2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, March 6, 2001
Court: KKK can adopt roads
The Los Angeles Times
WASHINGTON - The Supreme Court cleared
the way yesterday for the Ku Klux Klan to "adopt"
stretches of state highways, as it turned down
appeals brought by Missouri and 28 other states.
All but two states have "adopt-a-highway" pro-
grams that encourage groups of volunteers to pick
up litter and plant trees. To recognize their contribu-
tions, the states post official signs along the highway
that identify the cleanup groups.
But state officials say they never anticipated that a
highway could be adopted by a racist hate group.
Nonetheless, when Michael Cuffley, a local Klan
leader, asked to join the program, a federal judge in
St. Louis said the state could not refuse his request.
Under the First Amendment's guarantee of free-
dom of speech, the state cannot exclude certain
groups because of their racist views, a U.S. appellate
court agreed. "The First Amendment protects every-
one, even those with viewpoints as thoroughly
obnoxious as those of the Klan, from viewpoint dis-
crimination by the state," Judge Pasco Bowman
wrote for that court last year.
Lawyers for Missouri appealed to the high court.
They called it "bizarre" and "highly offensive" for
the state to be forced to erect a sign that "essentially
dedicates a portion of a public highway to the Klan."
They noted that nine other states have turned down
similar requests from the Klan.
In January, outgoing U.S. Solicitor General
Seth Waxman, speaking for the Clinton adminis-
tration, urged the high court to exclude the Klan
on federal civil rights grounds.
But without comment, the justices refused
yesterday to hear the appeal in the case, Yarnell
A ruling last week that was applauded by lib-
eral groups might have dealt a setback to Mis-
souri's appeal in the Klan case.
Although everyone agrees that private people
have a free speech right to speak out on their
own, it is not as clear that participants in public
programs have the same wide-open free speech
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Thousands of tents are seen in the background of Mina Mosque, southeast of Mecca, Saudi Arabia yesterday. Earlier,
Muslim pilgrims crowded and crushed each other in an agonizing, slow stampede that killed 35 men and women.
35dieduring Hajj ilmage
MINA, Saudi Arabia (AP) - The convergence of mil-
lions of pilgrims has once again brought tragedy, with the
deaths yesterday of 35 Muslims trampled in a crush of
bodies during the stoning the devil ritual at the annual
Hours later, the enormous crowd was calm and many
of the estimated 2 million pilgrims in the sprawling, over-
crowded tent city were unaware of it.
A witness said the incident started early in the
morning and was brought under control about three
hours later. The witness, an Egyptian journalist who
was performing the pilgrimage and spoke on condi-
tion of anonymity, saw a few people at a time suffo-
cate or fall and be trampled to death.
Most of the victims died of suffocation, said Saad bin
Abdallah al-Tuwegry, a Saudi civil defense chief.
"A stampede resulted when the older people in the crowd
couldn't move as fast as others," al-Tuwegry told the official
Saudi Press Agency. "Security forces intervened promptly
and prevented the accident from getting worse. We have
constantly urged the pilgrims to follow the guidelines for
safety that we put forth in order to avoid such disasters."
Security and safety have been major concerns at the
hajj, the annual pilgrimage that according to Islam must
be performed once in a lifetime by every Muslim who is
able to do so. Hundreds of hajj pilgrims have been killed
in stampedes in recent years, in several cases at the ston-
ing the devil ritual.
PEARL HARBOR, Hawaii (AP)
- With the careers of three offi-
cers, its own reputation and rela-
tions between two countries on the
line, the Navy opened a court of
inquiry yesterday into the fatal col-
lision between a U.S. submarine
and a Japanese fishing boat last
Vice Adm. John Nathman began
the investigative hearing with a
pledge to "get to the root causes
and facts." Families of some of the
nine victims sat in the front row.
"The tragic consequences of the
collision have impacted the lives of
both Japanese and American fami-
lies," said Nathman, who is over-
seeing the hearing.
"While this inquiry cannot
change what has happened, a more
thorough understanding of what
occurred can serve to prevent a
reoccurrence," Nathman said.
The USS Greeneville, a nuclear
attack submarine, was demonstrat-
ing an emergency surfacing drill
for 16 civilians when it knifed
through the hull of the Ehime
Maru Feb. 9. The boat, carrying 35
people, was on an expedition to
teach high school students from
Uwajima, Japan, how to fish. Four
teens, two teachers and three crew-
men never were found.
Nathman and two other admirals
will recommend whether any disci-
plinary action is warranted against
the Greeneville's top officers,
Cmdr. Scott Waddle, Lt. Cmdr.
Gerald Pfeifer, the executive offi-
cer, and Lt. Michael Coen, the
officer of the deck.
WASHINGTON (AP) - Adults
with hobbies that exercise their
brains-such as reading, jigsaw puz-
zles or chess - are 2 1/2 times less
likely to have Alzheimer's disease,
while leisure limited to TV watching
may increase the risk, a study says.
A survey of people in their 70s
showed that those who regularly par-
ticipated in hobbies that were intellec-
tually challenging during their
younger adult years tended to be pro-
tected from Alzheimer's disease. The
finding supports other studies showing
that brain power unused is brain power
The study is also more bad news
for the couch potato, said Dr. Robert
P. Friedland, first author of the
research appearing today in the Pro-
ceedings of the National Academy
"Television watching is not protec-
tive and may even be a risk factor for
Alzheimer's disease," said Friedland,
an associate professor of neurology at
Case Western Reserve University
School of Medicine and member of
the medical staff at University Hospi-
tals of Cleveland.
Dr. Zaven Khachaturian, senior
medical adviser to the Alzheimer's
NEWS IN BRIEF
HEADLINES FRO f AROLENif THE WORLD ... ..
Russian spy to remain incarcerated
A federal judge yesterday ordered that veteran FBI agent Robert Phijlj
Hanssen remain confined to jail, saying she believes the government hash
"extraordinarily strong case" against the man accused of spying for Moscow
In issuing the order for continued confinement, U.S. Magistrate Judge Theresa
Buchanan said the 56-year-old Hanssen may "pose a severe risk of flight"
because of the nature of the allegations against him and could pose a threat to
During the brief court appearance, the first since his arrest on Feb. 18,
Hanssen sat between two of his attorneys, dressed in a green jumpsuit and plain
black tennis shoes. The word "prisoner" was printed on the back of his jumpsuit.
Hanssen sat quietly and spoke only once, when the judge asked if he knew he
was entitled to a full detention hearing. "I do, your honor," he replied.
Randy Bellows, an assistant U.S. attorney, told the judge that Hanssen poseW
"grave danger to the U.S." and because of his background and expertise in coun-
terintelligence, poses a grave risk of flight.
Plato Cacheris, Hanssen's lawyer, said "we do not subscribe to the facts Mr.
Bellows has presented," but added that Hanssen was not contesting detention.
Homosexuality no longer a mental illness
In a major reversal of previous policy, psychiatrists in this country of 1.3 bil-
lion people have decided to stop classifying homosexuality as a mental disease
New guidelines to be issued next month by the Chinese Psychiatric Associa-
tion will drop all references to homosexuality as a pathological condition, said
Chen Yanfang, vice chairman of the association's standing committee.
The revised standards state that homosexual behavior is not to be considered
abnormal by definition. While they suggest that same-sex desires can be a "men-
tal disorder" for people unhappy with their orientation, those who are fine with
being gay have no need for psychiatric help, Chen said.
The changes represent a remarkable turnaround for China's mental-health
establishment and bring the country closer in line with most Western nations,
which removed homosexuality from their list of mental illnesses decades ago.
Advocates hailed the new guidelines as a harbinger of greater tolerance for gays
and lesbians in a society that is traditionally conservative regarding sexualmatters.
"This is progress - a leap forward for the gay community," said Roger Meng,
who manages a gay-oriented website in Guangzhou, in southern China.
Bush urges revamp
President Bush told key lawmakers
yesterday that he wants to try to
restructure Medicare this year, speed-
ing up a goal his advisers had said
could take years to complete.
The lawmakers said Bush had urged
them to "move expeditiously" and to
"think globally." They said they took
that to mean looking at fundamental
changes to the financing of Medicare
- the government's medical insurance
plan for senior citizens - rather than
simply adding a prescription drug ben-
After the private meeting, Bush said
the starting point for the overhaul
would be a proposal introduced in
1999 by Sens. Bill Frist (R-Tenn.) and
John Breaux (D-La.). It would allow
senior citizens to choose a private
health plan, with Medicare paying part
of the premium.
Porime. minister stl
inoffice after vote
The oral abuse came fast and
furiously, but Japanese Prime Min-
ister Yoshiro Mori easily survived a
no-confidence motion in Parlia-
ment on Monday despite gaffes,,
scandals, desperately low populari-
ty and a stock-market nose dive.
"You don't feel ashamed-that's
the most shameful thing," opposi-
tion lawmaker Yukio Hatoyama told
Mori, who has been in office for 10
"You can't make a good omelet
with rotten eggs-with rotten politi-
cians, people's lives can't get any
better," declared Kansei Nakano.
As expected, the burly Mori
who stoically sat throughout
hour and a half of harangues-sur-
A total of 192 deputies voted in
favor of the no-confidence motion,
while 274 voted against.
Teen kills father in
fight over loud musi
A 17-year-old boy beat his father to
death with a baseball bat in a fight
over loud music, police say.
Christopher Ariola was charged
with manslaughter Sunday and jailed
on $50,000 bail. Police found the body
of Anthony Ariola, 48, in the base-
ment of his home.
The teen-ager told police he had the
television and two radios on while in t
shower. His father came home drur
and they fought about the loud music.
The son said he grabbed a bat and hit
his father three times, until the older-
man had stopped breathing. "I started
crying'"the son said.
The teen-ager said he wrapped his
father's body in a blanket and dragged it
to the basement. He said he went bowl-
ing, then unsuccessfully tried to slit his
wrists when he got home. He also took
his father's Jeep and deliberately crash*
it, but suffered only minor injuries.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.
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