2 -The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, September 13, 2000
House works to repeal Scout charter
WASHINGTON --- A small group of House law-
makers charging that the Boy Scouts' policy toward
gays was a badge of intolerance moved yesterday to
repeal the organization's federal charter.
The legislation was another challenge to the long-
standing relationship between the Boy Scouts and the
federal government rising out of the group's stance on,
excluding homosexuals. A vote on the bill, expected
to be easily defeated, will likely take place today.
The bill's chief sponsor, Rep. Lynn Woolsey, (D-
Calif.), said she was a Girl Scout and one of her sons
was a Boy Scout. "We're not saying the Boy Scouts
are bad; we're saying that intolerance is bad," she
said in introducing the measure earlier this summer.
"We're disappointed that this bill would even be
considered," countered Boy Scouts spokesman Gregg
Shields. He said having a federal charter is an honor
and "we hope to continue to live up to that honor."
Republicans were quick to condemn the bill and its
Democratic supporters. "Election-year pandering on
an issue so radical and anti-American is an insult to
families, Scouts and the country," said Rep. J.C. Watts
of Oklahoma, the fourth-ranking House Republican.
"I scheduled this bill to demonstrate the lack of
support for those who have declared open season on
the Boy Scouts," said House Majority Leader Dick
The Boy Scouts of America got its federal charter in
FULBRIGHT PROGRAM FOR
STUDY & RESEARCH ABROAD
The IE Fulbright programs support study abroad in over 100 countries, providing gran
research, study and travel for selected countries, and various other opportunities such
The competition is open to U.S. students at all graduate levels, and to seniors who will
graduated by the time the award is to be used. Students need not to have international
rience to be considered. Recent graduates and graduating seniors are not at a disadvan
Information sessions will be held in room 2609 of the International Institut(
Wednesday, Sept. 6,3-5 p.m.
Thursday, Sept. 7, 5-7 p.m.
Monday, Sept. 11, 5-7 p.m.
Application materials are available at the International Institute (located in the Schoo
Social Work Building). The U of M Fulbright Program Advisor is Kirsten Willis. Col
her at 763-3297 or email@example.com.
Deadline for application: September 25, 2000
1916, six years after it was founded. It is one of about 90
groups with such designation, an honorary title given to
patriotic, charitable and education organizations.
While it confers no specific benefits, receiving a
federal charter is a mark of prestige and national
recognition for a group. Among other groups with
federal charters are the American Legion, Future
Farmers of America, the National Tropical Botanical
Garden and the National Ski Patrol.
The Supreme Court in a 5-4 decision in June,
upheld the Boy Scouts' ban on homosexuals serving
as troop leaders. That ruling may also give legal back-
ing to the 6.2 million-member organization's rejection
of gay youths as members.
Continued from Page 1.
Nixon resigned from office and in his
dealings with the foreign policy con-
flicts in the Soviet Union, Middle East
and China. "We have never had a more
its for self-effacing president - a president
1 as who has thought more of public service
than of himself," Kissinger said.
Bollinger also stressed Ford's
have strengths as a leader and mentor for
Public Policy students who will study in
expe- the school that bears his name.
itage. "President Ford is known for what is
most important in public policy -
e on: character," Bollinger said, adding that
this quality is an example of the many
ideals that the School of Public Policy
hopes to instill in its students.
While Bollinger focused on his vision
for expanding the school, Kissinger
d of spoke of the practical difficulties stu-
ntact dents face when they leave the academic
arena for the outside world.
"When you're on the outside you can
pick your subject. You can work on it as
long as you choose. You are responsible
primarily to yourself ... and you have
the great privilege of changing your
mind and going back to thelibray and
writing another book," Kissinger said.
"As a policy maker you're always under
pressure. You don't pick your subject
- the subject presents itself."
Ford seemed sincerely grateful for
yesterday's honor and promised td
avoid reminiscing about his University
days too much so as not bore audience
members, he said. But he did speak
fondly of his days on campus, empha-
sizing that his education continued even
Ford said he is still-learning, and at
87-years-old he just learned how to
access the Internet and "surf the Web."
"Your America may not look the same
as mine, ... but amidst so much that is
new, I hope this generation doesn't lose"
its sense of America, he said.
Last November, the University Board
of Regents agreed to rename the school
not only to honor Ford but to make a
concerted effort to increase the prestige
and recognition of the school. Public
Policy classes were canceled yesterday.
"Whether we agree with (Ford's)
policies, we do aspire to his commit-
ment and dedication to public service,"
Public Policy student Rinku Shah said.
Continued from Page 1
Kissinger's endorsement of coups in
Cambodia and Chile, which brought
Pol Pot and General Augusto Pinochet
to power in the 1970s as well as the
1975 Indonesian invasion of East
Timor were among the policies con-
demned during the vigil.
"Are those policies the types of poli-
cies we want associated with our
School of Public Policy'?" Saffold
asked the 20 onlookers burning can-
dles in a circle around him.
Although former President Gerald
Ford was not the focus of the protest,
"we feel he is culpable," Saffold said.
Ford served in Congress during the
Nixon administration. While he didn't
play a direct role in the making or
enforcement of many of the policies,
he didn't do anything to stop or chal-
lenge them either, Saffold said.
"Certainly we wouldn't have done
this if Kissinger hadn't come to cam-
pus," Saffold said.
The University's decision to invite
Kissinger to be the keynote speaker at
the renaming ceremony of the Gerald
R. Ford School of Public Policy was "a
tacit endorsement of Kissinger's poli-
cies," Saffold said.
"Policy analysts are supposed to be
objective," said Shawna Lee, a Public
Policy and Social Work student.
"Associating with Kissinger and Ford
and the policies of that era" would
strip the school of that unbiased
stance, Lee said.
"It's truly horrifying that these men
can be honored by our institution in
light of the atrocities caused by their
policies and decisions," LSA senior
Scott Trudeau said.
Continued from Page i1
CMB mana.ement general manager
Two dead in Marine
WASHINGTON- The bodies of
two Marine Corps aviators were
recovered in the wreckage of an F/A-
18D Hornet jet fighter that collided
Monday with another Hornet in the
skies near Yuma, Ariz., the Marine
Killed in the crash were Capt. Bret
Hines, the pilot, and Maj. Nicholas
Ferencz 111, the weapons systems offi-
The other Hornet landed safely
with relatively minor damage, accord-
ing to a statement distributed by
Marine Corps headquarters in the
Pentagon on yesterday. Neither the
pilot nor the weapons systems officer
Neither plane was carrying live
munitions, the Marines said.
There was no early indication of
what caused the collision, and an
investigation was under way.
The Hornet that crashed at about
ACRAD A S T E AT N
Study finds disparities in death penalty
WASHINGTON - A Justice Department study found wide racial and geo-
graphic disparities in the federal death penalty systUm, but Attorney General
Janet Reno blamed them on injustice in society rather than bias in her depart-
Releasing the study today, Reno called for additional studies and legislation
but rejected renewed calls for a moratorium on federal executions that pouredi
from Congress and civil rights advocates in response to the figures.
President Clinton said the data raised questions "since we're supposed to have
a uniform law of the land." But he noted there had been "no suggestion, as faras
I know, that any of the cases where the convictions occurred were wrongly
decided" and said he would consult Reno before deciding what to do.
"At this point we are troubled by the figures, but we have not found the bas,'
Reno told a news conference.
"Minorities are over-represented in the federal death penalty system, as beth
victims and defendants, relative to the general population," Reno said. "Crime is
often the product of social ills and harsh conditions, such as poverty, drug abuse
and lack of opportunity, that disproportionately affect minorities. So long as
those conditions remain, we will continue to see disparities in the numbe
minorities in the criminal justice system."
4:30 p.m. local on the Barry Goldwa-
ter Range, east of Yuma, was from
Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 242
base at Marine Corps Air Station
U.S. grants visas to
NEW YORK - Yesterday, the
State Department approved visas for
seven Cuban lawmakers to attend a
Washington meeting of black Con-
gress members, but still refused
admittance to the communist island's
National Assembly president.
A State Department official in
Washington, speaking on condition
of anonymity, said the seven wo
be allowed to attend the meetin
Washington of the Congressional
Black Caucus. The group had origi-
nally invited National Assembly
President Ricardo Alarcon and
other Cubans to Washington for fes-
tivities marking the founding of the
AROUND THE WORD
Britain gas runs out,
public in uproar
LONDON - From the remote
Scottish highlands to the shadow of
Big Ben, gasoline pumps were run-
ning dry yesterday all over Britain
- and tempers were running high.
Protesters furious over high prices
and high taxes blockaded fuel
depots, and the shortages set off
The sharp reaction by British
truckers, taxi drivers and others
heightened a public outcry that has
snarled traffic across Europe, with
blockades in Belgium, the Nether-
lands, France and Germany.
Prime Minister Tony Blair reas-
sured the nation yesterday evening the
fuel supply would be "on the way
back to normal" in 24 hours, with
police ready to break up blockades
and escort gasoline trucks out of
refineries. Trucks began departing
depots after his remarks.
The reassurances came after the
public and the press channeled much
of their rage at the Blair government
for not easing gasoline taxes in the
face of oil prices, which have soared
to S35 a barrel, the highest in years.
Taxes account for 74 percent of the
cost of gasoline in Britain, the highest
in Europe at S4.31 per gallon, a price
far higher than in the United States.
Gay ri hts upheld0
THE HAGUE, Netherlands,-
Yesterday, the Netherlands lawmak-
ers gave same-sex couples the right
to marriage and all the trappings,
including adoption and divorce -
approving legislation that gives gays
rights beyond those offered in any
The new law will bring lit e
change to the daily lives of most
gays in a country that has long been
at the vanguard of gay rights. But
activists say it marks a bold step
toward recognizing the equality of
gay and heterosexual unions in the
- Compiledfivm Daiv wire reports.
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