The Michigan Daily -Tuesday, September 26, 2000 - 7
Clinton, Con ess butt heads over budget
WASHINGTON (AP) -- President Clinton
and Congress are at loggerheads over I11 of the
13 spending bills needed to keep federal agencies
en, just six days from the start of the new fiscal
But in contrast to the fiery budget clash that
precipitated two government shutdowns five
years ago, the ideological divide between the two
parties is murkier today.
With Republicans moving rapidly toward Clin-
ton's positions on many issues, and with just six
weeks until voters decide who will control the
White House and Congress next year, a cata-
clysmic budget showdown does not seem in the
Instead, with. little tumult, Clinton and law-
akers plan to enact legislation by week's end
keeping civil servants at work through Oct. 6.
That measure - the first of several stopgap
bills that may be needed ---will give the two sides
an extra week to sort through Clinton's call for
about S20 billion more than Republicans want
for domestic programs and foreign aid, and fights
over mining, hiring teachers, workplace injuries
and other issues.
"Shutting down the government doesn't
enhance the standing of Congress or the presi-
dent," said Robert Reischauer, president of the
Urban Institute, a private social policy research
"The Republican leadership in Congress
appears kinder and gentler than it was in 1995
.and 1996, and if the president is too belligerent,
he could find that it backfires on him"
With negotiations on remaining bills under
way, most of the retreating is being done by
Republicans, who want to send lawmakers home
for elections that they hope will retain GOP
majorities in the Hiouse and Senate. Having
already added billions of dollars to initial ver-
sions of spending measures, GOP leaders are
prepared to add billions more -- and drop some
controversial provisions called riders --- as the
price for leaving town.
"The money in most cases is resolvable," Sen-
ate Majority Leader Trent Lott (R-Miss.), said
yesterday in a brief interview. "Our instructions
to the appiopsiators are to take all riders out ...so
we can complete our work."
Congress' appropriations committees write the
'The I11 remaining bills control about S300 bil-
lion, roughly one-sixth of the overall 51.8 trillion
federal budget. While Lott acknowledged that
some riders won't be dropped because their
authors won't allow it, Lott said the leaders'
approach is, "Don't ask for conflict, resolve as
many issues as you can." -
Even so, Lott said the GOP believes it has the
political winner on some of the tights over leg-
islative provisions. These include the Republican
plan to provide more flexibility for local deci-
sions than Clinton wants for federal aid for hiring
teachers and rebuilding schools.
The White House has most of the leverage in
the talks because of Congress' eagerness to leave
town and because many of the disputes - such
as over schools and the environment - are on
issues where polls show the voters generally
Even so, leery of triggering a showdown for
which they might be blamed by the public,
administration bargainers are showing some flex-
"We've never said we need 100 percent of the
dollars we've asked for," White House budget
director Jack Lew told reporters last week.
Back in 1995, the GOP's first in control of
Congress in four decades, Republicans set cut-
ting taxes, balancing the budget by 2002 and
trimming federal spending as their chief goals.
Amid battles with Clinton and beset by internal
divisions, Republicans only sent two of the 13
annual measures to Clinton by Oct. 1.
Most of the rest became enmeshed in the bitter
budget fight that produced federal shutdowns
from Nov. 14 to 19 and again from Dec. 16 to
Jan. 6, 1996. Republicans said beforehand that
they would use shutdowns as a weapon in the
budget fight,and the public mostly blamed them
when the Grand Canyon National Park and other
popular government services were shuttered.
ourt may ecie f 'on are real people
U U.S. Supreme Court now it has reached the U.S. -Supreitie mind. But Wendt and Ratzenberger attire as part ofa fashion display.
Court. The justices are expected to say "Certainly it is not irrational for the refused permission to have their like- Six years ago, TV game-show host-,
may decide rights to within the next week or two whether people to think of the actors who nesses used. Undeterred, the studio ess Vanna White won S403,000 from
Cheers' characters. they will hear the "Cheers" case or played Norm or Cliff when they see and Host went ahead with the plan, Samsung Electronics because of an ad
send it back to Los Angcles for trial. one of these characters, but it's our although they changed the characters that touted the long life of its products.
s sAngeles liites Either way, the outcome could have view that federal copyright law pro- slightly and renamed them "Bob" and The ad depicted a robot in a blond wig
a broad effect on the rights of perform- tects Paraimoutim's right to license the "lank." turning letters on a futuristic game
WASHINGTON -- So, who owns
the rights to a famous TV character:
The actor who made the character
mous or the studio that eeated the
character in the first place?
That is a good question for a bar-
room debate but a hard queston of law.
For nearly seven years, two actors in
the 1980s TV series "Cheers" have
been fighting Paramount Pictures over
control of their barroom characters,
with both sides maintaining that they
ave the right to speak for "Norm" antd
W The lawsuit has bounced back and
forth in the courts of California and
ers and creators, -avers say.
"This is a huge issue for Iholly-
wood," said Dale Kinsella, a Los
Angeles attorney who represents
actors Ccorge Wendt, a.k.a. Norm and
John Ratzenberger, swho played Clif f
"If a studio acquires the risht to
license an actor's iiage cloaked in the
outfit of character, then Warner Bros.
could use Harrison Ford's face to sell
cigarettes or beer as long is lie was
dressed as Indiana Jones"
But the 'studio sass actors'who are
hired to perform a role do not sin
legal rights to a character just because
they are the character in the public's
use of these characters," said New
Yoi k attorney Floyd Abrams, a
renowned First Amendment expert
who appealed Paramount's case to the
The dispute began a decade ago
when Paramount sought to profit On
the popularity of "Cheers,"iwhere
everyone knows your name (or your
character's name). They proposed to
license Host International inc. to oper-
ate "Cheers" type bars in airports.
Featured are a pair of talkative
robots who resemble the pudgy
accountant Norm and the know-it-all
in 1993, the two actors sued for
damages under California law, which
offers the strongest legal protections
for celebrities. Under the state's so-
called "right to publicity~ law, no one
may sell a product by using "anothers
name. signature, photograph or like-
tess in any manner
Singers Bette Midler and gravel-
voiced fiom Wait used this law to stop
commercials that used distinctive voic-
es that resembled theirs. Actor Dustin
HofmTian used it last year to win a S3
million judgment from Los Angeles
Magazine for imposing a computer-
created photo of hi in his "Tootsie"
Citing these California precedents,
lawyers for the "Cheers" stars say no
one has a right to use their likenesses
to sell beer.
But under federal copyright law, cre-
ators of "original works" have strong
legal protection as well. Those who
own copyrighted works have the
"exclusive rights" to use them, includ-
ino licensing "derivative works" that
are based on the original.
Lawyers for Paramount say that the
studio alone has the right to license the
"Cheers" characters, regardless of the
Continued from Page 1
The UC president submitted the
proposal to faculty members and is-,
awaiting their response, Lightfoot saied.-
Faculty may vote to integrate the
program if they feel it is appropriate,:
Lightfoot said. -
Florida state universities began
implementing a plan where they.-
accept the top 20 percent of stu
In a program the state calls "Tal-
ented 20," all students graduating
int he op 20 pert iioh their publmhic-
hitch school classes swhocshlsts-cful-
filled the 19 units of state require-
ments are eligible to attend at least
one of the Florida state universi- '
"The reason is to eliminate race
in admissions. The thjnking is thit -
if you guarantee admission, the
potential number of minority stu-
dents would be greater," said John
Barnhill, admissions director for
the Florida state university system.
Lightfoot said, by allowing mor
students the opportunity to participatp'
in a UC education, "it is quite possible
more minority students will be eligi-
The class of 2004 is the first
freshman class enrolled under these
"It is hard to attribute the numbers
of minority students since the courts
just passed this in June," Barnhill
"Tle strategy is to eliminate race
as an admissions factor and the
hope is it would mean we would not
suffer any drop in diversity," Barn-
hill said. "The notion to due imors
proactive recruitmig has gone hant
in hand with the Talented 20 pro-
Thme Californsitatsystcmtis comit
pletely race blind to all students-,
not just in-state students, BarnhifC
Minority enrollment increased by
197 students this fall, while class sied
increased by 61 I students, Barnhi-
University of Michigan Provosf
Nancy Cantor said that is difficult to
compare ourselves with such a large
system of schools.
"The demographics of every statu
are different, California is a very
different place," Cantor said
Cantor also said she believes stu-
dents should not be based solely on
"You don't reduce it to a partic
lar criterion like class rank, it is
very hard to equate students across
schools. It is really important that
we have a multi-facetedadmissions
process that looks at the full per
son," Cantor said.
Lester Monts, assoceiate provost
for academic affairs, also said the
University should not be compared
to other state school systems.
"We need to look at what to do
here at the University of Michigan,
just because they have banned affir-
mative action does not mean that we
will," Monts said.
Many students find abortion
exhibit grotesque, offensive - '
Continued from Page 1
Gibbs told the project coordinators.
Gibbs, who is black, said she believes the CBR
members should have sat down with students and
discussed the issue of abortion with them instead of
trying to educate people in the manner they chose.
LSA senior Umar Ibn-Khattab said he believes the
posters are a effective way to explain the horrors of
abortion. He said his position as a minority and hav-
ing ancestors have been the victims of genocides in
the past don't interfere with that belief.
"I definitely think, especially for men, who feel a lit-
tle distant from the issue, it brings-a little reality to its"
"I think the way it's being presented is irrelevant.
They're presenting an issue. They're just trying to
make people realize what really happens in abor-
tions," Ibn-Khattab said.
LSA sophomore David Lempert said he finds the
exhibit to be offensive toward victims of the Holo-
'.Tm Jewish and I've spent a lot of time talking to
myt parents and grandparents about the Holocaust"
he said."Genocide takes people's control away from
their lives as human beings, and taking away abor-
tion tights from women is doing the same thing. It's
a fatal contradiction."
CBR member Marti Hann said despite sidespread
criticism for its disturbing nature, CBR constinues to
exhibit the project across the country because of the
power of visual messages.
"We're a visual culture," she said, "And a picture
speaks a thousand words.
Butmany students said they found the pictures
offensive and ineffective.
" m seeing pictures of a Jew being hung in a con-
centration camp, and dead Yugoslavians next to a
fetus being ripped open the size of a quarter. Not
everyone's an activist. Not everyone wants to see
this LSA sophomore Matt Engelberg said.
Amid much criticism, some students showed sup-
port for CBR's message.
Some lecturers at the University felt that the exhib-
it was a valuable learning tool for their classes. Amit
Ray, a Rackham graduate student instructor, had his
English 225 class carefully examine the exhibit to
determine whether CBR's method of persuasion in
the exhibit was effective.
When Rebecca Lieberman, daughter of vice presi-
dential candidate Joe Lieberman, heard of the Geno-
eide Awareness Project she said it is an example of the
freedom of speech.
"That kind of protest - and all kinds of protests
is what the First Amendment is all about,"
The project was invited to the University by the
Chi Alpha Christian Eellowcship and Students for
Life student groups.
LSA junior Theda Gibbs voices her displeasure over the graphic display of abortion
presented by the Coalition on Bio-Ethical Reform on the Diag yesterday.
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Continued from Page 1
parties. Iharper said she faced "a no-in situation in
that there were legitimate needs for both sides.
Harper and Bollinger were both heavily criticized
during the occupation of the towcr. The SCC
accused the administration of moving too slowly
towards a resolution and favoring Michigamua dur-
ing the negotiations.
Law School student Andy Coulouris served as
MSA vice president during the height of the tower
"There was a strong sentiment among students, not
just students of color, that she really was deflecting
pressure and pitting students against students," he said.
'And whether or not that was intentional, that was the
feeling. And I think the last person who should be
doing that is the vice president for student affairs."
"I felt that the whole administration didn't take
the students seriously," LSA senior Neftara Clark,
a member of the SCC who participated in the
tower occupation, said.
Coulouris added, "If she doesn't get the job it's
because of her handling of Michigamua, for two
reasons," he said. "One, I don't think anybody in
the administration wanted to see that controversy
last as long as it did. And, I think they did put her
in an awkward position. Overall it was poorly exe-
cuted, and she's going to take the fall," he said.
"I think (Ilarper's) actions during the Michigamua
situation could have been handled more sensitively
toward the SCC and people of color in general," said
LSA senior Rodolfo Palma-Lulion, a member of Stu-
dents Organizing for Labor and Economic Equality.
In the midst of the tower occupation, members of
SOLE seized the office of LSA Dean Shirley Neu-
man on Feb. 16. They demanded the University sign
on to the Workers Rights Consortium, a student-
developed policy to enforce labor codes of conduct
in the production of collegiate apparel.
Bollinger and University General Counsel Marvin
Krislov handled most of the negotiations between
SOLE and the administration. The occupation lasted
three days d ended with the University agreeing to
SOLE's demand under certain conditions. together and change their belt
The tower occupation and its eventual resolution And Harper is ilitg to W
still resonates across the campus. Harper said that "She seems to be a perso
while she believes that "we came to a resolution that about students, the state of s
was fair to everyone involved," there were situations ing the quality of student life,
where she wishes she had acted differently. Jason Taylor. president of th
"The situation should have been handled earlier," ciation.
she said. "I wish I had paid more attention consis- "No other person that thth e
stey to ttis issue. 'oit" to mind us gossng to de
Addressing students' complaints that the admtinis- Lubuon said. "If anyone is in
tration prolonged the occupation by acting too slow- do the right thing - it's Harp
ly, harper maintains that the administration acted "I cannot speak for MSA,
correctly, rather stick with Harper beca
"The administration made a conscious effort to and she's done well for MSA,
ensure the safety and
that contributed to the "If she doesn't get the job,
longevity. The students's
safety was non-nego- it's because of her handling
tiable. (To forcibly
remove them) would of Michigamua.
have been a safety night-
mare." - Andy Coulouris
larper added, "There Former Michigan Student Assembly vice president
was a perception of my-
favoring that set of Stu-
dents of that group over another - my goal was to the interim anything. To som
be a vice president fer all the students." the ability to get in there and
rok with students.
un who genuinely cares
itudent life and improv-
said Rackham student
e Residence Hall Asso -
e search committee is
o a better job," Palma
the position who could
but personally, I would
use she's doing her job
Making the job v
Harper's job perfor-
mance has been
affected by her inter-
"There's a stigma
attached when you're
e degree she hasn't had
I rock the boat because
A healthy dose of activism
Student activism, while essential to a healthy cam-
pus, Harper said, can leave a legacy of lasting scars
on the community, making it especially difficult to
"On one hand, I have the desire that students
wouldn't have to sit in and protest. On the other, I
think that's exactly what you have to do if you
believe in something passionately ....
"There is racism here, no question. There is sexism
here, no question. There is homophobia here, no ques-
tion. How could it not be here'? That the institution
doesn't have the obligation to get it out of here is
wrong, bu tihe institution is all of us. The notion that
the administration can do this alone is impossible.
"Students have every right to hold me account-
able, but it's going to take everybody else ... to work
it's not ber boat,i iyhor said.
A search committee, formed in June 1999 after
the resignation of then Vice President for Student
Affairs Maureen Hartford, has narrowed its list of
candidates to three other names. The other three can=
didates are Javier Cevallos, vice chancellor for stuy
dent affairs at the University of Massachusetts at
Amherst, Charles Schroder, vice chancellor for stu-
dent affairs at the University of Missouri at Colum-
bia and John Ford, dean of students at Cornell
Harper said she will be glad when she can put the
process behind her, but believes that she is the best
"I am the best person for this job. If performance
isnt the criteria for doing a job hatt I eonknoe
what is. Where other people can talk, I think 'Ce