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October 09, 2001 - Image 7

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 2001-10-09

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I

The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, October 9, 2001 - 7

Taliban supporters riot
Los Angeles limes demonstration in the capital, Islamabad. Quetta and Peshawar. which have lar
"He has betrayed the blood of the Afghan refugee populations. By far th
QUETTA, Pakistan --- Thousands of' nation's martyrs." most violent response took placei

ie
the
in

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I

supporters of Afghanistan's Taliban
regime rampaged through this south-
western Pakistani city for hours yester-
day, setting fire to three movie houses,
the city's main police station, shops,
banks and a U.N. compound and show-
ering police with rocks and bricks.
Smaller demonstrations aimed at the
United States and Pakistani President
Pervez Musharraf swept through other
cities as hard-line religious groups
reacted to the U.S.-led attacks on
Afghanistan.
"Musharraf is a traitor," said Mirza
Bajwa, 33, a student at International
Islamic University who took part in a

At a news conference yesterday,
Musharraf acknowledged the militant
opposition but insisted that the "vast
majority" of the population backed his
decision to join the U.S.-led anti-terror-
ism coalition.
The Taliban's ambassador to Pakistan
decried the coalition's military opera-
tions as "terrorist attacks." Abdul
Salam Zaeef claimed that more than 20
civilians in the Afghan capital, Kabul,
were killed in Sunday's attacks.
Demonstrations also were -held yes-
terday in the Pakistani cities of Karachi,
Rawalpindi and Lahore. But the angri-
est crowds were in the frontier cities of

Quetta, a provincial capital that has
become a hotbed of Taliban supporters.
After failing to subdue the Quetta
mobs with baton charges and volleys of
tear gas, special paramilitary troops
opened fire with automatic weapons,
killing at least one protester and seri-
ously wounding four others. By
evening, an uneasy calm had taken
hold.
The demonstrators, looking to attack
symbols of the international communi-
ty, tried twice to charge the main hotel
housing the foreign news corps but
were kept back by ranks of police using
tear gas.

October 7-10, 2001
9:00 AM-8:00 PM

Eastern Michigan University
Convocation. Center

ATTACKS
Continued from Page 1
iban radio told residents to close the blinds on their windows
and remain indoors. A Taliban-friendly news agency said an
airport and TV transmission tower were targeted and a bomb
landed near a 400-bed women's hospital - reports that were
not confirmed by the Pentagon.
Bush, speaking shortly before the second day's assaults
began, said the opening volley "was executed as planned."
Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld had a more modest
assessment.
"We cannot yet state with certainty that we destroyed the
dozens of military command and control and leadership tar-
gets we selected," Rumsfeld said.
The military campaign is aimed at punishing the Taliban for
harboring bin Laden, the man accused of plptting the Sept. 11
attacks on New York and Washington that left more than
5,500 people dead or missing.
U.S. officials lifted any doubt that they wanted the Taliban
overthrown. "The only way that the Afghan people are going
to be successful in heaving the terrorist network, out of their
country is to be successful against ... that portion of the Tal-

iban and the Taliban leadership that are so closely linked to
the Al-Qaida," Rumsfeld said.
He said the United States was working with the northern
alliance and tribes in the south who oppose the Taliban.
Sen. Carl Levin (D-Mich.), chairman of the Senate Armed
Services Committee, said after a Pentagon briefing that the
U.S. military is engaged in a war of attrition "in which the
Afghan opposition can gain enough strength and we can
weaken the Taliban enough so a broad-based group can take
on the Taliban."
As lawmakers were briefed, U.S. strikes were sending thou-
sands of Afghan refugees in flight from Kabul, their posses-
sions strapped to donkeys. The line of hungry, scared Afghans
crossed paths with northern alliance fighters.
The soldiers were moving Soviet-made Scud missiles south
toward the capital, apparently preparing for an offensive on
Kabul under the protection of U.S. airstrikes.
Other aerial strikes were under way on the Taliban strong-
hold of Kandahar,. according to a Taliban official who refused
to be identified by name.
The warnings didn't stop New York City from conducting a
flag-waving Columbus Day parade. "We're going ahead with
our lives," Mayor Rudolph Giuliani said.

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STRATEGY
Continued from Page 2.
The aerial attacks that marked the
1 first phase of the war began Sunday
and are expected to last three to five
days.
Their objective is to punish the Tal-
iban government, by undercutting its
power, and destroying the terrorist net-
work inside Afghanistan.
But Rumsfeld and other Pentagon
officials have made it clear they under-
stand the limits of air power in a coun-
try that after two decades of war has
few "high-value targets" standing.
The buildup will begin with the
movement of 1,000 soldiers from the
Army's 10th Mountain Division to join
the 1,000 already in Central Asia.
Additional troops will come from
posts in the United States, but some
almost certainly will be pulled out of
the U.S. peacekeeping missions in
Bosnia and Kosovo, those officials
added.
Other NATO countries are expected
to send replacement troops to keep the
Balkans operations fully staffed.
"In the next week, you'll see people
start moving," one official familiar
with the planned movement said.
Rumsfeld signed the order for the
troop movement on Friday night,
another official said, adding, "They
will probably deploy, but it isn't clear
what they'll do."

AFG HAN ISTAN
Continued from Page 1
concentrations of rebel troops.
Opposition leaders said several
prominent Taliban commanders
agreed to switch sides yesterday and
would bring 1,000 fighters with them.
But there were few other signs that
the explosive force of the Anglo-Amer-
ican coalition had unraveled Taliban
resolve. While some low-ranking Tal-
iban officers were unnerved enough to
defect, others made clear that they
remained unbowed. "The United States
is the enemy of all Muslims," one Tal-
iban post commander said by two-way
radio last night when his rebel counter-
part here in the hills overlooking the
Shomali Plain called to suggest he
come over to the other side. "They want
to destroy all Muslims. We have only
begun the jihad against America."
At about noon yesterday, U.S. surveil-
lance aircraft detected four Taliban Mi-
17 helicopter gunships attempting to
escape from an air field in Afghanistan's
Paktia province to Pakistan's North-
West Frontier Province, which has cul-
tural and religious ties to the Taliban.
One helicopter disappeared from the
surveillance tracking, but three landed
in the remote Kurram Valley just inside
Pakistan, according to officials here.
The helicopter crews told local trib-
al leaders they were hoping to protect
the aircraft from the U.S. attacks, offi-

cials said. Pakistani military officials
arrived at the site late yesterday and
detained the crew members.
Rebels said Taliban leaders have
protected their troops in Kabul by
moving them to the front lines north of
the city at night, both to avoid bombs
and missiles aimed at the city and to
forestall any offensive by rebel forces.
One rebel outpost at the front line in
Rabat spotted more than 100 vehicles
carrying Taliban troops out of the city
Sunday night. At daybreak yesterday,
after the U.S. air assault ended for the
night, the Taliban troops were trans-
ported back into the city.
The Northern Alliance fired into the
mountain village of Estalif last night
after hearing that senior Taliban lead-
ers and perhaps even Saudi-born ter-
rorist Osama bin Laden might be
holed up there for the night, according
to a'front-line rebel commander. How-
ever, there was no confirmation that
bin Laden was present.
Rebel officials insist that for the
United States to succeed in
Afghanistan, the Americans must
coordinate more with rebel forces. But
Almaz, the top rebel commander,
added that he was confident the two
sides would work together to push the
Taliban out of Kabul. "We're very
happy that strong enemies will be
destroyed," he said. "We expect that
when the fighting is finished, the Tal-
iban will be uprooted."

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PFI
Continued from Page 1
Arbor is unique. "Many of our other sites are not in a position
where they have to acquire land to grow," she said.
There are still some kinks - both on the side of the compa-
ny and on the side of the city - that must be worked out
before Pfizer starts the expansion.
The biggest issue facing the possible agreement is a tax
break Pfizer has proposed to the city. The company is asking
for a 50 percent abatement on the potential $800 million it
said it may invest over the next six to 12 years.
The abatement would decrease the company's cost of doing
business in Michigan and is the key to future relationships
between Ann Arbor and Pfizer.
If the abatement is not approved, Pfizer would be forced to
look at land and proposals in other areas, said David Canter,
the senior vice president of Pfizer Global Research and direc-
tor of the Ann Arbor Laboratories. "The frustration is that if
we continue to invest and then suddenly we cannot build any
further without knocking down something that is already
there, it is just an endless vicious circle," Canter said. "I would
have 'to look seriously at alternative options, and they do not

necessarily involve the city of Ann Arbor."
Canter wouldn't comment on whether the alternative options
would involve the complete relocation of Pfizer from Ann
Arbor and added that Pfizer's current economic contribution to
the area would greatly increase if the abatement is approved.
The benefits of the company's expansion, Canter said,
include $450,000 per year in additional property taxes and
additional capital circulating in the local economy that would
stem from the additional 600 jobs.
Dan Matthews, from the Plante & Moran accounting firm,
estimated that over the next 15 years, the additional jobs could
result in a total economical impact of more than $200 million.
Matthews added the figure was a grossly conservative esti-
mate. But council members argued that despite benefits, there
will be costs, including problems which currently have no pro-
posed solutions, such as increased traffic and property values.
"The city is pretty much built out," said Councilwoman
Jean Carlberg (D-3rd Ward).
Councilman Stephen Hartwell (D-4th Ward) said nobody
on the council is jumping to conclusions about the benefits
and costs of the proposed plan.
"As far as I know, no one has really formed a strong opinion
in any way," he said.

'SEARCH
Continued from Page 1
for the transition," Maynard said.
"We're very appreciative of the work
that Lee did," she said, adding she
hopes the next president will share
many of Bollinger's admirable qualities.
Maynard would not say whether the
regents have any presidential candi-
dates in mind.
Regent David Brandon (R-Ann
Arbor) said while the search nominees
will remain confidential until the list is
narrowed down to a few candidates,

the regents will take into account pub-
lic opinion while searching for the
next president.
"There's a lot of people stating a lot
of opinions and we want to hear them
all," he said.
As the University's administration
bids farewell to Bollinger, students at
Columbia University are trying to
learn more about the man whom they
will soon welcome as their president.
Eric Thomas, vice president of pro-
gramming for the Columbia College
student council, said he had heard little
about Bollinger prior to last week.

"I have done some research since
then and I do like what I hear very
much. He appears to be a 'students'
president' and that is what Columbia
is in desperate need of."
Thomas said while he looks forward
to spending his senior year at Colum-
bia with Bollinger in charge, he ques-
tioned whether a more public search
would have produced different results.
"The search did continue in a rather
unfortunate Columbia vein of closed
doors and need-to-know processes," he
said. "I'm just glad that outcome
seems favorable."

RALLIES
Continued from Page 1
YAF's protest after he found out yesterday morning that the
anti-war coalition was holding a rally.
A larger group gathered later in the day for another anti-
- . 1it., *Tt"1 Ar 1, i- 4 Zii. , t fnr n~

son, an LSA junior and executive director of YAF During
the second rally, the students drew a chalk line on the
ground to symbolize this division.
"The peaceniks on campus are trying to find a middle
ground, but on this issue, there is no middle ground," Wilson
said. "Protesting the war effort will only prolong it," he added.
"Thrr' is vrv ih ~tension, onhboth sdes....Theyv are

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