2A - The Michigan Daily - Monday, January 22, 2001
Ousted Estrada to e investigated
PfIILLIPINES (AP) - Prosecutors said today they
were launching a criminal investigation into former
President Joseph Estrada for allegedly plundering mil-
lions of dollars in office.
The announcement came as Estrada's replacement,
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, was putting together her
government, trying to ease divisions in the country
caused by the months of political crisis that ended this
weekend with the former movie actor's removal from
Estrada opponents had been demanding that, even
after his ouster, he face trial on the corruption charges
that led to his impeachment trial last month. When
that Senate trial collapsed last week, mass street
protests frced Estrada to quit.
THie top charge that Estrada could face in the new
investigation canies a possible death penalty - but it
was considered extremely unlikely that the former
head of state could face execution by lethal injection.
Government ombudsman Aniano Desierto told
a news conference that the preliminary investiga-
tion would take 60 days and involve six charges:
Plunder, misuse of funds, violations of the anti-
graft law, perjury, bribery and possession of unex-
Economic plunder is defined as stealing from the
state. There are different categories, with different sets
of,penalties, depending on the amounts of money
involved. The most seriousis a capital offense
No order was immediately issued barring Estrada
from leaving he country, but his name was put on a
"watch" list at the country's airports.
Desierto said investigators would use all of the pro-
ceedings at the impeachment trial and would seek
access to bank records that prosecutors in the Senate
trial were blocked from viewing.
Prosecutors in the impeachment trial had said those
records would show Estrada had millions of dollars
hidden away, earned from corrupt activities. When
senators voted to prevent their release tomorrow, the
prosecutors resigned - triggering street protests that
swelled over the next three days to some 250,000 peo-
Estrada's legal status remained murky. He reported-
ly did not sign an official resignation when he left
office. When he finally exited the presidential palace
on Saturday, he went to his private residence in the
Manila suburb of San Juan.
Continued from Page 1A
Impact group performed the lyrics of
the song "Testify to Love" in sign lan-
guage. The dancers of the Cari-
bRhythms group donned brightly
colored costumes individually designed
for each person.
They danced to reggae and soca and
mellow remixes of contemporary pop
hits from the likes of the Backstreet
Encompass seeks to be "a truly
diverse show" said Abheshek Narain,
co-chair of the organization.
"They do it in a very exciting way -
very explosive and dynamic," said Art
and Design senior Sung Yi, who attend-
ed the show.
"There were so many different eth-
nicities. It wasn't just for one group,"
said LSA freshman Sangeetha Varanasi,
who performed "The East: Unveiled," a
dance showing a mixture of Eastern and
Narain said that most students are not
aware of other ethnic groups on campus,
and part of Encompass' goal is to
expose students to cultures they would
not ordinarily see.
"We strive to achieve diversity on this
campus, and we strive to achieve multi-
culturalism on campus," Narain said.
'It really does show something about
other cultures, Engineering sophomore
Neeru Khanna said. Otherwise, she
admitted, "I would never see a Persian
Narain said that people of differ-
ent backgrounds gain valuable
insights from each other, and that is
an integral part of what Encompass
tries to do.
"There is more to campus and more
to life than the groups you traditionally
stick with," Narain said.
Encompass was founded three years
ago by a group of students who saw a
lack of diversity on campus and were
committed to changing that. Their goal
was to bring together students of differ-
ent backgrounds who would not nor-
Continued from Page 1A
Using the example of a teeter-totter,
Raudenbush said it doesn't matter if a
"football player or a baby" is the
weight that tips the teeter-totter in one
direction, what matters is that it is
tipped at all.
But CIR lead counsel Kirk Kolbo
argued that these numbers do prove that
race is a large factor in admissions.
"He essentially proved our case,"
Kolbo said. If race does not matter, he
said, then the probability of minorities
should not drop as much as Rauden-
Deputy General Counsel Liz
Barry said CIR is "confusing the
impact of considering race with the
weight" that race has in admissions
Also testifying Friday was Dennis
Shields reiterated the University's
contention that the admissions poli-
cies of the Law School are not
dependent on race, and that race is
"just one of the factors you take
He also said that he had never had
any conversations with then-Law
School Dean Lee Bollinger about how
many underrepresented minorities
were to be admitted.
Also on Friday, U.S. District
Judge Bernard Friedman denied a
motion by CIR to exclude the testi-
mony of eight witnesses for the
intervening defendants. Kolbo
argued that these witnesses were
designated to address the educa-
tional benefits of diversity, a ques-
tion that was not before the court.
Friedman ruled that he would allow
the witnesses, but warned intervenor
counsel that he was "only going to
allow that which is relevant."
Law School Dean Jeffrey Lehman
and Vanderbilt Law School Dean Kent
Syverud are scheduled to testify today,
clearing the way for the intervenors to
begin their case on Tuesday.
ACROSS THE NAIN
Blackouts continue in northern Calif.
SACRAMENTO, Calif. - Limited areas of northern California were blacked
out yesterday after demand for electricity overwhelmed power grid operators for
the third day in less than a week.
The outages, affecting up to 75,000 customers in the Sacramento, Roseville,
Turlock and Modesto areas, lasted about 20 minutes.
The Independent System Operator - which manages 80 percent of the state s
electricity grid - earlier had declared a Stage 3 alert through today, an unprece-
dented action on weekends when demand usually eases.
Stage 3 alerts are announced when reserves dipped below 1.5 percent and
allow the grid operators to impose rolling blackouts to cope with demand.
Blackouts imposed Wednesday and Thursday in northern and central Califor-
nia darkened hundreds of thousands of homes and business for up to two hours.
The state avoided another round of blackouts on Friday and Saturday.
The outages yesterday occurred in areas served by municipal utility districts,
from northeast of Sacramento to southern Stanislaus County about 120 miles to
the south. The rest of Northern California was not affected.
ISO spokeswoman Stephanie McCorkle said the limited blackouts w
ordered to save power in the state's stressed grid, and it was unknown whetr
further outages would be ordered.
"We've been on such low reserves all weekend," McCorkle said.
MCCain to introdUCe With gains from the November elec-
tions and an endorsement from Missis-
reform bill today sippi Sen. Thad Cochran, a Republican
stalwart who previously opposed the
WASH INGTON - Sen. John measure, supporters of the effort appear
McCain, (R-Ariz) will throw down the to have the 60 votes needed to ov -
gauntlet to President Bush and Republi- come a GOP filibuster.
can congressional leaders on campaign
finance reform today with reintroduc- Clinton pardons
tion of legislation to reduce the flow of
special-interest cash into political cam- historic in measure
Armed with increasing support, LITTLE ROCK, Ark. - Susan
McCain said in a television interview McDougal is looking forward to a
yesterday he wants to work in concert new life now that she has a pardon
with Bush and other GOP leaders but from President Clinton excusing her
will insist on early action, even if it for her Whitewater-related crimes.
means tying up the Senate as a "last "I get a fresh start, and it's a great
resort" to force a vote. ing" Clinton's former Whitewaterob
"I believe that we can work together ness partner said after he freed her from
on this but we know that delay is death" the burden of four fraud convictions.
for the long-stalled legislation, McCain McDougal was among 140 people
said on NBC's "Meet the Press." Clinton pardoned in a mix of personal
McCain made campaign finance a and historic acts of clemency onSat-
centerpiece of his campaign against Bush urday just before leaving office.
for the GOP presidential nomination last Others receiving pardons incuded
year. While he lost the nomination fight, Patty Hearst Shaw, former Arizona
the reform cause picked up steam and Gov. Fife Symington and Clintos
McCain returned to the Senate more own brother, Roger, who was con -
determined than ever to pass a bill. ed on drug charges in 1984.
AROUND THE WORLD
Thousands gather to generals wheeled the casket along a
red carpet. Above the din of a brass
mourn slain leader band, the wails of several of Kabila's
relatives could be heard while ots
KINSHASA, Congo - Thousands sobbed quietly, muffling their c s
of mourners gathered in the streets of with handkerchiefs.
this crumbling capital yesterday to "We came because we really feel
welcome the return of slain President sorrow," said Ekanga Germaine, a 31-
Laurent Kabila. His remains, enclosed year-old woman who stood outside the
in an ivory coffin carried atop an open airport as the procession rode by.-
trailer, arrived in Kinshasa less than
four years after he led rebels on a tri- ral11 1 with
umphant march through the city after laks beglinwt
they had swept across the country and slim hopes of peac
ousted its longtime despot, Mobutu
Sese Seko. TA BA, Egypt - With Israeli and
The state airplane bearing Kabila's Palestinian teams set to make a major
body landed here at midday and was push for a peace breakthrough at this
met by supporters - many of them Egyptian resort, both sides gave off sig-
wearing T-shirts with Kabila's image nals yesterday that dampened the
printed on them - who lined the 25- already slim hopes for success.
mile route from N'djili airport into the In Israel, Prime Minister Ehud Barak
city to the People's Palace, where his set lines he pledged never to cross, and
body will lie in state until his funeral senior Palestinian negotiator Saeb
tomorrow. Erekat said the Israeli stance meant the
Kabila's 31-year-old son Joseph, "failure of these negotiations before
who will be sworn in as president fol- they begin."
lowing the burial, walked behind the
casket on the airport's tarmac as army - Conpiledjiom Daily wire reports.
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1 / S . I , It rinC ef
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