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September 05, 2001 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 2001-09-05

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The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, September 5, 2001- 3A


U. Florida stops
offering financial
aid based on race
GAINESVILLE, Fla. - The Uni-
versity of Florida Foundation
announced last week that UF will no
longer award scholarships based on
"Scholarships are only one part of
a comprehensive strategy the univer-
sity is using to ensure our student
body can remain diverse," Florida
Provost David Colburn said in a
Colburn said strong recruiting
efforts, strengthening relationships
with partner high schools and
Wimproving the campus climate would
ensure UF is welcoming to all stu-
dents. .Because significant modifica-
tions nave been made during the past
few years to make scholarships non-
race exclusive to meet federal regula-
tions, the scholarships in question are
those that use race as a preference
and not a requirement.
Students who currently receive
*assistance through any minority pro-
gram will not be affected by the deci-
While the enrollment of black and
Hispanic students is projected at
7,728 this year, an all-time high, the
number for each group has decreased
in-comparison to last fall. At this
time last year, 819 black students
were enrolled. But this year, only 461
are enrolled; Hispanic enrollment is
down to 711 from 838 last year.
Utah State awaits
birth of cloned
cow in November
LOGAN, Utah - The animal sci-
ence department at Utah State Uni-
versity began researching cloning in
1992 and are now.expecting the birth
of a cloned cow in November. The
department has been working on the
project in collaboration with another
group in the Boise area.
"It's really got the potential to have
a tremendous impact on mankind
directly, not just for the agricultural
perspective," said Dr. Kenneth
White, a professor of reproductive
biology in the animal and veterinary
science department, who heads the
-He said the group has had success
in-the past with cows and sheep, but
more recent projects involving rab-
bits and an endangered breed of wild
sheep have not been successful.
The project is receiving funding
through a National Institute of Health
grant from a company called X-Y
Genetics, whose goal is to identify
production traits like milk and better
*Oarcasses for leather.
Vanderbilt eases
penalty for beer
in residence halls
NASHVILLE, Tenn.- An under-
age student drinking a beer in his or
her dorm room and caught by a resi-
dent advisor will face a lesser penal-
ty this year than in years past.
If this happened last year, the con-
4equences would have included pro-
bation for a semester and a letter to

the students parents.
-But this year, students, including
first offenders and student organiza-
tions, who drink illegally will face a
softer sentence thanks to a revised
alcohol policy.
The new policy has several
qlhanges and new sanctions, the most
bvious being a letter of reprimand
in lieu of probation for first-time
The new policy only applies to
those students under the age of 21'
Who possess or consume alcohol.
Those who are caught intoxicated
yvill end up on probation.
R.1. college chief
shares home with
displaced students
NEWPORT, R.I. - The president
of Salve Regina University has come
up with an unusual solution to the
school's housing crunch - she's
invited four freshmen to bunk with
The four women, who begin class-
es today, will be living in chambers
f the president's house normally
reserved for distinguished alumni
and special guests.
Housing officials at this 1,800-stu-
dent Roman Catholic school said
they were left more than 20 beds shy
of what they need for the school year,

By Elizabeth Kas
Daily Staff Reporter

researcher punished for misconduct.


The University has suspcnded one of its clinical
researchers after an internal investigation revealed
a number of regulatory infractions in his research.
The investigation, conducted by a committee of
three physicians who spent 3,000 hours reviewing
materials, uncovered infractions in five separate
clinical trials conducted by Alfred Chang, a profes-
sor of surgery.
According to the investigation, Chang admitted
13 patients into trials after they were closed, failed
to correctly record informed consent documents,
altered the studies without proper consent, and
failed to report adverse events or did not report
them soon enough.
Chang's misunderstanding of basic rules and
regulations, as well as his compassion for his
patients, led him to break some of the guidelines
for clinical research, said Executive Vice President
for Medical Affairs Gilbert Omenn.
Chang's research centered around immunothera-
py - attempting to cure advanced cancer by taking
a sample of a patient's cancer and creating a vac-
cine for it.

While Chang had good intentions and his
research may have helped a number of patients, the
quantity and frequencies of the infractions was
cause for concern, Omenn said.
"In my opinion, these omissions did not impact
on the safety of the patients
who entered these trials and
were appropriate based on the
state of medical knowledge at
that time," Chang said in a
written statement, adding that
he now understands the errors
he made.
There is no evidence that
any patients died as a result of
any of Chang's treatments,
Chang Omenn said. Rather, Chang's
research may have saved the lives of some of his
Chang's suspension follows the recent deaths of
several human subjects involved in clinical trials at
the University of Pennsylvania and Johns Hopkins
University. These incidents have increased scrutiny
on research concerning gene therapy.
"The situation here is quite different from those
tragedies," Omenn said.

Chang's former patients praised him and
expressed skepticism at the University's actions.
"He was the only person who had offered me
any kind of hope. Everyone else had told me to get
my affairs in order because I was going to die,"
said Susan Wolf Sternberg, one of Chang's former
patients. Sternberg entered one of Chang's trials
after having been diagnosed with metastasized ter-
minal kidney cancer and credits his treatment as
theeason for her nine years in remission.
"I am very distressed," Sternberg said. "My
experience with him has been nothing but posi-
William Lubs, another former patient, echoed
Sternberg's sentiments.
"I -felt like I certainly had good care while I was
there, and I was delighted with the outcome," said
Lubs, who had an orange-sized tumor in his kidney
and was told more than five years ago that he had
only six to 12 months to live.
"I hope they investigated thoroughly and did
what's appropriate, but my outcome was certainly
better than anticipated," Lubs said.
Vice President for Research Fawwaz Ulaby said
the University's actions were fitting considering the
errors Chang made.

"Our review of Dr. Chang's research protocols
has been comprehensive, and the sanctions
imposed by the University are appropriate to the
types of problems we found," Ulaby said in a writ-
ten statement.
Chang will be able to continue his work as a sur-
geon but will be barred from conducting research
with human subjects until Oct. 20, 2003. The three-
year suspension is retroactive to Oct. 20, 2000,
when the University officially suspended Chaixg's
research. Chang will be required to receive instruc-
tion in research regulations before his privileges as
a clinical researcher are reinstated.
"We want to support Fred as someone we care
deeply about but at the same time we do not excuse
the errors that he made," University Medical
School Dean Allen Lichter said in a written state-
Omenn said the actions resulting from the inves-
tigation are a testament to the University's dedica-
tion to protecting human patients in research
Though Chang himself cannot lead research pro-
jects, his research has not reached a dead end,
Omenn said. Thirty other researchers are conduct-
ing similar projects at the University.

Just for kicks

Pollsci P1
By Jeremy W. Peters
Daily News Editor
The University lost one of its
most esteemed faculty members
last month after complications from
a blood clot claimed the life of
Prof. Harold
He was 72.
Jacobson, or:
"Jake" as he was
known to family-
and friends, had
just entered his
first summer of
retirement after a
career at the
University that Jacobson
began in 1957.
"He was the best person on any
committee I ever saw," said Prof.
William Zimmerman, director of
the Center for Political Studies.
"He was just a joy to watch. He was
smart and wise and also shrewd." In
addition to being a close friend,
Zimmerman also co-authored two
books with Jacobson.
In political science circles,

rof. jake
ood clot
Jacobson was widely known for his
vast knowledge on the subject cf
international organization adl
world politics. As the author of
numerous books and articles, hy
left his mark on the study of inter-
national affairs.
"The main thing he did as mucb
as anybody was to re-link internal
tional law and organization with
main trends in political science;'
Zimmerman said.
He also served as president of the,
International Studies Association,
an influential research organizatioft
for world politics with consulting
status to the United Nations, and
vice president of the International
Political Science Association.
In addition to serving as a profes-
sor, Jacobson was also heavily
involved with the Institute foi
Social Research where he served as
acting director from 1992 to 1995
From 1990 to 1992, he was the
interim associate vice president for
international affairs at the Universi,
"He was really a fixture around
here," Zimmerman said.

Adam Nolan, 12, right and Ted Belanger, 12, both of Ann Arbor, toss around soccer balls near Ocker Field Sunday.

Bars rush to obtain
new liquor licenses

,__ .

ROYAL OAK (AP) - Nine new
restaurants and bars are hoping to
set up shop in Royal Oak, but some
worry that the city's downtown is
becoming too centered on alcohol.
One proposal would replace a
hardware store with a brew pub.
Another would put a pizza bistro in
a former art gallery. In addition,
two hotel projects, awaiting financ-
ing, also plan to have bar service.
The rush to serve alcohol is
reviving worries by some retailers
and residents that the city caters to
bar patrons at the expense of keep-
ing a more balanced business mix.
The city has 38 active liquor
licensees, according to the Michi-
gan Liquor Control Commission.
Gayle Harte, who owns Gayles
Chocolates, said she thinks the
nightly bar crowd does little for her
business. "I don't need more drunks
I have to kick out of here."
But civic leaders say downtown
Royal Oak should expand its restau-
rant space from 176,000 to 201,000'
square feet, citing a city-sponsored
consultant's survey.
And the city expected the restau-
rant rush after lifting a six-year
moratorium on new liquor licenses

"I don't need more
drunks I have to
kick out of here."
- Gayle Harte
Royal Oak bar owner
in May, said Planning Director Tim
In its place is a new ordinance
with specific criteria for approving
new bars.
Deputy City Attorney James
Marcinkowski said applicants must
show they will provide "overwhelm-
ing benefit to the city."
Bob Donohue, a principal planner
for Oakland County Planning and
Economic Development Services;
said new bars and restaurants may
not be a bad thing if the city attracts
high-class businesses.
Donohue told the Detroit Free
Press for a story yesterday that he
had advised the city to drop its
moratorium, then write a tough
ordinance to let in liquor licensees
who will lure upscale, older patrons
to town.


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