2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, January 23, 2001
Girls face more pressure to drink
WASHINGTON (AP) - 'Ihe tremendous pres-
sures of peers who drink and teen-age parties appear
to have more influence on teen girls than boys as
they wrestle with the decision of whether to drink, a
federal study found.
The study, released today, was conducted by a
research branch of the National Institutes of Health.
Bruce Simons-Morton, who led the study, wrote
in a report that "peer pressure was positively associ-
ated with drinking for girls and not boys."
The data were developed from confidential sur-
veys on drinking and smoking given to 4,200 teens
in Maryland's junior high schools.
The notion that girls may be swayed by their
friends more easily than boys is supported by many
experts who have studied the subject.
"I'm not surprised at all. Girls go through this
tremendous emotional and hormonal change as you
they go to seventh grade," said Shannon McLinden,
an author on the subject and a speaker on teen-age
"The change comes a: a time when being your
own person and trying to stand on your own feet is
The new study also showed that for boys and girls,
"Teens who said their parents would be upset if they
were caught drinking or smoking were much less likely
to drink or smoke, and the opposite is also true."
- Bruce Simons-Morton
Leader of the National Institutes of Health study on alcohol use
ACROSS THE NAMiON
McCain introduces campaign reform
WASHINGTON - Sen. John McCain filed legislation yesterday to curb the
influence of money in political campaigns, saying he would press politely for a
quick vote even though the measure is not on President Bush's agenda.
"I also have a mandate,' he said.
Sen. Russell Feingold (D-Wis.) the leading Democratic supporter of the legis-
lation, said, "This is not a challenge to our new president.
The measure would outlaw large, unregulated "soft money" donations frm
corporations, unions and individuals.
Similar bills have died in the Senate in recent years at the hands of filibusters
supported by the GOP leadership.
McCain, Feingold and others told a news conference they were on the verge of
having the strength to avoid that fate this year, if it came to that.
The drive for passage has gained support after the 2000 elections and McCain
(R-Ariz.) who challenged Bush in the presidential primaries, returned from the
fall campaign determined to press for passage of his signature issue.
Officials said they would use a new organization, "Americans for Reform," to
lobby in Washington and outside the capital.
As part of the effort, these officials, who spoke on condition of anony * ,
said McCain and Feingold will attend a town hall meeting in Little Rock, A,
the top indicator of whether youngsters begin drink-
ing or smoking is whether they have friends who do,
Simons-Morton said. The conclusion remains true
regardless of whether the friends are overtly pressur-
ing the teen-ager, the study reports.
"We found that the single most important factor is
the behavior of their five closest friends," said
Simons-Morton. "These teens are nine times more
likely to smoke than early adolescents who had no
friends that smoke or drink"
The finding suggests that traditional images of peer
pressure - a dare given at a party, or a joke made at
the expense of a nondrinker - may not always be the
prime catalyst for a young person's decision.
Instead, Simons-Morton said, many teens seem to
mimic the behavior of friends.
Also impacting the situation: most teens who
drink and smoke think their parents don't care.
"Teens who said their parents would be upset if
they were caught drinking or smoking were much
less likely to drink or smoke, and the opposite is also
true," Simons-Morton saida
In step with other recent studies, Simons-Morton
also found that parents involved in their children's
lives - engaging in regular conversations, attending
after-school events, listening to their problems -
were less likely to have children who drank or
Continued from Page 1.
fessional careers as athletes have
stopped or are completed. Martin said
that he and University Provost Nancy
Cantor both would like to help these
former University athletes.
Martin also mentioned that one of
the biggest challenges experienced
by current University athletes is that
they have difficulty in fitting classes
around their rigorous training pro-
The NCAA requires University
coaches to limit practice time to 20
hours per week.
"I think it's important that we bridge
the athletic campus with the academic
campus," Martin said.
In spite of these pending improve-
ments, members of the Senate Assem-
bly audience expressed conern about
athletic students' behavior and the ath-
letic admissions process.
"It seems to me there should be a
connection between the right to be on
a team and behavior of a student,"
Behavioral Sciences Prof. and Director
of the University Forum on Health
Policy Marilynn Rosenthal said to
Martin at'the meeting.
Martin said that of all things that the
athletic department has no control over,
' "student behavior is number one."
Psychology Prof. Emeritus Donald
Brown asked Martin, "Can't some-
thing more be done to raise the stan-
"I do not disagree with you," Martin
said to Brown. Martin said that he has
asked recruiters to try to use higher
"There is no question," Martin said.
"I would do away with freshman eligi-
CFO Robert Kasdin discussed the
need to more carefully use Human
Resources Management at the Universi-
"There's a real commitment to make
Human Resources Management a
strategic part of the University," Kas-
Kasdin said he would like to see the
Human Resources groups at the Univer-
sity work together with faculty and staff
on issues such as recruiting and hiring.
"Rather than seeing Human
Resources as a group to get around,
we'd like to see them as a partner,"'
"We're in great financial health and
we'll stay there as long as we work at
it," Kasdin said.
The Life Science Initiative was
another focus of the assembly's discus-
sion with Kasdin.
"Is the funding for the Life Sciences
Initiative and Institute negatively
affecting other parts of the University
that may not be directly involved in the
Institute?" Medical School Prof.
Alphonse Burdi asked.
Kasdin said that although there is no
question that every dollar used on the
Life Science Initiative could be used
on other colleges. But Kasdin said to
realize that the Life Science Initiative
is truly an interdisciplinary institute.
on Jan. 29, sponsored by the group.
California still t g
to avoid blackouts
SACRAMENTO, Calif. - Trans-
mission problems aggravated Califor-
nia's power crisis yesterday as the
state continued its struggle to keep the
Stage 3 alerts - the most severe
and the prelude to rolling blackouts
- remained in effect, marking the
seventh straight day with electrici-
ty reserves near or below 1.5 per-
The Independent System Operator
was expecting to avoid blackouts like
those that darkened thousands of busi-
nesses and homes for several hours
last week. Credit was given to conser-
vation and the return to service of sev-
eral newly repaired plants in Southern
But the transfer of power between
south and north was slowed when the
three major conduits were jammed at
a bottleneck consisting of just two
500,000-volt lines in central Califor-
"The ISO is caught in the middle,
caught in a system not improved in
three years," ISO spokesman Patrick
Blackouts occurred briefly Sunday
for as many as 75,000 customersin
Northern California, but they weie
caused by a spike in power fron -
gon, not from shortages.
CHICAGO -- The Rev. Jesse Jack-
son made good on his promise'-o
quickly return to public life, going
before a cheering audience yesterday to
call on President Bush to improve fund-
ing for public schools and maintain
affirmative action programs.
Jackson's challenges came days r
the civil rights leader acknowledged an
extramarital affair in which he fathiefid
a now 20-month-old daughter.
He said yesterday he would work jo
protect abortion, support public d"ca-
tion and worker's rights and end the
He applauded Bush for choosing a
racially diverse cabinet, but asked hii not
to weaken affirmative action progr0.
:: 1 +",~
Japan may face
TOKYO - Economists say Japan's
chances of avoiding its second reces-
sion in 18 months are getting dicier by
the day, and were worsened over the
weekend by another political scandal
that promises to slow action on mea-
sures to keep the lackluster economy
"I think there's a growing possibili-
ty the Japanese economy will see a
hard landing," said Yi Chang, analyst
with Sumitomo Marine Asset Man-
agement. "Economic policy is in a
That sense of political check-
mate was compounded by allega-
tions that Fukushiro Nukaga, state
minister for economic and fiscal
affairs, received $129,000 from a
scandal-tainted insurer of small
companies. Nukaga has denied any
impropriety and says his secretary
made a mistake.
He resigned today and became the
third member of Prime Minister
Yoshiro Mori's Cabinet to quit under 4
cloud in nine months.
The damaging disclosures threaten
to make passage this year of Japan's
national budget more difficult. T y
could also undermine efforts to,qp
up stock prices in advance of the
March 31 end of the fiscal year 1n
order to salvage company and bank
Putin tells troops
it's time to go
MOSCOW - Russian Pres*j
Vladimir V. Putin put his domesti
security agency, known as the FSB, I
charge of the stagnant war effort in
Chechnya yesterday, telling the army
it was time for most of its troopstq
pack up and start heading home.
Putin portrayed the change in coin
mand as a logical development, with
the emphasis in the rebel republicngw
shifting to special operations 'n.l
- Conmpiledfioin Dail wire ivpotts.
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