Jim Greenwood, chairman
of the House Subcommittee on Over-
sight and Investigations, said yesterday.
Duncan "did not sit there and say
'Enron hid all this information from us
and therefore we couldn't count right,"'
said Greenwood (R-Pa.).
Fired over the destruction of thou-
sands of Enron-related documents,
Duncan underwent questioning by con-
gressional investigators yesterday
about Enron's partnerships which for
several years kept hundreds of millions
of dollars of debt off the company's
books.
GOMA, Congo
Lava causes blast at
gas station; 30 killed
Lava touched off a massive explosion
and a series of fireballs at a gas station
yesterday, killing at least 30 people
scavenging for fuel. Still, residents
picked their way across hardening slabs
of lava, returning home to this town
demolished by a volcanic eruption.
With most of the tens of thousands
who fled last week's eruption already
returned, a volcano expert declared the

area reasonably safe despite continuing
earth tremors. He said there were no
indications Mount Nyiragongo would
erupt again soon and that all lava flows
had halted.
Residents scoured cooling tongues of
lava for scorched sheets of corrugated
iron to use as roofs for makeshift
dwellings. Lava destroyed about 40 per-
cent of the city at the head of Lake
Kivu, but yesterday the street's once
again teemed with people, and many
shops were open.
KANDAHAR, Afghanistan
Lindh to arive in
U.S. to face charges
John Walker Lindh, the young
American found fighting alongside the
Taliban, will likely leave today for the
United States, where he faces trial on
charges of conspiring to kill fellow
countrymen, U.S. officials said.
Lindh will be flown from the USS
Bataan in the northern Arabian Sea
where he has being held, the officials
said on condition of anonymity. The
officials would give few details, saying
Lindh would stop somewhere in the
region - most likely at the U.S. base
at the southern Afghan city of Kanda-
har - before continuing on to his final
destination.
U.S. government officials have said
Lindh would be handed over to the
Department of Justice and the federal
court district in northern Virginia,
where a Frenchman, Zacarias Mous-
saoui, is-awaiting trial for alleged com-
plicity in the Sept. 11 terror attacks.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.

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